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Handbook Of Green Materials Processing Technologies Properties And Applications In 4 Volumes

Author: Oksman Kristiina
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814566470
Size: 14.19 MB
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Green materials and green nanotechnology have gained widespread interest over the last 15 years; first in academia, then in related industries in the last few years.The Handbook of Green Materials serves as reference literature for undergraduates and graduates studying materials science and engineering, composite materials, chemical engineering, bioengineering and materials physics; and for researchers, professional engineers and consultants from polymer or forest industries who encounter biobased nanomaterials, bionanocomposites, self- and direct-assembled nanostructures and green composite materials in their lines of work.This four-volume set contains material ranging from basic, background information on the fields discussed, to reports on the latest research and industrial activities, and finally the works by contributing authors who are prominent experts of the subjects they address in this set.The four volumes comprise of:The first volume explains the structure of cellulose; different sources of raw material; the isolation/separation processes of nanomaterials from different material sources; and properties and characteristics of cellulose nanofibers and nanocrystals (starch nanomaterials). Information on the different characterization methods and the most important properties of biobased nanomaterials are also covered. The industrial point of view regarding both the processability and access of these nanomaterials, as well as large scale manufacturing and their industrial application is discussed — particularly in relation to the case of the paper industry.The second volume expounds on different bionanocomposites based on cellulose nanofibers or nanocrystals and their preparation/manufacturing processes. It also provides information on different characterization methods and the most important properties of bionanocomposites, as well as techniques of modeling the mechanical properties of nanocomposites. This volume presents the industrial point of view regarding large scale manufacturing and their applications from the perspective of their medical uses in printed electronics and in adhesives.The third volume deals with the ability of bionanomaterials to self-assemble in either liquids or forming organized solid materials. The chemistry of cellulose nanomaterials and chemical modifications as well as different assembling techniques and used characterization methods, and the most important properties which can be achieved by self-assembly, are described. The chapters, for example, discuss subjects such as ultra-light biobased aerogels based on cellulose and chitin, thin films suitable as barrier layers, self-sensing nanomaterials, and membranes for water purification.The fourth volume reviews green composite materials — including green raw materials — such as biobased carbon fibers, regenerated cellulose fibers and thermoplastic and thermoset polymers (e.g. PLA, bio-based polyolefines, polysaccharide polymers, natural rubber, bio-based polyurethane, lignin polymer, and furfurylalchohol). The most important composite processing technologies are described, including: prepregs of green composites, compounding, liquid composite molding, foaming, and compression molding. Industrial applications, especially for green transportation and the electronics industry, are also described.This four-volume set is a must-have for anyone keen to acquire knowledge on novel bionanomaterials — including structure-property correlations, isolation and purification processes of nanofibers and nanocrystals, their important characteristics, processing technologies, industrial up-scaling and suitable industry applications. The handbook is a useful reference not only for teaching activities but also for researchers who are working in this field.

Handbook Of Solid State Batteries Second Edition

Author: Dudney Nancy J
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814651915
Size: 79.29 MB
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Solid-state batteries hold the promise of providing energy storage with high volumetric and gravimetric energy densities at high power densities, yet with far less safety issues relative to those associated with conventional liquid or gel-based lithium-ion batteries. Solid-state batteries are envisioned to be useful for a broad spectrum of energy storage applications, including powering automobiles and portable electronic devices, as well as stationary storage and load-leveling of renewably generated energy. This comprehensive handbook covers a wide range of topics related to solid-state batteries, including advanced enabling characterization techniques, fundamentals of solid-state systems, novel solid electrolyte systems, interfaces, cell-level studies, and three-dimensional architectures. It is directed at physicists, chemists, materials scientists, electrochemists, electrical engineers, battery technologists, and evaluators of present and future generations of power sources. This handbook serves as a reference text providing state-of-the-art reviews on solid-state battery technologies, as well as providing insights into likely future developments in the field. It is extensively annotated with comprehensive references useful to the student and practitioners in the field.

Wspc Reference On Organic Electronics The Organic Semiconductors In 2 Volumes

Author: Marder Seth R
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814699241
Size: 51.70 MB
Format: PDF
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This 2-volume set provides the reader with a basic understanding of the foundational concepts pertaining to the design, synthesis, and applications of conjugated organic materials used as organic semiconductors, in areas including organic photovoltaic devices, light-emitting diodes, field-effect transistors, spintronics, actuation, bioelectronics, thermoelectrics, and nonlinear optics.While there are many monographs in these various areas, the emphasis here is both on the fundamental chemistry and physics concepts underlying the field of organic semiconductors and on how these concepts drive a broad range of applications. This makes the volumes ideal introductory textbooks in the subject. They will thus offer great value to both junior and senior scientists working in areas ranging from organic chemistry to condensed matter physics and materials science and engineering.Number of Illustrations and Tables: 168 b/w illus., 242 colour illus., 13 tables.

Thin Films On Silicon

Author: Vijay Narayanan
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814740497
Size: 78.73 MB
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This volume provides a broad overview of the fundamental materials science of thin films that use silicon as an active substrate or passive template, with an emphasis on opportunities and challenges for practical applications in electronics and photonics. It covers three materials classes on silicon: Semiconductors such as undoped and doped Si and SiGe, SiC, GaN, and III-V arsenides and phosphides; dielectrics including silicon nitride and high-k, low-k, and electro-optically active oxides; and metals, in particular silicide alloys. The impact of film growth and integration on physical, electrical, and optical properties, and ultimately device performance, is highlighted.

Conjugated Polymers And Oligomers Structural And Soft Matter Aspects

Author: Knaapila Matti
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813225777
Size: 47.35 MB
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This book identifies modern topics and current trends of structural and soft matter aspects of conjugated polymers and oligomers. Each chapter recognizes an active research line where structural perspective dominates research and therefore the book covers fundamental aspects of persistent conjugated polymer backbone, water soluble conjugated polyelectrolytes and surfactants, conjugated molecules and biomolecules and DNA and the advanced use of synchrotron radiation and electron microscopy to find out structural details in conjugated molecule films and devices as well as under ambient and extreme conditions. Contents: Soft MaterialsChain Persistence in Conjugated Polymers and Supramolecular SystemsThin Film Structure of Conjugated MoleculesStructure of Conjugated PolyelectrolytesIntermolecular Interactions between Conjugated Polymers and DNASupramolecular Assemblies of Conjugated Polymers and DNAIn Situ Scattering of Conjugated Polymer Films Prepared by Roll-to-Roll TechniqueStructures of Conjugated Polymers under High Pressure Conditions Readership: The book is useful for physicists and chemists — particularly physical chemists and colloid chemists and materials chemists — and materials scientists and chemical engineers. Keywords: Conjugated Polymers;Conjugated Oligomers;Conjugated Polyelectrolytes;Supramolecules;Surfactants;DNA;Antibodies;Synchrotron Radiation;X-Ray;Electron Microscopy;Electron DiffractionReview: Key Features: Differentiation in terms of topic and specializationThe book is up-to-dateProminent expert authors

Comprehensive Materials Processing

Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0080965334
Size: 71.27 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Comprehensive Materials Processing provides students and professionals with a one-stop resource consolidating and enhancing the literature of the materials processing and manufacturing universe. It provides authoritative analysis of all processes, technologies, and techniques for converting industrial materials from a raw state into finished parts or products. Assisting scientists and engineers in the selection, design, and use of materials, whether in the lab or in industry, it matches the adaptive complexity of emergent materials and processing technologies. Extensive traditional article-level academic discussion of core theories and applications is supplemented by applied case studies and advanced multimedia features. Coverage encompasses the general categories of solidification, powder, deposition, and deformation processing, and includes discussion on plant and tool design, analysis and characterization of processing techniques, high-temperatures studies, and the influence of process scale on component characteristics and behavior. Authored and reviewed by world-class academic and industrial specialists in each subject field Practical tools such as integrated case studies, user-defined process schemata, and multimedia modeling and functionality Maximizes research efficiency by collating the most important and established information in one place with integrated applets linking to relevant outside sources

Handbook Of Advanced Ceramics

Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123854709
Size: 65.20 MB
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This new handbook will be an essential resource for ceramicists. It includes contributions from leading researchers around the world and includes sections on Basic Science of Advanced Ceramics, Functional Ceramics (electro-ceramics and optoelectro-ceramics) and engineering ceramics. Contributions from more than 50 leading researchers from around the world Covers basic science of advanced ceramics, functional ceramics (electro-ceramics and optoelectro-ceramics), and engineering ceramics Approximately 750 illustrations

Functional Materials For Sustainable Energy Applications

Author: J A Kilner
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857096370
Size: 79.75 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Global demand for low cost, efficient and sustainable energy production is ever increasing. Driven by recent discoveries and innovation in the science and technology of materials, applications based on functional materials are becoming increasingly important. Functional materials for sustainable energy applications provides an essential guide to the development and application of these materials in sustainable energy production. Part one reviews functional materials for solar power, including silicon-based, thin-film, and dye sensitized photovoltaic solar cells, thermophotovoltaic device modelling and photoelectrochemical cells. Part two focuses on functional materials for hydrogen production and storage. Functional materials for fuel cells are then explored in part three where developments in membranes, catalysts and membrane electrode assemblies for polymer electrolyte and direct methanol fuel cells are discussed, alongside electrolytes and ion conductors, novel cathodes, anodes, thin films and proton conductors for solid oxide fuel cells. Part four considers functional materials for demand reduction and energy storage, before the book concludes in part five with an investigation into computer simulation studies of functional materials. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Functional materials for sustainable energy applications is an indispensable tool for anyone involved in the research, development, manufacture and application of materials for sustainable energy production, including materials engineers, scientists and academics in the rapidly developing, interdisciplinary field of sustainable energy. An essential guide to the development and application of functional materials in sustainable energy production Reviews functional materials for solar power Focuses on functional materials for hydrogen production and storage, fuel cells, demand reduction and energy storage

The World Scientific Handbook Of Energy

Author: Gerard M. Crawley
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814343528
Size: 37.93 MB
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Experts and key personnel straddling academia and related agencies and industries provide critical data for further exploration and research.