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Heterostructures And Quantum Devices

Author: Norman G. Einspruch
Publisher: Academic Pr
ISBN: 9780122341243
Size: 59.13 MB
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Heterostructure and quantum-mechanical devices promise significant improvement in the performance of electronic and optoelectronic integrated circuits (ICs). Though these devices are the subject of a vigorous research effort, the current literature is often either highly technical or narrowly focused. This book presents heterostructure and quantum devices to the nonspecialist, especially electrical engineers working with high-performance semiconductor devices. It focuses on a broad base of technical applications using semiconductor physics theory to develop the next generation of electrical engineering devices. The text covers existing technologies and future possibilities within a common framework of high-performance devices, which will have a more immediate impact on advanced semiconductor physics-particularly quantum effects-and will thus form the basis for longer-term technology development.

Heterostructures And Quantum Devices

Author: Norman G. Einspruch
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483295176
Size: 47.52 MB
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View: 2464
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Heterostructure and quantum-mechanical devices promise significant improvement in the performance of electronic and optoelectronic integrated circuits (ICs). Though these devices are the subject of a vigorous research effort, the current literature is often either highly technical or narrowly focused. This book presents heterostructure and quantum devices to the nonspecialist, especially electrical engineers working with high-performance semiconductor devices. It focuses on a broad base of technical applications using semiconductor physics theory to develop the next generation of electrical engineering devices. The text covers existing technologies and future possibilities within a common framework of high-performance devices, which will have a more immediate impact on advanced semiconductor physics-particularly quantum effects-and will thus form the basis for longer-term technology development.

Quantum Heterostructures

Author: Vladimir Vasilʹevich Mitin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521636353
Size: 22.51 MB
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Quantum Heterostructures provides a detailed description of the key physical and engineering principles of quantum semiconductor heterostructures. Blending important concepts from physics, materials science, and electrical engineering, it also explains clearly the behavior and operating features of modern microelectronic and optoelectronic devices. The authors begin by outlining the trends that have driven development in this field, most importantly the need for high-performance devices in computer, information, and communications technologies. They then describe the basics of quantum nanoelectronics, including various transport mechanisms. In the latter part of the book, they cover novel microelectronic devices, and optical devices based on quantum heterostructures. The book contains many homework problems and is suitable as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate courses in electrical engineering, physics, or materials science. It will also be of great interest to those involved in research or development in microelectronic or optoelectronic devices.

Quantum Dot Heterostructures

Author: Dieter Bimberg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471973881
Size: 12.27 MB
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Quantum Dot Heterostructures Dieter Bimberg, Marius Grundmann and Nikolai N. Ledentsov Institute of Solid State Physics, Technische Universität Berlin, Germany Quantum dots are nanometer–size semiconductor structures, and represent one of the most rapidly developing areas of current semiconductor research as increases in the speed and decreases in the size of semiconductor devices become more important. They present the utmost challenge to semiconductor technology, making possible fascinating novel devices. This important new reference book focuses on the key phenomena and principles. Chapter 1 provides a brief account of the history of quantum dots, whilst the second chapter surveys the various fabrication techniques used in the past two decades, and introduces the concept of self–organized growth. This topic is expanded in the following chapter, which presents a broad review of self–organization phenomena at surfaces of crystals. Experimental results on growth of quantum dot structures in many different systems and on their structural characterization are presented in Chapter 4. Basic properties of the dots relate to their geometric structure and chemical composition. Numerical modeling of the electronic and optical properties of real dots is presented in Chapter 5, together with general theoretical considerations on carrier capture, relaxation, recombination and properties of quantum dot lasers. Chapters 6 and 7 summarize experimental results on electronic, optical and electrical properties. The book concludes by disoussing highly topical results on quantum–dot–based photonic devices – mainly quantum dot lasers. Quantum Dot Heterostructures is written by some of the key researchers who have contributed significantly to the development of the field, and have pioneered both the theoretical understanding of quantum dot related phenomena and quantum dot lasers. It is of great interest to graduate and postgraduate students, and to researchers in semiconductor physics and technology and optoelectronics.

Silicon Quantum Integrated Circuits

Author: E. Kasper
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540263829
Size: 27.79 MB
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Quantum size effects are becoming increasingly important in microelectronics, as the dimensions of the structures shrink laterally towards 100 nm and vertically towards 10 nm. Advanced device concepts will exploit these effects for integrated circuits with novel or improved properties. Keeping in mind the trend towards systems on chip, this book deals with silicon-based quantum devices and focuses on room-temperature operation. The basic physical principles, materials, technological aspects, and fundamental device operation are discussed in an interdisciplinary manner. It is shown that silicon-germanium (SiGe) heterostructure devices will play a key role in realizing silicon-based quantum electronics.

Advanced Semiconductor Heterostructures

Author: Mitra Dutta
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812775542
Size: 42.99 MB
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This volume provides valuable summaries on many aspects of advanced semiconductor heterostructures and highlights the great variety of semiconductor heterostructures that has emerged since their original conception. As exemplified by the chapters in this book, recent progress on advanced semiconductor heterostructures spans a truly remarkable range of scientific fields with an associated diversity of applications. Some of these applications will undoubtedly revolutionize critically important facets of modern technology. At the heart of these advances is the ability to design and control the properties of semiconductor devices on the nanoscale. As an example, the intersubband lasers discussed in this book have a broad range of previously unobtainable characteristics and associated applications as a result of the nanoscale dimensional control of the underlying semiconductor heterostructures. As this book illustrates, an astounding variety of heterostructures can be fabricated with current technology; the potentially widespread use of layered quantum dots fabricated with nanoscale precision in biological applications opens up exciting advances in medicine. In addition, many more excellent examples of the remarkable impact being made through the use of semiconductor heterostructures are given. The summaries in this volume provide timely insights into what we know now about selected areas of advanced semiconductor heterostructures and also provide foundations for further developments. Contents: Novel Heterostructure Devices: ElectronOCoPhonon Interactions in Intersubband Laser Heterostructures (M V Kisin et al.); Quantum Dot Infrared Detectors and Sources (P Bhattacharya et al.); Generation of Terahertz Emission Based on Intersubband Transitions (Q Hu); Mid-Infrared GaSb-Based Lasers with Type-I Heterointerfaces (D V Donetsky et al.); Advances in Quantum-Dot Research and Technology: The Path to Applications in Biology (M A Stroscio & M Dutta); Potential Device Applications and Basic Properties: High-Field Electron Transport Controlled by Optical Phonon Emission in Nitrides (S M Komirenko et al.); Cooling by Inverse Nottingham Effect with Resonant Tunneling (Y Yu et al.); The Physics of Single Electron Transistors (M A Kastner); Carrier Capture and Transport within Tunnel Injection Lasers: A Quantum Transport Analysis (L F Register et al.); The Influence of Environmental Effects on the Acoustic Phonon Spectra in Quantum-Dot Heterostructures (S Rufo et al.); Quantum Devices with Multipole-Electrode OCo Heterojunctions Hybrid Structures (R Tsu). Readership: Undergraduate and graduate level engineering students, electrical engineers, bioengineers and physicists."

Quantum Semiconductor Structures

Author: Claude Weisbuch
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780127426808
Size: 16.90 MB
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In its original form, this widely acclaimed primer on the fundamentals of quantized semiconductor structures was published as an introductory chapter in Raymond Dingle's edited volume (24) of Semiconductors and Semimetals. Having already been praised by reviewers for its excellent coverage, this material is now available in an updated and expanded "student edition." This work promises to become a standard reference in the field. It covers the basics of electronic states as well as the fundamentals of optical interactions and quantum transport in two-dimensional quantized systems. This revised student edition also includes entirely new sections discussing applications and one-dimensional and zero-dimensional systems. Key Features * Available for the first time in a new, expanded version * Provides a concise introduction to the fundamentals and fascinating applications of quantized semiconductor structures

High Speed Heterostructure Devices

Author: Patrick Roblin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139437462
Size: 40.36 MB
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Fuelled by rapid growth in communications technology, silicon heterostructures and related high-speed semiconductors are spearheading the drive toward smaller, faster and lower power devices. High-Speed Heterostructure Devices is a textbook on modern high-speed semiconductor devices intended for both graduate students and practising engineers. This book is concerned with the underlying physics of heterostructures as well as some of the most recent techniques for modeling and simulating these devices. Emphasis is placed on heterostructure devices of the immediate future such as the MODFET, HBT and RTD. The principles of operation of other devices such as the Bloch Oscillator, RITD, Gunn diode, quantum cascade laser and SOI and LD MOSFETs are also introduced. Initially developed for a graduate course taught at Ohio State University, the book comes with a complete set of homework problems and a web link to MATLAB programs supporting the lecture material.

Physical Models Of Semiconductor Quantum Devices

Author: Ying Fu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400771746
Size: 26.96 MB
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The science and technology relating to nanostructures continues to receive significant attention for its applications to various fields including microelectronics, nanophotonics, and biotechnology. This book describes the basic quantum mechanical principles underlining this fast developing field. From the fundamental principles of quantum mechanics to nanomaterial properties, from device physics to research and development of new systems, this title is aimed at undergraduates, graduates, postgraduates, and researchers.