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Hospitaller Piety And Crusader Propaganda

Author: Theresa M. Vann
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317121112
Size: 16.61 MB
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Guillaume Caoursin, the Vice-chancellor of the Order of the Hospital, wrote the Obsidionis Rhodiae urbis descriptio (Description of the Siege of Rhodes) as the official record of the Ottoman siege of the Knights in Rhodes in 1480. The Descriptio was the first authorized account of the Order’s activities to appear in printed form, and it became one of the best sellers of the 15th century. The publication of the Descriptio not only fed Western Europe’s hunger for news about an important Christian victory in the ongoing war with the Turks, it also served to shape public perceptions of the Hospitallers. Caoursin wrote in a humanistic style, sacrificing military terminology to appeal to an educated audience; within a few years, however, his Latin text became the basis for vernacular versions, which also circulated widely. Modern historians recognize the contributions that the Ottoman siege of Rhodes in 1480 made in the development of military technology, particularly the science of fortifications. This book is the first complete modern Latin edition with an English translation of the Descriptio obsidionis Rhodiae. Two other published eyewitness accounts, Pierre D’Aubusson’s Relatio obsidionis Rhodie and Jacomo Curte’s De urbis Rhodiae obsidione a. 1480 a Turcis tentata, also appear in modern Latin edition and English translation. This book also includes John Kay’s Description of the Siege of Rhodes and an English translation of Ademar Dupuis’ Le siège de Rhodes. The lengthy introductory chapters by Theresa Vann place the Ottoman siege of Rhodes in 1480 within the context of Mehmed II’s expansion in the Eastern Mediterranean after he captured Constantinople in 1453. They then examine the development of an official message, or propaganda, as an essential tool for the Hospitallers to raise money in Europe to defend Rhodes, a process that is traced through the chancery’s official communications describing the aftermath of Constantinople and the Ottoman

The Limits Of Identity Early Modern Venice Dalmatia And The Representation Of Difference

Author: Karen-edis Barzman
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004331514
Size: 44.55 MB
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This book examines the production of collective “Venetian-ness” in early modern representation before turning to the portrayal of populations in Venetian Dalmatia’s borderlands, where those in metropolitan Venice began to perceive difference and imaginings of belonging began to break down.

Encountering Islam On The First Crusade

Author: Nicholas Morton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107156890
Size: 80.19 MB
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A fundamental reassessment of Christian/Islamic relations during the First Crusade, combating its representation as an inter-faith clash of civilizations.

Die Verteidigung Von Rhodos Nach Guillaume Caoursins Descriptio Obsidionis Rhodie

Author: Alexander Schröer
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 366867549X
Size: 53.29 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2017 im Fachbereich Geschichte Europa - and. Länder - Mittelalter, Frühe Neuzeit, Note: 2,0, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Im Frühling und Sommer des Jahres 1480 belagerte eine osmanische Flotte den Hauptsitz des Johanniterordens auf Rhodos. Die Johanniter unter dem Kommando ihres Großmeisters Pierre d'Aubusson widerstanden der Belagerung bis zum Eintreffen der sizilianischen Flotte, die die Türken zum Rückzug zwang. Der Vizekanzler des Ordens, Guillaume Caoursin, schrieb einen Augenzeugenbericht über die Belagerung in Latein mit dem Titel „Descriptio Obsidionis Rhodie“. Noch im selben Jahr veröffentlichte der Verleger Ernst Ratdolt Caoursins Bericht. Dieser löste ein großes Interesse des westlichen Europas an der Belagerung aus. Das Buch wurde ein Bestseller. Sieben zusätzliche lateinische Ausgaben wurden vor 1500 veröffentlicht und es wurde ins Englische, Italienische, Dänische und Deutsche übersetzt Die vorliegende Quelle dieser Hausarbeit ist die übersetzte Fassung ins Deutsche (1513) von Johannes Adelphus: „Wie ritterlich sie sich gehalte[n] mit dem Tyrannischen keiser Machomet vß Türckye[n] lustig vn[d] lieplich zu lesen“. Aufgrund der besseren Verständlichkeit wird vermehrt auf die Originalübersetzung aus der Ulmer Ausgabe von 1496 durch W.G. Rödel zurückgegriffen, die Adam Wienand in seinem Sammelwerk ausführlich wiedergibt. Die Frage, auf die die Quelle untersucht wird, ist, wie die Johanniter dem Angriff eines scheinbar übermächtigen Heers standhalten konnten und inwiefern die Ausführungen Caoursins kritisch zu betrachten sind. Die Geschichte des Johanniterordens, sowie des osmanischen Herrschers Mehmed II. ist weitgehend erforscht worden, sodass zu Beginn einige Informationen in Form eines geschichtlichen Umrisses vorgestellt werden. Dabei werden grundlegende Informationen zum Orden, die Bedeutung des Standortes Rhodos, als auch die Person Mehmed II. aufgezeigt. Dabei wird unter anderem auf die Forschungsergebnisse Jürgen Sarnowskys zurückgegriffen, der sich intensiv über mehrere Jahre mit der Geschichte des Johanniterordens beschäftigte. Im Anschluss werden einige Passagen der Quelle auf die Fragestellung hin untersucht, um abschließend eine Antwort zu formulieren.

Les Si Ges De Rhodes De L Antiquit La P Riode Moderne

Author: Nicolas Faucherre
Publisher: PU Rennes
ISBN:
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Ce livre propose l'étude des grands sièges dont Rhodes fit l'objet au cours de son histoire : sièges de Démétrios Poliorcète (305-304 av. J.-C.), de Mithridate VI (88 av. J.-C.), de Cassius Longinus (42 av. J.-C.), de Selim (1480), de Soliman le Magnifique (1522), saris oublier quelques autres, moins mémorables, que la cité subit au Moyen Age. Considérant la situation géostratégique de la cité, on comprend que celle-ci ait suscité la convoitise (les grandes puissances, toutes cherchant à la dominer, sinon à l'intégrer dans leur système d'alliance. Placée en vigie à la pointe septentrionale de l'île du même nom, base navale de premier rang entre Orient et Occident, centre de redistribution du commerce du blé, l'intérêt qu'on lui porta fut tout à la fois politique, militaire et économique. Mais par-delà les permanences structurelles que l'analyse comparée permet de souligner, il s'agit de mettre en évidence les spécificités de chaque période dans l'art de prendre et de défendre une place forte. Ce livre s'inscrit dans les perspectives de la " nouvelle histoire bataille " ; en effet, il vise à dénouer les écheveaux propres à l'histoire de chacun de ces sièges et à appréhender le phénomène guerrier dans toutes ses composantes. Ainsi sont abordées diverses questions, comme le développement des techniques d'armement, la tactique opérationnelle, la logistique, la pensée stratégique des belligérants ainsi que l'adaptation des fortifications aux progrès de la poliorcétique. On s'interroge aussi sur les rapports existant entre ville et territoire ainsi que sur les efforts matériels et financiers consentis par la cité pour assurer sa défense. Le réexamen critique des textes ainsi que l'étude de la documentation matérielle conduisent à reconsidérer le rôle joué par la guerre de siège dans le système de relations entre la cité et les puissances extérieures. La place singulière qu'occupaient les chevaliers de Saint-Jean comme défenseurs de la chrétienté contre le Turc confère aux deux derniers sièges une valeur de symbole. L'objectif, au final, est de nourrir une réflexion d'histoire militaire et d'enrichir le débat sur les pratiques politiques, les formes de pouvoir et de représentation, de l'Antiquité à la période moderne, dans le bassin oriental de la Méditerranée.

Reconfiguring The Fifteenth Century Crusade

Author: Norman Housley
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137462817
Size: 73.47 MB
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This collection of essays by eight leading scholars is a landmark event in the study of crusading in the late middle ages. It is the outcome of an international network funded by the Leverhulme Trust whose members examined the persistence of crusading activity in the fifteenth century from three viewpoints, goals, agencies and resonances. The crusading fronts considered include the conflict with the Ottoman Turks in the Mediterranean and western Balkans, the Teutonic Order’s activities in the Baltic region, and the Hussite crusades. The authors review criticism of crusading propaganda on behalf of the crusade, the influence on crusading of demands for Church reform, the impact of printing, expanding knowledge of the world beyond the Christian lands, and new sensibilities about the sufferings of non-combatants.

Memoirs Of A Janissary

Author: Konstanty Michałowicz
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781558765306
Size: 23.64 MB
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English translation reprinted from bilingual ed., originally published by: Ann Arbor: Dept. of Slavic Languages and Literatures, University of Michigan, 1975.

Creating East And West

Author: Nancy Bisaha
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9780812201291
Size: 25.33 MB
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As the Ottoman Empire advanced westward from the fourteenth to the sixteenth centuries, humanists responded on a grand scale, leaving behind a large body of fascinating yet understudied works. These compositions included Crusade orations and histories; ethnographic, historical, and religious studies of the Turks; epic poetry; and even tracts on converting the Turks to Christianity. Most scholars have seen this vast literature as atypical of Renaissance humanism. Nancy Bisaha now offers an in-depth look at the body of Renaissance humanist works that focus not on classical or contemporary Italian subjects but on the Ottoman Empire, Islam, and the Crusades. Throughout, Bisaha probes these texts to reveal the significant role Renaissance writers played in shaping Western views of self and other. Medieval concepts of Islam were generally informed and constrained by religious attitudes and rhetoric in which Muslims were depicted as enemies of the faith. While humanist thinkers of the Renaissance did not move entirely beyond this stance, Creating East and West argues that their understanding was considerably more complex, in that it addressed secular and cultural issues, marking a watershed between the medieval and modern. Taking a close look at a number of texts, Bisaha expands current notions of Renaissance humanism and of the history of cross-cultural perceptions. Engaging both traditional methods of intellectual history and more recent methods of cross-cultural studies, she demonstrates that modern attitudes of Western societies toward other cultures emerged not during the later period of expansion and domination but rather as a defensive intellectual reaction to a sophisticated and threatening power to the East.

The Knights Of Malta

Author: H. J. A. Sire
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300068856
Size: 40.86 MB
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This is a complete history of the Order of St John or Knights of Malta. Founded as a hospice for pilgrims in Jerusalem in the 11th Century, the Order has in succeeding centuries played an important military, religious and political role in the history of Europe and the Mediterranean.