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Global Health

Author: Kevin McCracken
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415557577
Size: 75.76 MB
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The health of human populations around the world is constantly changing and the health profiles of most nations in the early twenty-first century global health landscape are unrecognizable compared with those of just a century ago. This book examines and explains these health changes and considers likely future patterns and changes. While the overall picture charted is one of progress and improvement, certain unfortunate regressions and stubbornly persistent health inequalities are equally shown to be part of the evolving patterns of global health. The chapters of the book are organized in three major parts: The first part introduces readers to the principal concepts of global health, and to the idea of populations having distinctive health profiles. In particular, it explores how those profiles can be measured, and how they change, using the umbrella concepts and theories of epidemiological and health transition. Building on the first section, the second part focuses on the evolution of health states, as well as paying particular attention to the reasons for the many subnational inequalities in global health. It also examines health challenges such as the continuing infectious disease burden and current emerging 'epidemics'. The final part transports readers from the current health scene to future possible and probable health scenarios, acknowledging the challenges presented by global environmental change, as well as issues centred around geopolitics and human security. Using clear and original explanations of complex issues, this text makes extensive use of boxed case studies and international examples, with thought-provoking discussion questions posed for readers at the end of each chapter. Global Health is essential reading for students of global health, public health and development studies.

Academic Writing For International Students Of Science

Author: Jane Bottomley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317695313
Size: 58.76 MB
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Academic Writing for International Students of Science will help international students to develop their command of academic scientific writing in English. It guides students through the writing process itself, and will help them to produce clear, well-written and well-organised essays and reports. The book covers a range of issues such as how to explain complex ideas clearly and concisely, how to develop a coherent argument, and how to avoid plagiarism by making effective reference to sources. Through detailed analysis of authentic scientific texts, the book will enhance students’ understanding of the nature of academic scientific writing. This will enable them to understand how language and discourse function in a real scientific context. The texts serve as models of good writing and are followed by practice activities which will help students to develop their own writing skills. Key topics include: the writing process; academic scientific style; sentence structure; paragraph development; referring to sources; coherence, argument and critical thinking; academic and scientific conventions. This book will be an invaluable companion to those studying for a science or technology degree in an English-speaking institution. Informative study boxes, model answers and a clear, comprehensive answer key mean that the book can be used for self-study or with guidance in the classroom.

E Healthcare Systems And Wireless Communications Current And Future Challenges

Author: Watfa, Mohamed K.
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1613501242
Size: 29.86 MB
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There has been a dramatic increase in the utilization of wireless technologies in healthcare systems as a consequence of the wireless ubiquitous and pervasive communications revolution. Emerging information and wireless communication technologies in health and healthcare have led to the creation of e-health systems, also known as e-healthcare, which have been drawing increasing attention in the public and have gained strong support from government agencies and various organizations. E-Healthcare Systems and Wireless Communications: Current and Future Challenges explores the developments and challenges associated with the successful deployment of e-healthcare systems. The book combines research efforts in different disciplines including pervasive wireless communications, wearable computing, context-awareness, sensor data fusion, artificial intelligence, neural networks, expert systems, databases, and security. This work serves as a comprehensive reference for graduate students in bioengineering and also provides solutions for medical researchers who are faced with the challenge of designing and implementing a cost-effective pervasive and ubiquitous wireless communication system.

Labor And Health Economics In The Mediterranean Region Migration And Mobility Of Medical Doctors

Author: Driouchi, Ahmed
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466647248
Size: 20.39 MB
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The increasing demand for health care and advances in healthcare technologies has exacerbated the present shortage of health personnel. In response to these changes, physicians may choose to offer their services elsewhere. Labor and Health Economics in the Mediterranean Region: Migration and Mobility of Medical Doctors addresses the mobility of physicians in the Mediterranean region within a global context, focusing on the role mobility has played in the global health system in both developed and developing economies. Besides universities and researchers, public and private medical practitioners and agencies can make use of this book to further their knowledge of the changing healthcare industry.

Climate Change And Global Health

Author: Colin D Butler
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1780642652
Size: 25.38 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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There is increasing understanding, globally, that climate change will have profound and mostly harmful effects on human health. This authoritative book brings together international experts to describe both direct (such as heat waves) and indirect (such as vector-borne disease incidence) impacts of climate change, set in a broad, international, economic, political and environmental context. This unique book also expands on these issues to address a third category of potential longer-term impacts on global health: famine, population dislocation, and conflict. This lively yet scholarly resource explores these issues fully, linking them to health in urban and rural settings in developed and developing countries. The book finishes with a practical discussion of action that health professionals can yet take.

Trends In Health Care

Author: Iris Efthymiou-Egleton
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1514499312
Size: 66.18 MB
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The book you are holding is an introduction to the questions which arise when considering the future of healthcare. It tackles the history of healthcare systems and their complex evolution, focuses on new trends and increasingly sophisticated technology while acknowledging that health is one of the highest human values. It sets out the main trends in the field of global health which will shape future healthcare systems. It reviews their development and specifies the major factors leading to their evolution by trying to answer the question Which global trends affect our health and healthcare services and how do they change over time? The writer also studies ways of managing changes in the demand for health services and aims to provide a tool for a fruitful dialogue concerning methods of adjusting supply. Prevention lies at the base of every successful health system. It is the key to a more healthy society and the reduction of healthcare expenditure. In a new era when everything is changing, the health sector cant remain unaffected; for example, have you ever heard of personalised medicine, evidence-based medicine, synthetic biology, or genetic aristocracy and many more new approaches? How is nanotechnology, the evolution of biotechnology, or the use of exoskeletons going to help us? Which are the new Amazons of the health and pharmaceutical sector and what good practices should policymakers can adopt? What new potential do we get from 3D printing? How are mobile technologies, location-based services, and advanced generation sensors going to change the way we demand and receive healthcare, and what challenges are we going to face? If you want to understand how healthcare systems operate, or what new trends are going to change the provision of health services? We must remember, however, that in suggesting solutions, those which are not affordable are not solutions.

Investing In Global Health Systems

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309311721
Size: 43.66 MB
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The United States has been a generous sponsor of global health programs for the past 25 years or more. This investment has contributed to meaningful changes, especially for women and children, who suffer the brunt of the world's disease and disability. Development experts have long debated the relative merits of vertical health programming, targeted to a specific service or patient group, and horizontal programming, supporting more comprehensive care. The U.S. government has invested heavily in vertical programs, most notably through the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), its flagship initiative for HIV and AIDS. PEPFAR and programs like it have met with good success. Protecting these successes and continuing progress in the future depends on the judicious integration of vertical programs with local health systems. A strong health system is the best insurance developing countries can have against a disease burden that is shifting rapidly and in ways that history has not prepared us for. Reaching the poor with development assistance is an increasingly complicated task. The majority of the roughly 1 billion people living in dire poverty are in middle-income countries, where foreign assistance is not necessarily needed or welcome. Many of the rest live in fragile states, where political volatility and weak infrastructure make it difficult to use aid effectively. The poorest people in the world are also the sickest; they are most exposed to disease vectors and infection. Nevertheless, they are less likely to access health services. Improving their lot means removing the systemic barriers that keep the most vulnerable people from gaining such access. Investing in Global Health Systems discusses the past and future of global health. First, the report gives context by laying out broad trends in global health. Next, it discusses the timeliness of American investment in health systems abroad and explains how functional health systems support health, encourage prosperity, and advance global security. Lastly, it lays out, in broad terms, an effective donor strategy for health, suggesting directions for both the manner and substance of foreign aid given. The challenge of the future of aid programming is to sustain the successes of the past 25 years, while reducing dependence on foreign aid. Investing in Global Health Systems aims to help government decision makers assess the rapidly changing social and economic situation in developing countries and its implications for effective development assistance. This report explains how health systems improvements can lead to better health, reduce poverty, and make donor investment in health sustainable.

Sage Sourcebook Of Modern Biomedical Devices

Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412950546
Size: 45.85 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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SAGE Sourcebook of Modern Biomedical Devices: Business Markets in the Global Environment is the first accessible, broadly available source of information that presents and quantifies the commercial success of numerous types of biomedical devices available in the global market. It is of great importance, for both the research and the business communities, to identify specific biomedical device types, per major therapeutic areas, most commercially successful in today’s global economic markets, such as in the biggest market (U.S.), in the Pacific Rim, and in the newly expanded European Union. Currently, such vital information is not available anywhere else, definitely not in a unified source and not in a detailed, well-substantiated, reliable, and easy-to-read form.

Emerging Trends In Global Health

Author: Gurinder Shahi
ISBN: 0557024005
Size: 65.50 MB
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This book is an edited compilation of topical review essays addressing emerging issues, concerns and opportunities in global health.