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Human Intelligence And Medical Illness

Author: R. Grant Steen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441900920
Size: 44.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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As critics will note, psychometric tests are deeply flawed. Person-to-person differences in performance on a psychometric test are not informative about many things of great interest. An intelligence quotient (IQ) cannot characterize creativity or w- dom or artistic ability or other forms of specialized knowledge. An IQ test is simply an effort to assess an aptitude for success in the modern world, and individual scores do a mediocre job of predicting individual successes. In the early days of psychology, tests of intelligence were cobbled together with little thought as to validity; instead, the socially powerful sought to validate their power and the prominent to rationalize their success. In recent years, we have ob- ated many of the objections to IQ that were so forcefully noted by Stephen Jay Gould in The Mismeasure of Man. Nevertheless, IQ tests are still flawed and those flaws are hereby acknowledged in principle. Yet, in the analysis that follows, individual IQ test scores are not used; rather, average IQ scores are employed. In many cases – though not all – an average IQ is calculated from a truly enormous sample of people. The most common circ- stance for such large-scale IQ testing is an effort to systematically sample all men of a certain age, to assess their suitability for service in the military. Yet, it is useful and prudent to retain some degree of skepticism about the ability of IQ tests to measure individual aptitudes.

Educational Psychology

Author: Jeanne Ellis Ormrod
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780131190870
Size: 14.40 MB
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Educational Psychology: Developing Learners, Fifth Edition, is known for its exceptionally clear and engaging writing, its in-depth focus on learning, and its extensive concrete applications. Its unique approach helps students understand concepts by encouraging them to examine their own learning and then showing them how to apply these concepts as teachers. The book concentrates on core concepts and principles and gives students an in-depth understanding of the central ideas of educational psychology. The text, more then any other text, moves seamlessly between theory and applications, and includes innumerable concrete examples--video cases, written cases, student artifacts, and more--to help students connect educational psychology to children and classrooms. Its six chapters on learning, wealth of practical applications, and innovative learning package make this the best text for maximum student comprehension.