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Human Agents And Social Structures

Author: Peter J. Martin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0719095190
Size: 22.75 MB
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The structure/agency debate has been among the central issues in recent discussions of social theory. It has been widely assumed that the key theoretical task is to find a link between social structures and acting human beings - to reconcile the macro with the micro, society and the individual. The contributors to this book reject this solution to the problem. For them, both the concept of 'society' as an entity and the freely-acting 'individual' are theoretical fiction. Rather, the immediate task of the social sciences is to take the social world seriously, to understand the ways in which that world emerges dynamically from, and exerts influence on, the interactions of real people in real situations. This timely collection is not intended as an even-handed review of the debate, but as a deliberately polemical intervention which aims to highlight some of the ways in which its central terms have been misconceived.

Structuration

Author: John Parker
Publisher: Open University Press
ISBN: 9780335203956
Size: 22.26 MB
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The debate about structuration has important consequences for the way we explain the production and transformation of social structures such as institutions and rules, cultural traditions, patterns of regular behaviour, and distributions of power and inequality. Students and researchers across the social sciences will find this to be a clear and accessible guide to a concept at the heart of social theory."--BOOK JACKET.

Social Ontology And Modern Economics

Author: Stephen Pratten
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317703901
Size: 33.80 MB
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Economists increasingly recognise that engagement with social ontology – the study of the basic subject matter and constitution of social reality - can facilitate more relevant analysis. This growing recognition amongst economists of the importance of social ontology is due very considerably to the work of members of the Cambridge Social Ontology Group. This volume brings together important papers by members of this group, some previously unpublished, in a collection that reveals the breadth and vitality of this Cambridge project. It provides a brilliant introduction to the central themes explored, perspectives sustained, insights achieved and how the project is moving forward. An initial set of papers examine how ontology is understood and justified within this Cambridge project and consider how it compares with prominent historical and contemporary alternatives. The majority of the included papers involve social ontological analysis being put to work directly in underlabouring for specific types of development in economics. The papers are grouped according to their contribution to clarifying and developing (i) various competing traditions and projects of modern economics, (ii) history of thought contributions, (iii) methodological concerns, (iv) ethics and (v) conceptions of particular aspects of social reality, including money, gender, technology and institutions. Background to and a brief history of the Cambridge group is provided in the Introduction. Social Ontology and Modern Economics will be of interest not only to economists but also philosophers of social science, social theorists and those eager to explore the nature of gender, social institutions and technology.

Accounting Information Systems For Decision Making

Author: Daniela Mancini
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364235761X
Size: 43.34 MB
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​This book contains a collection of research papers on accounting information systems including their strategic role in decision processes, within and between companies. An accounting system is a complex system composed of a mix of strictly interrelated elements such as data, information, human resources, IT tool, accounting models and procedures. Accounting information systems are often considered the instrument by default for accounting automation. This book aims to sketch a clear picture of the current state of AIS research, including design, acceptance and reliance, value-added decision making, interorganizational links, and process improvements. The contributions in this volume emphasize that AIS has grown into a powerful strategic tool. The book provides evidence for this observation by examining a wide range of current issues ranging from theory development in AIS to practical applications of accounting information systems. In particular it focuses on themes of growing interest in the realm of XBRL and Financial Reporting, Management Information Systems, IT/IS Audit and IT/IS Compliance. The book will be of interest to financial and managerial accountants and IT/IS practitioners, including information systems managers and consultants.

Emotionen Und Soziale Strukturen

Author: Christian von Scheve
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593389118
Size: 49.29 MB
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Die Angst vor dem sozialen Abstieg oder der Freudentaumel bei einem gewonnenen Fußballspiel: Emotionen sind nicht nur Ausdruck von Individualität und Persönlichkeit, sondern auch des sozialen Miteinanders und der gesellschaftlichen Verhältnisse. Im Rückgriff auf neurowissenschaftliche, psychologische und soziologische Emotionstheorien weist Christian von Scheve die tiefgreifende soziale Strukturierung von Affekten und Emotionen nach, zeigt den Einfluss von Gefühlen auf das soziale Handeln und analysiert die Regulation und soziale Kontrolle von Emotionen. Der Autor macht damit deutlich, wie wichtig Emotionen für die Entstehung und Reproduktion sozialer Ordnung sind.

Language Sex And Social Structure

Author: J. Clark
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113728398X
Size: 47.87 MB
Format: PDF
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This book offers an innovative way of doing critical discourse analysis that focuses on the performatively produced concepts and social structures that support oppressive attitudes in a community. It draws upon ethnographic data from a women's field hockey club to examine players' homophobic attitudes towards lesbians on the team.

Making History

Author: Alex Callinicos
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004136274
Size: 54.36 MB
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"Making History" seeks systematically to address the problem, widely discussed by social scientists and historians, of the relative roles played by social structures and human agency in social change. Alex Callinicos has added an introduction to this new edition updating the argument of this influential book first published in 1987.

New Directions In Economic Methodology

Author: Roger E. Backhouse
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134864396
Size: 10.89 MB
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In recent years there has been a flowering of work on economic methodology. However there is no longer any consensus about which direction this should take or, indeed, even what the role and content of economic methodology should be. This book reflects this diversity. Its contributors are responsible for the major developments in this field and together they give an account of all the major positions which currently prevail in economic methodology. These include attempts to rehabilitate the 'falsification' of Kuhn, Lakatos and Popper, sociology of knowledge approaches, different forms of realism, contributions from the 'rhetoric' project and other perspectives which view the economy as a text.

Marxism And Realism

Author: Sean Creaven
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134562209
Size: 75.69 MB
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This book rethinks Marx's sociology as a form of realist social theory, extending Roy Bhaskar's philosophical realism into the social sciences. By constructing historical materialism as realist social theory, it becomes possible to resolve many long standing dilemmas in Marxist discourse, such as voluntarism versus determinism and humanism versus economism.

Dimensions Of Human Behavior

Author: Elizabeth D. Hutchison
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412941253
Size: 28.14 MB
Format: PDF
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In this text, you will meet social workers and clients from a variety of work settings and situations who bring the passion and power of social work to life through engaging case studies found throughout the text. These case studies help apply the latest theory and research to real life practice situations. The Third Edition offers new case studies and is thoroughly updated and revised to reflect recent census data, developing trends, and cutting-edge research on human behavior.