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Genocide Mass Atrocity And War Crimes In Modern History Blood And Conscience 2 Volumes

Author: James Larry Taulbee
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440829853
Size: 19.71 MB
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Defining "genocide" as an international crime, this two-volume set provides a comparative study of historical cases of genocide and mass atrocity—clearly identifying the factors that produced the attitudes and behaviors that led to them—discusses the reasons for rules in war, and examines how the five principles laid out in the Geneva Conventions and other international agreements have functioned in modern warfare. • Presents a comparative perspective and detailed historical background for each case that emphasizes how many different factors may lead to atrocity/genocide • Discusses the difficulty of organizing international efforts to intervene to prevent atrocities or to respond at the moment they are occurring • Explains why international prosecutions for genocide are difficult even though the goal of the law is to hold responsible those in charge as well as the planners and instigators • Identifies how cultural factors affect individual attitudes toward what is accepted as legitimate behavior in combat • Focuses on the "law in action" with illustrations from specific cases

Japanese War Crimes During World War Ii Atrocity And The Psychology Of Collective Violence

Author: Frank Jacob
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 144084450X
Size: 14.44 MB
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A challenging examination of Japanese war crimes during World War II offers a fresh perspective on the Pacific War—and a better understanding of reasons for the wartime use of extreme mass violence. • Covers the full expanse of Japanese war crimes during the Second World War from 1937 to 1945 • Examines the social and political reasons for an increase in the severity of the violence the Japanese used against women and foreign soldiers during the war • Explains how political relations between the United States and Japan were responsible for increased violence against American soldiers • Discusses hotly contested issues surrounding the denial of war crimes by the Japanese and the resulting impact on regional and international relations • Serves to stimulate discussion about the evaluation of mass violence and genocide

Women War And Violence Topography Resistance And Hope 2 Volumes

Author: Mariam M Kurtz
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440828814
Size: 17.97 MB
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This set of original articles probes the breadth of vital issues surrounding the impact of war and violence on women globally—and examines what is being done to mitigate their effects. • Provides a comprehensive overview of issues related to women, war, civil unrest, sexual assault, and violence • Tackles a wide range of topics using multiple perspectives from ethnography to scholarly analysis to on-the-ground journalism • Examines the tragic contours of the problem but also depicts hope for the future via the creative solutions being forged, especially by women empowered to counter violence • Explores best practices of violence prevention from United Nations and state-sponsored programs as well as from movements within civil society • Includes case studies from key conflict zones to further the understanding of the issues discussed

Norway S Peace Policy

Author: J. Taulbee
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137429194
Size: 65.60 MB
Format: PDF
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The post-Cold War world allows space for less powerful states to develop influential roles in responding to specific international problems. Norway has focused on the persistent issue of violent ethno-political conflict. This book explains why Norway chose its peace policy and demonstrates what is has been able to achieve.

Blood And Borders

Author: Walter A. Kemp
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789280811964
Size: 72.75 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Map lines delineating statehood can become blurred by bloodlines of nationhood. Interethnic conflict and genocide have demonstrated the dangers of failing to protect people targeted by fellow citizens. When minority groups in one country are targeted for killings or ethnic cleansing based on their group identity, whose responsibility is it to protect them? In particular, are they owed any protective responsibility by their kin-state? How can cross-border kinship ties strengthen greater pan-national identity without challenging territorially defined national security? As shown by the Russia-Georgia conflict over South Ossetia, unilateral intervention by a kin-state can lead to conflict within and between states. The world cannot stand by when minority rights are being trampled, but the protection of national minorities should not be used as an excuse to violate state sovereignty and generate interstate conflict. This book suggests that a sensible answer to the kin-state dilemma might come from the "neither intervention nor indifference" formula that recognizes the special bonds but proscribes armed intervention based on the ties of kinship.

Energy Security Challenges For The 21st Century

Author: Gal Luft
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0275999971
Size: 53.17 MB
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This timely and comprehensive book is a one stop shop for anyone interested in the nexus between energy and security. Bringing the perspectives of the best experts in the field it sheds light on the role of energy in modern life and the various approaches countries use to achieve energy security.

The Palgrave Handbook Of State Sponsored History After 1945

Author: Berber Bevernage
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349953067
Size: 50.35 MB
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This handbook provides the first systematic integrated analysis of the role that states or state actors play in the construction of history and public memory after 1945. The book focuses on many different forms of state-sponsored history, including memory laws, monuments and memorials, state-archives, science policies, history in schools, truth commissions, historical expert commissions, the use of history in courts and tribunals etc. The handbook contributes to the study of history and public memory by combining elements of state-focused research in separate fields of study. By looking at the state’s memorialising capacities the book introduces an analytical perspective that is not often found in classical studies of the state. The handbook has a broad geographical focus and analyses cases from different regions around the world. The volume mainly tackles democratic contexts, although dictatorial regimes are not excluded.

Affective Communities In World Politics

Author: Emma Hutchison
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107095018
Size: 12.80 MB
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A systematic examination of emotions and world politics, showing how emotions underpin political agency and collective action after trauma.

Reconciliation Civil Society And The Politics Of Memory

Author: Birgit Schwelling
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 383941931X
Size: 36.26 MB
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How did civil society function as a locus for reconciliation initiatives since the beginning of the 20th century? The essays in this volume challenge the conventional understanding of reconciliation as a benign state-driven process. They explore how a range of civil society actors - from Turkish intellectuals apologizing for the Armenian Genocide to religious organizations working towards the improvement of Franco-German relations - have confronted and coped with the past. These studies offer a critical perspective on local and transnational reconciliation acts by questioning the extent to which speech became an alternative to silence, remembrance to forgetting, engagement to oblivion.

Human Security And The Un

Author: S. Neil MacFarlane
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253111999
Size: 35.92 MB
Format: PDF
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How did the individual human being become the focus of the contemporary discourse on security? What was the role of the United Nations in "securing" the individual? What are the payoffs and costs of this extension of the concept? Neil MacFarlane and Yuen Foong Khong tackle these questions by analyzing historical and contemporary debates about what is to be secured. From Westphalia through the 19th century, the state's claim to be the object of security was sustainable because it offered its subjects some measure of protection. The state's ability to provide security for its citizens came under heavy strain in the 20th century as a result of technological, strategic, and ideological innovations. By the end of World War II, efforts to reclaim the security rights of individuals gathered pace, as seen in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and a host of United Nations covenants and conventions. MacFarlane and Khong highlight the UN's work in promoting human security ideas since the 1940s, giving special emphasis to its role in extending the notion of security to include development, economic, environmental, and other issues in the 1990s.