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History Of Philosophy Of Science

Author: M. Heidelberger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401717850
Size: 55.45 MB
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This volume includes recent contributions to the philosophy of science from a historical point of view and of the highest topicality: the range of the topics covers all fields in the philosophy of the science provided by authors from around the world focusing on ancient, modern and contemporary periods in the development of the science philosophy. This proceedings is for the scientific community and students at graduate level as well as postdocs in this interdisciplinary field of research.

Zellen Wellen Systeme

Author: Julian Bauer
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161546792
Size: 22.30 MB
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English summary: Julian Bauer charts the intellectual and visual culture of systems thinking between 1880 and 1980 German description: Die Geschichte der Systemtheorie beginnt nicht erst in der Nachkriegszeit des 20. Jahrhunderts unter dem aufsteigenden Leitstern der Kybernetik, sondern im spaten 19. Jahrhundert mit der weithin vergessenen organismischen Soziologie. Denkern wie Talcott Parsons oder Niklas Luhmann kann man allerdings kaum nur durch eine derart schlichte Ruckfuhrung gerecht werden. Um der breiten Fundierung ihrer Theoreme auf die Spur zu kommen, skizziert Julian Bauer die vielen Entstehungsherde systemischer Ideen. Die Mehrschichtigkeit einer Theoriebildung, die sich selber ruhmt, traditionelle binare Beobachtungsschemata sowie die engen Schranken disziplinar bestimmter Arbeitsweisen hinter sich zu lassen, kann man indes nur rekonstruieren, wenn man die Leitunterscheidungen dieser Theorietradition provinzialisiert. Julian Bauer wirft hier einen dezentrierten Blick auf die intellektuelle und visuelle Kultur systemischen Denkens zwischen 1880 und 1980.

The Vienna Circle And Logical Empiricism

Author: F. Stadler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306482142
Size: 74.93 MB
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This work is for scholars, researchers and students in history and philosophy of science focusing on Logical Empiricism and analytic philosophy (of science). It provides historical and systematic research and deals with the influence and impact of the Vienna Circle/Logical Empiricism on today's philosophy of science. It also explores the intellectual context of this scientific philosophy and focuses on main figures and peripheral adherents.

Cambridge And Vienna

Author: Maria C. Galavotti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402041006
Size: 39.64 MB
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The Institute Vienna Circle held a conference in Vienna in 2003, Cambridge and Vienna – Frank P. Ramsey and the Vienna Circle, to commemorate the philosophical and scientific work of Frank Plumpton Ramsey (1903–1930). This Ramsey conference provided not only historical and biographical perspectives on one of the most gifted thinkers of the Twentieth Century, but also new impulses for further research on at least some of the topics pioneered by Ramsey, whose interest and potential are greater than ever. Ramsey did pioneering work in several fields, practitioners of which rarely know of his important work in other fields: philosophy of logic and theory of language, foundations of mathematics, mathematics, probability theory, methodology of science, philosophy of psychology, and economics. There was a focus on the one topic which was of strongest mutual concern to Ramsey and the Vienna Circle, namely the question of foundations of mathematics, in particular the status of logicism. Although the major scientific connection linking Ramsey with Austria is his work on logic, to which the Vienna Circle dedicated several meetings, certainly the connection which is of greater general interest concerns Ramsey's visits and discussions with Wittgenstein. Ramsey was the only important thinker to actually visit Wittgenstein during his school-teaching career in Puchberg and Ottertal in the 1920s, in Lower Austria; and later, Ramsey was instrumental in getting Wittgenstein positions at Cambridge.

Vertreibung Transformation Und R Ckkehr Der Wissenschaftstheorie

Author: Friedrich Stadler
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 55.55 MB
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Die Beiträge dieses interdisziplinären und internationalen Sammelbandes behandeln die erzwungene Emigration der so genannten "Wissenschaftslogik" des Wiener Kreises vor dem Zweiten Weltkrieg und die weitere Entwicklung in den Aufnahmeländern, vor allem in den USA. Dieser Transformationsprozess wird mit der Frage untersucht, wie die veränderte "Philosophy of Science" nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg wieder in Europa aufgenommen und speziell in Österreich und Deutschland weiter entwickelt wurde.

The Mechanics Of Meaning

Author: David Jalal Hyder
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110172188
Size: 58.14 MB
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This analysis of Wittgenstein's concept of a Spielraum, in which the author approaches the Tractatus Logico-philosophicus both systematically and from the perspective of the history of philosophy and knowledge, opens up a new and important perspective in Wittgenstein research. In establishing unexpected cross-connections between physics, the theory of perception, and logic, Hyder also makes a valuable contribution to the history of 19th century science. In particular, the links he establishes between early sensory physiology and the logicism of Russell and Frege yield a sharper and more plausible account of the notion of a "space" of possible meanings than has hitherto been available in the secondary literature. In showing this notion to be a formal precursor to that of a language game, the study also provides important pointers for the interpretation of Wittgenstein's late work.