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Hydrogen Storage Materials

Author: Darren P. Broom
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780857292216
Size: 21.62 MB
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The problem of storing hydrogen safely and effectively is one of the major technological barriers currently preventing the widespread adoption of hydrogen as an energy carrier and the subsequent transition to a so-called hydrogen economy. Practical issues with the storage of hydrogen in both gas and liquid form appear to make reversible solid state hydrogen storage the most promising potential solution. Hydrogen Storage Materials addresses the characterisation of the hydrogen storage properties of the materials that are currently being considered for this purpose. The background to the topic is introduced, along with the various types of materials that are currently under investigation, including nanostructured interstitial and complex hydrides, and porous materials, such as metal-organic frameworks and microporous organic polymers. The main features of Hydrogen Storage Materials include: an overview of the different types of hydrogen storage materials and the properties that are of interest for their practical use; descriptions of the gas sorption measurement methods used to determine these properties, and the complementary techniques that can be used to help corroborate hydrogen uptake data; and extensive coverage of the practical considerations for accurate hydrogen sorption measurement that drive both instrument design and the development of experimental methodology. Hydrogen Storage Materials provides an up-to-date overview of the topic for experienced researchers, while including enough introductory material to serve as a useful, practical introduction for newcomers to the field.

Hydrogen Storage Technology

Author: Lennie Klebanoff
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 143984108X
Size: 55.69 MB
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Zero-carbon, hydrogen-based power technology offers the most promising long-term solution for a secure and sustainable energy infrastructure. With contributions from the world’s leading technical experts in the field, Hydrogen Storage Technology: Materials and Applications presents a broad yet unified account of the various materials science, physics, and engineering aspects involved in storing hydrogen gas so that it can be used to provide power. The book helps you understand advanced hydrogen storage materials and how to build systems around them. Accessible to nonscientists, the first chapter explains how a hydrogen-based energy carrier and storage infrastructure is required to address fuel resource and political insecurities as well as global climate change. The second chapter describes high-efficiency hydrogen conversion devices, including internal combustion engines and fuel cells, for producing power and electricity. The book then dives into the state of the art in hydrogen storage technology. It covers recent hydrogen storage materials research and hydrogen storage methods, with an emphasis on solid-state techniques. It also reviews codes and standards and explores engineering approaches for creating zero-emission, hydrogen-fueled power systems. Collecting recent results from around the globe, this book gets you up to date on the latest hydrogen-based technology for mitigating energy and environmental risks. It provides a deep science and engineering-based description of hydrogen storage materials and clearly explains how the materials are engineered for zero-emission, carbon-free power systems.

Solid State Hydrogen Storage

Author: Gavin Walker
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845694945
Size: 61.95 MB
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Hydrogen fuel cells are emerging as a major alternative energy source in transportation and other applications. Central to the development of the hydrogen economy is safe, efficient and viable storage of hydrogen. Solid-state hydrogen storage: Materials and chemistry reviews the latest developments in solid-state hydrogen storage. Part one discusses hydrogen storage technologies, hydrogen futures, hydrogen containment materials and solid-state hydrogen storage system design. Part two reviews the analysis of hydrogen interactions including structural characterisation of hydride materials, neutron scattering techniques, reliably measuring hydrogen uptake in storage materials and modelling of carbon-based materials for hydrogen storage. Part three analyses physically-bound hydrogen storage with chapters on zeolites, carbon nanostructures and metal-organic framework materials. Part four examines chemically-bound hydrogen storage including intermetallics, magnesium hydride, alanates, borohydrides, imides and amides, multicomponent hydrogen storage systems, organic liquid carriers, indirect hydrogen storage in metal ammines and technological challenges in hydrogen storage. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Solid-state hydrogen storage: Materials and chemistry is a standard reference for researchers and professionals in the field of renewable energy, hydrogen fuel cells and hydrogen storage. Assesses hydrogen fuel cells as a major alternative energy source Discusses hydrogen storage technologies and solid-state hydrogen storage system design Explores the analysis of hydrogen interactions including reliably measuring hydrogen uptake in storage materials

Hydrogen Storage Materials

Author: Emil Burzo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783662542590
Size: 65.62 MB
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This volume contains a valuable database of updated results in the field of hydrogen storage materials, based on an extended and selected reference list. Possible directions of research for further developments are also included. It is part of the online platform SpringerMaterials which is the world's largest resource for physical and chemical data in the material science. Storing hydrogen in solids is widely thought to be one of the most promising solutions to the issue of safe, compact and affordable hydrogen storage for its use as energy carrier. As a result, the search of efficient hydrogen storage materials with adapted properties for the applications, such as high gravimetric and volumetric capacities, reversibility near room temperature and atmospheric pressure, fast kinetics etc., has attracted a vast amount of attention. In the first part of the book, the state of the art of materials that can be used for hydrogen storage is presented. The second part of the volume is devoted to the hydrogen technology, such as fuel cells, batteries, microsensors and detectors, energy conversion and chemical agents, extending the range of hydride materials applications to different fields. All the authors of the volume contributed significantly to the development of hydrogen storage materials as well as their technical applications. Representative results are included in the volume and comprehensively and critically analysed. The volume is recommended for all those involved in the field of hydrogen storage materials and their technical applications.

Handbook Of Hydrogen Storage

Author: Michael Hirscher
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527629817
Size: 75.99 MB
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Owing to the limited resources of fossil fuels, hydrogen is proposed as an alternative and environment-friendly energy carrier. However, its potential is limited by storage problems, especially for mobile applications. Current technologies, as compressed gas or liquefied hydrogen, comprise severe disadvantages and the storage of hydrogen in lightweight solids could be the solution to this problem. Since the optimal storage mechanism and optimal material have yet to be identified, this first handbook on the topic provides an excellent overview of the most probable candidates, highlighting both their advantages as well as drawbacks. From the contents: ? Physisorption ? Clathrates ? Metal hydrides ? Complex hydrides ? Amides, imides, and mixtures ? Tailoring Reaction Enthalpies ? Borazan ? Aluminum hydride ? Nanoparticles A one-stop reference on all questions concerning hydrogen storage for physical and solid state chemists, materials scientists, chemical engineers, and physicists.

Hydrogen Storage Technologies

Author: Agata Godula-Jopek
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527649948
Size: 12.85 MB
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An exploration of current and possible future hydrogen storage technologies, written from an industrial perspective. The book describes the fundamentals, taking into consideration environmental, economic and safety aspects, as well as presenting infrastructure requirements, with a special focus on hydrogen applications in production, transportation, military, stationary and mobile storage. A comparison of the different storage technologies is also included, ranging from storage of pure hydrogen in different states, via chemical storage right up to new materials already under development. Throughout, emphasis is placed on those technologies with the potential for commercialization.

Nanomaterials For Solid State Hydrogen Storage

Author: Robert A. Varin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387777122
Size: 32.34 MB
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Over the past decade, important advances have been made in the development of nanostructured materials for solid state hydrogen storage used to supply hydrogen to fuel cells in a clean, inexpensive, safe and efficient manner. Nanomaterials for Solid State Hydrogen Storage focuses on hydrogen storage materials having high volumetric and gravimetric hydrogen capacities, and thus having the highest potential of being applied in the automotive sector. Written by leading experts in the field, Nanomaterials for Solid State Hydrogen Storage provides a thorough history of hydrides and nanomaterials, followed by a discussion of existing fabrication methods. The authors’ own research results in the behavior of various hydrogen storage materials are also presented. Covering fundamentals, extensive research results and recent advances in nanomaterials for solid state hydrogen storage, this book serves as a comprehensive reference.

Emerging Materials For Energy Conversion And Storage

Author: Kuan Yew Cheong
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128137959
Size: 66.45 MB
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Emerging Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage presents the state-of-art of emerging materials for energy conversion technologies (solar cells and fuel cells) and energy storage technologies (batteries, supercapacitors and hydrogen storage). The book is organized into five primary sections, each with three chapters authored by worldwide experts in the fields of materials science, physics, chemistry and engineering. It covers the fundamentals, functionalities, challenges and prospects of different classes of emerging materials, such as wide bandgap semiconductors, oxides, carbon-based nanostructures, advanced ceramics, chalcogenide nanostructures, and flexible organic electronics nanomaterials. The book is an important reference for students and researchers (from academics, but also industry) interested in understanding the properties of emerging materials. Explores the fundamentals, challenges and prospects for the application of emerging materials in the development of energy conversion and storage devices Presents a discussion of solar cell and photovoltaic, fuel cell, battery electrode, supercapacitor and hydrogen storage applications Includes notable examples of energy devices based on emerging materials to illustrate recent advances in this field

Materials For Hydrogen Storage

Author: Michael J. Heben
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 66.32 MB
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The development of Hydrogen storage materials with a high-capacity-per-unit volume and weight is vital to achieving the goal of using hydrogen as a ubiquitous energy source. Fundamental materials issues such as structure, hydrogen transport and stability are central to the development of successful hydrogen storage systems.