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Human Law And Computer Law Comparative Perspectives

Author: Mireille Hildebrandt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940076314X
Size: 10.90 MB
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The focus of this book is on the epistemological and hermeneutic implications of data science and artificial intelligence for democracy and the Rule of Law. How do the normative effects of automated decision systems or the interventions of robotic fellow ‘beings’ compare to the legal effect of written and unwritten law? To investigate these questions the book brings together two disciplinary perspectives rarely combined within the framework of one volume. One starts from the perspective of ‘code and law’ and the other develops from the domain of ‘law and literature’. Integrating original analyses of relevant novels or films, the authors discuss how computational technologies challenge traditional forms of legal thought and affect the regulation of human behavior. Thus, pertinent questions are raised about the theoretical assumptions underlying both scientific and legal practice.

Internet Der Dinge

Author: Florian Sprenger
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3732830462
Size: 64.24 MB
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Das Internet der Dinge wird als neue Stufe der Digitalisierung und Zukunft unseres computergestützten Weltzugangs angepriesen: Unsichtbar, smart, miniaturisiert und allgegenwärtig sollen Gadgets und Devices unseren Alltag durchdringen. Die Vernetzung der Dinge durch Chips, Tags und Sensoren transformiert unser Verhältnis zur Technik und verschafft den Dingen einen neuen Ort in der Welt. Dieser Band versammelt Erstübersetzungen paradigmatischer englischer Texte sowie aktuelle Analysen deutschsprachiger Autoren und liefert einen Überblick über den gegenwärtigen Stand der Diskussion zur Geschichte, zur Epistemologie, zu Techniken und zu Anwendungen des Internets der Dinge. Mit Beiträgen u.a. von Natascha Adamowsky, John Seely Brown, Mercedes Bunz, Ian Bogost, Ina Bolinski, Keller Easterling, Christoph Engemann, Jennifer Gabrys, Sebastian Gießmann, Kai Hofmann, Gerrit Hornung, Sabina Jeschke, Timo Kaerlein, Linus Neumann, Jussi Parikka, Stefan Rieger, Jens Schröter, Michael Seemann, Florian Sprenger und Mark Weiser.

Technology And Intimacy Choice Or Coercion

Author: David Kreps
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319448056
Size: 18.93 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th IFIP TC 9 International Conference on Human Choice and Computers, HCC12 2016, held in Salford, UK, in September 2016. The 26 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 34 submissions. The papers deal with the constantly evolving intimate relationship between humans and technology. They focus on three main themes: ethics, communications, and futures.

Robotics Ai And The Future Of Law

Author: Marcelo Corrales
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811328749
Size: 20.62 MB
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Artificial intelligence and related technologies are changing both the law and the legal profession. In particular, technological advances in fields ranging from machine learning to more advanced robots, including sensors, virtual realities, algorithms, bots, drones, self-driving cars, and more sophisticated “human-like” robots are creating new and previously unimagined challenges for regulators. These advances also give rise to new opportunities for legal professionals to make efficiency gains in the delivery of legal services. With the exponential growth of such technologies, radical disruption seems likely to accelerate in the near future. This collection brings together a series of contributions by leading scholars in the newly emerging field of artificial intelligence, robotics, and the law. The aim of the book is to enrich legal debates on the social meaning and impact of this type of technology. The distinctive feature of the contributions presented in this edition is that they address the impact of these technological developments in a number of different fields of law and from the perspective of diverse jurisdictions. Moreover, the authors utilize insights from multiple related disciplines, in particular social theory and philosophy, in order to better understand and address the legal challenges created by AI. Therefore, the book will contribute to interdisciplinary debates on disruptive new AI technologies and the law.

The Laws Of Robots

Author: Ugo Pagallo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400765649
Size: 76.41 MB
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This book explores how the design, construction, and use of robotics technology may affect today’s legal systems and, more particularly, matters of responsibility and agency in criminal law, contractual obligations, and torts. By distinguishing between the behaviour of robots as tools of human interaction, and robots as proper agents in the legal arena, jurists will have to address a new generation of “hard cases.” General disagreement may concern immunity in criminal law (e.g., the employment of robot soldiers in battle), personal accountability for certain robots in contracts (e.g., robo-traders), much as clauses of strict liability and negligence-based responsibility in extra-contractual obligations (e.g., service robots in tort law). Since robots are here to stay, the aim of the law should be to wisely govern our mutual relationships.

Human Rights And Private Law

Author: Katja S Ziegler
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847317022
Size: 59.88 MB
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Privacy today is much debated as an individual's right against real or feared intrusions by the state, as exemplified by proposed identity cards and surveillance measures in the United Kingdom. In contrast, invasions of privacy by private individuals or bodies tend to arouse less concern. This book attempts to fill the gap by looking at the horizontal application of human rights after Douglas v Hello, Campbell v MGN and Caroline von Hannover v Germany. It provides a conceptual and theoretical framework and also considers specific particularly sensitive areas of law relating to privacy protection, such as intellectual property, employment and media law. It provides comparative perspectives by relating Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which serves as a focal point, to UK, Dutch, German and European Communities law. Several common threads are revealed running across jurisdictions and different areas of law and aspects of privacy. The most notable is the definition of privacy in terms of the autonomy of the individual, a notion associated with the liberal state in the classic sense but now acquiring more content as a human right also linked to ideas of social justice.

Administrative Governance

Author: Andrea Walter
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658156805
Size: 79.35 MB
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Andrea Walter untersucht Chancen und Herausforderungen für Kommunalverwaltung in lokaler Politikgestaltung mit Vereinen und Verbänden am Beispiel einer Fallkommune. Sie illustriert das Rollenverständnis von Kommunalverwaltung sowie die Bedeutung von Interaktionsregeln und des lokalen Kontextes. Auf dieser Basis entwickelt sie ein Modell administrativer Governance. Ihre Befunde ordnet sie in den Kontext lokaler Governance, kooperativen Verwaltungshandelns und Fragen der Legitimation ein. Die Autorin beleuchtet damit eine bislang wenig beachtete Facette von Kommunalverwaltung, die primär als Zuarbeiterin von Politik gilt. Dabei umfasst ein wesentlicher Teil ihrer Arbeit auf lokaler Ebene die Interaktion mit (organisierter) Zivilgesellschaft – in Zeiten knapper Kassen und zunehmender Beteiligungsprozesse gilt dies umso mehr.

Routledge Handbook Of Media Law

Author: Monroe E. Price
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113510901X
Size: 19.25 MB
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Featuring specially commissioned chapters from experts in the field of media and communications law, this book provides an authoritative survey of media law from a comparative perspective. The handbook does not simply offer a synopsis of the state of affairs in media law jurisprudence, rather it provides a better understanding of the forces that generate media rules, norms, and standards against the background of major transformations in the way information is mediated as a result of democratization, economic development, cultural change, globalization and technological innovation. The book addresses a range of issues including: Media Law and Evolving Concepts of Democracy Network neutrality and traffic management Public Service Broadcasting in Europe Interception of Communication and Surveillance in Russia State secrets, leaks and the media A variety of rule-making institutions are considered, including administrative, and judicial entities within and outside government, but also entities such as associations and corporations that generate binding rules. The book assesses the emerging role of supranational economic and political groupings as well as non-Western models, such as China and India, where cultural attitudes toward media freedoms are often very different. Monroe E. Price is Director of the Center for Global Communication Studies at the Annenberg School for the University of Pennsylvania and Joseph and Sadie Danciger Professor of Law and Director of the Howard M. Squadron Program in Law, Media and Society at the Cardozo School of Law. Stefaan Verhulst is Chief of Research at the Markle Foundation. Previously he was the co-founder and co-director, with Professor Monroe Price, of the Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy (PCMLP) at Oxford University, as well as senior research fellow at the Centre for Socio Legal Studies. Libby Morgan is the Associate Director of the Center for Global Communication Studies at the Annenberg School for the University of Pennsylvania.

International Neurolaw

Author: Tade Matthias Spranger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642215416
Size: 48.71 MB
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Whereas the past few years have repeatedly been referred to as the “era of biotechnology”, most recently the impression has emerged that at least the same degree of attention is being paid to the latest developments in the field of neurosciences. It has now become nearly impossible to maintain an overview of the number of research projects dealing with the functionality of the brain – for example concerning its organizational structure – or projects dealing with the topics of legal responsibility, brain-computer interface applications, neuromarketing, lie detection or mind reading. These procedures are connected to a number of legal questions concerning the framework conditions of research projects as well as the right approach to the findings generated. Given the primary importance of the topic for the latest developments, it is essential to compare the different legal systems and strategies that they offer for dealing with these legal implications. Therefore, the book International Neurolaw – A Comparative Analysis contains several country reports from around the world, as well as those of international organizations such as UNESCO, in order to show the different legal approaches to the topic and possible interactions.