Download in afghanistan two hundred years of british russian and american occupation in pdf or read in afghanistan two hundred years of british russian and american occupation in pdf online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get in afghanistan two hundred years of british russian and american occupation in pdf book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.



In Afghanistan

Author: David Loyn
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 9780230622470
Size: 22.83 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 1631
Download and Read
Afghanistan has been a strategic prize for foreign empires for more than 200 years. The British, Russians, and Americans have all fought across its beautiful and inhospitable terrain, in conflicts variously ruthless, misguided and bloody. This violent history is the subject of David Loyn's magisterial book. It is a history littered with misunderstandings and broken promises, in which the British, the Russians, and later the Americans, constantly underestimated the ability of the Afghans. In Afghanistan brilliantly brings to life the personalities involved in Afghanistan's relationship with the world, chronicling the misunderstandings and missed opportunities that have so often led to war. With 30 years experience as a foreign correspondent, David Loyn has had a front-row seat during Afghanistan's recent history. In Afghanistan draws on David Loyn's unrivalled knowledge of the Taliban and the forces that prevail in Afghanistan, to provide the definitive analysis of the lessons these conflicts have for the present day.

Hubris Self Interest And America S Failed War In Afghanistan

Author: Thomas P. Cavanna
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1498506208
Size: 16.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 7248
Download and Read
This book describes the conduct of the US-led post-9/11 war in Afghanistan. Adopting a long-term perspective, it argues that even though Washington initially had an opportunity to achieve its security goals and give Afghanistan a chance to enter a new era, it compromised any possibility of success from the very moment it let bin Laden escape to Pakistan in December 2001, and found itself locked in a strategic overreach. Given the bureaucratic and rhetorical momentum triggered by the war on terror in America, the Bush Administration was bound to deploy more resources in Afghanistan sooner or later (despite its focus on Iraq). The need to satisfy unfulfilled counter-terrorism objectives made the US dependent on Afghanistan’s warlords, which compromised the country’s stability and tarnished its new political system. The extension of the US military presence made Washington lose its leverage on the Pakistan army leaders, who, aware of America’s logistical dependency on Islamabad, supported the Afghan insurgents – their historical proxies - more and more openly. The extension of the war also contributed to radicalize segments of the Afghan and Pakistani populations, destabilizing the area further. In the meantime, the need to justify the extension of its military presence influenced the US-led coalition into proclaiming its determination to democratize and reconstruct Afghanistan. While highly opportunistic, the emergence of these policies proved both self-defeating and unsustainable due to an inescapable collision between the US-led coalition’s inherent self-interest, hubris, limited knowledge, limited attention span and limited resources, and, on the other hand, Afghanistan’s inherent complexity. As the critical contradictions at the very heart of the campaign increased with the extension of the latter’s duration, scale, and cost, America’s leaders, entrapped in path-dependence, lost their strategic flexibility. Despite debates on troops/resource allocation and more sophisticated doctrines, they repeated the same structural mistakes over and over again. The strategic overreach became self-sustaining, until its costs became intolerable, leading to a drawdown which has more to do with a pervasive sense of failure than with the accomplishment of any noble purpose or strategic breakthrough.

The Roots And Consequences Of 20th Century Warfare Conflicts That Shaped The Modern World

Author: Spencer C. Tucker
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610698029
Size: 77.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 1912
Download and Read
This unique reference book introduces readers to the causes and effects of the 20th century's most significant conflicts—and explains how the impact of these conflicts still resonates today. • Supplies introductory essays that provide detailed overviews of each conflict, as well as an in-depth look at the causes and consequences of these critical 20th-century events • Enables students to improve their critical thinking by helping them to identify, analyze, and evaluate the relationships among multiple historical causes and effects • Offers clear, accessible coverage of key 20th-century conflicts, such as the Irish Civil War, the Spanish Civil War, African Independence Wars, the Iran-Iraq War, and others

Afghanistan At War From The 18th Century Durrani Dynasty To The 21st Century

Author: Tom Lansford
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1598847600
Size: 80.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 5866
Download and Read
Covering wars and conflicts of Afghanistan from the modern founding of the country in the 1700s to the contemporary struggle with the Taliban, this single-volume reference analyzes the causes and results of Afghanistan's wars and examines leading political and military figures, weapons, and tactics. • Provides readers with a thorough background on the wars of Afghanistan that allows them to understand the influence of past conflicts on current strife • Enables a more complete appreciation of the ethnic and religious complexities that fuel the ongoing conflict in Afghanistan • Examines how past Afghan conflicts contributed to the rise of terrorism and figures such as Osama bin Laden • Presents an accessible explanation of the "Great Game" for power and influence by imperial Russia and Great Britain in the 1800s and the impact of this contest on Afghanistan

War And Society In Afghanistan

Author: Kaushik Roy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199089442
Size: 57.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 3542
Download and Read
This monograph analyses the rhythms of war and the geopolitical significance of Afghanistan with a focus on the interrelated concepts of weak/rentier state, great power rivalry, and counter-insurgency. It analyses why the Mughals, the British, the Soviets, and the Americans won the conventional wars in Afghanistan but were defeated in the unconventional ones. It takes a comprehensive view of the history of the region and provides a political and military narrative of conventional and unconventional war in Afghanistan during the last five centuries. It, therefore, covers wide ranging aspects such as empire building and military operations in Afghanistan in the pre-modern period, regular and irregular warfare in Afghanistan during the British era, the Russian intervention and the emergence of the fragile 'rentier state' after the world war, and the American and NATO activities and the nature of on-going war in light of the recent debates on the changing character of war in the twenty-first century. With a special emphasis on ecology, terrain, and logistics, this book explores the trajectory of state building and contextualizes the Afghan 'problem' as part of the wider struggle among the great powers for controlling the 'heart' of Eurasia.

Butcher And Bolt

Author: David Loyn
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 0099522632
Size: 12.47 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 6440
Download and Read
Afghanistan has been a strategic prize for more than 200 years. Foreign invaders have continually fought across its beautiful and inhospitable terrain, in conflicts variously ruthless, misguided and bloody. A century ago, the common sneer about how British soldiers treated Afghan tribesmen was that they would 'butcher' them, then 'bolt'. Butcher and Bolt recounts this violent history, beginning with the very first British mission - an encounter that ushered in two centuries of conflict littered with misunderstandings and broken promises, in which the British, the Russians and later the Americans repeatedly underestimated the ability of the Afghans and the power of the Frontier tribes. In a new final chapter that brings the book right up to date, David Loyn draws on the unique access he has had to Afghanistan over the past two decades to address the emerging threat of the Pakistani Taliban and the challenges that face those now fighting on the most dangerous frontier in the world.

Iraq And The Lessons Of Vietnam

Author: Lloyd C. Gardner
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 1595587373
Size: 46.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 4553
Download and Read
From the launch of the “Shock and Awe” invasion in March 2003 through President George W. Bush’s declaration of “Mission Accomplished” two months later, the war in Iraq was meant to demonstrate definitively that the United States had learned the lessons of Vietnam. This new book makes clear that something closer to the opposite is true—that U.S. foreign policy makers have learned little from the past, even as they have been obsessed with the “Vietnam Syndrome.” Iraq and the Lessons of Vietnam brings together the country’s leading historians of the Vietnam experience. Examining the profound changes that have occurred in the country and the military since the Vietnam War, celebrated historians Marilyn B. Young and Lloyd Gardner have assembled a distinguished group to consider how America has again found itself in the midst of a war in which there is no chance of a speedy victory or a sweeping regime change. Iraq and the Lessons of Vietnam explores how the “Vietnam Syndrome” fits into the contemporary debate about the purpose and exercise of American power in the world. With contributions from some of the most renowned analysts of American history and foreign policy, this is an essential recovery of the forgotten and misbegotten lessons of Vietnam.

A Military History Of Afghanistan

Author: Ali Ahmad Jalali
Publisher: Modern War Studies (Hardcover)
ISBN: 9780700624072
Size: 80.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 4651
Download and Read
The first comprehensive history of over two centuries of warfare and international conflict in Afghanistan, including the Anglo-Afghan wars of the nineteenth century, the early twentieth century struggles over modernization, the fall of the last monarchy, the Soviet-Afghan War, and the twenty-first century US Global War on Terror.

British And American Responses To The Soviet Invasion Of Afghanistan

Author: Gabriella Grasselli
Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Group
ISBN: 9781855213265
Size: 78.15 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 6550
Download and Read
This study uses the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan as a focal point for examining British and American foreign policies at the start of the New Cold War, and the special Anglo-American relationship. The book seeks to identify the components and manifestations of that relationship.

The Dark Defile

Author: Diana Preston
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 0802779824
Size: 10.39 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 3544
Download and Read
An account of the mid-19th-century war in Afghanistan documents how the British government sought to protect regional interests by attempting to install a puppet ruler only to be defeated by united Afghanistan tribes, in a volume that profiles key contributors and discusses how the war set the stage for subsequent hostilities.