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Groundwater Optimization Handbook

Author: Richard C. Peralta
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439838070
Size: 35.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Existing and impending water shortages argue for improving water quantity and quality management. Groundwater Optimization Handbook: Flow, Contaminant Transport, and Conjunctive Management helps you formulate and solve groundwater optimization problems to ensure sustainable supplies of adequate quality and quantity. It shows you how to more effectively use simulation-optimization (S-O) modeling, an economically valuable groundwater management tool that couples simulation models with mathematical optimization techniques. Written for readers of varying familiarity with groundwater hydrology and mathematical optimization, the handbook approaches complex problems realistically. Its techniques have been applied in many legal settings, with produced strategies providing up to 57% improvement over those developed without S-O modeling. These techniques supply constructible designs, planning and management strategies, and metrics for performance-based contracts. Learn how to: Recognize opportunities for applying S-O models Lead client, agency, and consultant personnel through the strategy design and adaptation process Formulate common situations as clear deterministic/stochastic and single/multiobjective mathematical optimization problems Distinguish between problem nonlinearities resulting from physical system characteristics versus management goals Create an S-O model appropriate for your specific needs or select an existing transferrable model Develop acceptable feasible solutions and compute optimal solutions Quantify tradeoffs between multiple objectives Evaluate and adapt a selected optimal strategy, or use it as a metric for comparison Drawing on the author’s numerous real-world designs and more than 30 years of research, consulting, and teaching experience, this practical handbook supplies design procedures, detailed flowcharts, solved problems, lessons learned, and diverse applications. It guides you through the maze of multiple objectives, constraints, and uncertainty to calculate the best strategies for managing flow, contamination, and conjunctive use of groundwater and surface water. Ancillary materials are available from the Downloads tab on the book page at www.crcpress.com.

Two And Three Dimensional Flow Of Groundwater

Author: Florimond De Smedt
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351262262
Size: 73.40 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This monograph is a practical guide to groundwater flow theory intended to serve students and practitioners by bridging the gap between basic hydrogeology and groundwater modeling. It synthesizes the mathematics of groundwater flow and provides information in an easily-accessible format for practicing groundwater professionals, consultants, and students that intend to become skillful and competent groundwater flow modelers.

Underground Aqueducts Handbook

Author: Andreas N. Angelakis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498748317
Size: 29.58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book presents the major engineering achievements in underground aqueducts from around the world and throughout history. It provides valuable insights into water technologies and management with respect to durability, adaptability to the environment, and sustainability. Comparisons of the technological underground aqueduct developments from several regions are made. These technologies are the underpinning of modern achievements in water supply engineering and water management practices, and current issues of sustainability, cost-effectiveness, and decentralization have led engineers to consider combining older proven technologies with modern infrastructure advancements.

Groundwater Quality Sustainability

Author: Piotr Maloszewski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203137655
Size: 13.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Sustainable groundwater development requires knowledge of the appropriate recharge and transport-processes. This is a prerequisite to understanding: (i) groundwater resources and their availability, and (ii) the dependence between groundwater and the environment. Conceptual understanding of groundwater flow at both temporal and spatial scales (local and regional) is essential for management that will support engineering, industry, agriculture, ecology, and all environmentally related issues. This book has been prepared for scientists, researchers, students, engineers, water resources specialists, groundwater consultants, government administrators and teachers. It is of direct and applied interest to practitioners in hydrogeology and groundwater (resources, quality, pollution, protection and clean-up), geochemistry and hydrogeochemical modelling, and investigators into environmental hydrology, groundwater dependent ecosystems, and other practical environmental issues.

Climate Change And Water Resources

Author: Kathleen A. Miller
Publisher: American Water Works Association
ISBN: 1583214666
Size: 37.46 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The purpose of this project was to produce a succinct, educational report (Primer) for use by the drinking water utility industry outlining the current state of scientific understanding regarding the potential impacts of global climate change on water utilities, water supply, demand, and relevant water quality. Utilizing input from industry and science participants, the report includes a summary of the relevant science that explains the linkages between climate change and the hydrologic cycle and outlines what is known and unknown about future changes in regional hydrologic conditions. The report also discusses planning and response strategies. Contains CD with the full searchable Primer, with extensive links to additional reference materials; color pages throughout.

Calcium And Magnesium In Groundwater

Author: Lidia Razowska-Jaworek
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315764164
Size: 59.53 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Calcium and magnesium are abundant in groundwater, but the role of groundwater as the essential source of these important nutrients is very often neglected. Hydrogeochemical studies have focused mainly on the distribution and behaviour of constituents that cause deterioration of water quality, such as: nitrate, nitrite or iron and manganese. Therefore, most recent books and papers concentrate mainly on these constituents and only a small number of papers describe the results of groundwater studies on other important water components such as calcium or magnesium. Calcium and magnesium are of great importance to human wellbeing and inadequate intake of either nutrient can impair health. The main objective of this book is to present a selection of studies on calcium and magnesium in groundwater and to highlight their importance for human health. The chapters in this book are written by hydrogeologists and hydrochemists as well as medical doctors and include: methods of investigation of calcium and magnesium in groundwaters, distribution and behaviour of calcium and magnesium in different aquifers, calcium and magnesium in bottled mineral and spring waters, and the significance of calcium and magnesium in waters for human health.

Handbook Of Drought And Water Scarcity

Author: Saeid Eslamian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351851160
Size: 67.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume includes over 30 chapters, written by experts from around the world. It examines the environmental aspects of drought such as groundwater and soil contamination, river low-flow, urban water quality, and desertification. It also examines the effects of climate change and variability on drought, and discusses the differences in groundwater, rainfall, and temperatures and their related effects. It presents analytical modeling for better understanding drought in uncertain and changing climates.

Land Subsidence Mitigation

Author: Frank R. Spellman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351617567
Size: 76.56 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book examines the process of injecting treated wastewater into wells to replenish aquifers, and thereby slow the process of land subsidence, and help to mitigate coastal flooding. It explains how up to fifty percent of sea-level rise may be due to land subsidence, and up to fifty percent of land subsidence may be due to aquifer compaction. The concepts covered discuss replenishing aquifers with clean water to reduce nutrient discharges into out-falled waterways; providing a sustainable supply of groundwater; reducing the rate of land subsidence; and protecting the groundwater from saltwater intrusion. Practical case studies from Virginia and California will be included.