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Grounding Concepts

Author: C. S. Jenkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199231575
Size: 69.30 MB
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Grounding Concepts is a book about arithmetical knowledge, which puts forward a new and inventive theory. The book aims to do justice to three intuitions which have hitherto been considered impossible to accommodate simultaneously. The first is that arithmetic is knowable without the need to conduct tests or otherwise gather empirical evidence for it. The second is that arithmetic is a body of mind-independent fact; it is not created by us. The thirdis that our senses supply the basis for all knowledge of the mind-independent world. To resolve this apparent tension, the author contends that there is a way in which experience can influence our concepts. We can then learn about arithmetic in the armchair, just by examining these concepts, withoutneeding to conduct tests or gather evidence. The book brings to bear a wide range of classic and contemporary philosophical issues and influences, and will be accessible to anyone with undergraduate training in philosophy.

Platonism Naturalism And Mathematical Knowledge

Author: James Robert Brown
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136580387
Size: 65.99 MB
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This study addresses a central theme in current philosophy: Platonism vs Naturalism and provides accounts of both approaches to mathematics, crucially discussing Quine, Maddy, Kitcher, Lakoff, Colyvan, and many others. Beginning with accounts of both approaches, Brown defends Platonism by arguing that only a Platonistic approach can account for concept acquisition in a number of special cases in the sciences. He also argues for a particular view of applied mathematics, a view that supports Platonism against Naturalist alternatives. Not only does this engaging book present the Platonist-Naturalist debate over mathematics in a comprehensive fashion, but it also sheds considerable light on non-mathematical aspects of a dispute that is central to contemporary philosophy.

The Bloomsbury Companion To Epistemology

Author: Andrew Cullison
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472585798
Size: 29.23 MB
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For anyone looking to better understand the topics at the centre of contemporary epistemology, The Bloomsbury Companion to Epistemology presents a valuable guide. This up-to-date Companion covers all the fundamental questions asked by epidemiologists today - areas that have continued to attract interest historically as well as topics that have emerged more recently as active areas of research. Fifteen specially-commissioned essays from a respected team of experts reveal where important work continues to be done in the area and the new directions the field is taking, such as: • Foundationalism by Daniel Howard-Snyder • Coherentism by Jonathan Kvanvig • Proper Functionalism by Kenneth Boyce and Alvin Plantinga • Evidentialism by Richard Feldman and Andrew Cullison • Experimental Epistemology by James R. Beebe Clearly written and featuring a detailed list of resources, glossary and a fully annotated bibliography, The Bloomsbury Companion to Epistemology introduces some of the most exciting topics in contemporary analytic philosophy.

What Place For The A Priori

Author: Michael J. Shaffer
Publisher: Open Court
ISBN: 0812697413
Size: 63.93 MB
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This book deals with questions about the nature of a priori knowledge and its relation to empirical knowledge. Until the twentieth century, it was more or less taken for granted that there was such a thing as a priori knowledge, that is, knowledge whose source is in reason and reflection rather than sensory experience. With a few notable exceptions, philosophers believed that mathematics, logic and philosophy were all a priori. Although the seeds of doubt were planted earlier on, by the early twentieth century, philosophers were widely skeptical of the idea that there was any nontrivial existence of a priori knowledge. By the mid to late twentieth century, it became fashionable to doubt the existence of any kind of a priori knowledge at all. Since many think that philosophy is an a priori discipline if it is any kind of discipline at all, the questions about a priori knowledge are fundamental to our understanding of philosophy itself.

Kant Studien

Author: Hans Vaihinger
Size: 21.11 MB
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1904-26 (includes lists of members)

Creative Model Construction In Scientists And Students

Author: John Clement
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402067127
Size: 78.24 MB
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How do scientists use analogies and other processes to break away from old theories and generate new ones? This book documents such methods through the analysis of video tapes of scientifically trained experts thinking aloud while working on unfamiliar problems. Some aspects of creative scientific thinking are difficult to explain, such as the power of analogies, and the enigmatic ability to learn from thought experiments. This book is a window on that world.