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Genomics And Environmental Regulation

Author: Richard R. Sharp
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801895159
Size: 55.58 MB
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Genomics and Environmental Regulation points to ways in which information on toxicology and genetics can be used to craft more precise and efficient regulations.

Nutritional Genomics

Author: Jim Kaput
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471781789
Size: 60.17 MB
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The definitive guide to the basic principles and latest advances inNutritional Genomics Though still in its infancy, nutritional genomics, or"nutrigenomics," has revealed much about the complex interactionsbetween diet and genes. But it is in its potential applicationsthat nutrigenomics promises to revolutionize the ways we managehuman health and combat disease in the years ahead. Great progressalready has been made in modeling "personalized" nutrition foroptimal health and longevity as well as in genotype-based dietaryinterventions for the prevention, mitigation, or possible cure of avariety of chronic diseases and some types of cancer. Topics covered include: * Nutrients and gene expression * The role of metabolomics in individualized health * Molecular mechanisms of longevity regulation and calorierestriction * Green tea polyphenols and soy peptides in cancer prevention * Maternal nutrition and fetal gene expression * Genetic susceptibility to heterocyclic amines from cookedfoods * Bioinformatics and biocomputation in nutrigenomics * The pursuit of optimal diets Written by an all-star team of experts from around the globe, thisvolume provides an integrated overview of the cutting-edge field ofnutritional genomics. The authors and editors lead an in-depthdiscussion of the fundamental principles and scientificmethodologies that serve as the foundation for nutritional genomicsand explore important recent advances in an array of relateddisciplines. Each self-contained chapter builds upon itspredecessor, leading the reader seamlessly from basic principles tomore complex scientific findings and experimental designs.Scientific chapters are carefully balanced with those addressingthe social, ethical, regulatory, and commercial implications ofnutrigenomics.

Genomics And Society

Author: George Gaskell
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136548033
Size: 64.58 MB
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The impact of genomics on society has been the focus of debate and conflict across the world. Contrasting views of risks and benefits, trust in science and regulation, the understanding of science, media coverage and mobilization of the public by civil society groups all have been cited as drivers of public opinion. The long running controversy is a signal that the public's view cannot be ignored in the development and implementation of new technologies arising out of genomics such as agricultural biotechnologies, genetic testing and the uses of genetic information, the cloning of human cells and tissues and transgenic animals. Written by a progressive international group of social scientists from Europe, North America and Japan, this volume presents a series of comparative perspectives on the social, ethical and legal implications of genomics. The result is a book which encapsulates the lessons to be learned from the controversies of the 1990s and raises the level of debate on the societal implications of new developments in genomics.

Die Unsterblichkeit Der Henrietta Lacks

Author: Rebecca Skloot
Publisher: Irisiana
ISBN: 3641051754
Size: 58.34 MB
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Dieses Buch betrifft uns alle Sie waren notwendig, um Fortschritte gegen Krebs und AIDS zu erzielen. Klonen und Genforschung wäre ohne sie nicht möglich gewesen. Kurz: Die größten Erfolge der Medizin der letzten Jahrzehnte basieren auf der Entdeckung der HeLa-Zellen. Hinter dem Kürzel verbirgt sich eine Frau namens Henrietta Lacks. Die Afroamerikanerin aus ärmlichen Verhältnissen starb 1951 jung an Gebärmutterhalskrebs. Zuvor wurden ihr ohne ihr Wissen Zellproben entnommen, die sich überraschenderweise vermehrten. Damit war der entscheidende Durchbruch in der Zellkulturforschung geschafft. Die prämierte Wissenschaftsjournalistin Rebecca Skloot stellt in ihrem brillant verfassten Buch wichtige Jahrzehnte der Medizingeschichte vor und wirft dabei immer wieder ethische Fragen auf. Sie erzählt die tragische Familiengeschichte der Lacks’, die von Rassismus und mangelnden Bildungschancen geprägt ist. Ihr Buch ist eine gekonnte Mischung aus Biografie, Medizingeschichte, Debattenbuch und beachtlichem Enthüllungsjournalismus.

Nutrition And Genomics

Author: David Castle
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080920825
Size: 42.77 MB
Format: PDF
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Nutrigenomics is the rapidly developing field of science that studies nutrient-gene interaction. This field has broad implications for understanding the interaction of human genomics and nutrition, but can also have very specific implications for individual dietary recommendations in light of personal genetics. Predicted applications for nutrigenomics include genomics-based dietary guidelines and personalized nutrition based on individual genetic tests. These developments have sweeping ethical, legal and regulatory implications for individuals, corporations and governments. This book brings together experts in ethics, law, regulatory analysis, and communication studies to identify and address relevant issues in the emerging field of nutritional genomics. Contributing authors are experts in the social aspects of biotechnology innovation, with expertise in nutrigenomics. From addressing the concern that nutrigenomics will transform food into medicine and undermine pleasures associated with eating to the latest in the science of nutrigenomics, this book provides a world-wide perspective on the potential impact of nutrigenomics on our association with food. *Explores the rapidly developing, yet not fully understood, impact of nutrigenomics on the relationship to food medicalization, genetic privacy, nutrition and health. *Provides ground for further exploration to identify issues and provide analysis to aid in policy and regulation development *Provides ethical and legal insights into this unfolding science, as well as serving as a model for thinking about issues arising in other fields of science and technology

Technology And Legal Systems

Author: Noel Cox
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9780754645443
Size: 50.98 MB
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Technological change is ongoing and holds great influence over society as a whole. This volume focuses on the consequences of such change for government and the legal environment, especially in relation to business.

Ethics Computing And Genomics

Author: Herman T. Tavani
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 9780763736200
Size: 44.79 MB
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Comprised of eighteen chapters contributed by experts in the fields of biology, computer science, information technology, law, and philosophy, Ethics, Computing, and Genomics provides instructors with a flexible resource for undergraduate and graduate courses in an exciting new field of applied ethics: computational genomics. The chapters are organized in a way that takes the reader from a discussion of conceptual frameworks and methodological perspectives, including ethical theory, to an in-depth analysis of controversial issues involving privacy and confidentiality, information consent, and intellectual property. The volume concludes with some predictions about the future of computational genomics, including the role that nanotechnology will likely play as biotechnologies and information technologies continue to converge.

The Handbook Of Genetics Society

Author: Paul Atkinson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134128770
Size: 43.86 MB
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An authoritative Handbook which offers a discussion of the social, political, ethical and economic consequences and implications of the new bio-sciences. The Handbook takes an interdisciplinary approach providing a synoptic overview of contemporary international social science research on genetics, genomics and the new life sciences. It brings together leading scholars with expertise across a wide-ranging spectrum of research fields related to the production, use, commercialisation and regulation of genetics knowledge. The Handbook is structured into seven cross-cutting themes in contemporary social science research on genetics with introductions written by internationally renowned section editors who take an interdisciplinary approach to offer fresh insights on recent developments and issues in often controversial fields of study. The Handbook explores local and global issues and critically approaches a wide range of public and policy questions, providing an invaluable reference source to a wide variety of researchers, academics and policy makers.

Issues In Medical Law And Ethics

Author: Derek Morgan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135340986
Size: 63.81 MB
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Thirty years ago, English jurist Patrick Devlin wrote: "Is it not a pleasant tribute to the medical profession that by and large it has been able to manage its relations with its patients ... without the aid of lawyers and law makers". Medical interventions at the beginnings and the endings of life have rendered that assessment dated if not defeated. This book picks up some of the most important of those developments and reflects on the legal and social consequences of this metamorphosis over the past ten years, and will be of interest to students of law, sociology and ethics who want a considered and critical introduction to, and reflection on, key issues in these pivotal moments of human life.

Human Genome Research

Author: Mambillikalathil Govind Kumar Menon
Publisher: Allied Publishers
ISBN: 9788170238621
Size: 35.66 MB
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Contributed articles presented at an "International Symposium on Human Genome Studies: Emerging Ethical and Socio-Economical Issues" during May 22-25, 1998 in Goa.