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Global Analysis

Author: Ilka Agricola
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821829513
Size: 37.39 MB
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This book introduces the reader to the world of differential forms and their uses in geometry, analysis, and mathematical physics. It begins with a few basic topics, partly as review, then moves on to vector analysis on manifolds and the study of curves and surfaces in $3$-space. Lie groups and homogeneous spaces are discussed, providing the appropriate framework for introducing symmetry in both mathematical and physical contexts. The final third of the book applies the mathematical ideas to important areas of physics: Hamiltonian mechanics, statistical mechanics, and electrodynamics. There are many classroom-tested exercises and examples with excellent figures throughout. The book is ideal as a text for a first course in differential geometry, suitable for advanced undergraduates or graduate students in mathematics or physics.

Introduction To Geometry And Topology

Author: Werner Ballmann
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034809832
Size: 30.79 MB
Format: PDF
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This book provides an introduction to topology, differential topology, and differential geometry. It is based on manuscripts refined through use in a variety of lecture courses. The first chapter covers elementary results and concepts from point-set topology. An exception is the Jordan Curve Theorem, which is proved for polygonal paths and is intended to give students a first glimpse into the nature of deeper topological problems. The second chapter of the book introduces manifolds and Lie groups, and examines a wide assortment of examples. Further discussion explores tangent bundles, vector bundles, differentials, vector fields, and Lie brackets of vector fields. This discussion is deepened and expanded in the third chapter, which introduces the de Rham cohomology and the oriented integral and gives proofs of the Brouwer Fixed-Point Theorem, the Jordan-Brouwer Separation Theorem, and Stokes's integral formula. The fourth and final chapter is devoted to the fundamentals of differential geometry and traces the development of ideas from curves to submanifolds of Euclidean spaces. Along the way, the book discusses connections and curvature--the central concepts of differential geometry. The discussion culminates with the Gauß equations and the version of Gauß's theorema egregium for submanifolds of arbitrary dimension and codimension. This book is primarily aimed at advanced undergraduates in mathematics and physics and is intended as the template for a one- or two-semester bachelor's course.

Mathematical Physics Classical Mechanics

Author: Andreas Knauf
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662557746
Size: 31.49 MB
Format: PDF
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As a limit theory of quantum mechanics, classical dynamics comprises a large variety of phenomena, from computable (integrable) to chaotic (mixing) behavior. This book presents the KAM (Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser) theory and asymptotic completeness in classical scattering. Including a wealth of fascinating examples in physics, it offers not only an excellent selection of basic topics, but also an introduction to a number of current areas of research in the field of classical mechanics. Thanks to the didactic structure and concise appendices, the presentation is self-contained and requires only knowledge of the basic courses in mathematics. The book addresses the needs of graduate and senior undergraduate students in mathematics and physics, and of researchers interested in approaching classical mechanics from a modern point of view.

Contemporary Computational Mathematics A Celebration Of The 80th Birthday Of Ian Sloan

Author: Josef Dick
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319724568
Size: 30.38 MB
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This book is a tribute to Professor Ian Hugh Sloan on the occasion of his 80th birthday. It consists of nearly 60 articles written by international leaders in a diverse range of areas in contemporary computational mathematics. These papers highlight the impact and many achievements of Professor Sloan in his distinguished academic career. The book also presents state of the art knowledge in many computational fields such as quasi-Monte Carlo and Monte Carlo methods for multivariate integration, multi-level methods, finite element methods, uncertainty quantification, spherical designs and integration on the sphere, approximation and interpolation of multivariate functions, oscillatory integrals, and in general in information-based complexity and tractability, as well as in a range of other topics. The book also tells the life story of the renowned mathematician, family man, colleague and friend, who has been an inspiration to many of us. The reader may especially enjoy the story from the perspective of his family, his wife, his daughter and son, as well as grandchildren, who share their views of Ian. The clear message of the book is that Ian H. Sloan has been a role model in science and life.

Handbook Of Global Analysis

Author: Demeter Krupka
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080556734
Size: 80.70 MB
Format: PDF
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This is a comprehensive exposition of topics covered by the American Mathematical Society’s classification “Global Analysis , dealing with modern developments in calculus expressed using abstract terminology. It will be invaluable for graduate students and researchers embarking on advanced studies in mathematics and mathematical physics. This book provides a comprehensive coverage of modern global analysis and geometrical mathematical physics, dealing with topics such as; structures on manifolds, pseudogroups, Lie groupoids, and global Finsler geometry; the topology of manifolds and differentiable mappings; differential equations (including ODEs, differential systems and distributions, and spectral theory); variational theory on manifolds, with applications to physics; function spaces on manifolds; jets, natural bundles and generalizations; and non-commutative geometry. - Comprehensive coverage of modern global analysis and geometrical mathematical physics - Written by world-experts in the field - Up-to-date contents

From Frenet To Cartan The Method Of Moving Frames

Author: Jeanne N. Clelland
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470429527
Size: 36.94 MB
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The method of moving frames originated in the early nineteenth century with the notion of the Frenet frame along a curve in Euclidean space. Later, Darboux expanded this idea to the study of surfaces. The method was brought to its full power in the early twentieth century by Elie Cartan, and its development continues today with the work of Fels, Olver, and others. This book is an introduction to the method of moving frames as developed by Cartan, at a level suitable for beginning graduate students familiar with the geometry of curves and surfaces in Euclidean space. The main focus is on the use of this method to compute local geometric invariants for curves and surfaces in various 3-dimensional homogeneous spaces, including Euclidean, Minkowski, equi-affine, and projective spaces. Later chapters include applications to several classical problems in differential geometry, as well as an introduction to the nonhomogeneous case via moving frames on Riemannian manifolds. The book is written in a reader-friendly style, building on already familiar concepts from curves and surfaces in Euclidean space. A special feature of this book is the inclusion of detailed guidance regarding the use of the computer algebra system Maple™ to perform many of the computations involved in the exercises.

The Pullback Equation For Differential Forms

Author: Gyula Csató
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0817683135
Size: 36.87 MB
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An important question in geometry and analysis is to know when two k-forms f and g are equivalent through a change of variables. The problem is therefore to find a map φ so that it satisfies the pullback equation: φ*(g) = f. In more physical terms, the question under consideration can be seen as a problem of mass transportation. The problem has received considerable attention in the cases k = 2 and k = n, but much less when 3 ≤ k ≤ n–1. The present monograph provides the first comprehensive study of the equation. The work begins by recounting various properties of exterior forms and differential forms that prove useful throughout the book. From there it goes on to present the classical Hodge–Morrey decomposition and to give several versions of the Poincaré lemma. The core of the book discusses the case k = n, and then the case 1≤ k ≤ n–1 with special attention on the case k = 2, which is fundamental in symplectic geometry. Special emphasis is given to optimal regularity, global results and boundary data. The last part of the work discusses Hölder spaces in detail; all the results presented here are essentially classical, but cannot be found in a single book. This section may serve as a reference on Hölder spaces and therefore will be useful to mathematicians well beyond those who are only interested in the pullback equation. The Pullback Equation for Differential Forms is a self-contained and concise monograph intended for both geometers and analysts. The book may serve as a valuable reference for researchers or a supplemental text for graduate courses or seminars.

Differential Geometry For Physicists

Author: Bo-Yu Hou
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9813105097
Size: 72.41 MB
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This book is divided into fourteen chapters, with 18 appendices as introduction to prerequisite topological and algebraic knowledge, etc. The first seven chapters focus on local analysis. This part can be used as a fundamental textbook for graduate students of theoretical physics. Chapters 8–10 discuss geometry on fibre bundles, which facilitates further reference for researchers. The last four chapters deal with the Atiyah-Singer index theorem, its generalization and its application, quantum anomaly, cohomology field theory and noncommutative geometry, giving the reader a glimpse of the frontier of current research in theoretical physics.

Differential Geometry Global Analysis And Topology

Author: Canadian Mathematical Society. Summer Meeting
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821860175
Size: 58.92 MB
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This book contains the proceedings of a special session on differential geometry, global analysis, and topology, held during the Summer Meeting of the Canadian Mathematical Society in June 1990 at Dalhousie University in Halifax. The session featured many fascinating talks on topics of current interest. The articles collected here reflect the diverse interests of the participants but are united by the common theme of the interplay among geometry, global analysis, and topology. Some of the topics include applications to low dimensional manifolds, control theory, integrable systems, Lie algebras of operators, and algebraic geometry. Readers will appreciate the insight the book provides into some recent trends in these areas.