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Imprisoning Medieval Women

Author: Dr Gwen Seabourne
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409482324
Size: 15.78 MB
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The non-judicial confinement of women is a common event in medieval European literature and hagiography. The literary image of the imprisoned woman, usually a noblewoman, has carried through into the quasi-medieval world of the fairy and folk tale, in which the 'maiden in the tower' is one of the archetypes. Yet the confinement of women outside of the judicial system was not simply a fiction in the medieval period. Men too were imprisoned without trial and sometimes on mere suspicion of an offence, yet evidence suggests that there were important differences in the circumstances under which men and women were incarcerated, and in their roles in relation to non-judicial captivity. This study of the confinement of women highlights the disparity in regulation concerning male and female imprisonment in the middle ages, and gives a useful perspective on the nature of medieval law, its scope and limitations, and its interaction with royal power and prerogative. Looking at England from 1170 to 1509, the book discusses: the situations in which women might be imprisoned without formal accusation of trial; how social status, national allegiance and stage of life affected the chances of imprisonment; the relevant legal rules and norms; the extent to which legal and constitutional developments in medieval England affected women's amenability to confinement; what can be known of the experiences of women so incarcerated; and how women were involved in situations of non-judicial imprisonment, aside from themselves being prisoners.

Stolen Women In Medieval England

Author: Caroline Dunn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139789414
Size: 63.22 MB
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This study of illicit sexuality in medieval England explores links between marriage and sex, law and disorder, and property and power. Some medieval Englishwomen endured rape or were kidnapped for forced marriages, yet most ravished women were married and many 'wife-thefts' were not forced kidnappings but cases of adultery fictitiously framed as abduction by abandoned husbands. In pursuing the themes of illicit sexuality and non-normative marital practices, this work analyses the nuances of the key Latin term raptus and the three overlapping offences that it could denote: rape, abduction and adultery. This investigation broadens our understanding of the role of women in the legal system; provides a means for analysing male control over female bodies, sexuality and access to the courts; and reveals ways in which female agency could, on occasion, manoeuvre around such controls.

Royal And Elite Households In Medieval And Early Modern Europe

Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900436076X
Size: 48.99 MB
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The authors bring fresh approaches to the subject of royal and noble households in medieval and early modern Europe with a focus on the nuclear and extended royal family, their household attendants, noblemen and noblewomen as courtiers, and physicians.

Medieval Autographies

Author: A. C. Spearing
Publisher: University of Notre Dame Pess
ISBN: 026809280X
Size: 22.69 MB
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In Medieval Autographies, A. C. Spearing develops a new engagement of narrative theory with medieval English first-person writing, focusing on the roles and functions of the “I” as a shifting textual phenomenon, not to be defined either as autobiographical or as the label of a fictional speaker or narrator. Spearing identifies and explores a previously unrecognized category of medieval English poetry, calling it "autography.” He describes this form as emerging in the mid-fourteenth century and consisting of extended nonlyrical writings in the first person, embracing prologues, authorial interventions in and commentaries on third-person narratives, and descendants of the dit, a genre of French medieval poetry. He argues that autography arose as a means of liberation from the requirement to tell stories with preordained conclusions and as a way of achieving a closer relation to lived experience, with all its unpredictability and inconsistencies. Autographies, he claims, are marked by a cluster of characteristics including a correspondence to the texture of life as it is experienced, a montage-like unpredictability of structure, and a concern with writing and textuality. Beginning with what may be the earliest extended first-person narrative in Middle English, Winner and Waster, the book examines instances of the dit as discussed by French scholars, analyzes Chaucer’s Wife of Bath’s Prologue as a textual performance, and devotes separate chapters to detailed readings of Hoccleve’s Regement of Princes prologue, his Complaint and Dialogue, and the witty first-person elements in Osbern Bokenham’s legends of saints. An afterword suggests possible further applications of the concept of autography, including discussion of the intermittent autographic commentaries on the narrative in Troilus and Criseyde and Capgrave’s Life of Saint Katherine.

Divine Illumination

Author: Lydia Schumacher
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444395084
Size: 38.76 MB
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In Divine Illumination, Schumacher offers an original approach to Augustine's theory of divine illumination, the precondition of all human knowledge. Written with great originality and clarity, she traces the idea through medieval thinkers, into early modernity, and reveals its importance in modern theories of knowledge. Takes an original approach to reading Augustine's theory of divine illumination and shows how the theory was transformed and reinterpreted in medieval philosophy and theology Presents a groundbreaking way of thinking about the writings of Augustine, Anselm, Bonaventure, Aquinas, and John Duns Scotus, and relates this to cutting edge questions in contemporary philosophy of religion, especially epistemology Is a significant contribution to the history of philosophy but also to contemporary debates on faith and reason Lays the foundation for future efforts to come to terms with the contemporary epistemological situation and its inherent problems

Renaissance Inquisitors

Author: Michael M. Tavuzzi
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004160949
Size: 15.21 MB
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Based on extensive archival research, this study casts new light on the Inquisition in northern Italy during the Renaissance. It focuses on some representative inquisitors and their principal pursuits - the prosecution of heretics, Waldensians and Judaizers, and witch-hunting.

Early Gothic Column Figure Sculpture In France

Author: Janet Ellen Snyder
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9781409400653
Size: 12.26 MB
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Richly illustrated, this book investigates human figural sculpture installed in church portals of mid-twelfth century France. Janet Snyder takes a close look at sculpture at more than twenty churches, describes represented ensembles, defines the language of textiles and dress, and investigates rationale and significance in context. She analyzes how patrons employed sculpture to express and shape perceived reality, using images of textiles and clothing that had political, economic, and social significances.

Saving The Souls Of Medieval London

Author: Marie-Helene Rousseau
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9781409405818
Size: 69.60 MB
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St Paul's Cathedral stood at the centre of religious life in medieval London and this investigation of its chantries - pious foundations through which donors endowed priests to celebrate intercessory masses for the benefit of their souls - sheds light on the role chantries played in promoting the spiritual well-being of medieval London.