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Growth Hormone Secretagogues

Author: E. Ghigo
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080532691
Size: 30.39 MB
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Growth hormone secretagogues (GHS) administered alone or in combination with growth hormone releasing hexapeptides, are effective probes for the diagnosis of GH deficiency in both children and adults. Current research has developed and tested different GHS compounds that are active by the oral route, and have improved potency and bioavailability, giving rise to exciting therapeutic possibilities. There was an enthusiastic response from experts in this area to the idea of distilling the huge amount of available data into one multi-authored volume. Each contributor has advanced the field of knowledge, and has here emphasized the practical aspects of their work, reviewing the subject in the light of their own experience. Therefore, the theme of the book is a practical one. The volume deals with all aspects of GHS that are relevant to the field, from the chemical structure to the different analogues, to the cloning and expression of the GHS-receptor and the role of these compounds in the physiological control of GH secretion. Also discussed are the most recent advances in relation to the possible role of these compounds in the diagnostic therapeutic settings in different clinical situations, either in children, adults or the elderly. The book meets the requirement of covering most, if not all of the advances in the field. It will enable scientists and clinicians to keep abreast of the rapidly evolving knowledge of the most recent years, and will also prove useful as a review for all interested in this topic.

Ghrelin In Health And Disease

Author: Roy G. Smith
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1617799033
Size: 19.57 MB
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Ghrelin, the endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue (GHS) receptor, is critical in the control of food intake and energy balance. The ghrelin receptors are now known to have important physiological properties as modulators of growth hormone release, appetite, glucose homeostasis, metabolism, immune function, neurotransmitter activity, cognitive function and neurodegeneration. Bringing all of this information together in the first comprehensive text on the topic, Ghrelin in Health and Disease provides a state-of-the-art synthesis of the latest work in this area for physicians and physician-scientists. This volume addresses the unique property of ghrelin as a modulator of function. Such a property provides potential utility for safe intervention in a wide variety of disease states. Indeed as we learn more about the basic physiology of ghrelin, the potential for treating new disease targets emerge requiring validation in the clinic. Each chapter in this volume is authored by a leading investigator in the field. The introductory chapter sets the background for the book and provides a superb overview of the relevance of ghrelin to physiology, describing how the discovery of ghrelin has prompted us to completely rethink traditional physiology. The authors conclude their chapters by critically addressing the future translational aspects of ghrelin biology and outlining what key basic research and clinical questions remain to be addressed. An invaluable resource, Ghrelin in Health and Disease distinguishes itself as the first comprehensive title covering all of the molecular and clinical issues relating to ghrelin and advancing our clinical understanding of obesity, growth, and reproductive pathogenesis.

Developmental Endocrinology

Author: Erica A. Eugster
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592591566
Size: 60.44 MB
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Leading researchers comprehensively translate all the latest scientific information regarding endocrine physiology and development into an understanding of the clinical pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of endocrine disease. Organized by endocrine system, each section of the book concisely describes the chronological development of the human organism, from the fetal/prenatal period through childhood, adolescence, and in some cases, into adulthood. The prenatal sections review recent discoveries concerning transcription factors, homeobox genes, and human molecular mutations-the basic processes governing prenatal development of the individual endocrine organs-and detail the pathophysiology, clinical characteristics, and treatment of pediatric endocrine disorders.

Growth Disorders 2e

Author: Chris Kelnar
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0340812400
Size: 40.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Linear growth is a biological process of fundamental importance to the physical and psychological make-up of a child and adolescent but which can be subject to a number of interruptions and disorders. The management and treatment of patients with growth disorders constitues a major, and important, part of practice in clinical paediatrics, while in public health terms growth assessment remains one of the most useful indices of health and economic well being in both developed and the developing world. This book approaches growth and its disorders from both a physiological and pathophysiological standpoint. The book outlines in detail the fundamental biological mechanisms of normal and abnormal linear growth, how to assess growth accurately fundamental to the early detection of abnormality and, importantly, how to manage disorders leading to short and tall stature, and disorders of the timing of puberty. Throughout, emphasis is given on achieving a satisfactory outcome for the child and parent by keeping them fully informed as to what is possible from a particular treatment strategy. The result is a wide-ranging and balanced account of this challenging field drawing on the expertise of a team of international specialists from a variety of backgrounds.

Hormones Brain And Behavior Five Volume Set

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080534155
Size: 57.37 MB
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Hormones, Brain and Behavior, Third Edition offers a state-of-the-art overview of hormonally-mediated behaviors, including an extensive discussion of the effects of hormones on insects, fish, amphibians, birds, rodents, and humans. Entries have been carefully designed to provide a valuable source of information for students and researchers in neuroendocrinology and those working in related areas, such as biology, psychology, psychiatry, and neurology. This third edition has been substantially restructured to include both foundational information and recent developments in the field. Continuing the emphasis on interdisciplinary research and practical applications, the book includes articles aligned in five main subject sections, with new chapters included on genetic and genomic techniques and clinical investigations. This reference provides unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunities for relating behavior to molecular genetics. The topics cover an unusual breadth (from molecules to ecophysiology), ranging from basic science to clinical research, making this reference of interest to a broad range of scientists in a variety of fields. Key Features * Contributors from 16 different countries and more than 70 institutions * Unlike any other hormone reference on the market Hormones, Brain and Behavior addresses hormone effects in all major vertebrate and non-vertebrate models * A timely, current reference on an emerging field with each chapter providing an in-depth exploration of the topic * Discusses molecular aspects of hormone function, systems, development, and hormone-related diseases * Addresses hormone effects in both the developing and adult nervous system Topics include: * Mammalian and Non-mammalian Hormone-behavior Systems * Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Hormone Actions on Behavior * Development of Hormone-dependent Neuronal Systems * Hormone/Behavior Relations of Clinical Importance

Growth Hormone Secretagogues

Author: Barry B. Bercu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461223962
Size: 11.58 MB
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The traditional concept of a neuroendocrine mechanism for regulation of growth hormone (GH) secretion is based in large part on the work of Roger Guillemin. The work of Dr. Guillemin, who was awarded the 1977 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine, supported the view that quantita tive change in GH secretion was the net result of pituitary stimulation and inhibition by the hypothalamic neurohormones, GH releasing hormone (GHRH), and somatostatin (somatotropin release inhibiting factor; SRIF), respectively. During the 1970s, another endocrine research pioneer, Dr. Cyril Bowers, discovered that structural modification of enkephalin re sulted in a family of peptides with GH releasing properties. These com pounds, simply called GH releasing peptide (GHRP), were originally thought to mimic GHRH. However, upon subsequent investigation they were found to supplement the activity of the natural hormone through a different mechanism. Nearly two decades after their discovery, the differ ences between GHRP and GHRH have been described by many different laboratories throughout the world. The complementary GH secretagogues have different binding sites, second messengers, and effects on gene expres sion. Based on these differences, it has been suggested that expansion of the original two hormone mechanisms for GH regulation to include a third molecule may be appropriate, even though the naturally occurring ana logue of GHRP has not yet been identified. Despite our lack of knowledge concerning the natural product mimicked by GHRP, clinical development of the new family of GH secretagogues for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes has begun in earnest.

Growth Hormone Related Diseases And Therapy

Author: Ken Ho
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781607613176
Size: 33.76 MB
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The molecular era ushered in the cloning of the growth hormone (GH) gene and the production of unlimited amounts of GH through recombinant technology. The continuing momentum of research from basic science to clinical evaluation has brought unprecedented advances to the understanding of GH biology for the clinical endocrinologist. Growth Hormone Related Diseases and Therapy: A Molecular and Physiological Perspective for the Clinician distills all the new information of relevance to the endocrinologist over the last 20 years by offering five sections: physiology, molecular genetics, GH deficiency, acromegaly and pharmacotherapy. The first section on physiology focuses on GH action. A review on the structure and function of the GH receptor is followed by a perspective on the regulatory role of ghrelin on GH secretion. The second section on genetics covers pituitary function and adenomas, including new and fascinating information on familial pituitary adenomas, their genotype and phenotype. The adult GH deficiency section spans the epidemiology and diagnosis of GH deficiency with a strong reminder for the clinician that the transition period represents a critical time of somatic maturation, which continues for years after cessation of liner growth. The section on acromegaly focuses on management, giving practical guides to the value of GH and IGF-1 measurements, the place of somatostatin analogues and of radiotherapy while reminding the reader as to why evaluating quality of life is an important part of management. Finally, the section on GH pharmacology takes the reader through innovative developments of long-acting GH formulations with some products on the threshold of clinical use. This section provides a balanced evidence based review of the effects of GH supplementation in aging and in sports where recent data indicates an enhancing effect on a selective aspect of performance. Growth Hormone Related Diseases and Therapy: A Molecular and Physiological Perspective for the Clinician integrates a wealth of information and will prove an invaluable reference for pediatric endocrinologists, adult endocrinologists, endocrine scientists and internists interested in the human biology of GH.

Endocrinology Adult And Pediatric E Book

Author: J. Larry Jameson
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 032332195X
Size: 21.90 MB
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Considered the definitive source in its field for over 35 years, Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric, has been thoroughly updated to reflect today's recent advances in adult and pediatric endocrinology. Unique perspectives from a team of trusted, world-renowned experts ensure this medical reference book remains the most highly-regarded text in the field. Make the best clinical decisions with an enhanced emphasis on evidence-based practice and expert opinions on treatment strategies. Zero in on the most relevant and useful references with the aid of a more focused, concise bibliography. Locate information quickly, while still getting the complete coverage you expect. Expanded coverage for key topics such as pediatric endocrinology and obesity mechanisms and treatment, in addition to today's hot topics in endocrinology, including endocrine disruptors, bariatric surgery, androgen deficiency, genetic causes of obesity, endocrine rhythms, and the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in thyroid cancer. New content addressing the latest advances in testosterone and estrogen replacement, as well as the new causes of calcium and phosphate disorders, new molecular causes of endocrine cancers, new genetic causes of reproductive disorders, and more. Updated clinical guidelines for diabetes, lipid disorders, obesity management, osteoporosis, and more, as well as essential treatment updates for the medical management of acromegaly, Cushing's Disease, hypercalcemia, and diabetes mellitus. New Key Points provide snapshots of what to expect in each chapter, or serve as a refresher of what you just read. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader.

The Somatotrophic Axis In Brain Function

Author: Fred Nyberg
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080498167
Size: 47.30 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The somatotropic axis is one of the major hormonal systems regulating postnatal growth in mammals. It interacts with the central nervous system on several levels. Growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) receptors are expressed in many brain areas including the hippocampus, pituitary and hypothalamus. GH and IGF-I are important factors in the development and differentiation of the CNS and have protective properties in dementia, as well as in traumatic and ischaemic injury of the CNS. Also GH has an important impact on mood and well-being with GH secretory capacity being reduced in depression. This volume will include chapters (1) on basic knowledge on GH/IGF-1, (2) on localization of GH/IGF-1 and their receptors in the CNS, including blood brain barrier transport of both hormones, (3) on actions of the two hormones on CNS function (basic science), (4) on clinical aspects of GH/IGF-1 in relation to various CNS functions and disorders, and finally (5) on some future perspectives in this area of science. Contents are well balanced and cover a variety of relevant topics from basic to clinical research International selection of authors, with a good representation of the research on growth hormones A timely publication which will be useful to scientists in both basic and clinical research

Growth Hormone Ii

Author: Barry B. Bercu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461383722
Size: 52.34 MB
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This book is a compendium of proceedings from the Symposium on Growth Hormone II: Basic and Clinical Aspects. The intent of the sym posium was to review current aspects of the rapidly expanding science of growth hormone (GH) neuroendocrinology, especially those develop ments that occurred since our last meeting in 1985. The meeting was timely since there have been many new and exciting developments in basic research on the GH axis, and several new clinical applications for GH other than growth have been identified. For example, significant strides have been made into use of the bioengineered hormone as an anabolic in debilitated states and as an immunorestorative agent. Both these areas have received most attention as they relate to geriatric popu lations. Furthermore, recent focus on a novel family of GH secretagogues that complement the action of GHRH has shown that in animal models, these compounds have the potential to restore GH secretion in deficient or insufficient states, including growth retardation, obesity, and aging. Accordingly, these xenobiotics may have significant potential as drug products to stimulate physiological GH secretion and, thus, resist or reverse some of the maladaptive changes in form and function resulting from GH insufficiency. The importance of these agents as drug candidates is underscored by the diversity of molecules that have been studied by various pharmaceutical companies and the recent discovery that non peptide analogs with high oral bioavailability can be synthesized.