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Heads Of State

Author: Denise Y Arnold
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315427559
Size: 12.26 MB
Format: PDF
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The human head has had important political, ritual and symbolic meanings throughout Andean history. Scholars have spoken of captured and trophy heads, curated crania, symbolic flying heads, head imagery on pots and on stone, head-shaped vessels, and linguistic references to the head. In this synthesizing work, cultural anthropologist Denise Arnold and archaeologist Christine Hastorf examine the cult of heads in the Andes—past and present—to develop a theory of its place in indigenous cultural practice and its relationship to political systems. Using ethnographic and archaeological fieldwork, highland-lowland comparisons, archival documents, oral histories, and ritual texts, the authors draw from Marx, Mauss, Foucault, Assadourian, Viveiros del Castro and other theorists to show how heads shape and symbolize power, violence, fertility, identity, and economy in South American cultures.

Sterben In Den Bergen

Author: Michael Kasper
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3205200136
Size: 50.56 MB
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Die Auseinandersetzung mit dem „Sterben in den Bergen“ ist vielfältiger Natur. Sie beinhaltet Todeserfahrungen ebenso wie deren literarische Inszenierung, sie verweist auf die Beschäftigung mit dem Berg als Bedrohung sowie auf heldenhafte Bezwingung- und Überwindungsmetaphoriken, die sich sowohl im epischen Gewand als auch in Stichen und Erzählungen sowie in anderen modernen Medien niederschlagen können. Die Autoren des vorliegenden Bandes präsentieren das Thema in einer großen räumlichen und zeitlichen Breite. Ihr Blick richtet sich nicht nur auf die Alpingeschichte des Alpenraumes, sondern auf Berg und Gebirge in globaler Dimension. Neben zeitgeschichtlichen Fallbeispielen ist auch die Vormoderne mit ihren an Quellen reichen historischen Epochen in den bunten Themenreigen eingebunden. Dieser reicht vom alten Vorderasien bis in die unmittelbare Gegenwart, von Tibet bis zu den Alpen, vom Montafon bis hinaus in die weite Welt.

Landscape And Politics In The Ancient Andes

Author: Scott C. Smith
Publisher: University of New Mexico Press
ISBN: 0826357105
Size: 48.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book is a study of the ways places are created and how they attain meaning. Smith presents archaeological data from Khonkho Wankane in the southern Lake Titicaca basin of Bolivia to explore how landscapes were imagined and constructed during processes of political centralization in this region. In particular he examines landscapes of movement and the development of powerful political and religious centers during the Late Formative period (200 BC–AD 500), just before the emergence of the urban state centered at Tiwanaku (AD 500–1100). Late Formative politico-religious centers, Smith notes, were characterized by mobile populations of agropastoralists and caravan drovers. By exploring ritual practice at Late Formative settlements, Smith provides a new way of looking at political centralization, incipient urbanism, and state formation at Tiwanaku.

The Oxford Handbook Of The Archaeology Of Death And Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191650390
Size: 51.58 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.

Advances In Titicaca Basin Archaeology Iii

Author: Alexei Vranich
Publisher: University of Michigan Museum
ISBN: 9780915703784
Size: 23.80 MB
Format: PDF
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The focus of this volume is the northern Titicaca Basin, an area once belonging to the quarter of the Inka Empire called Collasuyu. The recent explosion of archaeological projects around Lake Titicaca is reflected in the data-packed chapters of this new book. The original settlers around the lake had to adapt to living at more than 12,000 feet, but as this volume shows so well, this high-altitude environment supported a very long developmental sequence that climaxed in impressive villages with sunken courts, and towns and cities with fascinating sculptures and public buildings. The new data reported in this book come from a series of projects that will not only advance our understanding of sociopolitical evolution within Peru and Bolivia but well beyond. Every period¿from the Early Archaic period onward¿is becoming better known from the flurry of recent surveys and excavations. From this book, we learn a wide array of new things about key sites like Taraco, Pukara, Balsaspata, Qaluyu, Cancha Cancha Asiruni, Arapa, and Huancanewichinka. Lavishly illustrated and supplying data integral to understanding Andean prehistory, this is a must buy for Andeanists as well as others interested in the rise of sociopolitical complexity.