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Industrialized Nature

Author: Paul Josephson
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 9781559637770
Size: 45.78 MB
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Identifies the problems resulting from the technological overhaul of recent years, paying close attention to the detrimental effects that people have on nature.

Industrialized Nature

Author: Paul Josephson
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 159726198X
Size: 15.53 MB
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The construction of the Three Gorges Dam on China's Yangtze River. The transformation of the Amazon into a site for huge cattle ranches and aluminum smelters. The development of Nevada's Yucca Mountain into a repository for nuclear waste. The extensive irrigation networks of the Grand Coulee and Kuibyshev Dams. On the face of it, these massive projects are wonders of engineering, financial prowess, and our seldom-questioned ability to modify nature to suit our immediate needs. For nearly a century we have relied increasingly on science and technology to harness natural forces, but at what environmental and social cost?In Industrialized Nature, historian Paul R. Josephson provides an original examination of the ways in which science, engineering, policy, finance, and hubris have come together, often with unforeseen consequences, to perpetuate what he calls "brute-force technologies"—the large-scale systems created to manage water, forest, and fish resources. Throughout the twentieth century, nations with quite different political systems and economic orientations all pursued this same technological subjugation of nature. Josephson compares the Soviet Union's heavy-handed efforts at resource management to similar projects undertaken in the United States, Norway, Brazil, and China. He argues that brute-force technologies require brute-force politics to operate. He shows how irresponsible—or well-intentioned but misguided—large-scale manipulation of nature has resulted in resource loss and severe environmental degradation.Josephson explores the ongoing industrialization of nature that is happening in our own backyards and around the world. Both a cautionary tale and a call to action, Industrialized Nature urges us to consider how to develop a future for succeeding generations that avoids the pitfalls of brute-force technologies.

Viele Wenige Machen Ein Viel

Author: Christian Zumbrägel
Publisher: Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh
ISBN: 3657787461
Size: 31.95 MB
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Die Wassermühle mit Wasserrad ist heute noch vom Mythos einer vorindustriellen Form der Energiegewinnung umsponnen. Tatsächlich jedoch blieben diese "alten" Antriebstechniken an vielen Bächen mindestens bis in die Zwischenkriegszeit der wichtigste Kraftspender. Diese "old technologies" (David Edgerton) der Wasserkrafttechnik wurden mit der Verwissenschaftlichung im Turbinenbau und der Elektrifizierung nicht obsolet. An vielen Wasserläufen in den südwestfälischen Mittelgebirgen lagen Einsatzbedingungen vor, die den Betreibern kleiner Hammerwerke oder Drahtrollen noch lange aus praktischen Gründen die Beibehaltung ihrer "alten" Wasserräder nahelegten. Diese Technik-, Umwelt- und Wissensgeschichte der Kleinwasserkraft fragt nicht wie oft üblich nach dem Neuigkeitsgrad des technischen Wandels, sondern nach der Beständigkeit des Alten und Traditionellen.

America S Fight Over Water

Author: Kevin Wehr
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135932484
Size: 61.59 MB
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This book inquires into the relations between society and its natural environment by examining the historical discourse around several cases of state building in the American West: the construction of three high dams from 1928 to 1963.

The Oxford Handbook Of Environmental History

Author: Andrew C. Isenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199394474
Size: 20.34 MB
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The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.

The Republic Of Nature

Author: Mark Fiege
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295804149
Size: 13.36 MB
Format: PDF
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In the dramatic narratives that comprise The Republic of Nature, Mark Fiege reframes the canonical account of American history based on the simple but radical premise that nothing in the nation's past can be considered apart from the natural circumstances in which it occurred. Revisiting historical icons so familiar that schoolchildren learn to take them for granted, he makes surprising connections that enable readers to see old stories in a new light. Among the historical moments revisited here, a revolutionary nation arises from its environment and struggles to reconcile the diversity of its people with the claim that nature is the source of liberty. Abraham Lincoln, an unlettered citizen from the countryside, steers the Union through a moment of extreme peril, guided by his clear-eyed vision of nature's capacity for improvement. In Topeka, Kansas, transformations of land and life prompt a lawsuit that culminates in the momentous civil rights case of Brown v. Board of Education. By focusing on materials and processes intrinsic to all things and by highlighting the nature of the United States, Fiege recovers the forgotten and overlooked ground on which so much history has unfolded. In these pages, the nation's birth and development, pain and sorrow, ideals and enduring promise come to life as never before, making a once-familiar past seem new. The Republic of Nature points to a startlingly different version of history that calls on readers to reconnect with fundamental forces that shaped the American experience. For more information, visit the author's website: http://republicofnature.com/

Site Analysis

Author: James A. LaGro, Jr.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118416260
Size: 39.63 MB
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The process-oriented guide to context-sensitive siteselection, planning, and design Sustainable design is responsive to context. And each site has aunique set of physical, biological, cultural, and legal attributesthat presents different opportunities and constraints foralternative uses of the site. Site analysis systematicallyevaluates these on-site and off-site factors to inform the designof places—including neighborhoods and communities—thatare attractive, walkable, and climate-resilient. This Third Edition of Site Analysis is fullyupdated to cover the latest topics in low-impact,location-efficient design and development. This complete, user-friendly guide: Blends theory andpractice from the fields of landscapearchitecture, urban planning, architecture, geography, and urbandesign Addresses important sustainability topics, including LEED-ND,Sustainable Sites, STAR community index, and climateadaptation Details the objectives and visualization methods used in eachphase of the site planning and design process Explains the influence of codes, ordinances, and site planapproval processes on the design of the built environment Includes more than 200 illustrations and eight case studies ofprojects completed by leading planning and design firms Site Analysis, Third Edition is the ideal guide forstudents taking courses in site analysis, site planning, andenvironmental design. New material includes review questions at theend of each chapter for students as well as early-careerprofessionals preparing for the ARE, LARE, or AICP exams.

Saeculum

Author: Georg Stadtmüller
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 74.54 MB
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Jahrbuch für Universalgeschichte.

Die Stalinschen Grossbauten Des Kommunismus

Author: Klaus Gestwa
Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag
ISBN:
Size: 37.37 MB
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Als 1948 die Trümmerlandschaften des Krieges den Traumlandschaften von der kommunistischen Zukunftsgesellschaft wichen, realisierte die Moskauer Führung mit den "Stalinschen Großbauten des Kommunismus" ein ehrgeiziges Erschließungsprogramm. Die damals weltgrößten Flusskraftwerke gestalteten Natur um und strukturierten Gesellschaft neu, so dass sich die Sowjetunion im anbrechenden Kalten Krieg als Supermacht inszenieren konnte. Die von GULag-Häftlingen gebauten Plangiganten produzierten nicht nur Strom, sondern auch Visionen, mit denen sich Stalin und Chruscev die Einbildungskraft der Sowjetmenschen erobern wollten. Seit den 1960er Jahren entwickelten sich die brachial industrialisierten Flusslandschaften an der Wolga und in Sibirien immer mehr zu ökologischen Notstandsgebieten. Der über Jahrzehnte propagierte Wertekanon der technik- und fortschrittsgläubigen Sowjetgesellschaft geriet ins Wanken.