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Higher Speculations

Author: Helge Kragh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199599882
Size: 14.80 MB
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A comprehensive account of highly ambitious attempts to understand nature in its totality, this book covers little known 'theories of everything' from the past as well as modern developments such as the theory of superstrings, the anthropic principle and ideas of many universes. These theories are presented in their historical contexts and used to problematize the limits of scientific knowledge. Do claims of theories of everything belong to science at all? Whichare the epistemic standards on which an alleged scientific theory of the universe - or the multiverse - is to be judged? Such questions are currently being discussed by physicists and cosmologists, butrarely within a historical perspective.

R Tsel Kosmos

Author: Spektrum der Wissenschaft
Publisher: Spektrum der Wissenschaft
ISBN: 395892011X
Size: 71.72 MB
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Alte Rätsel in neuem Licht stellt dieses Spektrum Spezial vor. Könnte die viel diskutierte Frage nach der Existenz von Parallelwelten eine unerwartete Antwort haben, nämlich gar keine? Könnten sich die prinzipiell nicht fotografierbaren Schwarzen Löcher vielleicht doch ablichten lassen – zumindest ihr Schattenriss auf dem kosmischen Hintergrund? Und könnte sich das Universum in den kommenden Billionen Jahren so sehr verändern, dass völlig neue Himmelsphänomene in Erscheinung treten?

The Beginning And The End

Author: Clément Vidal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319050621
Size: 80.93 MB
Format: PDF
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In this fascinating journey to the edge of science, Vidal takes on big philosophical questions: Does our universe have a beginning and an end or is it cyclic? Are we alone in the universe? What is the role of intelligent life, if any, in cosmic evolution? Grounded in science and committed to philosophical rigor, this book presents an evolutionary worldview where the rise of intelligent life is not an accident, but may well be the key to unlocking the universe's deepest mysteries. Vidal shows how the fine-tuning controversy can be advanced with computer simulations. He also explores whether natural or artificial selection could hold on a cosmic scale. In perhaps his boldest hypothesis, he argues that signs of advanced extraterrestrial civilizations are already present in our astrophysical data. His conclusions invite us to see the meaning of life, evolution and intelligence from a novel cosmological framework that should stir debate for years to come.

International Handbook Of Research In History Philosophy And Science Teaching

Author: Michael R. Matthews
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9400776543
Size: 51.87 MB
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This inaugural handbook documents the distinctive research field that utilizes history and philosophy in investigation of theoretical, curricular and pedagogical issues in the teaching of science and mathematics. It is contributed to by 130 researchers from 30 countries; it provides a logically structured, fully referenced guide to the ways in which science and mathematics education is, informed by the history and philosophy of these disciplines, as well as by the philosophy of education more generally. The first handbook to cover the field, it lays down a much-needed marker of progress to date and provides a platform for informed and coherent future analysis and research of the subject. The publication comes at a time of heightened worldwide concern over the standard of science and mathematics education, attended by fierce debate over how best to reform curricula and enliven student engagement in the subjects. There is a growing recognition among educators and policy makers that the learning of science must dovetail with learning about science; this handbook is uniquely positioned as a locus for the discussion. The handbook features sections on pedagogical, theoretical, national, and biographical research, setting the literature of each tradition in its historical context. It reminds readers at a crucial juncture that there has been a long and rich tradition of historical and philosophical engagements with science and mathematics teaching, and that lessons can be learnt from these engagements for the resolution of current theoretical, curricular and pedagogical questions that face teachers and administrators. Science educators will be grateful for this unique, encyclopaedic handbook, Gerald Holton, Physics Department, Harvard University This handbook gathers the fruits of over thirty years’ research by a growing international and cosmopolitan community Fabio Bevilacqua, Physics Department, University of Pavia

Worlds Without End

Author: Mary-Jane Rubenstein
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023152742X
Size: 74.33 MB
Format: PDF
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"Multiverse" cosmologies imagine our universe as just one of a vast number of others. While this idea has captivated philosophy, religion, and literature for millennia, it is now being considered as a scientific hypothesis—with different models emerging from cosmology, quantum mechanics, and string theory. Beginning with ancient Atomist and Stoic philosophies, Mary-Jane Rubenstein links contemporary models of the multiverse to their forerunners and explores the reasons for their recent appearance. One concerns the so-called fine-tuning of the universe: nature's constants are so delicately calibrated that it seems they have been set just right to allow life to emerge. For some thinkers, these "fine-tunings" are evidence of the existence of God; for others, however, and for most physicists, "God" is an insufficient scientific explanation. Hence the allure of the multiverse: if all possible worlds exist somewhere, then like monkeys hammering out Shakespeare, one universe is bound to be suitable for life. Of course, this hypothesis replaces God with an equally baffling article of faith: the existence of universes beyond, before, or after our own, eternally generated yet forever inaccessible to observation or experiment. In their very efforts to sidestep metaphysics, theoretical physicists propose multiverse scenarios that collide with it and even produce counter-theological narratives. Far from invalidating multiverse hypotheses, Rubenstein argues, this interdisciplinary collision actually secures their scientific viability. We may therefore be witnessing a radical reconfiguration of physics, philosophy, and religion in the modern turn to the multiverse.

Masters Of The Universe

Author: Helge Kragh
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191034428
Size: 33.16 MB
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How did our modern picture of the universe come into being? Masters of the Universe tells this fascinating story in an unusual format that blends factual and fictional elements. It is based on a series of interviews that a fictional person conducted with leading astronomers and physicists between 1913 and 1965. Among the interviewed scientists are giants such as Albert Einstein, Edwin Hubble, and George Gamow, but also scientists who are less well known today or not primarily known as cosmologists such as Karl Schwarzschild, Paul Dirac, and Svante Arrhenius. By following the interviews the reader gets a lively and "almost authentic" impression of the problems that faced this early generation of cosmologists. Although the interviews are purely fictional, a product of the author's imagination, they could have taken place in just the way that is described. They are solidly based on historical facts and, moreover, supplemented with careful annotations and references to the literature. In this way the book bridges the gap between scholarly and popular history of science.

Unser Mathematisches Universum

Author: Max Tegmark
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843710783
Size: 58.71 MB
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„Max Tegmark, Prophet der Parallelwelten, flirtet mit der Unendlichkeit.“ ULF VON RAUCHHAUPT, FRANKFURTER ALLGEMEINE SONNTAGSZEITUNG WORUM GEHT ES? Max Tegmark entwickelt eine neue Theorie des Kosmos: Das Universum selbst ist reine Mathematik. In diesem Buch geht es um die physikalische Realität des Kosmos, um den Urknall und die „Zeit davor“ und um die Evolution des Weltalls. Welche Rollen spielen wir dabei – die Wesen, die klug genug sind, das alles verstehen zu wollen? Tegmark findet, dieses Terrain sollte nicht länger den Philosophen überlassen bleiben. Denn die Physiker von heute haben die besseren Antworten auf die ewigen Fragen. WAS IST BESONDERS? „Eine hinreißende Expedition, die jenseits des konventionellen Denkens nach der wahren Bedeutung von Realität sucht.“ BBC „Tegmark behandelt die großen Fragen der Kosmologie und der Teilchenphysik weitaus verständlicher als Stephen Hawking.“ THE TIMES WER LIEST? • Jeder, der das Universum verstehen will • Die Leser von Richard Dawkins und Markus Gabriel

Moderne Physik

Author: Paul A. Tipler
Publisher: De Gruyter Oldenbourg
ISBN: 9783486582758
Size: 71.96 MB
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Endlich liegt die anschauliche und fundierte Einführung zur Modernen Physik von Paul A. Tipler und Ralph A. Llewellyn in der deutschen Übersetzung vor. Eine umfassende Einführung in die Relativitätstheorie, die Quantenmechanik und die statistische Physik wird im ersten Teil des Buches gegeben. Die wichtigsten Arbeitsgebiete der modernen Physik - Festkörperphysik, Kern- und Teilchenphysik sowie die Kosmologie und Astrophysik - werden in der zweiten Hälfte des Buches behandelt. Zu weiteren zahlreichen Spezialgebieten gibt es Ergänzungen im Internet beim Verlag der amerikanischen Originalausgabe, die eine Vertiefung des Stoffes ermöglichen. Mit ca. 700 Übungsaufgaben eignet sich das Buch hervorragend zum Selbststudium sowie zur Begleitung einer entsprechenden Vorlesung. Die Übersetzung des Werkes übernahm Dr. Anna Schleitzer. Die Bearbeitung und Anpassung an Anforderungen deutscher Hochschulen wurde von Prof. Dr. G. Czycholl, Prof. Dr. W. Dreybrodt, Prof. Dr. C. Noack und Prof. Dr. U. Strohbusch durchgeführt. Dieses Team gewährleistet auch für die deutsche Fassung die wissenschaftliche Exaktheit und Stringenz des Originals.