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Indigenous Peoples Consent And Benefit Sharing

Author: Rachel Wynberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048131235
Size: 20.64 MB
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Indigenous Peoples, Consent and Benefit Sharing is the first in-depth account of the Hoodia bioprospecting case and use of San traditional knowledge, placing it in the global context of indigenous peoples’ rights, consent and benefit-sharing. It is unique as the first interdisciplinary analysis of consent and benefit sharing in which philosophers apply their minds to questions of justice in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), lawyers interrogate the use of intellectual property rights to protect traditional knowledge, environmental scientists analyse implications for national policies, anthropologists grapple with the commodification of knowledge and, uniquely, case experts from Asia, Australia and North America bring their collective expertise and experiences to bear on the San-Hoodia case.

Benefit Sharing

Author: Doris Schroeder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400762054
Size: 25.13 MB
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Biomedical research is increasingly carried out in low- and middle-income countries. International consensus has largely been achieved around the importance of valid consent and protecting research participants from harm. But what are the responsibilities of researchers and funders to share the benefits of their research with research participants and their communities? After setting out the legal, ethical and conceptual frameworks for benefit sharing, this collection analyses seven historical cases to identify the ethical and policy challenges that arise in relation to benefit sharing. A series of recommendations address possible ways forward to achieve justice for research participants in low- and middle-income countries.

Handbuch Interkulturelle Didaktik

Author: Ursula Bertels
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 3830978898
Size: 47.64 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Nur durch interkulturelles und globales Lernen ist es möglich, Kindern und Jugendlichen Interkulturelle Kompetenz zu vermitteln und sie damit auf ein Leben in einer multikulturellen Gesellschaft auf globaler und lokaler Ebene vorzubereiten. Doch was ist Interkulturelle Kompetenz überhaupt? Welche Lernziele interkulturellen und globalen Lernens gibt es? Und wie lassen sich diese im Unterricht umsetzen? Ziel des Handbuchs Interkulturelle Didaktik ist es, die theoretischen Hintergründe des interkulturellen und globalen Lernens sowie die praktischen Umsetzungsmöglichkeiten aufzuzeigen. Obwohl der Schwerpunkt des Handbuchs auf der Schule liegt, lassen sich die vorgestellten Methoden und Materialien in angepasster Form auch in der Erwachsenenbildung einsetzen.

The 2010 Nagoya Protocol On Access And Benefit Sharing In Perspective

Author: Elisa Morgera
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004217207
Size: 74.15 MB
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The 2010 Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing in Perspective analyses the implications of this innovative environmental treaty for different areas of international law, and its implementation challenges in various regions and from the perspectives of various stakeholders.

Global Health And International Community

Author: John Coggon
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1780935595
Size: 64.71 MB
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Global health arguably represents the most pressing issues facing humanity. Trends in international migration and transnational commerce render state boundaries increasingly porous. Human activity in one part of the world can lead to health impacts elsewhere. Animals, viruses and bacteria as well as pandemics and environmental disasters do not recognize or respect political borders. It is now widely accepted that a global perspective on the understanding of threats to health and how to respond to them is required, but there are many practical problems in establishing such an approach. This book offers a foundational study of these urgent and challenging problems, combining critical analysis with practically focused policy contributions. The contributors span the fields of ethics, human rights, international relations, law, philosophy and global politics. They address normative questions relating to justice, equity and inequality and practical questions regarding multi-organizational cooperation, global governance and international relations. Moving from the theoretical to the practical, Global Health and International Community is an essential resource for scholars, students, activists and policy makers across the globe.

Traditional Knowledge In Policy And Practice

Author: Suneetha M. Subramanian
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 26.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Traditional knowledge (TK), the longstanding traditions and practices of certain communities, has contributed immensely to shaping development and human well-being. Its influence spans a variety of sectors, including agriculture, health, education, and governance. However, TK is increasingly underrepresented or underutilized. And, while the applicability of TK to human and environmental welfare is well recognized, collated information on how TK contributes to different sectors is not easily accessible. This book focuses on the relevance of TK to key environment-and development-related sectors. It discusses the current debates within each of these sectors and presents suggestions as to how TK can be effectively integrated with conventional science and policy. A valuable resource to researchers, academics, and policymakers, Traditional Knowledge in Policy and Practice provides a comprehensive overview of TK and its links and contributions to social, economic, environmental, ethical, and political issues. "This collection, which comprises chapters by experts from a wide range of backgrounds, including traditional knowledge-holding communities, should leave policymakers in no doubt that protecting TK is not only vital for indigenous peoples but for the common future of all of humanity."--Graham Dutfield, professor of international governance, School of Law, University of Leeds

Sharing Benefits From The Coast

Author: Maria Hauck
Publisher: Juta and Company (Pty) Ltd
ISBN: 1775820068
Size: 66.35 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Coastal resources are vital for communities in developing countries, many of whose coastal-dwellers live in severe poverty. These resources also hold significant value for a number of different sectors of the economy, such as mining, fisheries, forestry and tourism, which supply expanding global consumer markets. Although these activities provide opportunities for economic and income growth, global patterns indicate growing levels of economic inequality between the custodians of coastal resources and those who exploit them, as well as an increasing incidence in absolute levels of poverty. ‘Benefit-sharing’ has emerged as a popular term to describe interventions to redress inequalities and thus alleviate poverty. Drawing from empirical research in coastal communities across South Africa and Mozambique, this book provides cutting-edge analyses of and new conceptual approaches to these issues. It aims to enhance an understanding of why benefits are distributed in the way they are, the main blockages preventing greater equity, and strategies for more equitable benefit-sharing. The findings have relevance and application for coastal livelihoods, rural governance and resource sustainability, not only in these countries but across the world in a context where community rights are increasingly undermined by land-grabbing, unequal power relations and externally driven development interventions.

Die Globale Regulierung Geistiger Eigentumsrechte

Author: Ruth Knoblich
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658037253
Size: 50.42 MB
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Angesichts des Aufstiegs von Staaten wie Brasilien, Indien und China zu neuen Wissensmächten fragt das Buch nach den Konsequenzen, die diese Dynamik für die globale Regulierung geistiger Eigentumsrechte mit sich bringen könnte und prüft entlang des Fallbeispiels 'Zugangsregelungen zu genetischen Ressourcen und dem Schutz traditionellen Wissens' den Einfluss der BIC-Staaten auf das bestehende internationale Schutzsystem.