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Granular Matter

Author: Anita Mehta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461242908
Size: 21.39 MB
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Powders have been studied extensively because they arise in a wide variety of fields, ranging from soil mechanics to manufacture of pharmaceuticals. Only recently, however, with the deepening understanding of fractals, chaos, 1/f noise, and self-organization, has it been useful to study the mechanical properties of powders from a fundamental physical perspective. This book collects articles by some of the foremost researchers in the field, including chapters on: the role of entropy in the specification of a powder, by S.F. Edwards (Cambridge); discrete mechanics, by P.K. Haff (Duke); computer simulations of granular materials, by G.C. Barker (Norwich); pattern formation and complexity in granular flow, by R.P. Behringer and G.W. Baxter (Duke); avalanches in real sand piles, by A. Mehta (Birmingham); micromechanical models of failure, by M.J. Adams (Unilever) and B.J. Briscoe (Imperial College); mixing and segregation in particle flows, by J. Bridgwater (Birmingham); and hard-sphere colloidal suspensions, by P. Bartlett (Bristol) and W. van Megen (Melbourne).

Nonlinear Pde S Dynamics And Continuum Physics

Author: Ams-Ims-Siam Joint Summer Research Conference on Nonlinear Pde's
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821810529
Size: 39.57 MB
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This volume contains the refereed proceedings of the conference on Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations, Dynamics and Continuum Physics which was held at Mount Holyoke College in Massachusetts, from July 19th to July 23rd, 1998. Models examined derive from a wide range of applications, including elasticity, thermoviscoelasticity, granular media, fluid dynamics, gas dynamics and conservation laws. Mathematical topics include existence theory and stability/instability of traveling waves, asymptotic behavior of solutions to nonlinear wave equations, effects of dissipation, mechanisms of blow-up, well-posedness and regularity, and fractal solutions. The text will be of interest to graduate students and researchers working in nonlinear partial differential equations and applied mathematics.

Challenges In Granular Physics

Author: Thomas Halsey
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814486965
Size: 32.18 MB
Format: PDF
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This book contains accounts of state-of-the art approaches to the physics of granular matter, from a widely interdisciplinary and international set of experts in the field. The authors include theorists such as S F Edwards, J Krug and J Kurchan; the book is also unique in reporting current experimental approaches with, importantly, a detailed account of new techniques. It will serve as an invaluable handbook for all researchers, both novice and experienced, who wish to get quickly directed to open questions in key aspects of this challenging and topical domain. Contents:Models of Free Cooling Granular Gases (U M B Marconi et al.)The Steady State of the Tapped Ising Model (D S Dean & A Lefevre)Coarsening of Vortex Ripples in Sand (J Krug)Dense Granular Media as Athermal Glasses (J Kurchan)Liquid-Solid Transition in Bidisperse Granulates (S Luding)Surface Granular Flows: Two Related Examples (D V Khakhar et al.)Glassy States in a Shaken Sandbox (P F Stadler et al.)Granular Media as a Physics Problem (S F Edwards & D V Grinev)Nonlinear Elasticity and Thermodynamics of Granular Materials (H A Makse)Granular Flow Studies by NMR: A Chronology (E Fukushima)Random Multiplicative Response Functions in Granular Contact Networks (C F Moukarzel)and other papers Readership: Students, researchers, academics and scientists working in industry. Keywords:Granular;Glassy;Compaction;Random;Vibrated Sand;Dense Flows;Dynamics;Complex Systems;Wet Sand;Soft Matter;Thermodynamics;Fragile Matter;Matter Under Shear;Avalanches;Ripples;NMR

Granular Material Based Technologies

Author: Surajit Sen
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 36.87 MB
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The past decade has seen an explosive growth of interest in the physics of granular materials. Granular media are comprised of macroscopic objects with internal degrees of freedom. Granular assemblies exhibit phenomena that incorporate the properties of traditional solids, liquids and gases, making it a "unique state. In many ways, the granular state is a generalized state of matter. This new volume from the Materials Research Society brings together researchers from many countries and disciplines to assess issues and problems concerned with the collective behavior of granular assemblies as encountered in the context of various applications. In particular, these applications include ceramic science, shock propagation and absorption, design and maintenance of stable natural and artificial structures, processing of pharmaceuticals, and self-assembly processes associated with the synthesis of ultrahigh-density magnetic tapes. The volume should be of value to researchers involved in exploring granular material-based technologies, and is expected to stimulate further research in this arena. Topics include: electromagnetic fields; structural issues; flow behavior; and dynamical problems.

Computer Simulation Studies In Condensed Matter Physics X

Author: David P. Landau
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783540635109
Size: 74.54 MB
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Computer Simulation Studies in Condensed-Matter Physics X is devoted to Prof. Masuo Suzuki's ideas, which have made novel, new simulations possible. These proceedings, of the 1997 workshop, comprise three parts that deal with new algorithms, methods of analysis, and conceptual developments. The first part contains invited papers that deal with simulational studies of classical systems. The second of the proceedings is devoted to invited papers on quantum systems, including new results for strongly correlated electron and quantum spin models. The final part contains a large number of contributed presentations.

The Granular State

Author: Surajit Sen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN:
Size: 67.99 MB
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The study of granular materials is an old and difficult subject that has been studied for many years by the engineering communities. In fact, it has been a topic of significant attention by many physicists since the late 1980s. The properties of granular materials are unlike those of any single-known state of materials, namely the solid, liquid and gaseous states. Instead, under appropriate conditions granular materials exhibit behavior from each of these states. It has, therefore, become customary to refer to the granular state as the fourth state of matter. This book brings together a diverse group of researchers from many countries in the Americas, Europe and Asia who are at the forefront of the field. Scientists and researchers from academia, industry and government laboratories are represented. Topics include: granular structure; granular flows; nonlinear waves in granular media; vibrated and rotated granular media; stress distributions; and from avalanches to sandcastles.