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Heavenly Merchandize

Author: Mark Valeri
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400834990
Size: 14.99 MB
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Heavenly Merchandize offers a critical reexamination of religion's role in the creation of a market economy in early America. Focusing on the economic culture of New England, it views commerce through the eyes of four generations of Boston merchants, drawing upon their personal letters, diaries, business records, and sermon notes to reveal how merchants built a modern form of exchange out of profound transitions in the puritan understanding of discipline, providence, and the meaning of New England. Mark Valeri traces the careers of men like Robert Keayne, a London immigrant punished by his church for aggressive business practices; John Hull, a silversmith-turned-trader who helped to establish commercial networks in the West Indies; and Hugh Hall, one of New England's first slave traders. He explores how Boston ministers reconstituted their moral languages over the course of a century, from a scriptural discourse against many market practices to a providential worldview that justified England's commercial hegemony and legitimated the market as a divine construct. Valeri moves beyond simplistic readings that reduce commercial activity to secular mind-sets, and refutes the popular notion of an inherent affinity between puritanism and capitalism. He shows how changing ideas about what it meant to be pious and puritan informed the business practices of Boston's merchants, who filled their private notebooks with meditations on scripture and the natural order, founded and led churches, and inscribed spiritual reflections in their letters and diaries. Unprecedented in scope and rich with insights, Heavenly Merchandize illuminates the history behind the continuing American dilemma over morality and the marketplace.

Bekehrungsfr Mmigkeit

Author: Katharina Krause
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3161554655
Size: 72.25 MB
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English summary: What kind of practices, emotions and self-understandings are linked to conversion? Katharina Krause develops a theoretical framework that helps to understand processes of constructing, performing and maintaining conversionist identity. The model builds both on findings from exemplary constellations of Puritanism and Early Evangelicalism in seventeenth and eighteenth century New England and conversion research in the area of sociology, anthropology and cultural studies. Krause offers a cultural-sociological perspective on conversionist piety that takes different carriers of meaning into account, such as texts, pictorial sources and material culture. Holistic in its approach, the model pictures conversionist piety as a social practice that builds up into pious cultures of body, emotion and meaning-making. It is intended as a starting point for further research on conversionist milieus in practical theology and religious studies and thereby hopes to contribute to the recovering of the practical theologian's interest in the varieties of protestant piety. German description: Welche Praktiken, Gefuhle und Selbstkonzepte verbinden sich mit dem Anspruch, bekehrt zu sein? Katharina Krause legt ein Beschreibungsmodell zur Erschliessung bekehrungsfrommer Deutungs-, Emotions- und Korperkulturen vor. Dabei verfolgt sie nach, wie sich bekehrungsfromme Sinnstiftungen zu Weltsichten und Lebensformen aufschichten, und diskutiert unterschiedliche Moglichkeiten ihrer Verstetigung und Gefahrdung. Das dabei entwickelte Analyseinstrument versteht sich als ein Beitrag zur Wiedergewinnung praktisch-theologischer Frommigkeitsforschung. Es schliesst an Einsichten der sozial- und kulturwissenschaftlichen Konversionsforschung an und bildet diese in der Auseinandersetzung mit einer exemplarischen Konstellation protestantischer Bekehrungsfrommigkeit fort. Die ausgewerteten Text- und Bildquellen sowie die untersuchte materielle Kultur entstammen dem Umfeld des Puritanismus und Early Evangelicalism in den britischen Neuenglandkolonien des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts.

New England Bound Slavery And Colonization In Early America

Author: Wendy Warren
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 1631492152
Size: 19.57 MB
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A New York Times Editor’s Choice "This book is an original achievement, the kind of history that chastens our historical memory as it makes us wiser." —David W. Blight Finalist for the Pulitzer Prize Widely hailed as a “powerfully written” history about America’s beginnings (Annette Gordon-Reed), New England Bound fundamentally changes the story of America’s seventeenth-century origins. Building on the works of giants like Bernard Bailyn and Edmund S. Morgan, Wendy Warren has not only “mastered that scholarship” but has now rendered it in “an original way, and deepened the story” (New York Times Book Review). While earlier histories of slavery largely confine themselves to the South, Warren’s “panoptical exploration” (Christian Science Monitor) links the growth of the northern colonies to the slave trade and examines the complicity of New England’s leading families, demonstrating how the region’s economy derived its vitality from the slave trading ships coursing through its ports. And even while New England Bound explains the way in which the Atlantic slave trade drove the colonization of New England, it also brings to light, in many cases for the first time ever, the lives of the thousands of reluctant Indian and African slaves who found themselves forced into the project of building that city on a hill. We encounter enslaved Africans working side jobs as con artists, enslaved Indians who protested their banishment to sugar islands, enslaved Africans who set fire to their owners’ homes and goods, and enslaved Africans who saved their owners’ lives. In Warren’s meticulous, compelling, and hard-won recovery of such forgotten lives, the true variety of chattel slavery in the Americas comes to light, and New England Bound becomes the new standard for understanding colonial America.

The America Syndrome

Author: Betsy Hartmann
Publisher: Seven Stories Press
ISBN: 1609807413
Size: 56.16 MB
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Has apocalyptic thinking contributed to some of our nation's biggest problems—inequality, permanent war, and the despoiling of our natural resources? From the Puritans to the present, historian and public policy advocate Betsy Hartmann sheds light on a pervasive but—until now—invisible theme shaping the American mindset: apocalyptic thinking, or the belief that the end of the world is nigh. Hartmann makes a compelling case that apocalyptic fears are deeply intertwined with the American ethos, to our detriment. In The America Syndrome, she seeks to reclaim human agency and, in so doing, revise the national narrative. By changing the way we think, we just might change the world.

Religion And The Marketplace In The United States

Author: Jan Stievermann
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190266570
Size: 15.73 MB
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Alexis de Tocqueville once described the national character of Americans as one question insistently asked: "How much money will it bring in?" G.K. Chesterton, a century later, described America as a "nation with a soul of a church." At first glance, the two observations might appear to be diametrically opposed, but this volume shows the ways in which American religion and American business overlap and interact with one another, defining the US in terms of religion, and religion in terms of economics. Bringing together original contributions by leading experts and rising scholars from both America and Europe, the volume pushes this field of study forward by examining the ways religions and markets in relationship can provide powerful insights and open unseen aspects into both. In essays ranging from colonial American mercantilism to modern megachurches, from literary markets to popular festivals, the authors explore how religious behavior is shaped by commerce, and how commercial practices are informed by religion. By focusing on what historians often use off-handedly as a metaphor or analogy, the volume offers new insights into three varieties of relationships: religion and the marketplace, religion in the marketplace, and religion as the marketplace. Using these categories, the contributors test the assumptions scholars have come to hold, and offer deeper insights into religion and the marketplace in America.

Hartford Puritanism

Author: Baird Tipson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190266341
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Statues of Thomas Hooker and Samuel Stone grace downtown Hartford, Connecticut, but few residents are aware of the distinctive version of Puritanism that these founding ministers of Harford's First Church carried into to the Connecticut wilderness (or indeed that the city takes its name from Stone's English birthplace). Shaped by interpretations of the writings of Saint Augustine largely developed during the ministers' years at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, Hartford's church order diverged in significant ways from its counterpart in the churches of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Hartford Puritanism argues for a new paradigm of New England Puritanism. Hartford's founding ministers, Baird Tipson shows, both fully embraced - and even harshened - Calvin's double predestination. Tipson explores the contributions of the lesser-known William Perkins, Alexander Richardson, and John Rogers to Thomas Hooker's thought and practice: the art and content of his preaching, as well as his determination to define and impose a distinctive notion of conversion on his hearers. The book draws heavily on Samuel Stone's The Whole Body of Divinity, a comprehensive exposition of his thought and the first systematic theology written in the American colonies. Virtually unknown today, The Whole Body of Divinity not only provides the indispensable intellectual context for the religious development of early Connecticut but also offers a more comprehensive description of the Puritanism of early New England than any other document.

Faithful Bodies

Author: Heather Miyano Kopelson
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479852341
Size: 39.48 MB
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In the seventeenth-century English Atlantic, religious beliefs and practices played a central role in creating racial identity. English Protestantism provided a vocabulary and structure to describe and maintain boundaries between insider and outsider. In this path-breaking study, Heather Miyano Kopelson peels back the layers of conflicting definitions of bodies and competing practices of faith in the puritan Atlantic, demonstrating how the categories of “white,” “black,” and “Indian” developed alongside religious boundaries between “Christian” and “heathen” and between “Catholic” and “Protestant.” Faithful Bodies focuses on three communities of Protestant dissent in the Atlantic World: Bermuda, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island. In this “puritan Atlantic,” religion determined insider and outsider status: at times Africans and Natives could belong as long as they embraced the Protestant faith, while Irish Catholics and English Quakers remained suspect. Colonists’ interactions with indigenous peoples of the Americas and with West Central Africans shaped their understandings of human difference and its acceptable boundaries. Prayer, religious instruction, sexual behavior, and other public and private acts became markers of whether or not blacks and Indians were sinning Christians or godless heathens. As slavery became law, transgressing people of color counted less and less as sinners in English puritans’ eyes, even as some of them made Christianity an integral part of their communities. As Kopelson shows, this transformation proceeded unevenly but inexorably during the long seventeenth century.

Strategic Organizational Communication

Author: Charles Conrad
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118179692
Size: 61.21 MB
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Surveying a wide variety of disciplines, this fully-revised 7th edition offers a sophisticated and engaging treatment of the rapidly expanding field of organizational communication Places organizations and organizational communication within a broader social, economic, and cultural context Applies a global perspective throughout, including thoughtful consideration of non-Western forms of leadership, as well as global economic contexts Offers a level of sophistication and integration of ideas from a variety of disciplines that makes this treatment definitive Updated in the seventh edition: Coverage of recent events and their ethical dimensions, including the bank crisis and bailouts in the US and UK Offers a nuanced, in-depth discussion of technology, and a new chapter on organizational change Includes new and revised case studies for a fresh view on perennial topics, incorporating a global focus throughout Online Instructors' Manual, including sample syllabi, tips for using the case studies, test questions, and supplemental case studies

Mord Im Auftrag Gottes

Author: Jon Krakauer
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783492242769
Size: 28.57 MB
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24. Juli 1984, USA: Allen Lafferty findet seine Frau bestialisch ermordet auf dem Küchenfußboden. Seine Tochter liegt in ihrem Kinderbettchen - auch sie ist tot. Die Mörder glaubten, sie handelten im Auftrag von Gott. Warum? Eine alarmierende Reportage über religiösen Fundamentalismus von Jon Krakauer, Autor des Bestsellers >In eisige Höhen. Eine große Reportage über die nahezu unglaubliche Geschichte und Gegenwart einer fundamentalistischen Bewegung im Herzen des aufgeklärten Westens.