Download genomics and society legal ethical and social dimensions science in society series in pdf or read genomics and society legal ethical and social dimensions science in society series in pdf online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get genomics and society legal ethical and social dimensions science in society series in pdf book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.



Genomics And Society

Author: George Gaskell
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136548033
Size: 59.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 5504
Download and Read
The impact of genomics on society has been the focus of debate and conflict across the world. Contrasting views of risks and benefits, trust in science and regulation, the understanding of science, media coverage and mobilization of the public by civil society groups all have been cited as drivers of public opinion. The long running controversy is a signal that the public's view cannot be ignored in the development and implementation of new technologies arising out of genomics such as agricultural biotechnologies, genetic testing and the uses of genetic information, the cloning of human cells and tissues and transgenic animals. Written by a progressive international group of social scientists from Europe, North America and Japan, this volume presents a series of comparative perspectives on the social, ethical and legal implications of genomics. The result is a book which encapsulates the lessons to be learned from the controversies of the 1990s and raises the level of debate on the societal implications of new developments in genomics.

International Science And Technology Education

Author: Ortwin Renn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317500210
Size: 21.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 7516
Download and Read
Education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) is crucial for taking advantage of the prospects of new scientific discoveries initiating or promoting technological changes, and managing opportunities and risks associated with innovations. This book explores the emerging perspectives and methodologies of STEM education and its relationship to the cultural understanding of science and technology in an international context. The authors provide a unique perspective on the subject, presenting materials and experiences from non-European industrialized as well as industrializing countries, including China, Japan, South Korea, India, Egypt, Brazil and the USA. The chapters offer a wide scope of interpretations and comparative reviews of STEM education by including narrative elements about cultural developments, considering the influence of culture and social perceptions on technological and social change, and applying innovative tools of qualitative social research. The book represents a comprehensive and multidisciplinary review of the current status and future challenges facing STEM education across the world, including issues such as globalization, interdependencies of norms and values, effects on equity and social justice as well as resilience. Overall the volume provides valuable insights for a broad and comprehensive international comparison of STEM philosophies, approaches and experiences.

Policy Legitimacy Science And Political Authority

Author: Michael Heazle
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317420012
Size: 12.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 5294
Download and Read
Voters expect their elected representatives to pursue good policy and presume this will be securely founded on the best available knowledge. Yet when representatives emphasize their reliance on expert knowledge, they seem to defer to people whose authority derives, not politically from the sovereign people, but from the presumed objective status of their disciplinary bases. This book examines the tensions between political authority and expert authority in the formation of public policy in liberal democracies. It aims to illustrate and better understand the nature of these tensions rather than to argue specific ways of resolving them. The various chapters explore the complexity of interaction between the two forms of authority in different policy domains in order to identify both common elements and differences. The policy domains covered include: climate geoengineering discourses; environmental health; biotechnology; nuclear power; whaling; economic management; and the use of force. This volume will appeal to researchers and to convenors of post-graduate courses in the fields of policy studies, foreign policy decision-making, political science, environmental studies, democratic system studies, and science policy studies.

Genomics And Society

Author: Dhavendra Kumar
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0127999213
Size: 41.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 5897
Download and Read
Genomics and Society; Ethical, Legal-Cultural, and Socioeconomic Implications is the first book to address the vast and thorny web of ELSI topics identified as core priorities of the NHGRI in 2011. The work addresses fundamental issues of biosociety and bioeconomy as the revolution in biology moves from research lab to healthcare system. Of particular interest to healthcare practitioners, bioethicists, and health economists, and of tangential interest to the gamut of applied social scientists investigating the societal impact of new medical paradigms, the work describes a myriad of issues around consent, confidentiality, rights, patenting, regulation, and legality in the new era of genomic medicine. Addresses the vast and thorny web of ELSI topics identified as core priorities of the NHGRI in 2011 Presents the core fundamental issues of biosociety and bioeconomy as the revolution in biology moves from research lab to healthcare system Describes a myriad of issues around consent, including confidentiality, rights, patenting, regulation, and more

Human Genome Research

Author: Mambillikalathil Govind Kumar Menon
Publisher: Allied Publishers
ISBN: 9788170238621
Size: 21.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 3088
Download and Read
Contributed articles presented at an "International Symposium on Human Genome Studies: Emerging Ethical and Socio-Economical Issues" during May 22-25, 1998 in Goa.

Perspektiven Der Biotechnologie Kommunikation

Author: . acatech
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642339530
Size: 46.22 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 5316
Download and Read
Biotechnologie, insbesondere die Gentechnik, steht in Deutschland seit knapp 40 Jahren im Fokus öffentlicher Debatten. Für Kontroversen in Gesellschaft und Wissenschaft sorgt allerdings nicht die Biotechnologie als Ganze, sondern einzelne Anwendungen. Die öffentlichen Kontroversen als mangelnde Akzeptanz zu deuten, die durch verstärkte Information beigelegt werden kann, greift zu kurz. Die Entwicklung und Einführung Neuer Technologien setzen einen gelingenden Dialog zwischen Wissenschaft und Öffentlichkeit voraus. Diese acatech POSITION analysiert Erfahrungen aus Kontroversen und Kommunikationsstrategien zur Grünen Gentechnik und anderen Feldern der Biotechnologie in kommunikations- und sozialwissenschaftlicher sowie historischer Perspektive. acatech gibt Empfehlungen, wie Biotechnologie künftig sachgerecht und ausgewogen kommuniziert werden kann.

Genetic Imaginations

Author: Peter Glasner
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351934317
Size: 63.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 5048
Download and Read
The title of this book derives from C. Wright Mills' classic The Sociological Imagination (Penguin, 1970), in which he sees the essential project of social science as the use of the imagination to 'grasp history and biography and the relations between the two in society'. This enables the social scientist to 'range from the most impersonal and remote transformations to the most intimate features of the human self'. Another of Mills' concerns was the relationship between 'the personal troubles of the milieu' and 'the public issues of social structure' and these are most acutely illustrated in human genetics, the most personal of the new technologies. The chapters in this volume address these issues through discussions of choice and informed decision-making, risks and hazards, the economic and political organization of new technology, and the public as well as the scientist's understanding of science. The methods used range from detailed ethnographies, through deconstruction's of text and action, to surveys and interviews.

The Code Of Codes

Author: Daniel J. Kevles
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674136465
Size: 48.34 MB
Format: PDF
View: 2486
Download and Read
Examines the Human Genome Project and its impact on the understanding of human development, and explores the scientific, social, and ethical issues it raises

Nutrition And Genomics

Author: David Castle
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080920825
Size: 33.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 5381
Download and Read
Nutrigenomics is the rapidly developing field of science that studies nutrient-gene interaction. This field has broad implications for understanding the interaction of human genomics and nutrition, but can also have very specific implications for individual dietary recommendations in light of personal genetics. Predicted applications for nutrigenomics include genomics-based dietary guidelines and personalized nutrition based on individual genetic tests. These developments have sweeping ethical, legal and regulatory implications for individuals, corporations and governments. This book brings together experts in ethics, law, regulatory analysis, and communication studies to identify and address relevant issues in the emerging field of nutritional genomics. Contributing authors are experts in the social aspects of biotechnology innovation, with expertise in nutrigenomics. From addressing the concern that nutrigenomics will transform food into medicine and undermine pleasures associated with eating to the latest in the science of nutrigenomics, this book provides a world-wide perspective on the potential impact of nutrigenomics on our association with food. *Explores the rapidly developing, yet not fully understood, impact of nutrigenomics on the relationship to food medicalization, genetic privacy, nutrition and health. *Provides ground for further exploration to identify issues and provide analysis to aid in policy and regulation development *Provides ethical and legal insights into this unfolding science, as well as serving as a model for thinking about issues arising in other fields of science and technology

Science Society And The Supermarket

Author: David Castle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470055499
Size: 45.31 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 223
Download and Read
The new science of nutrigenomics and its ethical and societal challenges Gene-diet interactions--which underlie relatively benign lactose intolerance to life-threatening conditions such as cardiovascular disease--have long been known. But until now, scientists lacked the tools to fully understand the underlying mechanisms that cause these conditions. In recent years, however, strides in human genomics and the nutritional sciences have allowed for the advancement of a new science--dubbed nutrigenomics. Although this science may lead to personalized nutrition and dietary recommendations that can mitigate, prevent, or cure sickness, current oversight mechanisms and regulations for emerging direct-to-public nutrigenomic tests are still in their infancy. Science, Society, and the Supermarket: The Opportunities and Challenges of Nutrigenomics discusses the many ethical, legal, and social challenges presented by nutrigenomics. Concerning itself with the basic uses of nutrigenomic research as well as its clinical and commercial aspects, this text sheds light on such issues as: * Opportunities and challenges for nutrigenomics * The science of nutrigenomics * The ethics of nutrigenomic tests and information both in a clinical setting and by private third parties * Alternatives for nutrigenomics service delivery * Nutrigenomics and the regulation of health claims for foods and drugs * Equity and access to nutrigenomics in industrialized and developing countries * Intellectual property issues By taking a proactive bioethical stance on the subject, Science, Society, and the Supermarket offers a thorough and timely analysis on both the benefits and risks of nutrigenomics. Along with a thought-provoking examination of the issues, this book provides ethical guidelines and recommendations for further study in policy and regulatory development.