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Hydrogen Storage Materials

Author: Darren P. Broom
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780857292216
Size: 27.18 MB
Format: PDF
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The problem of storing hydrogen safely and effectively is one of the major technological barriers currently preventing the widespread adoption of hydrogen as an energy carrier and the subsequent transition to a so-called hydrogen economy. Practical issues with the storage of hydrogen in both gas and liquid form appear to make reversible solid state hydrogen storage the most promising potential solution. Hydrogen Storage Materials addresses the characterisation of the hydrogen storage properties of the materials that are currently being considered for this purpose. The background to the topic is introduced, along with the various types of materials that are currently under investigation, including nanostructured interstitial and complex hydrides, and porous materials, such as metal-organic frameworks and microporous organic polymers. The main features of Hydrogen Storage Materials include: an overview of the different types of hydrogen storage materials and the properties that are of interest for their practical use; descriptions of the gas sorption measurement methods used to determine these properties, and the complementary techniques that can be used to help corroborate hydrogen uptake data; and extensive coverage of the practical considerations for accurate hydrogen sorption measurement that drive both instrument design and the development of experimental methodology. Hydrogen Storage Materials provides an up-to-date overview of the topic for experienced researchers, while including enough introductory material to serve as a useful, practical introduction for newcomers to the field.

Structural Characterization Techniques

Author: Lorenzo Malavasi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315341212
Size: 13.79 MB
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This book presents state-of-the-art contributions related to advanced structural characterization techniques in the field of clean energy materials with particular emphasis on solid oxide fuel cells and hydrogen storage materials. It describes several diffraction and spectroscopic techniques for the investigation of both average and local structures with several examples of the most recent materials for clean energy applications. It is the first authoritative collection of contributions on the importance of the application of the most advanced structural techniques to shed light on the properties and mechanisms of materials currently investigated for the use in alternative energy devices. The book provides key techniques for ex situ and in situ investigation of clean energy materials and, hence, is an essential guide for researchers working on the structural analysis of advanced materials.

Green Aviation

Author: Ramesh Agarwal
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118866509
Size: 43.94 MB
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Green Aviation is the first authoritative overview of both engineering and operational measures to mitigate the environmental impact of aviation. It addresses the current status of measures to reduce the environmental impact of air travel. The chapters cover such items as: Engineering and technology-related subjects (aerodynamics, engines, fuels, structures, etc.), Operations (air traffic management and infrastructure) Policy and regulatory aspects regarding atmospheric and noise pollution. With contributions from leading experts, this volume is intended to be a valuable addition, and useful resource, for aerospace manufacturers and suppliers, governmental and industrial aerospace research establishments, airline and aviation industries, university engineering and science departments, and industry analysts, consultants, and researchers.

Hyrdogen Storage Technologies

Author: Mehmet Sankir
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119460689
Size: 47.29 MB
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Hydrogen storage is considered a key technology for stationary and portable power generation especially for transportation. This volume covers the novel technologies to efficiently store and distribute hydrogen and discusses the underlying basics as well as the advanced details in hydrogen storage technologies. The book has two major parts: Chemical and electrochemical hydrogen storage and Carbon-based materials for hydrogen storage. The following subjects are detailed in Part I: Multi stage compression system based on metal hydrides Metal-N-H systems and their physico-chemical properties Mg-based nano materials with enhanced sorption kinetics Gaseous and electrochemical hydrogen storage in the Ti-Z-Ni Electrochemical methods for hydrogenation/dehydrogenation of metal hydrides In Part II the following subjects are addressed: Activated carbon for hydrogen storage obtained from agro-industrial waste Hydrogen storage using carbonaceous materials Hydrogen storage performance of composite material consisting of single walled carbon nanotubes and metal oxide nanoparticles Hydrogen storage characteristics of graphene addition of hydrogen storage materials Discussion of the crucial features of hydrogen adsorption of nanotextured carbon-based materials

Solid State Hydrogen Storage

Author: Institute of Materials, Minerals, and Mining
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 49.51 MB
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Hydrogen fuel cells are emerging as a major alternative energy source in transportation and other applications. Central to the development of the hydrogen economy is safe, efficient and viable storage of hydrogen. Solid-state hydrogen storage: Materials and chemistry reviews the latest developments in solid-state hydrogen storage. Part one discusses hydrogen storage technologies, hydrogen futures, hydrogen containment materials and solid-state hydrogen storage system design. Part two reviews the analysis of hydrogen interactions including structural characterisation of hydride materials, neutron scattering techniques, reliably measuring hydrogen uptake in storage materials and modelling of carbon-based materials for hydrogen storage. Part three analyses physically-bound hydrogen storage with chapters on zeolites, carbon nanostructures and metal-organic framework materials. Part four examines chemically-bound hydrogen storage including intermetallics, magnesium hydride, alanates, borohydrides, imides and amides, multicomponent hydrogen storage systems, organic liquid carriers, indirect hydrogen storage in metal ammines and technological challenges in hydrogen storage. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Solid-state hydrogen storage: Materials and chemistry will be a standard reference for researchers and professionals in the field of renewable energy, hydrogen fuel cells and hydrogen storage.

Biohydrogen

Author: Ayhan Demirbas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1848825110
Size: 49.32 MB
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Biohydrogen: For Future Engine Fuel Demands covers the production, purification, storage, pipeline transport, usage, and safety of biohydrogen. Hydrogen promises to be the most significant fuel source of the future, due to its global availability and the fact that water is its only by-product. Biofuels such as bioethanol, biodiesel, bio-oil, and biohydrogen are produced using technologies for thermochemically and biologically converting biomass. Hydrogen fuel production technologies can make use of either non-renewable sources, or renewable sources such as wind, solar, and biorenewable resources. Biohydrogen: For Future Engine Fuel Demands reviews all of the modern biomass-based transportation fuels, including bioethanol, biodiesel, biogas, biohydrogen, and fuel cells. The book also discusses issues of biohydrogen economy, policy and environmental impact. Biohydrogen looks set to be the fuel of choice in the future, replacing both fossil fuels and biorenewable liquid fuels.

Emerging Materials For Energy Conversion And Storage

Author: Kuan Yew Cheong
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128137959
Size: 69.40 MB
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Emerging Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage presents the state-of-art of emerging materials for energy conversion technologies (solar cells and fuel cells) and energy storage technologies (batteries, supercapacitors and hydrogen storage). The book is organized into five primary sections, each with three chapters authored by worldwide experts in the fields of materials science, physics, chemistry and engineering. It covers the fundamentals, functionalities, challenges and prospects of different classes of emerging materials, such as wide bandgap semiconductors, oxides, carbon-based nanostructures, advanced ceramics, chalcogenide nanostructures, and flexible organic electronics nanomaterials. The book is an important reference for students and researchers (from academics, but also industry) interested in understanding the properties of emerging materials. Explores the fundamentals, challenges and prospects for the application of emerging materials in the development of energy conversion and storage devices Presents a discussion of solar cell and photovoltaic, fuel cell, battery electrode, supercapacitor and hydrogen storage applications Includes notable examples of energy devices based on emerging materials to illustrate recent advances in this field

Cellular And Porous Materials

Author: Andreas Öchsner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527621415
Size: 30.89 MB
Format: PDF
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Providing the reader with a solid understanding of the fundamentals as well as an awareness of recent advances in properties and applications of cellular and porous materials, this handbook and ready reference covers all important analytical and numerical methods for characterizing and predicting thermal properties. In so doing it directly addresses the special characteristics of foam-like and hole-riddled materials, combining theoretical and experimental aspects for characterization purposes.

Solar Cells And Energy Materials

Author: Takeo Oku
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110298503
Size: 20.84 MB
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This book offers an introduction to solar cells and energy materials including new materials based on organics, nanostructures and novel inorganics and developments in more traditional photovoltaic materials.

Advances In Solar Energy

Author: D. Yogi Goswami
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1844073149
Size: 69.82 MB
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'Essential for any serious technical library'PROFESSOR MARTIN GREEN, UNIVERSITY OF NEW SOUTHWALES, AUSTRALIA'Valuable, detailed information that helps me plan for the future'DON OSBORN, FORMERLY OF SACRAMENTO MUNICIPAL UTILITY DISTRICTThe Advances in Solar Energy series offers state-of-the-art information on all primary renewable energy technologies, including solar, wind and biomass, bringing together invited contributions from the foremost international experts in renewable energy. Spanning a broad range of technical subjects, this volume and series is a 'must-have' reference on global developments in the field of renewable energy.Volume 17 focuses primarily on solar energy, with respect to heating, hot water, drying and detoxification. Specific chapter subjects include:? Alternative World Energy Outlook 2006: A Possible Path towards a Sustainable Future? Quantum Well Solar Cells? Recent Progress of Organic Photovoltaics? Thermal and Material Characterization of Immersed Heat Exchangers for Solar Domestic Hot Water? Photocatalytic Detoxification of Water with Solar Energy? Solar-Hydrogen: A Solid-State Chemistry Perspective? Solar Heat for Industrial Processes? Solar Energy Technology in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) for SustainableEnergy, Water and Environment