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Ideas Institutions And Trade

Author: Carsten Daugbjerg
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199557756
Size: 39.49 MB
Format: PDF
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The World Trade Organization (WTO) is responsible for overseeing a number of international agreements that regulate trade between most countries of the world. However, because of the political sensitivity of food and farming, it has always proved difficult to achieve trade liberalization for agricultural products. In particular in Europe the common agricultural policy (CAP) has protected farmers, to the chagrin of more efficient producers elsewhere who see theirexport ambition frustrated. In both the Uruguay Round and the Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations, freeing-up trade in agricultural products was a major problem for the European Union (EU), with impasse on the agriculture negotiations threatening trade liberalization in manufactured goodsand services. This book examines the causes and consequences of this exceptional treatment for agriculture in world trade rules and the EU, and shows how, with new ideas permeating the discussions, a new Agriculture Agreement in the WTO led to CAP reform, which in turn allowed for greater flexibility in subsequent international trade negotiations.

Eu Policies In A Global Perspective

Author: Gerda Falkner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317963601
Size: 36.27 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Recent decades have seen a rise in the significance of governance layers beyond the nation state and even Europe. Nonetheless, few efforts have been made thus far to systematically examine the EU’s interaction with global policy regimes. This book maps the relative importance of EU policies in the multi-level global governance system, in comparison with national and global activities. It provides a unique comparative analysis of the EU’s capacity for projecting its policies outward. Focusing on trade policy, agriculture, food safety, competition, social rights, environmental policy, transport, migration, nuclear non-proliferation, or financial regulation, each chapter contributes to a better understanding of the EU’s role in shaping global policies, the mechanisms it uses and the conditions leading to success or failure. The contributors’ comparative research highlights that policy export is a demanding phenomenon that faces severe limitations and frequently comes with drawbacks. Still, EU policy export played a key role in shaping the rules of the global trade regime and influenced global policy outcomes – at least to a minor extent or in technical aspects – in the majority of the covered policy areas. Overall however, this book reveals that the EU not only aims to export its policies, but interacts with its global environment in a number of distinct ways, including policy import and policy protection, to shield it from global pressures. Concluding with a comparison of all policies on the meta-level and relevant policy recommendations, this book will be of interest to students, scholars and practitioners of European politics, European public policy, global governance and international relations.

International Trade Negotiations And Domestic Politics

Author: Oluf Langhelle
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113509053X
Size: 23.83 MB
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In spite of many years of negotiation on trade liberalization, progress seems to have stalled. This book explores why resistance to further market liberalization seems so strong, given that the benefits are seen to outweigh the costs. This volume argues that in order to understand the slow progress of World Trade Organization negotiations, we need to take into consideration the ‘intermestic’ character of trade politics, that is, the way in which international and domestic aspects of politics and policies have been woven together and become inextricably related to each other. This is a general trend in our globalizing world, and one that is most pronounced in the case of trade politics and policy. International Trade Negotiations and Domestic Politics therefore presents an in-depth analysis of institutions, ideas, interests and actors in the interplay between international trade negotiations and national negotiating positions. At the international level the authors focus on the multilateral negotiations within the World Trade Organization, together with the plurilateral and bilateral negotiations on free trade agreements. At the regional and domestic level they analyze the trade politics and policies of two established powers, the European Union and the USA; two rising powers, China and India; and a small industrialized country with an open economy, Norway.

Research Handbook On The Wto Agriculture Agreement

Author: Joseph McMahon
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1781001235
Size: 79.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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ÔThe range of topics covered in this volume is multi-faceted and various. . . Practitioners with clients involved in agri-business will be particularly interested in the broad spectrum of matters discussed, as will trade negotiators, policy advisors and graduate students in this vital and fascinating field.Õ Ð Phillip Taylor MBE and Elizabeth Taylor, The Barrister Magazine Agriculture has been the unruly horse of the GATT/WTO system for a long time and efforts to halter it are still ongoing. This Research Handbook focuses on aspects of agricultural production and trade policy that are recognized for their importance but are often kept out of the limelight, such as the implication of national and international agricultural production and trade policies on national food security, global climate change, and biotechnology. It provides a summary of the state of the WTO agriculture negotiations as well as the relevant jurisprudence, but also, and uniquely, it focuses on the new and emerging issues of agricultural trade law and policy that are rarely addressed in the existing literature. With contributions from a multi-disciplinary team of leading analysts from around the world, this Research Handbook will appeal to trade negotiators, international trade law and policy academics as well as postgraduate students in the field.

The Performance Of The Eu In International Institutions

Author: Sebastian Oberthür
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135737991
Size: 31.50 MB
Format: PDF
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The Performance of the EU in International Institutions marks one of the first attempts to systematically analyse the subject. It focuses on the role of the EU in decision-making within international organizations and regimes as a major locus of global governance. The book unpacks the concept of EU performance into four core elements: effectiveness (goal achievement); efficiency (ratio between outputs accomplished and costs incurred); relevance (of the EU for its priority stakeholders); and financial/resource viability (the ability of the performing organization to raise the funds required). Based on the case studies herein, the findings presented in this book relate to the identified core elements of performance with a particular emphasis on the dimensions of 'effectiveness' and 'relevance'. Most notably, the EU appears, on balance and over the past two decades, to have become much more relevant for its member states when acting within international institutions. The book highlights four particular factors explaining EU performance in international institutions: the status of relevant EU legislation and policies, the legal framework conditions including the relevant changes that the Lisbon Treaty has brought about, domestic EU politics, and the international context. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of European Integration

The Political Economy Of The 2014 2020 Common Agricultural Policy

Author: Johan Swinnen
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781783484843
Size: 66.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is the first to document the reform of the EU's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and to analyse the political and economic factors which determined the outcome of the negotiations. The policy (non-)reform will affect the world's global food security and agricultural commodity markets and will cost the EU 3.5 trillion Euro over the next 7 years. Contributors include top political negotiators and leading EU experts and academic analysts.

Effective Crisis Response And Openness

Author: Simon J. Evenett
Publisher: CEPR
ISBN: 1907142010
Size: 61.64 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The world has now faced the most severe global economic crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s. Governments have responded to the crisis with many initiatives, often with implications for the openness of their national economies to global markets. While the primary objectives have been to support demand and thus economic activity and employment, recognition of cross-border spillovers has led to calls for international cooperation and to refrain from beggar-thy-neighbour measures. Arguably these calls have been heard. Efforts have been made to coordinate policy responses, through the G20 and other fora. As recovery becomes an ever greater prospect in late 2009, the question arises as to whether current, primarily non-binding inter-governmental cooperation will be sustained. Protectionist pressures may increase as trade recovers, imports into markets expand, and job growth still lags. Also, many governments are left with little margin for manoeuvre in fiscal and monetary policy, and in the event of an economic relapse, trade and industrial policies threaten to become the default stop-gap. The purpose of this book is to examine the ways in which the existing manifestations of openness, including binding international accords, have constrained or enhanced the options available to national policymakers during the crisis and influenced the degree, and potentially even the effectiveness, of cross-border cooperation. By examining state responses during the crisis in a number of distinct policy domains, the different chapters reveal potential complementarities and tensions as governments seek to tackle sharp national recessions while being mindful of the growing role that the international dimension has played in influencing national economies in an era of globalization.

Supply Chain Perspectives And Issues

Author: Albert Park
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 47.41 MB
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Global value chains (GVCs) have been a feature of the international economic architecture for many years, but scholarly interest in the phenomenon is more recent. Today that interest is intense, emanating from an array of academic disciplines as well as from the policy world. The literature that attempts to understand and explain GVCs is vast, multidisciplinary and no less complex than the phenomenon itself. This volume, jointly produced by the Fung Global Institute and the World Trade Organization, is an attempt to capture the core features and themes of the exploding literature on GVCs. Contents Part I. Supply Chain Perspectives 1. Supply chains in the economics literature 2. Supply chains in the business literature Part II. Supply Chain Issues 3. Supply chains and offshoring 4. Supply chains, upgrading and development 5. Supply chains and risk 6. Supply chains and SMEs 7. Supply chains and services 8. Supply chains and trade in value-added 9. Supply chains and business models 10. Supply chains and sustainability 11. Supply chains and trade policy 12. Supply chains and trade finance