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Green And Sustainable Pharmacy

Author: Klaus Kümmerer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642051995
Size: 76.78 MB
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Within recent years pharmaceuticals have come into focus as contaminants of the environment (see for example Kümmerer, K. editor: Pharmaceuticals in the Environment). At the same time the issue of sustainable chemistry gained momentum. Bringing both together would result in sustainable pharmacy. Sustainable pharmacy is a totally new issue and approach. It addresses environmental, economical and social aspects of pharmacy. In the present stage the focus will be on environmental issues along the whole lifecycle of a pharmaceutical entity. That is dealing with resources and energy input but also with waste issues for example during the synthesis and production of an active pharmaceutical ingredient. Furthermore, it would also look on the compounds themselves and will aim to improve the degradability of the compounds after their use in the environment to reduce the environmental risk caused by pharmaceuticals in the environment. Another issue is the people using pharmaceuticals such as pharmacists, medical doctors and patients. How can they contribute to more efficient use of pharmaceuticals with less environmental burden and less risk for drinking water. The book "Sustainable Pharmacy" will address all these issues and will be the first one dealing with this important topic.

Green And Sustainable Medicinal Chemistry

Author: James H Clark
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782625941
Size: 76.59 MB
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Pharmaceutical manufacturing was one of the first industries to recognize the importance of green chemistry, with pioneering work including green chemistry metrics and alternative solvents and reagents. Today, other topical factors also have to be taken into consideration, such as rapidly depleting resources, high energy costs and new legislation. This book addresses current challenges in modern green chemical technologies and sustainability thinking. It encompasses a broad range of topics covered by the CHEM21 project – Europe’s largest public-private partnership project which aims to develop a toolbox of sustainable technologies for green chemical intermediate manufacture. Divided into two sections, the book first gives an overview of the key green chemistry tools, guidance and considerations aimed at developing greener processes, before moving on to look at cutting-edge synthetic methodologies. Featuring innovative research, this book is an invaluable reference for chemists across academia and industry wanting to further their knowledge and understanding of this important topic.

Green Techniques For Organic Synthesis And Medicinal Chemistry

Author: Wei Zhang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470711515
Size: 25.45 MB
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Green chemistry is a new way of looking at organic synthesis and the design of drug molecules, offering important environmental and economic advantages over traditional synthetic processes. Pharmaceutical companies are increasingly turning to the principles of green chemistry in an effort to reduce waste, reduce costs and develop environmentally benign processes. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry presents an overview of the established and emerging techniques in green organic chemistry, highlighting their applications in medicinal chemistry. The book is divided into four parts: Introduction: Introduces the reader to the toxicology of organic chemicals,their environmental impact, and the concept of green chemistry. Green Catalysis: Covers a variety of green catalytic techniques including organocatalysis, supported catalysis, biocatalysis, fluorous catalysis, and catalytic direct C-H bond activation reactions. Green Synthetic Techniques: Presents a series of new techniques, assessing the green chemistry aspects and limitations (i.e. cost, equipment, expertise). Techniques include reactions in alternative solvents, atom economic multicomponent reactions, microwave and ultrasonic reactions, solid-supported synthesis, fluorous and ionic liquid-based recycling techniques, and flow reactors. Green Techniques in Pharmaceutical Industry: Covers applications of green chemistry concepts and special techniques for medicinal chemistry, including synthesis, analysis, separation, formulation, , and drug delivery. Process and business case studies are included to illustrate the applications in the pharmaceutical industry. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry is an essential resource on green chemistry technologies for academic researchers, R&D professionals and students working in organic chemistry and medicinal chemistry.

Praxishandbuch Green Building

Author: Peter Mösle
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110275287
Size: 54.46 MB
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Nachhaltiges Bauen wird für Investoren, Bauherren, Nutzer, Politik und Gesellschaft immer wichtiger. Planung, Bau und Betrieb von Green Buildings erfordern eine Berücksichtigung ganz unterschiedlicher Disziplinen in den Bereichen Recht, Technik und Architektur. Die Autoren aus den unterschiedlichen Fachrichtungen beleuchten diese komplexen Zusammenhänge und zeigen praxistaugliche Lösungen auf.

Handbook Of Green Chemistry Green Processes Designing Safer Chemicals

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527688439
Size: 27.35 MB
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The shift towards being as environmentally-friendly as possible has resulted in the need for this important reference on the topic of designing safer chemicals. Edited by the leading international experts in the field, Robert Boethling and Adelina Votchkova, this volume covers such topics as toxicity, reducing hazards and biochemical pesticides. An essential resource for anyone wishing to gain an understanding of the world of green chemistry, as well as for chemists, environmental agencies and chemical engineers. The Handbook of Green Chemistry comprises of 9 volumes in total, split into 3 subject-specific sets. The three sets are available individually. All 9 volumes are available individually, too. Set I: Green Catalysis - Volume 1: Homogeneous Catalysis - Volume 2: Heterogeneous Catalysis - Volume 3: Biocatalysis Set II: Green Solvents - Volume 4: Supercritical Solvents - Volume 5: Reactions in Water - Volume 6: Ionic Liquids Set III: Green Processes - Volume 7: Green Synthesis - Volume 8: Green Nanoscience - Volume 9: Designing Safer Chemicals The Handbook of Green Chemistry is also available as Online Edition. Podcasts Listen to two podcasts in which Professor Paul Anastas and Journals Editor Paul Trevorrow discuss the origin and expansion of Green Chemistry and give an overview of The Handbook of Green Chemistry.

Pharmacy Practice For Today S Pharmacy Technician

Author: Lianne C Webster
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323085792
Size: 23.81 MB
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In-depth coverage of medication safety and error prevention includes recent recommendations and actions taken by the Institute of Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) and The Joint Commission.Content on intercultural competence addresses the changing demographics in our society.A student journal on the Evolve companion website makes it easy to submit journal entries relating to your coursework and during externship rotations. Review questions and critical thinking exercises are included at the end of each chapter. "Tech Notes" provide practical, on-the-job hints."Tech Alerts" focus on warnings to watch for and avoiding common errors.

Die Welt Ohne Uns

Author: Alan Weisman
Publisher: Piper Verlag
ISBN: 3492959938
Size: 58.10 MB
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Was wäre, wenn wir Menschen von einem Tag auf den anderen verschwinden würden? Zum Beispiel morgen. Ein ungeheures Gedankenexperiment! Alan Weisman entwirft das Szenario einer unbevölkerten Erde – gestützt auf das Wissen von Biologen, Geologen, Physikern, Architekten und Ingenieuren und mit atemberaubender Phantasie. Schritt für Schritt vollzieht Weisman nach, wie die Natur unseren Planeten zurückerobert, und führt dem Leser dabei zweierlei vor Augen: was der Mensch in Jahrtausenden zu schaffen vermochte und über welch unerhörte Macht die Natur verfügt.


Author: Werner Bidlingmaier
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783827407719
Size: 73.56 MB
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Um die LebensrAume Boden, Wasser und Luft zu erhalten, Ressourcen zu schA1/4tzen und UmweltschAden energiesparend zu sanieren, werden immer neue und bessere biotechnologische Verfahren entwickelt. Vor allem werden Mikroorganismen bei der Abluftreinigung, bei der Stickstoff-, Phosphat- und Nitratelimination aus AbwAssern und Trinkwasser, beim Abbau von Fremdstoffen in BAden sowie bei der Wiederverwertung organischer Reststoffe eingesetzt. Kostenvorteile und eine weitgehende Akzeptanz durch die A-ffentlichkeit spielen dabei eine entscheidende Rolle. Ziel dieses praxisorientierten Lehrbuches ist es, Studenten und Absolventen umweltbezogener StudiengAnge die Grundmechanismen des mikrobiellen Stoffwechsels, der Energiegewinnung sowie der Abbaukinetik von Natur- und Fremdstoffen zu vermitteln. Im zweiten Teil des Buches werden verfahrenstechnische Grundlagen suspendierter Systeme und Biofilme sowie die Biotechnologie der Wasseraufbereitung, der Schlammbehandlung und des Fremdstoffabbaus in der Luft detailliert und an Hand vieler konkreter Beispiele beschrieben. WAhrend die mehr technisch ausgebildeten Studenten Vorteile aus den mikrobiologischen Kapiteln ziehen, werden biologisch/agrarwissenschaftlich vorgebildeten Studenten ihre Kenntnisse im technischen Bereich des Umweltschutzes vertiefen kAnnen. Und der Praktiker kann diesem Buch entnehmen, was Akophysiologisch realistisch und verfahrenstechnisch zu berA1/4cksichtigen ist, um sinnvolle Bemessungs- und PlanungsansAtze zu erstellen.


Author: C. Streffer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642597254
Size: 62.47 MB
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Im Rahmen dieser Studie werden aus naturwissenschaftlich-medizinischer, soziologischer, ökonomischer, juristischer und philosophischer Perspektive Notwendigkeit, Realisierbarkeit und Konsequenzen von Umweltstandards für kombinierte Expositionen untersucht. Auf Expositionen des Menschen - dabei besonders deren karzinogene sowie genotoxische Wirkungen - sowie Expositionen einer Auswahl von Pflanzen, anhand derer die pragmatisch dringlichsten Fragen beantwortet werden, ist das Hauptaugenmerk der Studie gerichtet. Auf der Grundlage einer auf Wirkungsmechanismen basierenden Kategorisierung kombinierter Expositionen werden Kriterien erarbeitet, die trotz der Komplexität der einzelnen Wirkungszusammenhänge eine Grenzwertsetzung zur Erhaltung bzw. Erreichung konkreter Umweltqualtitätsziele ermöglicht.