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Historical Disasters In Context

Author: Andrea JANKU
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136476253
Size: 55.22 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Growing concerns about climate change and the increasing occurrence of ever more devastating natural disasters in some parts of the world and their consequences for human life, not only in the immediately affected regions, but for all of us, have increased our desire to learn more about disaster experiences in the past. How did disaster experiences impact on the development of modern sciences in the early modern era? Why did religion continue to play such an important role in the encounter with disasters, despite the strong trend towards secularization in the modern world? What was the political role of disasters? Historical Disasters in Context illustrates how past societies coped with a threatening environment, how societies changed in response to disaster experiences, and how disaster experiences were processed and communicated, both locally and globally. Particular emphasis is put on the realms of science, religion, and politics. International case studies demonstrate that while there are huge differences across cultures in the way people and societies responded to disasters, there are also many commonalities and interactions between different cultures that have the potential to alter the ways people prepare for and react to disasters in future. To explain these relationships and highlight their significance is the purpose of this volume.

Historical Disaster Experiences

Author: Gerrit Jasper Schenk
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319491636
Size: 73.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Historical disaster research is still a young field. This book discusses the experiences of natural disasters in different cultures, from Europe across the Near East to Asia. It focuses on the pre-industrial era and on the question of similarities, differences and transcultural dynamics in the cultural handling of natural disasters. Which long-lasting cultural patterns of perception, interpretation and handling of disasters can be determined? Have specific types of disasters changed the affected societies? What have people learned from disasters and what not? What adaptation and coping strategies existed? Which natural, societal and economic parameters play a part? The book not only reveals the historical depth of present practices, but also reveals possible comparisons that show globalization processes, entanglements and exchanges of ideas and practices in pre-modern times.

Natural Disasters

Author: Marlene Bradford
Publisher: Salem PressInc
ISBN: 9780893560829
Size: 24.83 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Looks at the science behind such natural disasters as avalanches, hail, typhoons, mud and rock slides, floods, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions, and discusses prevention and preparations, and rescue and relief efforts.

There Is No Such Thing As A Natural Disaster

Author: Gregory Squires
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136084827
Size: 58.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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There is No Such Thing as a Natural Disaster is the first comprehensive critical book on the catastrophic impact of Hurricane Katrina on New Orleans. The disaster will go down on record as one of the worst in American history, not least because of the government’s inept and cavalier response. But it is also a huge story for other reasons; the impact of the hurricane was uneven, and race and class were deeply implicated in the unevenness. Hartman and. Squires assemble two dozen critical scholars and activists who present a multifaceted portrait of the social implications of the disaster. The book covers the response to the disaster and the roles that race and class played, its impact on housing and redevelopment, the historical context of urban disasters in America and the future of economic development in the region. It offers strategic guidance for key actors - government agencies, financial institutions, neighbourhood organizations - in efforts to rebuild shattered communities.

Mathematics In Historical Context

Author: Jeff Suzuki
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883855706
Size: 42.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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What would Newton see if he looked out his bedroom window? This book describes the world around the important mathematicians of the past, and explores the complex interaction between mathematics, mathematicians, and society. It takes the reader on a grand tour of history from the ancient Egyptians to the twentieth century to show how mathematicians and mathematics were affected by the outside world, and at the same time how the outside world was affected by mathematics and mathematicians. Part biography, part mathematics, and part history, this book provides the interested layperson the background to understand mathematics and the history of mathematics, and is suitable for supplemental reading in any history of mathematics course.

Natural Disasters

Author: Jordan Brown
Publisher: Scholastic Inc.
ISBN: 9780439280402
Size: 17.65 MB
Format: PDF
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Suggests activities and projects based on Internet resources dealing with volcanoes, storms, earthquakes, and other natural disasters to increase understanding of science, the forces of nature, and their effects on human society.

Methods Of Disaster Research

Author: Robert A. Stallings
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1469121077
Size: 46.52 MB
Format: PDF
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The methods of disaster research are indistinguishable from those used throughout the social sciences. Yet these methods must be applied under unique circumstances. Researchers new to this field need to understand how the disaster context affects the application of the methods of research. This volume, written by some of the worlds leading specialists in disaster research, provides for the first time a primer on disaster research methods. Among the topics covered are qualitative field studies and survey research; underutilized approaches such as cross-national studies, simulations, and historical methods; and newer tools utilizing geographic information systems, the Internet, and economic modeling.

Introduction To Emergency Management

Author: George Haddow
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0124104053
Size: 34.47 MB
Format: PDF
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Introduction to Emergency Management, Fifth Edition, offers a fully up-to-date analysis of US emergency management principles. In addition to expanding coverage of risk management in a time of climate change and terrorism, Haddow, Bullock, and Coppola discuss the impact of new emergency management technologies, social media, and an increasing focus on recovery. They examine the effects of the 2012 election results and discuss FEMA’s controversial National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). Introduction to Emergency Management, Fifth Edition, gives instructors and students the best textbook content, instructor-support materials, and online resources to prepare future EM professionals for this demanding career. New to this edition: Introduction to FEMA's Whole Community disaster preparedness initiative Material on recent disaster events, including the Boston Marathon Bombing (2013), Hurricane Sandy (2012), the Joplin Tornado (2011), the Haiti Earthquake (2011), and the Great East Japan Earthquake (2010) New and updated material on the Department of Homeland Security and the ongoing efforts of the emergency management community to manage terrorism hazards Top-of-the-line ancillaries that can be uploaded to Blackboard and other course management systems.

Krisengeschichte N

Author: Carla Meyer
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh
ISBN: 9783515096591
Size: 64.54 MB
Format: PDF
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English Description: The term Crisis describes that which is essentially unthinkable, the events that have gone out of control, perceived as unpredictable, their resolution unknown. On the other hand, crises are met with fixed linguistic discourses. In communications, a logical order, a telos, is ascribed to them through which they become not only a resource for future problem solving but also organize a perspective onto the past. In the historical scholarship the phrase eoecrisese serves as both an interdisciplinary as well as a diachronic concept in order to explain continuities as well as change. The variety of identified crises makes it difficult to bring such a broadly applied term to a refined definition. When does a chain of events qualify as a eoeperiod or crisis?e How consistent are those qualification? Together these questions place themselves as the heart of the narrative construction of such eoehistorical crisese. Does the focus on crises necessarily lead to a definitive structuring of the material, to a definitive goal? Does that illustrative goal implicitly structure our research?German Description: Krisen e" sie bezeichnen das, was eigentlich undenkbar ist: Die Ereignisse berschlagen sich, werden als unkalkulierbar wahrgenommen, ihr Ausgang ist ungewiss. Andererseits wird Krisen mit festen sprachlichen Mustern begegnet. In der Kommunikation wird ihnen ein logischer Ablauf, ein Telos unterstellt. Damit sind sie nicht nur Mittel zur Zukunftsbewltigung, sondern sie ordnen auch den Blick in die Vergangenheit: In den historischen Wissenschaften dient das Schlagwort der Krise sowohl interdisziplinr als auch transepochal als Leitbegriff, um Kontinuitten wie auch Wandel zu erklren. Die Vielzahl der konstatierten Krisen lsst freilich zweifeln, wie sich ein breit gefasster Krisenbegriff hermeneutisch schlssig definieren lsst. Wann ist eine Ereigniskette als "Krisenzeit" zu qualifizieren? Wie bestndig sind solche Qualifizierungen? Zugleich stellt sich die Frage nach der narrativen Konstruktion solcher "Krisengeschichten": Ntigt der Fokus auf Krisen zu einer bestimmten Strukturierung des Stoffs, zu einem bestimmten Darstellungsziel? Formt er damit implizit unsere Forschungsaussagen?

Social Vulnerability To Disasters Second Edition

Author: Deborah S.K. Thomas
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466516372
Size: 27.80 MB
Format: PDF
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The 2010 Haiti and Chili earthquakes, the 2010 BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, and the 2011 Fukushima earthquake and tsunami in Japan are but a few examples of recent catastrophic events that continue to reveal how social structure and roles produce extensive human suffering and differential impacts on individuals and communities. These events bring social vulnerability to the forefront in considering how disasters unfold, clearly revealing that disasters are not created from the physical event alone. Equally important, people—even those considered vulnerable—respond in innovative and resilient ways that unveil the strength of human ingenuity and spirit. It is not a foregone conclusion that a hazard event, even a large one, will result in catastrophic loss. This updated second edition of Social Vulnerability to Disasters focuses on the social construction of disasters, demonstrating how the characteristics of an event are not the only reason that tragedies unfurl. By carefully examining and documenting social vulnerabilities throughout the disaster management cycle, the book remains essential to emergency management professionals, the independent volunteer sector, homeland security, and related social science fields, including public policy, sociology, geography, political science, urban and regional planning, and public health. The new edition is fully updated, more international in scope, and incorporates significant recent disaster events. It also includes new case studies to illustrate important concepts. By understanding the nuances of social vulnerability and how these vulnerabilities compound one another, we can take steps to reduce the danger to at-risk populations and strengthen community resilience overall. Features and Highlights from the Second Edition: Contains contributions from leading scholars, professionals, and academics, who draw on their areas of expertise to examine vulnerable populations Incorporates disaster case studies to illustrate concepts, relevant and seminal literature, and the most recent data available In addition to highlighting the U.S. context, integrates a global approach and includes numerous international case studies Highlights recent policy changes and current disaster management approaches Infuses the concept of community resilience and building capacity throughout the text Includes new chapters that incorporate additional perspectives on social vulnerability Instructor’s guide, PowerPoint® slides, and test bank available with qualifying course adoption