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Global Value Chains In A Changing World

Author: Deborah Kay Elms
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789287038821
Size: 80.47 MB
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A collection of papers by some of the world's leading specialists on global value chains (GVCs). It examines how GVCs have evolved and the challenges they face in a rapidly changing world. The approach is multi-disciplinary, with contributions from economists, political scientists, supply chain management specialists, practitioners and policy-makers. Co-published with the Fung Global Institute and the Temasek

Services In Global Value Chains

Author: Patrick Low
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813141476
Size: 38.68 MB
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This compilation of 22 firm-specific case studies is an important contribution to the discussion of 'servicification' trends in manufacturing. 'Services have increased in importance and value in many manufacturing value chains, making companies that produce physical products look more like service enterprises. What services do global value chains use in their operations, how important are they and how do economic policies shape firms' configurations, operations, and location of global value chains? This book addresses these questions and more. The interviewed firms, based in 12 APEC economies, come from different sectors ranging from multinational automotive, construction equipment, and electrical appliance manufacturers to small and medium manufacturers of watches or chemical for water treatment. The book analyses what specific services are important in different stages of the value chain, and whether they are typically provided in-house or outsourced. Contents:Manufacturing-Related Services (Patrick Low and Gloria O Pasadilla)Manufacturing of Aircraft Control Systems in the Philippines (Andre Wirjo and Gloria O Pasadilla)Industrial Welding Services in Thailand (William Haines)Manufacturing of Mining and Construction Equipment (David Sit and Patrick Low)Manufacturing of Computer Servers (Yuhua Zhang)Wastewater Treatment Services (Arian Hassani and Andre Wirjo)Manufacturing of Automotive Components in the ASEAN Region (Denise Cheung)Manufacturing of Oil and Gas Industry Equipment in Singapore (Andre Wirjo and Gloria O Pasadilla)Car Manufacturing in the Philippines (Sherry Stephenson)Manufacturing of Thermal Power Generation Equipment (Gloria O Pasadilla)Production of Precision Die and Machine Parts in Thailand (Denise Cheung and Andre Wirjo)Manufacturing of Refrigerators (David Sit)Watch Manufacturing (Deborah Elms)Manufacturing of Automotive Components in Mexico: Perspectives from Three Firms (Andre Wirjo, Gloria O Pasadilla and Joel G Bassig)Manufacturing of Telecommunications Equipment (Huani Zhu and Gloria O Pasadilla)Manufacturing of Printed Circuit Boards in Canada (Ben Shepherd)Wine Industry in Chile (Karina Fernandez-Stark and Penny Bamber)Integrated Logistics Solutions Provider in Mexico (Andre Wirjo and Gloria O Pasadilla)Remanufacturing Services in the Construction Machinery Value Chain (Katherine Tait and Gary Gereffi)Manufacturing of Consumer Electronic Appliances in Indonesia (Emmanuel A San Andres)Fresh Cherry Industry in Chile (Penny Bamber and Karina Fernandez-Stark) Readership: Researchers, students and academics who are interested in international trade; trade economists; policymakers and general public who are interested in manufacturing related topics.

Local Clusters In Global Value Chains

Author: Valentina De Marchi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351723995
Size: 21.91 MB
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The international fragmentation of economic activities – from research and design to production and marketing – described through the lens of the global value chain (GVC) approach impacts the structure and performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) agglomerated in economic clusters. The consolidation of GVCs ruled by global lead firms and the recession of 2008-09 exacerbated the pressures on cluster actors that based their competitive advantage on local systems, spurring an increasing heterogeneity, both across and within clusters, that is still overlooked in the literature. Drawing on detailed studies of different industries and countries, Local Clusters in Global Value Chains shows the co-evolutionary trajectories of clusters and GVCs, and the role of firms and their strategies in organizing manufacturing and innovation activities in the context of ongoing technological shifts. The book explores the tension between place-based variables and global drivers of change, and the possibility for territories containing such clusters to prosper in the new global scenario. By adopting insights from the GVC framework and management studies, the book discusses how the internationalization strategies of firms create opportunities as well as constraints for adaptive upgrading in clusters. This book is of interest to both researchers and policy-makers who are interested in the dynamic sources of competitive advantage in the global economy.

Global Value Chains And Global Production Networks

Author: Jeffrey Neilson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317533658
Size: 20.10 MB
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The global economic system is experiencing a profound period of rapid change. The emergence of globalised production and distribution systems, which bring together diverse constellations of economic actors through a complex regime of global corporate governance, state regulation and new international divisions of labour, demands corresponding and innovative explanatory models. Global value chains (GVCs) and global production networks (GPNs) have been particularly useful as conceptual frameworks for understanding the global market engagement of firms, regions and nations. This book examines the rise of GVCs and GPNs as dominant features of the international political economy. It brings together leading thinkers in the field and sets out new directions for future scholarship in understanding the contemporary global economic system. In doing so, this book makes a significant contribution to our understanding of the international political economy and the global economic system in the post-Washington Consensus era of contemporary capitalism. This book was published as a special issue of the Review of International Political Economy.

East Asia And Pacific Economic Update April 2014

Author: World Bank World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464802963
Size: 14.45 MB
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Developing countries in the East Asia Pacific region will see stable economic growth this year, bolstered by a recovery in high-income economies and the market’s modest response so far to the Federal Reserve’s tapering of its quantitative easing, according to the East Asia Pacific Economic Update. Developing East Asia will grow by 7.1 percent this year, largely unchanged from 2013, the report says. As a result, East Asia remains the fastest growing region in the world, despite a slowdown from the average growth rate of 8.0 percent from 2009 to 2013. In China, growth will ease slightly, to 7.6 percent this year from 7.7 percent in 2013. Excluding China, the developing countries in the region will grow by 5.0 percent, slightly down from 5.2 percent last year.

Global Value Chains In A Postcrisis World

Author: Olivier Cattaneo
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821384996
Size: 63.69 MB
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The book looks to address the following questions in a post-crisis world: How have lead firms responded to the crisis? Have they changed their traditional supply chain strategy and relocated and/or outsourced part of their production? How will those changes affect developing countries? What should be the policy responses to these changes?

Wettbewerbsvorteile

Author: Michael E. Porter
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593500485
Size: 58.21 MB
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Wettbewerbsvorteile entscheiden über Erfolg oder Misserfolg eines Unternehmens. Michael E. Porter zeigt, wie sich Firmen in ihrer Branche Wettbewerbsvorteile verschaffen und so behaupten können. Entweder ein Produkt hat einen Kostenvorteil oder es muss einen einzigartigen Nutzen bieten, der einen höheren Preis rechtfertigt. Porters Strategieklassiker muss jeder kennen, der mit der Strategieentwicklung in einer Firma zu tun hat.

Wto Annual Report 2014

Author: World Trade Organization Wto
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789287039095
Size: 26.41 MB
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The World Trade Organization is the only international organization dealing with the global rules of trade between nations. Its main function is to ensure that trade flows as smoothly, predictably, and freely as possible. The WTO Annual Report 2014 provides a brief summary of the World Trade Organization's mission and general operation, as well as an overview of its accomplishments in 2013. It also provides a detailed review of the WTO's main areas of activity: - Trade negotiations - Implementation of WTO agreements and trade monitoring - Dispute settlement - Building trade capacity - Outreach