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Heterostructures And Quantum Devices

Author: Norman G. Einspruch
Publisher: Academic Pr
ISBN: 9780122341243
Size: 79.33 MB
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Heterostructure and quantum-mechanical devices promise significant improvement in the performance of electronic and optoelectronic integrated circuits (ICs). Though these devices are the subject of a vigorous research effort, the current literature is often either highly technical or narrowly focused. This book presents heterostructure and quantum devices to the nonspecialist, especially electrical engineers working with high-performance semiconductor devices. It focuses on a broad base of technical applications using semiconductor physics theory to develop the next generation of electrical engineering devices. The text covers existing technologies and future possibilities within a common framework of high-performance devices, which will have a more immediate impact on advanced semiconductor physics-particularly quantum effects-and will thus form the basis for longer-term technology development.

Quantum Heterostructures

Author: Vladimir Vasilʹevich Mitin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521636353
Size: 15.87 MB
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Quantum Heterostructures provides a detailed description of the key physical and engineering principles of quantum semiconductor heterostructures. Blending important concepts from physics, materials science, and electrical engineering, it also explains clearly the behavior and operating features of modern microelectronic and optoelectronic devices. The authors begin by outlining the trends that have driven development in this field, most importantly the need for high-performance devices in computer, information, and communications technologies. They then describe the basics of quantum nanoelectronics, including various transport mechanisms. In the latter part of the book, they cover novel microelectronic devices, and optical devices based on quantum heterostructures. The book contains many homework problems and is suitable as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate courses in electrical engineering, physics, or materials science. It will also be of great interest to those involved in research or development in microelectronic or optoelectronic devices.

Quantum Semiconductor Structures

Author: Claude Weisbuch
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080515576
Size: 13.38 MB
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In its original form, this widely acclaimed primer on the fundamentals of quantized semiconductor structures was published as an introductory chapter in Raymond Dingle's edited volume (24) of Semiconductors and Semimetals. Having already been praised by reviewers for its excellent coverage, this material is now available in an updated and expanded "student edition." This work promises to become a standard reference in the field. It covers the basics of electronic states as well as the fundamentals of optical interactions and quantum transport in two-dimensional quantized systems. This revised student edition also includes entirely new sections discussing applications and one-dimensional and zero-dimensional systems. Available for the first time in a new, expanded version Provides a concise introduction to the fundamentals and fascinating applications of quantized semiconductor structures

Quantum Dot Heterostructures

Author: Dieter Bimberg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471973881
Size: 63.29 MB
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Quantum Dot Heterostructures Dieter Bimberg, Marius Grundmann and Nikolai N. Ledentsov Institute of Solid State Physics, Technische Universität Berlin, Germany Quantum dots are nanometer–size semiconductor structures, and represent one of the most rapidly developing areas of current semiconductor research as increases in the speed and decreases in the size of semiconductor devices become more important. They present the utmost challenge to semiconductor technology, making possible fascinating novel devices. This important new reference book focuses on the key phenomena and principles. Chapter 1 provides a brief account of the history of quantum dots, whilst the second chapter surveys the various fabrication techniques used in the past two decades, and introduces the concept of self–organized growth. This topic is expanded in the following chapter, which presents a broad review of self–organization phenomena at surfaces of crystals. Experimental results on growth of quantum dot structures in many different systems and on their structural characterization are presented in Chapter 4. Basic properties of the dots relate to their geometric structure and chemical composition. Numerical modeling of the electronic and optical properties of real dots is presented in Chapter 5, together with general theoretical considerations on carrier capture, relaxation, recombination and properties of quantum dot lasers. Chapters 6 and 7 summarize experimental results on electronic, optical and electrical properties. The book concludes by disoussing highly topical results on quantum–dot–based photonic devices – mainly quantum dot lasers. Quantum Dot Heterostructures is written by some of the key researchers who have contributed significantly to the development of the field, and have pioneered both the theoretical understanding of quantum dot related phenomena and quantum dot lasers. It is of great interest to graduate and postgraduate students, and to researchers in semiconductor physics and technology and optoelectronics.

Characterization Of Semiconductor Heterostructures And Nanostructures

Author: Giovanni Agostini
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 044459549X
Size: 48.98 MB
Format: PDF
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Characterization of Semiconductor Heterostructures and Nanostructures is structured so that each chapter is devoted to a specific characterization technique used in the understanding of the properties (structural, physical, chemical, electrical etc..) of semiconductor quantum wells and superlattices. An additional chapter is devoted to ab initio modeling. The book has two basic aims. The first is educational, providing the basic concepts of each of the selected techniques with an approach understandable by advanced students in Physics, Chemistry, Material Science, Engineering, Nanotechnology. The second aim is to provide a selected set of examples from the recent literature of the TOP results obtained with the specific technique in understanding the properties of semiconductor heterostructures and nanostructures. Each chapter has this double structure: the first part devoted to explain the basic concepts, and the second to the discussion of the most peculiar and innovative examples. The topic of quantum wells, wires and dots should be seen as a pretext of applying top level characterization techniques in understanding the structural, electronic etc properties of matter at the nanometer (and even sub-nanometer) scale. In this respect it is an essential reference in the much broader, and extremely hot, field of Nanotechnology. Comprehensive collection of the most powerful characterization techniques for semiconductors heterostructures and nanostructures Most of the chapters are authored by scientists that are world-wide among the top-ten in publication ranking of the specific field Each chapter starts with a didactic introduction on the technique The second part of each chapters deals with a selection of top examples highlighting the power of the specific technique to analyse the properties of semiconductors heterostructures and nanostructures

Low Dimensional Semiconductor Structures

Author: Keith Barnham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521599047
Size: 65.13 MB
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Low-Dimensional Semiconductor Structures provides a seamless, atoms-to-devices introduction to the latest quantum heterostructures. It covers their fabrication, their electronic, optical and transport properties, their role in exploring physical phenomena, and their utilization in devices. The authors begin with a detailed description of the epitaxial growth of semiconductors. They then deal with the physical behaviour of electrons and phonons in low-dimensional structures. A discussion of localization effects and quantum transport phenomena is followed by coverage of the optical properties of quantum wells. They then go on to discuss non-linear optics in quantum heterostructures. The final chapters deal with semiconductor lasers, mesoscopic devices, and high-speed heterostructure devices. The book contains many exercises and comprehensive references. It is suitable as a textbook for graduate-level courses in electrical engineering and applied physics. It will also be of interest to engineers involved in the development of semiconductor devices.

Advanced Semiconductor Heterostructures

Author: Mitra Dutta
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812775542
Size: 75.94 MB
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This volume provides valuable summaries on many aspects of advanced semiconductor heterostructures and highlights the great variety of semiconductor heterostructures that has emerged since their original conception. As exemplified by the chapters in this book, recent progress on advanced semiconductor heterostructures spans a truly remarkable range of scientific fields with an associated diversity of applications. Some of these applications will undoubtedly revolutionize critically important facets of modern technology. At the heart of these advances is the ability to design and control the properties of semiconductor devices on the nanoscale. As an example, the intersubband lasers discussed in this book have a broad range of previously unobtainable characteristics and associated applications as a result of the nanoscale dimensional control of the underlying semiconductor heterostructures. As this book illustrates, an astounding variety of heterostructures can be fabricated with current technology; the potentially widespread use of layered quantum dots fabricated with nanoscale precision in biological applications opens up exciting advances in medicine. In addition, many more excellent examples of the remarkable impact being made through the use of semiconductor heterostructures are given. The summaries in this volume provide timely insights into what we know now about selected areas of advanced semiconductor heterostructures and also provide foundations for further developments. Contents: Novel Heterostructure Devices: ElectronOCoPhonon Interactions in Intersubband Laser Heterostructures (M V Kisin et al.); Quantum Dot Infrared Detectors and Sources (P Bhattacharya et al.); Generation of Terahertz Emission Based on Intersubband Transitions (Q Hu); Mid-Infrared GaSb-Based Lasers with Type-I Heterointerfaces (D V Donetsky et al.); Advances in Quantum-Dot Research and Technology: The Path to Applications in Biology (M A Stroscio & M Dutta); Potential Device Applications and Basic Properties: High-Field Electron Transport Controlled by Optical Phonon Emission in Nitrides (S M Komirenko et al.); Cooling by Inverse Nottingham Effect with Resonant Tunneling (Y Yu et al.); The Physics of Single Electron Transistors (M A Kastner); Carrier Capture and Transport within Tunnel Injection Lasers: A Quantum Transport Analysis (L F Register et al.); The Influence of Environmental Effects on the Acoustic Phonon Spectra in Quantum-Dot Heterostructures (S Rufo et al.); Quantum Devices with Multipole-Electrode OCo Heterojunctions Hybrid Structures (R Tsu). Readership: Undergraduate and graduate level engineering students, electrical engineers, bioengineers and physicists."

Physical Foundations Of Solid State Devices

Author: E. Fred Schubert
Publisher: E. Fred Schubert
ISBN: 0986382620
Size: 43.14 MB
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It is beneficial for technical personnel working in the field of microelectronic, optoelectronic, and photonic semiconductor devices to get a good understanding of the physical foundations ofmodern semiconductor devices. Questions that technical personnel may ask are: How areelectrons propagating in the periodic potential of a semiconductor crystal lattice? What are thefoundations of semiconductor heterostructure devices? How does quantum mechanics relateto semiconductor heterostructure devices? This book tries to answer questions such as these. The book provides a basis for the understanding of modern semiconductor devices that havedimensions in the nanometer range, i.e. comparable to the electron de Broglie wavelength. Classical and semi-classical physics no longer gives a full description of a number of physicalprocesses. The inclusion of quantum mechanical principles becomes mandatory and provides a useful description of many physical processes in electronic, optoelectronic, and photonic heterostructure devices. The first part of the book (Chapters 1 – 11) teaches quantum-mechanical principles, including the postulates of quantum mechanics, operators, the uncertainty principle, the Schrödinger equation, non-periodic and periodic potentials, quantum wells, and perturbation theory. The second part of the book (Chapters 12 – 20) applies these principles to semiconductor devices and discusses the density of states, semiconductor statistics, carrier concentrations, doping, tunneling, and some aspects of heterostructure devices. The book may be of particular interest to individuals working in the fields of microelectronics, optoelectronics, and photonics with an educational background in Electrical Engineering, Applied Physics, or Materials Science.