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Handbook Of Biodegradable Polymers

Author: Andreas Lendlein
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527324410
Size: 39.39 MB
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A comprehensive overview of biodegradable polymers, covering everything from synthesis, characterization, and degradation mechanisms while also introducing useful applications, such as drug delivery systems and biomaterial-based regenerative therapies. An introductory section deals with such fundamentals as basic chemical reactions during degradation, the complexity of biological environments and experimental methods for monitoring degradation processes. The result is a reliable reference source for those wanting to learn more about this important class of polymer materials, as well as scientists in the field seeking a deeper insight.

Clay Polymer Nanocomposites

Author: Khouloud Jlassi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323461611
Size: 25.10 MB
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Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites is a complete summary of the existing knowledge on this topic, from the basic concepts of synthesis and design to their applications in timely topics such as high-performance composites, environment, and energy issues. This book covers many aspects of synthesis such as in- situ polymerization within the interlamellar spacing of the clays or by reaction of pristine or pre-modified clays with reactive polymers and prepolymers. Indeed, nanocomposites can be prepared at industrial scale by melt mixing. Regardless the synthesis method, much is said in this book about the importance of theclay pre-modification step, which is demonstrated to be effective, on many occasions, in obtaining exfoliated nanocomposites. Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites reports the background to numerous characterization methods including solid state NMR, neutron scattering, diffraction and vibrational techniques as well as surface analytical methods, namely XPS, inverse gas chromatography and nitrogen adsorption to probe surface composition, wetting and textural/structural properties. Although not described in dedicated chapters, numerous X-ray diffraction patterns of clay–polymer nanocomposites and reference materials are displayed to account for the effects of intercalation and exfoliations of layered aluminosilicates. Finally, multiscale molecular simulation protocols are presenting for predicting morphologies and properties of nanostructured polymer systems with industrial relevance. As far as applications are concerned, Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites examines structural composites such as clay–epoxy and clay–biopolymers, the use of clay–polymer nanocomposites as reactive nanocomposite fillers, catalytic clay-(conductive) polymers and similar nanocomposites for the uptake of hazardous compounds or for controlled drug release, antibacterial applications, energy storage, and more. The most comprehensive coverage of the state of the art in clay–polymer nanocomposites, from synthesis and design to opportunities and applications Covers the various methods of characterization of clay–polymer nanocomposites - including spectroscopy, thermal analyses, and X-ray diffraction Includes a discussion of a range of application areas, including biomedicine, energy storage, biofouling resistance, and more

Encyclopedia Of Polymer Applications 3 Volume Set

Author: Munmaya Mishra
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351019406
Size: 67.38 MB
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Undoubtedly the applications of polymers are rapidly evolving. Technology is continually changing and quickly advancing as polymers are needed to solve a variety of day-to-day challenges leading to improvements in quality of life. The Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications presents state-of-the-art research and development on the applications of polymers. This groundbreaking work provides important overviews to help stimulate further advancements in all areas of polymers. This comprehensive multi-volume reference includes articles contributed from a diverse and global team of renowned researchers. It offers a broad-based perspective on a multitude of topics in a variety of applications, as well as detailed research information, figures, tables, illustrations, and references. The encyclopedia provides introductions, classifications, properties, selection, types, technologies, shelf-life, recycling, testing and applications for each of the entries where applicable. It features critical content for both novices and experts including, engineers, scientists (polymer scientists, materials scientists, biomedical engineers, macromolecular chemists), researchers, and students, as well as interested readers in academia, industry, and research institutions.

Handbook Of Composites From Renewable Materials Biodegradable Materials

Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119224381
Size: 32.16 MB
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The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. This 5th volume Handbook is solely focused on Biodegradable Materials. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: Rice husk and its composites; biodegradable composites based on thermoplastic starch and talc nanoparticles; recent progress in biocomposites of biodegradable polymer; microbial polyesters: production and market; biodegradable and bio absorbable materials for osteosynthesis applications; biodegradable polymers in tissue engineering; composites based on hydroxyapatite and biodegradable polylactide; biodegradable composites; development of membranes from bio-based materials and their applications; green biodegradable composites based on natural fibers; fully biodegradable all-cellulose composites; natural fiber composites with bio-derivative and/or degradable polymers; synthetic biodegradable polymers for bone tissue engineering; polysaccharides as green biodegradable platforms for building-up electroactive composite materials; biodegradable polymer blends and composites from seaweeds; biocomposites scaffolds derived from renewable resources for bone tissue repair ; pectin-based composites; recent advances in conductive composites based on biodegradable polymers for regenerative medicine applications; biosynthesis of PHAs and their biomedical applications; biodegradable soy protein isolate/poly (vinyl alcohol) packaging films and biodegradability of bio-based polymeric materials in natural environment.

Handbook Of Composites From Renewable Materials Structure And Chemistry

Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119224233
Size: 67.32 MB
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The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. Volume 1 is solely focused on the Structure and Chemistry of renewable materials. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: carbon fibers from sustainable resources; polylactic acid composites and composite foams based on natural fibres; composites materials from other than cellulosic resources; microcrystalline cellulose and related polymer composites; tannin-based foam; renewable feedstock vanillin derived polymer and composites; silk biocomposites; bio-derived adhesives and matrix polymers; biomass based formaldehyde-free bio-resin ; isolation and characterization of water soluble polysaccharide; bio-based fillers; keratin based materials in biotechnology; structure of proteins adsorbed onto bioactive glasses for sustainable composite; effect of filler properties on the antioxidant response of starch composites; composite of chitosan and its derivate; magnetic biochar from discarded agricultural biomass; biodegradable polymers for protein and peptide conjugation; polyurethanes and polyurethane composites from bio-based / recycled components.

Technische Biopolymere

Author: Hans-Josef Endres
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446437274
Size: 64.59 MB
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Dieses Werk konzentriert sich erstmalig auf tatsächlich am Markt verfügbare Werkstoffe und kann dabei auf ganz neue Erkenntnisse aus entsprechenden Forschungsprojekten zurückgreifen, in denen mit hohem Aufwand marktverfügbare Werkstoffe recherchiert, charakterisiert und systematisch untersucht wurden. Zudem beschreibt es insbesondere technische Werkstoffe und nicht die biogenen Rohstoffe oder in der Natur vorkommenden biologischen Makromoleküle wie beispielsweise Proteine. Der Leser findet hier ebenfalls wertvolle Hilfe bei der Suche nach Informationen bezüglich mikrostrukturellem Aufbau, Herstellung und technischer Verarbeitungs-, Gebrauchs- sowie Entsorgungseigenschaften von Biopolymeren. Inhalt: · Begrifflichkeiten im Zusammenhang mit Biopolymeren · Werkstoffklassen · Herstellrouten · Struktureller Aufbau · Umfassende technische Kennwerte · Vergleich der Eigenschaftsprofile der technischen Biopolymer mit denen der konventionellen Kunststoffe · Entsorgungsoptionen · Daten zur Nachhaltigkeit und zur Ökobilanz · Wichtige gesetzliche Rahmenbedingungen · Prüfnormen · Marktakteure · Handelsnamen · Hersteller · Preise · Aktuelle Verfügbarkeiten und Zukunftsperspektiven · Aktuelle Anwendungsbeispiele · Zukünftige Materialentwicklungen

Biopolymers Miscellaneous Biopolymers And Biodegradation Of Synthetic Polymers

Author: Shuichi Matsumura
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9783527302284
Size: 37.77 MB
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The first part of this volume focuses on biosynthesis, metabolism, biodegradation, functions, properties and applications of miscellaneous polymers, such as hemozoin, thymine-containing styrene polymers, polythioesters, polyphosphate, polyhydroxymethionine, polyketides, and natural polyacetals. The second part then goes on to treat the biodegradation of a wide range of synthetic polymers, e.g. * substituted cellulose * nylon * polycarbonate * polyvinyl alcohol * polyurethanes * polystyrenes * polyethylene * polyanhydrides.

General Aspects And Special Applications

Author: Alexander Steinbüchel
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
ISBN: 9783527302291
Size: 46.72 MB
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Volume 10 addresses general aspects of biopolymers such as methods for the analysis of polymer properties and technical processing of biopolymers. It also provides an overview of special applications in the following areas: electronics, aerospace, medicine and pharmacy, food, packaging, construction engineering, etc. Further topics included are: biotechnological production of monomers for chemical polymer synthesis, conversion of raw materials, corrosion, composing, environmental impacts, health issues, legal, ecological and economic aspects. Biopolymers represent the most abundant organic compounds in the biosphere and constitute the largest fraction of cells. Seven main classes of biopolymers are distinguished according to their chemical structures. This encyclopedia provides a thorough overview of the occurrence and metabolism of biopolymers. In addition, processes for biotechnological production, isolation from organisms and modification, material properties and technical applications in various areas such as daily life products, medicine, pharmacy, food industry, agriculture, textiles, chemical industry and packaging industry are provided. The future perspectives of biopolymers are outlined.