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The Holocaust Sites Of Europe

Author: Martin Winstone
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857730282
Size: 32.32 MB
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The Holocaust - the murder of approximately six million Jews by Nazi Germany and its collaborators in World War Two - is the gravest crime in recorded history, committed on a human and geographical scale which is almost unimaginable. To try to bridge this gap and better understand the true significance of the Holocaust, as well as its scale and magnitude, millions of people each year now travel to the former camps, ghettos and other settings for the atrocities. The Holocaust Sites of Europe offers the first comprehensive guide to these sites, including much practical information as well as the historical context. It will be an indispensable guide for anyone seeking to add another layer to their understanding of the Holocaust by visiting these important sites for themselves. Thousands of locations across Europe were associated with the tragedy but, with a few well known exceptions, most languished in obscurity after the war, their names known only to survivors, perpetrators and a small number of historians. For over four decades the Iron Curtain served as a practical and psychological barrier to travel to the majority of the most significant sites. But now millions of people from all over the world are choosing to travel to Holocaust sites, whether for educational or familial reasons or simply out of respect for the dead. This guide includes a survey of all the major Holocaust sites in Europe, from Belgium and Belarus to Serbia and Ukraine. It includes not only the notorious concentration and death camps, such as Auschwitz and Ravensbrück, but also less well known examples, such as Sered' in Slovakia, together with detailed descriptions of massacre sites, ghettos, ‘Euthanasia’ centres and Roma and Sinti sites which witnessed similar crimes. Throughout the book there is also extensive reference to the many museums and memorials which commemorate the Holocaust. As the experience of the Holocaust recedes from living memory and the number of survivors (and perpetrators) diminishes with every passing year, these locations assume a greater importance as the principal physical reminders of what happened. Alongside the testimonies of survivors and the works of historians, the experience of, for example, exploring the vast ruins of Birkenau, or being shocked by the small area needed to kill nearly one million people at Treblinka, can bring another dimension to one’s understanding. The Holocaust Sites of Europe is a thoughtful and fitting guide to some of the most traumatic sites in Europe and will be an invaluable companion for everyone who wants to honour the victims and to understand more about their fate.

Holocaust Archaeologies

Author: Caroline Sturdy Colls
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319106414
Size: 17.75 MB
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Holocaust Archaeologies: Approaches and Future Directions aims to move archaeological research concerning the Holocaust forward through a discussion of the variety of the political, social, ethical and religious issues that surround investigations of this period and by considering how to address them. It considers the various reasons why archaeological investigations may take place and what issues will be brought to bear when fieldwork is suggested. It presents an interdisciplinary methodology in order to demonstrate how archaeology can (uniquely) contribute to the history of this period. Case examples are used throughout the book in order to contextualise prevalent themes and a variety of geographically and typologically diverse sites throughout Europe are discussed. This book challenges many of the widely held perceptions concerning the Holocaust, including the idea that it was solely an Eastern European phenomena centred on Auschwitz and the belief that other sites connected to it were largely destroyed or are well-known. The typologically , temporally and spatial diverse body of physical evidence pertaining to this period is presented and future possibilities for investigation of it are discussed. Finally, the volume concludes by discussing issues relating to the “re-presentation” of the Holocaust and the impact of this on commemoration, heritage management and education. This discussion is a timely one as we enter an age without survivors and questions are raised about how to educate future generations about these events in their absence.

The Dark Heart Of Hitler S Europe

Author: Martin Winstone
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1780764774
Size: 29.84 MB
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After the German and Soviet attack on Poland in 1939, vast swathes of Polish territory, including Warsaw and Krakow, fell under Nazi occupation in an administration which became known as the 'General Government'. The region was not directly incorporated into the Reich but was ruled by a German regime, headed by the brutal and corrupt Governor General Hans Frank. This was indeed the dark heart of Hitler's empire. As the principal 'racial laboratory' of the Third Reich, it was the site of Aktion Reinhard, the largest killing operation of the Holocaust, and of a campaign of terror and ethnic cleansing against Poles which was intended to be a template for the rest of eastern Europe. This book provides a thorough history of the General Government and the experiences of the Poles, Jews and others trapped in its clutches. Employing previously underused sources, Martin Winstone provides a unique insight into the occupation regime which dominated much of Poland during World War II.

Historical Dictionary Of World War Ii

Author: Anne Sharp Wells
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 0810879441
Size: 71.47 MB
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The Historical Dictionary of World War II: The War against Germany and Italy relates the history of this war through a chronology, an introductory essay, maps and photos, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has more than 300 cross-referenced entries on the countries and geographical areas involved in the war, as well as the nations remaining neutral; wartime alliances and conferences; significant civilian and military leaders; and major ground, naval, and air operations. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about World War II.

Stealth Altruism

Author: Arthur B. Shostak
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351627775
Size: 51.30 MB
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Though it has been nearly seventy years since the Holocaust, the human capacity for evil displayed by its perpetrators is still shocking and haunting. But the story of the Nazi attempt to annihilate European Jewry is not all we should remember. Stealth Altruism tells of secret, non-militant, high-risk efforts by “Carers,” those victims who tried to reduce suffering and improve everyone’s chances of survival. Their empowering acts of altruism remind us of our inherent longing to do good even in situations of extraordinary brutality. Arthur B. Shostak explores forbidden acts of kindness, such as sharing scarce clothing and food rations, holding up weakened fellow prisoners during roll call, secretly replacing an ailing friend in an exhausting work detail, and much more. He explores the motivation behind this dangerous behavior, how it differed when in or out of sight, who provided or undermined forbidden care, the differing experiences of men and women, how and why gentiles provided aid, and, most importantly, how might the costly obscurity of stealth altruism soon be corrected. To date, memorialization has emphasized what was done to victims and sidelined what victims tried to do for one another. “Carers” provide an inspiring model and their perilous efforts should be recognized and taught alongside the horrors of the Holocaust. Humanity needs such inspiration.

Holocaust Literature

Author: David G. Roskies
Publisher: UPNE
ISBN: 1611683599
Size: 51.82 MB
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A comprehensive assessment of Holocaust literature, from World War II to the present day

Black Earth

Author: Timothy Snyder
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406684157
Size: 54.45 MB
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Der Holocaust begann an einem dunklen Ort – in Hitlers Kopf: Die Eliminierung der Juden würde das ökologische Gleichgewicht des Planeten wiederherstellen und Deutschland die Ressourcen verschaffen, die es dringend benötigte. Timothy Snyders aufsehenerregendes Buch beginnt damit, wie Hitler die Welt sah. Atemberaubend intensiv schildert Black Earth, was geschah, wie es geschah und warum es geschah. Und es endet mit einer Warnung: Wir sollten uns nicht zu sicher sein. Wir sind nicht so weit entfernt von jenen Ängsten, die den Holocaust ermöglicht haben, wie wir glauben. Wir haben uns daran gewöhnt, den Holocaust als Todesfabrik zu sehen, in Gang gesetzt von Bürokratien des Bösen. Doch als die Gaskammern in Betrieb gingen, waren bereits mehr als eine Million Juden tot: erschossen aus nächster Nähe vor Gruben und Schluchten. Sie wurden in den Todeszonen ermordet, die in einem deutschen Kolonialkrieg im Osten geschaffen worden waren, viele davon auf der fruchtbaren schwarzen Erde, von der die Deutschen meinten, sie würde künftig ihr Überleben sichern. Es hat etwas Beruhigendes zu glauben, der Holocaust sei ein völlig singulärer Vorgang gewesen. Doch Timothy Snyder zeigt, dass wir an einigen der wichtigsten historischen Lehren vorbeigehen, die wir aus dem Holocaust ziehen können, wenn wir nicht sehr genau hinschauen, welche Faktoren und Bedingungen ihn ermöglicht haben. Sein Bestseller Bloodlands war eine innovative Erkundung der Ereignisse in Osteuropa zwischen 1933 und 1945, als die Politik der Nationalsozialisten und der Sowjets den Tod von 14 Millionen Menschen verursachten. Black Earth ist eine nicht weniger eindringliche Auseinandersetzung mit den Ideen und der Politik, die den schlimmsten Massenmord des Jahrhunderts ermöglicht haben: den Holocaust.

The European History Highway A Guide To Internet Resources

Author: Dennis A. Trinkle
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315499002
Size: 72.73 MB
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This specialized edition of The History Highway 3.0 guides users to the incredible amount of information on European history available on the Internet like no other resource. It covers thousands of sites, and the CD-ROM features the entire contents as PDF files with live links, so that users can put the disk into their computers, go online, and click directly to the sites. In addition, the best sites for researchers of every type are highlighted as "Editors Choice," and there is also helpful information on Internet research and evaluating information in an online environment.

Jewish Heritage Travel

Author: Ruth Ellen Gruber
Publisher: Jason Aronson Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 18.15 MB
Format: PDF
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Completely revised and updated to cover the division of Czechoslovakia, the breakup of Yugoslavia, and other important changes, Jewish Heritage Travel deftly interweaves moving personal anecdotes and historical facts with practical travel information. A joy to read and a valuable resource for travelers, this acclaimed guide uncovers a wealth of priceless detail about a vibrant, almost vanished world.

Concentration Camps

Author: Marc Terrance
Publisher: Universal-Publishers
ISBN: 1581128398
Size: 11.55 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A Must for anyone planning on visiting the Concentration Camps of Europe. Contains street maps showing exact directions to the sites, walking routes, road signs, bus and train information, opening hours and what remains of the camps today. Includes 45 Street Maps Over 160 Pictures Plus...many useful Websites