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Ideas Institutions And Trade

Author: Carsten Daugbjerg
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199557756
Size: 16.89 MB
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The World Trade Organization (WTO) is responsible for overseeing a number of international agreements that regulate trade between most countries of the world. However, because of the political sensitivity of food and farming, it has always proved difficult to achieve trade liberalization for agricultural products. In particular in Europe the common agricultural policy (CAP) has protected farmers, to the chagrin of more efficient producers elsewhere who see theirexport ambition frustrated. In both the Uruguay Round and the Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations, freeing-up trade in agricultural products was a major problem for the European Union (EU), with impasse on the agriculture negotiations threatening trade liberalization in manufactured goodsand services. This book examines the causes and consequences of this exceptional treatment for agriculture in world trade rules and the EU, and shows how, with new ideas permeating the discussions, a new Agriculture Agreement in the WTO led to CAP reform, which in turn allowed for greater flexibility in subsequent international trade negotiations.

Eu Policies In A Global Perspective

Author: Gerda Falkner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317963601
Size: 76.80 MB
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Recent decades have seen a rise in the significance of governance layers beyond the nation state and even Europe. Nonetheless, few efforts have been made thus far to systematically examine the EU’s interaction with global policy regimes. This book maps the relative importance of EU policies in the multi-level global governance system, in comparison with national and global activities. It provides a unique comparative analysis of the EU’s capacity for projecting its policies outward. Focusing on trade policy, agriculture, food safety, competition, social rights, environmental policy, transport, migration, nuclear non-proliferation, or financial regulation, each chapter contributes to a better understanding of the EU’s role in shaping global policies, the mechanisms it uses and the conditions leading to success or failure. The contributors’ comparative research highlights that policy export is a demanding phenomenon that faces severe limitations and frequently comes with drawbacks. Still, EU policy export played a key role in shaping the rules of the global trade regime and influenced global policy outcomes – at least to a minor extent or in technical aspects – in the majority of the covered policy areas. Overall however, this book reveals that the EU not only aims to export its policies, but interacts with its global environment in a number of distinct ways, including policy import and policy protection, to shield it from global pressures. Concluding with a comparison of all policies on the meta-level and relevant policy recommendations, this book will be of interest to students, scholars and practitioners of European politics, European public policy, global governance and international relations.

International Trade Negotiations And Domestic Politics

Author: Oluf Langhelle
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113509053X
Size: 21.60 MB
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In spite of many years of negotiation on trade liberalization, progress seems to have stalled. This book explores why resistance to further market liberalization seems so strong, given that the benefits are seen to outweigh the costs. This volume argues that in order to understand the slow progress of World Trade Organization negotiations, we need to take into consideration the ‘intermestic’ character of trade politics, that is, the way in which international and domestic aspects of politics and policies have been woven together and become inextricably related to each other. This is a general trend in our globalizing world, and one that is most pronounced in the case of trade politics and policy. International Trade Negotiations and Domestic Politics therefore presents an in-depth analysis of institutions, ideas, interests and actors in the interplay between international trade negotiations and national negotiating positions. At the international level the authors focus on the multilateral negotiations within the World Trade Organization, together with the plurilateral and bilateral negotiations on free trade agreements. At the regional and domestic level they analyze the trade politics and policies of two established powers, the European Union and the USA; two rising powers, China and India; and a small industrialized country with an open economy, Norway.

Research Handbook On The Wto Agriculture Agreement

Author: Joseph McMahon
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1781001235
Size: 25.46 MB
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ÔThe range of topics covered in this volume is multi-faceted and various. . . Practitioners with clients involved in agri-business will be particularly interested in the broad spectrum of matters discussed, as will trade negotiators, policy advisors and graduate students in this vital and fascinating field.Õ Ð Phillip Taylor MBE and Elizabeth Taylor, The Barrister Magazine Agriculture has been the unruly horse of the GATT/WTO system for a long time and efforts to halter it are still ongoing. This Research Handbook focuses on aspects of agricultural production and trade policy that are recognized for their importance but are often kept out of the limelight, such as the implication of national and international agricultural production and trade policies on national food security, global climate change, and biotechnology. It provides a summary of the state of the WTO agriculture negotiations as well as the relevant jurisprudence, but also, and uniquely, it focuses on the new and emerging issues of agricultural trade law and policy that are rarely addressed in the existing literature. With contributions from a multi-disciplinary team of leading analysts from around the world, this Research Handbook will appeal to trade negotiators, international trade law and policy academics as well as postgraduate students in the field.

The Performance Of The Eu In International Institutions

Author: Sebastian Oberthür
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135737991
Size: 58.57 MB
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The Performance of the EU in International Institutions marks one of the first attempts to systematically analyse the subject. It focuses on the role of the EU in decision-making within international organizations and regimes as a major locus of global governance. The book unpacks the concept of EU performance into four core elements: effectiveness (goal achievement); efficiency (ratio between outputs accomplished and costs incurred); relevance (of the EU for its priority stakeholders); and financial/resource viability (the ability of the performing organization to raise the funds required). Based on the case studies herein, the findings presented in this book relate to the identified core elements of performance with a particular emphasis on the dimensions of 'effectiveness' and 'relevance'. Most notably, the EU appears, on balance and over the past two decades, to have become much more relevant for its member states when acting within international institutions. The book highlights four particular factors explaining EU performance in international institutions: the status of relevant EU legislation and policies, the legal framework conditions including the relevant changes that the Lisbon Treaty has brought about, domestic EU politics, and the international context. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of European Integration

Australia The European Union And The New Trade Agenda

Author: Annmarie Elijah
Publisher: ANU Press
ISBN: 1760461148
Size: 71.77 MB
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Australia (together with New Zealand) is one of the few Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries with which the EU does not have a comprehensive trade agreement. Australia and the EU are entering a new phase in the bilateral relationship, and the push towards a potential trade agreement has been steadily gaining momentum. This collection brings together diverse and deeply practical contributions to the forthcoming policy debate on the Australia–EU Free Trade Agreement (FTA), highlighting potential points of difficulty and possible gains from the agreement. This book makes two further contributions: it adds to the body of work reappraising the contemporary Australia–EU relationship; and provides a snapshot of current issues in trade policy—the ‘new trade agenda’—which is more complex and politically visible than ever. The issues confronting Australia and the EU in forthcoming negotiations are those confronting policy makers around the globe. They are testing public tolerance of decisions once viewed as dull and technocratic, and are redefining the academic treatment of trade policy. ‘… this book is especially important because it is talking about a very different type of trade agreement than the ones Australia has concluded recently with our major trading partners in East Asia. An agreement with the EU inevitably will focus on issues like services, investment, government procurement, and competition policy. These are major issues in their own right, are key parts of the new trade agenda, and are critical to Australia’s successful transition to a prosperous post–mining boom economy. In the absence of generalisable unilateral economic reform in this country, trade policy hopefully will provide an external source of pressure for reform. If this book adds to that pressure while also suggesting some of the tools needed for reform, it will have made a major contribution.’ Dr Mike Adams, Partner, Trading Nation Consulting

The Political Economy Of The 2014 2020 Common Agricultural Policy

Author: Johan Swinnen
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781783484843
Size: 30.47 MB
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This book is the first to document the reform of the EU's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and to analyse the political and economic factors which determined the outcome of the negotiations. The policy (non-)reform will affect the world's global food security and agricultural commodity markets and will cost the EU 3.5 trillion Euro over the next 7 years. Contributors include top political negotiators and leading EU experts and academic analysts.

Murray River Country

Author: Jessica K. Weir
Publisher: Aboriginal Studies Press
ISBN: 0855756780
Size: 76.78 MB
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Discussing the water crisis from a unique perspective, this volume presents the intimate stories of love and loss felt by the Aboriginal people of Australia whose traditional country incorporates the inland rivers. A fresh perspective on the contemporary debate over the scarce and degraded waters of the Murray-Darling Basin, this account argues there is a need to change the existing fundamental philosophies about water and that river health greatly influences Australia’s economy. By engaging with the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia’s agricultural heartland, this record covers various topics, such as environmental science, water management, indigenous land management, anthropology, and politics. This book will interest policy makers, academics, and the general public.