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Handbook Of Liquids Assisted Laser Processing

Author: Arvi Kruusing
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080555041
Size: 19.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Laser processing of solid materials has been commonly performed in gas ambient. Having the workpiece immersed into liquid, having a liquid film on it, or soaking the material with liquid gives several advantages such as removal of the debris, lowering the heat load on the workpiece, and confining the vapour and plasma, resulting in higher shock pressure on the surface. Introduced in the 1980s, neutral liquids assisted laser processing (LALP) has proved to be advantageous in the cutting of heat-sensitive materials, shock peening of machine parts, cleaning of surfaces, fabrication of micro-optical components, and for generation of nanoparticles in liquids. The liquids used range from water through organic solvents to cryoliquids. The primary aim of Handbook of Liquids-Assisted Laser Processing is to present the essentials of previous research (tabulated data of experimental conditions and results), and help researchers develop new processing and diagnostics techniques (presenting data of liquids and a review of physical phenomena associated with LALP). Engineers can use the research results and technological innovation information to plan their materials processing tasks. Laser processing in liquids has been applied to a number of different tasks in various fields such as mechanical engineering, microengineering, chemistry, optics, and bioscience. A comprehensive glossary with definitions of the terms and explanations has been added. The book covers the use of chemically inert liquids under normal conditions. Laser chemical processing examples are presented for comparison only. First book in this rapidly growing field impacting mechanical and micro/nano-engineering Covers different kinds of liquid-assisted laser processing of a large variety of materials Covers lasers emitting from UV to IR with pulse lengths down to femtoseconds Reviews over 500 scientific articles and 300 inventions and tabulates their main features Gives a qualitative and quantitative description of the physical phenomena associated with LALP Tabulates 61 parameters for 100 liquids Glossary of over 200 terms and abbreviations

Laser Surface Engineering

Author: Jonathan R. Lawrence
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1782420797
Size: 72.71 MB
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Lasers can alter the surface composition and properties of materials in a highly controllable way, which makes them efficient and cost-effective tools for surface engineering. This book provides an overview of the different techniques, the laser-material interactions and the advantages and disadvantages for different applications. Part one looks at laser heat treatment, part two covers laser additive manufacturing such as laser-enhanced electroplating, and part three discusses laser micromachining, structuring and surface modification. Chemical and biological applications of laser surface engineering are explored in part four, including ways to improve the surface corrosion properties of metals. Provides an overview of thermal surface treatments using lasers, including the treatment of steels, light metal alloys, polycrystalline silicon and technical ceramics Addresses the development of new metallic materials, innovations in laser cladding and direct metal deposition, and the fabrication of tuneable micro- and nano-scale surface structures Chapters also cover laser structuring, surface modification, and the chemical and biological applications of laser surface engineering

Laser Ablation In Liquids

Author: Guowei Yang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9814310956
Size: 23.89 MB
Format: PDF
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This book focuses on the fundamental concepts and physical and chemical aspects of pulsed laser ablation of solid targets in liquid environments and its applications in the preparation of nanomaterials and fabrication of nanostructures. The areas of focus include basic thermodynamic and kinetic processes of laser ablation in liquids, and its applications in metal and metal oxides nanocrystals synthesis and semiconductor nanostructures fabrication. The book comprises theoretical and experimental analysis of laser ablation in liquids, research methods, and preparation techniques.

Comprehensive Materials Finishing

Author: Saleem Hashmi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128032502
Size: 77.40 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Finish Manufacturing Processes are those final stage processing techniques which are deployed to bring a product to readiness for marketing and putting in service. Over recent decades a number of finish manufacturing processes have been newly developed by researchers and technologists. Many of these developments have been reported and illustrated in existing literature in a piecemeal manner or in relation only to specific applications. For the first time, Comprehensive Materials Finishing integrates a wide body of this knowledge and understanding into a single, comprehensive work. Containing a mixture of review articles, case studies and research findings resulting from R & D activities in industrial and academic domains, this reference work focuses on how some finish manufacturing processes are advantageous for a broad range of technologies. These include applicability, energy and technological costs as well as practicability of implementation. The work covers a wide range of materials such as ferrous, non-ferrous and polymeric materials. There are three main distinct types of finishing processes: Surface Treatment by which the properties of the material are modified without generally changing the physical dimensions of the surface; Finish Machining Processes by which a small layer of material is removed from the surface by various machining processes to render improved surface characteristics; and Surface Coating Processes by which the surface properties are improved by adding fine layer(s) of materials with superior surface characteristics. Each of these primary finishing processes is presented in its own volume for ease of use, making Comprehensive Materials Finishing an essential reference source for researchers and professionals at all career stages in academia and industry. Provides an interdisciplinary focus, allowing readers to become familiar with the broad range of uses for materials finishing Brings together all known research in materials finishing in a single reference for the first time Includes case studies that illustrate theory and show how it is applied in practice

Handbook Of Inorganic Compounds

Author: Dale L. Perry
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849386718
Size: 73.62 MB
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The Handbook of Inorganic Compounds consists of basic chemistry data for more than 3000 selected gases, liquids, and solid compounds. The compounds are listed alphabetically and indexes located at the back of the book provide the CAS Registry number, molecular formula, and name/synonym. The format for presenting information has both numerical data and descriptive information. The data include: Molecular weight Melting and boiling points Solubility Density Viscosity Hardness Vapor pressure Reactivity Thermal conductivity Thermal expansion coefficient Lattice parameters Electrical resistivity Poisson's ratio Dielectric constant The material in this work includes the mainly the chemical elements, binary compounds of the elements with axions such as sulfate and chloride, and metal salts of some simple organic acids. If a compound has more than one form, then each form may be listed individually. If you need: property data for compounds, CAS RN numbers for computer or other searches, a consistent tabulation of molecular weights, to synthesize inorganic materials on a laboratory scale, information on commercial and other uses for many compounds then the Handbook of Inorganic Compounds is the perfect reference to have on your shelf.

Principles Of Laser Materials Processing

Author: Elijah Kannatey-Asibu, Jr.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470459195
Size: 47.84 MB
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Coverage of the most recent advancements and applications in laser materials processing This book provides state-of-the-art coverage of the field of laser materials processing, from fundamentals to applications to the latest research topics. The content is divided into three succinct parts: Principles of laser engineering-an introduction to the basic concepts and characteristics of lasers, design of their components, and beam delivery Engineering background&-a review of engineering concepts needed to analyze different processes: thermal analysis and fluid flow; solidification of molten metal; and residual stresses that evolve during processes Laser materials processing-a rigorous and detailed treatment of laser materials processing and its principle applications, including laser cutting and drilling, welding, surface modification, laser forming, and rapid prototyping Each chapter includes an outline, summary, and example sets to help readers reinforce their understanding of the material. This book is designed to prepare graduate students who will be entering industry; researchers interested in initiating a research program; and practicing engineers who need to stay abreast of the latest developments in this rapidly evolving field.

Laser Processing And Chemistry

Author: Dieter W. Bäuerle
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642176135
Size: 22.14 MB
Format: PDF
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Laser Processing and Chemistry gives an overview of the fundamentals and applications of laser-matter interactions, in particular with regard to laser material processing. Special attention is given to laser-induced physical and chemical processes at gas-solid, liquid-solid, and solid-solid interfaces. Starting with the background physics, the book proceeds to examine applications of laser techniques in micro-machining, and the patterning, coating, and modification of material surfaces. This fourth edition has been revised and enlarged to cover new topics such as 3D microfabrication, advances in nanotechnology, ultrafast laser technology and laser chemical processing (LCP). Graduate students, physicists, chemists, engineers, and manufacturers alike will find this book an invaluable reference work on laser processing.

Springer Handbook Of Mechanical Engineering

Author: Karl-Heinrich Grote
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540491317
Size: 40.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This resource covers all areas of interest for the practicing engineer as well as for the student at various levels and educational institutions. It features the work of authors from all over the world who have contributed their expertise and support the globally working engineer in finding a solution for today‘s mechanical engineering problems. Each subject is discussed in detail and supported by numerous figures and tables.