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Global Environment Of Policing

Author: Darren Palmer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420065904
Size: 35.75 MB
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Police organizations across the globe are experiencing major changes. Many nations cope with funding constraints as pressures within their societies, terrorism and transnational crime, and social and political transformations necessitate a more democratic form of policing. Drawn from the proceedings at the International Police Executive Symposium in Prague and other IPES projects, Global Environment of Policing is composed of case studies from more than fourteen countries and six continents. Divided into four sections, the book presents contributions from high-level police executives, practitioners, and academics. Policing, Crime Control, and the Community explores community policing in Latin America and the United States and describes the effectiveness of a "zero tolerance" policy in New York City. It also presents a historical case study of policing in Portugal. Policing, Politics, and Democracy examines challenges confronting developing countries, policing in Brazil, police accountability mechanisms in India, and concerns regarding the democratization of policing. Policing: Global Challenges considers a range of contemporary issues within the policing environment, including policing cyberspace, police agencies’ striving for legitimacy, how law enforcement policies travel worldwide, and the problems of organized crime and people smuggling. Police Leadership, Management, Education, and Organization reflects on the growing issue of police reform. It discusses the infusion of private sector thinking into state police organizations, conflicts between police unions and management, training and models for police education, and police accountability in Bangladesh. The final chapter draws conclusions about the research presented in the book and provides a window on future concerns. With insight from world leaders in academia and in the field, the book offers sage insight into the most critical issues facing contemporary police organizations.

The Evolution Of Policing

Author: Melchor C. de Guzman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466567155
Size: 30.19 MB
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Each year, the International Police Executive Symposium (IPES) holds a global conference for police scholars and practitioners to exchange information about the latest trends in police practice and research. Drawn from recent proceedings, The Evolution of Policing: Worldwide Innovations and Insights explores major policing initiatives and evolutions across the globe and presents practical insights on how police are retooling their profession. With insight from both police practitioners and scholars, the book covers a range of topics, including: The trends in evolving police roles among democratic and democratizing states in pursuit of improved policing models The impact and implementation of the currently dominant philosophy of community-oriented policing Innovations occurring in police training and personnel management Police operations and issues relating to ethics, technology, investigations, and public relations Challenges to police practices, such as terrorism, decentralization, and the policing of indigenous and special population groups A survey of the evolving roles and practices in policing across the world, the book is written in a style accessible to a wide audience. The expert insight will assist scholars in seeking directions for their current research endeavors while at the same time enabling practitioners to implement new programs or fine-tune their current practices.

The Global Making Of Policing

Author: Jana Hönke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317395999
Size: 76.39 MB
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This edited volume analyses the global making of security institutions and practices in our postcolonial world. The volume will offer readers the opportunity to gain a deeper understanding of the global making of how security is thought of and practiced, from US urban policing, diaspora politics and transnational security professionals to policing encounters in Afghanistan, Palestine, Colombia or Haiti. It critically examines and decentres conventional perspectives on security governance and policing. In doing so, the book offers a fresh analytical approach, moving beyond dominant, one-sided perspectives on the transnational character of security governance, which suggest a diffusion of models and practices from a ‘Western’ centre to the rest of the globe. Such perspectives omit much of the experimenting and learning going on in the (post)colony as well as the active agency and participation of seemingly subaltern actors in producing and co-constituting what is conventionally thought of as ‘Western’ policing practice, knowledge and institutions. This is the first book that studies the truly global making of security institutions and practices from a postcolonial perspective, by bringing together highly innovative, in-depth empirical cases studies from across the globe. It will be of particular interest to students and scholars interested in International Relations and Global Studies, (critical) Security Studies, Criminology and Postcolonial Studies.

Innovative Possibilities Global Policing Research And Practice

Author: Les Johnston
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317981839
Size: 64.84 MB
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Innovative Possibilities: Global Policing Research and Practice brings together observations that reflect upon the state of police (and policing) across the globe and associated forms of policing scholarship with inputs from Africa, Australia, South and Central America, China, Europe, and the USA. Following the introduction the book begins with a review of the nature of the relationship between policing research and practice with the Victoria Police in Australia and moves on to Britain where the focus is on how the National Improvement Strategy for Policing (NISP) is developing and how research is being used to design, define, monitor, and develop its strategic interventions using a series of case studies. In the United States the complex American terrain of the police is examined -- in particular this chapter examines how crime statistics are used to rationalize, justify, and account for their actions. In Latin America a comprehensive review of research on police reform in Latin America during the last two decades is given. Africa provides a complex and diverse social terrain which needs to be understood in relation to its plural policing landscape. Police scholarship in China looks at the historical development and current status of police scholarship in China, together with the emerging issues arising from it. The overarching concern of all these reflections is with bridging the deep seated tensions that exist between scholarship and practice within policing across the globe and the call for a new relationship of mutual respect that is committed to exploring better ways of governing security.This book was published as a special issue of Police Practice and Research.

Global Community Policing

Author: Arvind Verma
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439884161
Size: 50.55 MB
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In nations all over the world, community policing has been found extremely beneficial in improving public confidence in the police. Community-oriented policing and police-citizen cooperation is now the accepted framework for all progressive police departments. Drawn from the proceedings at the 2010 International Police Executive Symposium (IPES) in Kerala, India and other IPES sources, Global Community Policing: Problems and Challenges presents new insights into this policing model and a critical appraisal of successes and challenges in various jurisdictions across the globe. The book begins with a chapter on how governments can design, implement, and support community policing based on lessons learned from history. Next, it explores research findings and pilot programs for community policing in eight different regions from Sweden to South Africa. Topics addressed include police safety, female empowerment, the impact of emotional intelligence on community policing, predatory leadership, operational challenges, interactions between police and persons with mental illness, and civilian policing. The book examines ways of measuring the success of police policies through citizen surveys and other methods. It also discusses Operation Weed and Seed, a community policing initiative in the United States. A valuable resource for researchers and practitioners of community-oriented policing, this book demonstrates how the practices and even some of the principles guiding the framework of community policing vary greatly across jurisdictions. By reviewing the benefits and challenges inherent in this innovative policing model, police administrators can devise systems that best meet the needs of their communities.

Global Environmental Harm

Author: Robert Douglas White
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1843927977
Size: 56.57 MB
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Issues such as climate change, disposal of toxic waste and illegal fishing have generated increasing attention within criminological cricles in recent years. This book brings together original cutting-edge work that deals with global environmental harm from a wide variety of geographical and critical perspectives. It includes writers from countries such as Australia, Canada, the United States, South Africa, Japan, China, The Netherlands, Italy and the United Kingdom. The topis covered in the book are global, regional and local in nature, although in each case there are clear transnational or global dimensions.The book explores topics that provide theoretical, methodological and substantive insights into the nature and dynamics of environmental harm, and the transference of this harm across regions, continents and globally. Specific topics include the criminal nature of global warming, an ethnographic study of pollution and consciousness of environmental harm, environmental destruction associated with huge industrial developments, chaos theory and environmental social justice, de-forestation as a global phenomenon, illegal trade in endangered species, and transference of toxicity.The book as a whole reinforces the importance of eco-global criminology as a dynamic paradigm for theory and action on environmental issues in the 21st century. It features contributions from different parts of the world, each with its own unique perspective on and analysis of specific types of environmental harm. Global warming and the many environmental harms identified in this book are the vital issues of our age. Accordingly,the criminological perspectives presented herein are important both in discerning the nature and complexities of these harms and, ultimately, in forging responses to them.

Policing International Trade In Endangered Species

Author: Rosalind Reeve
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134206941
Size: 70.64 MB
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A comprehensive examination of the way in which the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) is implemented and policed. CITES is one of the oldest international environmental agreements and has been responsible for some striking conservation successes. But, given the way it has evolved, there are also some critical weaknesses that unscrupulous countries and commercial interests can exploit, especially regarding information, institutions and enforcement. The convention needs reform and this book gives a trenchant critique, including practical and effective recommendations for change.

Stop And Search

Author: Leanne Weber
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317981146
Size: 75.96 MB
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Police powers to stop, question and search people in public places, and the way these powers are exercised, is a contentious aspect of police-community relations, and a key issue for criminological and policing scholarship, and for public debate about liberty and security more generally. Whilst monitoring and controlling minority populations has always been a feature of police work, new fears, new ‘suspect populations’ and new powers intended to control them have arisen in the face of instability associated with rapid global change. This book synthesises and extends knowledge about stop and search practices across a range of jurisdictions and contexts. It explores the use of stop and search powers in relation to street crime, terrorism and unauthorised migration in Britain, North America, Europe, Australia, Africa, and Asia. The book covers little researched practices such as road-blocks and ID checking, and discusses issues such as fairness, effectiveness, equity and racial profiling. It provides a substantive and theoretical foundation for transnational and comparative research on police powers in a global context. This book was originally published as a special issue of Policing and Society.

The Retrieval Of Liberalism In Policing

Author: Luke William Hunt
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190904992
Size: 75.61 MB
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"Policing in liberal societies has become illiberal in light of its response to both internal and external threats to security. This book provides an account of what it might mean to retrieve policing that is consistent with the limits imposed by the basic legal and philosophical tenets of liberalism"--

War Police And Assemblages Of Intervention

Author: Jan Bachmann
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317587642
Size: 77.12 MB
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This book reflects on the way in which war and police/policing intersect in contemporary Western-led interventions in the global South. The volume combines empirically oriented work with ground-breaking theoretical insights and aims to collect, for the first time, thoughts on how war and policing converge, amalgamate, diffuse and dissolve in the context both of actual international intervention and in understandings thereof. The book uses the caption WAR:POLICE to highlight the distinctiveness of this volume in presenting a variety of approaches that share a concern for the assemblage of war-police as a whole. The volume thus serves to bring together critical perspectives on liberal interventionism where the logics of war and police/policing blur and bleed into a complex assemblage of WAR:POLICE. Contributions to this volume offer an understanding of police as a technique of ordering and collectively take issue with accounts of the character of contemporary war that argue that war is simply reduced to policing. In contrast, the contributions show how – both historically and conceptually – the two are ‘always already’ connected. Contributions to this volume come from a variety of disciplines including international relations, war studies, geography, anthropology, and law but share a critical/poststructuralist approach to the study of international intervention, war and policing. This volume will be useful to students and scholars who have an interest in social theories on intervention, war, security, and the making of international order.