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Honest Signals

Author: Alex Pentland
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262261049
Size: 72.95 MB
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How can you know when someone is bluffing? Paying attention? Genuinely interested? The answer, writes Alex Pentland in Honest Signals, is that subtle patterns in how we interact with other people reveal our attitudes toward them. These unconscious social signals are not just a back channel or a complement to our conscious language; they form a separate communication network. Biologically based "honest signaling," evolved from ancient primate signaling mechanisms, offers an unmatched window into our intentions, goals, and values. If we understand this ancient channel of communication, Pentland claims, we can accurately predict the outcomes of situations ranging from job interviews to first dates. Pentland, an MIT professor, has used a specially designed digital sensor worn like an ID badge -- a "sociometer" -- to monitor and analyze the back-and-forth patterns of signaling among groups of people. He and his researchers found that this second channel of communication, revolving not around words but around social relations, profoundly influences major decisions in our lives -- even though we are largely unaware of it. Pentland presents the scientific background necessary for understanding this form of communication, applies it to examples of group behavior in real organizations, and shows how by "reading" our social networks we can become more successful at pitching an idea, getting a job, or closing a deal. Using this "network intelligence" theory of social signaling, Pentland describes how we can harness the intelligence of our social network to become better managers, workers, and communicators.

Smartphone Sthetik

Author: Oliver Ruf
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839435293
Size: 45.69 MB
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Mobiltelefon, PC, AV-Player, Radio, Webbrowser - im Smartphone konvergieren vielfältige Medieninhalte und -phänomene. Zwangsläufig bilden medientechnologische Produktionsformen die Basis hierfür. Hinzu kommen gestalterische Implikationen, die im Umgang mit der vorgeschalteten, »unsichtbaren« Technik deren Optik hervorbringen: etwa das User Interface Design oder interaktive Applikationen. Die Ästhetik des Smartphones selbst jedoch - verstanden als dessen mediale Wahrnehmungsmöglichkeiten - ist bislang nicht untersucht worden. Der Band nimmt sich dieses Desiderats erstmalig aus transdisziplinärer Perspektive an.

Multimodal Signal Processing

Author: Jean-Philippe Thiran
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080888699
Size: 18.27 MB
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Multimodal signal processing is an important research and development field that processes signals and combines information from a variety of modalities – speech, vision, language, text – which significantly enhance the understanding, modelling, and performance of human-computer interaction devices or systems enhancing human-human communication. The overarching theme of this book is the application of signal processing and statistical machine learning techniques to problems arising in this multi-disciplinary field. It describes the capabilities and limitations of current technologies, and discusses the technical challenges that must be overcome to develop efficient and user-friendly multimodal interactive systems. With contributions from the leading experts in the field, the present book should serve as a reference in multimodal signal processing for signal processing researchers, graduate students, R&D engineers, and computer engineers who are interested in this emerging field. Presents state-of-art methods for multimodal signal processing, analysis, and modeling Contains numerous examples of systems with different modalities combined Describes advanced applications in multimodal Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) as well as in computer-based analysis and modelling of multimodal human-human communication scenes.

Bauchentscheidungen

Author: Gerd Gigerenzer
Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag
ISBN: 3641171334
Size: 29.22 MB
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„Das Herz hat seine Gründe, die der Verstand nicht kennt.“ Viele Menschen treffen Entscheidungen „aus dem Bauch heraus“, was auf den ersten Blick aller Vernunft zu widersprechen scheint. Gerd Gigerenzer, Professor für Psychologie und Direktor am Berliner Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung, erkundet anhand zahlreicher Beispiele, woher unsere Bauchgefühle oder Intuitionen kommen und welcher spezifischen Logik unsere unbewusste Intelligenz folgt. • Das Geheimnis des gefilterten Wissens – Ausgezeichnet als „Wissenschaftsbuch des Jahres 2007“. • Der Bestseller von Gerd Gigerenzer, einem der profiliertesten deutschen Psychologen der Gegenwart.

The Naked Future

Author: Patrick Tucker
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101599464
Size: 40.13 MB
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“A thorough yet thoroughly digestible book on the ubiquity of data gathering and the unraveling of personal privacy.” —Daniel Pink, author of Drive Thanks to recent advances in technology, prediction models for individual behavior grow more sophisticated by the day. Whether you’ll marry, commit a crime or fall victim to one, or contract a disease are becoming easily accessible facts. The naked future is upon us, and the implications are staggering. Patrick Tucker draws on fascinating stories from health care to urban planning to online dating. He shows how scientists can predict your behavior based on your friends’ Twitter updates, anticipate the weather a year from now, figure out the time of day you’re most likely to slip back into a bad habit, and guess how well you’ll do on a test before you take it. Tucker knows that the rise of Big Data is not always a good thing. But he also shows how we’ve gained tremendous benefits that we have yet to fully realize.

Power Cues

Author: Nick Morgan
Publisher: Harvard Business Press
ISBN: 1422193500
Size: 24.15 MB
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Explains how to use the unconscious mind to influence people, citing recent findings in brain and behavioral sciences as a way to use the hidden cues programmed into humans to apply and adjust leadership styles and directives.

Social Physics

Author: Alex Pentland
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101625570
Size: 58.83 MB
Format: PDF
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From one of the world’s leading data scientists, a landmark tour of the new science of idea flow, offering revolutionary insights into the mysteries of collective intelligence and social influence If the Big Data revolution has a presiding genius, it is MIT’s Alex “Sandy” Pentland. Over years of groundbreaking experiments, he has distilled remarkable discoveries significant enough to become the bedrock of a whole new scientific field: social physics. Humans have more in common with bees than we like to admit: We’re social creatures first and foremost. Our most important habits of action—and most basic notions of common sense—are wired into us through our coordination in social groups. Social physics is about idea flow, the way human social networks spread ideas and transform those ideas into behaviors. Thanks to the millions of digital bread crumbs people leave behind via smartphones, GPS devices, and the Internet, the amount of new information we have about human activity is truly profound. Until now, sociologists have depended on limited data sets and surveys that tell us how people say they think and behave, rather than what they actually do. As a result, we’ve been stuck with the same stale social structures—classes, markets—and a focus on individual actors, data snapshots, and steady states. Pentland shows that, in fact, humans respond much more powerfully to social incentives that involve rewarding others and strengthening the ties that bind than incentives that involve only their own economic self-interest. Pentland and his teams have found that they can study patterns of information exchange in a social network without any knowledge of the actual content of the information and predict with stunning accuracy how productive and effective that network is, whether it’s a business or an entire city. We can maximize a group’s collective intelligence to improve performance and use social incentives to create new organizations and guide them through disruptive change in a way that maximizes the good. At every level of interaction, from small groups to large cities, social networks can be tuned to increase exploration and engagement, thus vastly improving idea flow. Social Physics will change the way we think about how we learn and how our social groups work—and can be made to work better, at every level of society. Pentland leads readers to the edge of the most important revolution in the study of social behavior in a generation, an entirely new way to look at life itself. From the Trade Paperback edition.

When Gadgets Betray Us

Author: Robert Vamosi
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0465023398
Size: 47.59 MB
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Technology is evolving faster than we are. As our mobile phones, mp3 players, cars, and digital cameras become more and more complex, we understand less and less about how they actually work and what personal details these gadgets might reveal about us. Robert Vamosi, an award-winning journalist and analyst who has been covering digital security issues for more than a decade, shows us the dark side of all that digital capability and convenience. Hotel-room TV remotes can be used to steal our account information and spy on what we've been watching, toll-booth transponders receive unencrypted EZ Pass or FasTrak info that can be stolen and cloned, and our cars monitor and store data about our driving habits that can be used in court against us. When Gadgets Betray Us gives us a glimpse into the secret lives of our gadgets and helps us to better understand--and manage--these very real risks.

New Solutions For Cybersecurity

Author: Howard Shrobe
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262535378
Size: 54.58 MB
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Experts from MIT explore recent advances in cybersecurity, bringing together management, technical, and sociological perspectives.