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How To Grade For Learning K 12

Author: Ken O'Connor
Publisher: Corwin Press
ISBN: 1452272360
Size: 32.14 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Implement standards-based grading practices that help students succeed! The new edition of this bestseller demonstrates how to improve grading practices by linking grades with standards and establishing policies that better reflect student achievement. Ken O’Connor updates eight guidelines for good grading, provides practical applications, and examines a number of additional grading issues, including grade point average calculation and computer grading programs. Thoroughly revised, this edition includes: A greater emphasis on standards-based grading practices Updated research and additional information on feedback and homework New sections on academic dishonesty, extra credit, and bonus points Additional information on utilizing level scores Reflective exercises

The School Leader S Guide To Grading

Author: Ken O'Connor
Publisher: Solution Tree Press
ISBN: 1935542516
Size: 38.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Ensure your school’s grading procedures are supportive of learning, accurate, meaningful, and consistent. Discover how the “seven essential Ps” can improve your effectiveness in supporting assessment and communicating student achievement. You will also learn how to avoid inaccurate grades caused by penalties for lateness or academic dishonesty; extra credit; group rather than individual work; and marking down for attendance.

Every Math Learner Grades 6 12

Author: Nanci N. Smith
Publisher: Corwin Press
ISBN: 1506390374
Size: 18.70 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Differentiation that shifts your instruction and boosts ALL student learning! Nationally recognized math differentiation expert Nanci Smith debunks the myths surrounding differentiated instruction, revealing a practical approach to real learning differences. Theory-lite and practice-heavy, this book provides a concrete and manageable framework for helping all students know, understand, and even enjoy doing mathematics. Busy secondary mathematics educators learn to Provide practical structures for assessing how students learn and process mathematical concepts information Design, implement, manage, and formatively assess and respond to learning in a standards-aligned differentiated classroom Adjust current materials to better meet students' needs Includes classroom videos and a companion website.

Assessment In Education

Author: Shelleyann Scott
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331923398X
Size: 25.59 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book provides key insights into how educational leaders can successfully navigate the turbulence of political debate surrounding leading student assessment and professionalised practice. Given the highly politicised nature of assessment, it addresses leaders and aspiring leaders who are open to being challenged, willing to explore controversy, and capable of engaging in informed critical discourse. The book presents the macro concepts that these audiences must have to guide optimal assessment policy and practice. Collectively, the chapters highlight important assessment purposes and models, including intended and unintended effects of assessment in a globalised context. The book provides opportunities to explore cultural similarities and particularities. It invites readers to challenge taken-for-granted assumptions about ourselves and colleagues in other settings. The chapters highlight the cultural clashes that may occur when cross-cultural borrowing of assessment strategies, policies, and tools takes place. However, authors also encourage sophisticated critical analyses of potential lessons that may be drawn from other contexts and systems. Readers will encounter challenges from authors to deconstruct their assessment values, beliefs, and preconceptions. Indeed, one purpose of the book is to destabilise certainties about assessment that prevail and to embrace the assessment possibilities that can emerge from cognitive dissonance.

Answers To Essential Questions About Standards Assessments Grading And Reporting

Author: Thomas R. Guskey
Publisher: Corwin Press
ISBN: 145228427X
Size: 53.95 MB
Format: PDF
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The definitive guidebook to the complex terrain of 21st-century standards! Standards, assessments, grading, and reporting provide the foundation for nearly every initiative in modern education reform. But what do these terms actually mean? This easy-to-use Q&A gives short, simple, jargon-free answers to the questions that frequently stymie educators. Readers will come away with: A consistent vocabulary and frame of reference to share with other educators An understanding of effective implementation in all four areas Specific ideas for purposeful action Common ground that teachers, leadership teams, schools, and districts can use as a basis for successful improvement efforts

The Language Of Science Education

Author: William F. McComas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9462094977
Size: 12.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Language of Science Education: An Expanded Glossary of Key Terms and Concepts in Science Teaching and Learning is written expressly for science education professionals and students of science education to provide the foundation for a shared vocabulary of the field of science teaching and learning. Science education is a part of education studies but has developed a unique vocabulary that is occasionally at odds with the ways some terms are commonly used both in the field of education and in general conversation. Therefore, understanding the specific way that terms are used within science education is vital for those who wish to understand the existing literature or make contributions to it. The Language of Science Education provides definitions for 100 unique terms, but when considering the related terms that are also defined as they relate to the targeted words, almost 150 words are represented in the book. For instance, “laboratory instruction” is accompanied by definitions for openness, wet lab, dry lab, virtual lab and cookbook lab. Each key term is defined both with a short entry designed to provide immediate access following by a more extensive discussion, with extensive references and examples where appropriate. Experienced readers will recognize the majority of terms included, but the developing discipline of science education demands the consideration of new words. For example, the term blended science is offered as a better descriptor for interdisciplinary science and make a distinction between project-based and problem-based instruction. Even a definition for science education is included. The Language of Science Education is designed as a reference book but many readers may find it useful and enlightening to read it as if it were a series of very short stories.

Reflections On Statistics

Author: Susanne P. Lajoie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136490868
Size: 44.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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An issue in the current push for reform in mathematics education is the call to address statistics at the precollege level. This volume represents the emerging findings of an interdisciplinary collaboration among a group of mathematics educators, cognitive scientists, teachers, and statisticians to construct an understanding of how to introduce statistics education and assessment for students in elementary and secondary schools. A premise shared by the contributors to this volume is that when students are introduced to statistics at the K-12 level and provided with opportunities to do statistics that are related to actual life situations, they will be better prepared for decision making in the real world. The interdisciplinary nature of the group of researchers stimulated a lively interchange of ideas for enhancing the learning, teaching, and assessment of statistical understanding, which is reflected in this volume. Mathematics educators contribute their insights into how teachers teach mathematical ideas and heighten our awareness of the ecological needs of the current mathematics classroom. Cognitive scientists share their understanding of developmental differences in learning and present theoretical perspectives that contribute to the design of effective learning environments. Classroom teachers share their ideas about classroom activities and assessment of student learning, as well as their concerns for in-service training and workshops to help teachers acquire skills in this new content area. Statisticians offer their understanding of what is feasible to teach in the early grades, and what their view is of statistical literacy. The book is organized around four interdependent themes: content, teaching, learning, and assessment. By focusing their respective chapters on particular themes, the authors intend to cultivate a better understanding of how each relates to improvements in statistics education. This is the first book to: * address statistics learning in grades K-12, * address issues of statistical curriculum content in grades K-12, * address issues of assessment of statistics learning in grades K-12, * bring issues of technology instruction and assessment in statistics education in grades K-12, and * look at teacher education for statistics instruction in grades K-12. This is a must-read book for both practitioners and researchers involved in K-12 mathematics education.

Attracting Phds To K 12 Education

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 030908427X
Size: 50.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The National Research Council (NRC) has undertaken a three-phase project to explore the possibility of a program to attract science, mathematics and engineering PhDs to careers in K-12 education. The first phase of the project surveyed the interests of recent PhDs in science and mathematics in pursuing careers in secondary education. Analysis of the Phase I data suggests that a significant percentage of PhDs might be interested in pursuing careers in secondary education under some circumstances. This report from the second phase of the project presents a proposal for a national demonstration program to determine how one might prepare PhDs to be productive members of the K-12 education community. The proposed program is designed to help meet the needs of the nation's schools, while providing further career opportunities for recent PhDs in science, mathematics and engineering.

Rethinking Grading

Author: Cathy Vatterott
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 1416620494
Size: 56.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Grading systems often reward on-time task completion and penalize disorganization and bad behavior. Despite our best intentions, grades seem to reflect student compliance more than student learning and engagement. In the process, we inadvertently subvert the learning process. After careful research and years of experiences with grading as a teacher and a parent, Cathy Vatterott examines and debunks traditional practices and policies of grading in K–12 schools. She offers a new paradigm for standards-based grading that focuses on student mastery of content and gives concrete examples from elementary, middle, and high schools. Rethinking Grading will show all educators how standards-based grading can authentically reflect student progress and learning--and significantly improve both teaching and learning. Cathy Vatterott is an education professor and researcher at the University of Missouri-St. Louis, a former middle school teacher and principal, and a parent of a college graduate. She has learned from her workshops that “grading continues to be the most contentious part . . . conjuring up the most intense emotions and heated disagreements.” Vatterott is also the author of the book Rethinking Homework: Best Practices That Support Diverse Needs.