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Handbook Of Agricultural Geophysics

Author: Barry Allred
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420019353
Size: 30.30 MB
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Precision farming, site infrastructure assessment, hydrologic monitoring, and environmental investigations — these are just a few current and potential uses of near-surface geophysical methods in agriculture. Responding to the growing demand for this technology, the Handbook of Agricultural Geophysics supplies a clear, concise overview of near-surface geophysical methods that can be used in agriculture and provides detailed descriptions of situations in which these techniques have been employed.

Best Management Practices For Saline And Sodic Turfgrass Soils

Author: Robert N. Carrow
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439814759
Size: 76.11 MB
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The complex issues involved in the management of saline and sodic turfgrass soils are enough to perplex even the most experienced site manager — there is no "silver bullet" amendment, treatment, or grass for salinity management. Best Management Practices for Saline and Sodic Turfgrass Soils: Assessment and Reclamation presents comprehensive scientific principles and detailed, practical management and assessment recommendations for turfgrass and landscape sites. The authors use the Best Management Practices (BMPs) concept, considered the gold-standard management approach for any individual environmental issue, since it is a whole ecosystem (holistic), science-based salinity management approach that allows all possible management options to be considered and implemented on a site-specific basis. They identify BMP strategies, including irrigation system design; irrigation scheduling and salinity leaching; chemical, physical, and biological amendments; cultivation; topdressing; soil modification; sand-capping; surface and subsurface drainage options; nutritional practices; additional cultural practices; and ongoing monitoring. The book presents emerging challenges, technology, and concepts that address integration of salinity management into comprehensive site environmental or sustainable management systems, use of halophytic turfgrasses for non-traditional purposes, integration of geospatial and geostatistical concepts and technology, and integration of new sensor technology into daily management paradigms. Outlining a holistic BMP approach, the book incorporates scientific principles and practical management recommendations and details specific salinity challenges and the logic behind each BMP strategy for salinity management, with an emphasis on actual field problems. The book is formatted for flexible use, with stand-alone chapters that include outlines for quick review of a topic for those requiring only a basic understanding as well as in-depth discussions of the science and practical aspects for those seeking a more rigorous treatment. It supplies a single source for all the information required to identify and manage diverse types of salinity stresses.

Semi Field Methods For The Environmental Risk Assessment Of Pesticides In Soil

Author: Andreas Schaeffer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439859817
Size: 10.58 MB
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Based on discussions at the 2007 SETAC Europe PERAS Workshop in Coimbra, Semi-Field Methods for the Environmental Risk Assessment of Pesticides in Soil presents a timely summary of state-of-the-art higher-tier terrestrial risk assessment of plant protection products (PPPs). Influential regulators, academics, and industry scientists provide a comprehensive, science-based view to guide regulatory authorities and manufacturers in assessing the higher-tier terrestrial risks of PPPs in the environment. The book includes a clear description of how to perform a higher-tier terrestrial risk assessment and provides a single reference on the subject. It examines various types of semi-field methods for soil assessment, including the use of terrestrial model ecosystems for pesticide risk assessment. In addition, the text also explores legislative and regulatory issues and offers technical recommendations. The book provides guidance on how to assess the soil risks of pesticides in the environment and explains how to use semi-field methods to access how pesticides may lead to spatial and temporal changes in soil biological communities and the larger agricultural landscape.

The Handbook Of Groundwater Engineering Third Edition

Author: John H. Cushman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315354535
Size: 53.75 MB
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This new edition adds several new chapters and is thoroughly updated to include data on new topics such as hydraulic fracturing, CO2 sequestration, sustainable groundwater management, and more. Providing a complete treatment of the theory and practice of groundwater engineering, this new handbook also presents a current and detailed review of how to model the flow of water and the transport of contaminants both in the unsaturated and saturated zones, covers the protection of groundwater, and the remediation of contaminated groundwater.

Handbook Of Soil Sciences

Author: Pan Ming Huang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439803064
Size: 16.84 MB
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An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for construction and manufacturing. To develop lasting solutions to the challenges of balanced use and stewardship of the Earth, we require a fundamental understanding of soil—from its elastic, porous three-phase system to its components, processes, and reactions. Handbook of Soil Sciences: Properties and Processes, Second Edition is the first of two volumes that form a comprehensive reference on the discipline of soil science. Completely revised and updated to reflect the current state of knowledge, this volume covers the traditional areas of soil science: soil physics, soil chemistry, soil mineralogy, soil biology and biochemistry, and pedology. Contributors discuss the application of physical principles to characterize the soil system and mass and energy transport processes within the critical zone. They present significant advances in soil chemistry; describe how minerals are formed and transformed; and provide an introduction to the soil biota. They also examine geomorphology, land use, hydropedology, and subaqueous soils as well as the classification and digital mapping of soil. Critical elements addressed in each section include: Descriptions of concepts and theories Definitions, approaches, methodologies, and procedures Data in tabular and figure format Extensive references This cohesive handbook provides a thorough understanding of soil science principles and practices based on a rigorous, complete, and up-to-date treatment of the subject matter compiled by leading scientists. It is a resource rich in data, offering professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students their first point of entry into a particular aspect of the soil sciences.

Climate And Agriculture

Author: Jen Hu Chang
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 0202364895
Size: 41.57 MB
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This summary of what is known about microclimatic environments and the eff ects of climate on plant growth presents a comprehensive statement on the complex relationship between climate and agriculture. Th e author covers the theory and data of modern physical geography, meteorology, and agronomy within the context of contemporary ecological analysis to produce a book invaluable not only to the student and research worker but also one that deals for the fi rst time with the application of theory to real problems of energy budgets and water balance for the practical agronomist. Arranged according to the physical processes that aff ect the climate/plant relationship, the book is divided into two parts. The first part considers radiation fl ux in the free atmosphere and in the biosphere near the ground, the processes of photosynthesis and photoperiodism, and the effect of radiation and temperature on plant growth. The second part discusses in detail methods of determining or estimating both potential and actual evapotranspiration, the meteorological approach of computing water balance, and the eff ect of water on plant growth. The author's clear and logical presentation of material, emphasizing general principles rather than experimental and technical details, makes this book especially useful for students of agricultural climatology. The broad scope of the work and its comprehensive survey of the literature make it equally a valuable reference for professionals in physical geography, meteorology, agronomy, botany, plant physiology, soil science, and hydrology. Jen-Hu Chang is professor emeritus of geography and climatology at the University of Hawaii. He is a past member of the editorial board of the Annuals of the Association of American Geographers and is past secretary of the Hawaiian Geophysical Society. He is the author of Atmospheric Circulation Systems and Climates, Agricultural Geography of Taiwan, and Problems and Methods in Agricultural Climatology.