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Infectious Disease Ecology

Author: Richard S. Ostfeld
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 140083788X
Size: 37.76 MB
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News headlines are forever reporting diseases that take huge tolls on humans, wildlife, domestic animals, and both cultivated and native plants worldwide. These diseases can also completely transform the ecosystems that feed us and provide us with other critical benefits, from flood control to water purification. And yet diseases sometimes serve to maintain the structure and function of the ecosystems on which humans depend. Gathering thirteen essays by forty leading experts who convened at the Cary Conference at the Institute of Ecosystem Studies in 2005, this book develops an integrated framework for understanding where these diseases come from, what ecological factors influence their impacts, and how they in turn influence ecosystem dynamics. It marks the first comprehensive and in-depth exploration of the rich and complex linkages between ecology and disease, and provides conceptual underpinnings to understand and ameliorate epidemics. It also sheds light on the roles that diseases play in ecosystems, bringing vital new insights to landscape management issues in particular. While the ecological context is a key piece of the puzzle, effective control and understanding of diseases requires the interaction of professionals in medicine, epidemiology, veterinary medicine, forestry, agriculture, and ecology. The essential resource on the subject, Infectious Disease Ecology seeks to bridge these fields with an ecological approach that focuses on systems thinking and complex interactions.

Under The Weather

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309132954
Size: 38.21 MB
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Since the dawn of medical science, people have recognized connections between a change in the weather and the appearance of epidemic disease. With today's technology, some hope that it will be possible to build models for predicting the emergence and spread of many infectious diseases based on climate and weather forecasts. However, separating the effects of climate from other effects presents a tremendous scientific challenge. Can we use climate and weather forecasts to predict infectious disease outbreaks? Can the field of public health advance from "surveillance and response" to "prediction and prevention?" And perhaps the most important question of all: Can we predict how global warming will affect the emergence and transmission of infectious disease agents around the world? Under the Weather evaluates our current understanding of the linkages among climate, ecosystems, and infectious disease; it then goes a step further and outlines the research needed to improve our understanding of these linkages. The book also examines the potential for using climate forecasts and ecological observations to help predict infectious disease outbreaks, identifies the necessary components for an epidemic early warning system, and reviews lessons learned from the use of climate forecasts in other realms of human activity.

Disease Ecology

Author: Sharon K. Collinge
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198567080
Size: 55.61 MB
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Disease Ecology highlights exciting advances in theoretical and empirical research towards understanding the importance of community structure in the emergence of infectious diseases. The chapters in this book illustrate aspects of community ecology that influence pathogen transmission rates and disease dynamics in a wide variety of study systems. The innovative studies presented here communicate a clear message: studies of epidemiology can be approached from the perspective of community ecology, and students of community ecology can contribute significantly to epidemiology.

Grundkurs Mathematik F R Ingenieure Natur Und Wirtschaftswissenschaftler

Author: Kurt Marti
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3790826782
Size: 27.86 MB
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Moderne Techniken bauen mehr denn je auf der Mathematik auf. So durchdringen Informationsverarbeitung, Modellierung, Systemanalyse, Stochastik, Simulations- und Optimierungsmethoden alle Bereiche der Naturwissenschaften, Ingenieur- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften. Selbst Sprachwissenschaftler, Psychologen oder Soziologen benötigen heute ein ausreichendes mathematisches Rüstzeug, um in ihrem Beruf bestehen zu können. Andererseits haben Studienanfänger sehr häufig ungenügende mathematische Kenntnisse in der Differential- und Integralrechnung für Funktionen einer Variablen. Zur Schaffung solider mathematischer Grundlagen vermittelt dieses Buch durch eine behutsame Einführung und Veranschaulichung der Begriffe und Methoden eine lebendige Vorstellung des Stoffes und eine saubere Beherrschung der grundlegenden analytischen Techniken, um die verschiedenartigsten Aufgaben zu lösen.

Fowler S Zoo And Wild Animal Medicine Current Therapy Volume 7 E Book

Author: R. Eric Miller
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1437719856
Size: 50.92 MB
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With coverage of current issues and emerging trends, Fowler's Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine, Volume 7 provides a comprehensive, all-new reference for the management of zoo and wildlife diseases. A Current Therapy format emphasizes the latest advances in the field, including nutrition, diagnosis, and treatment protocols. Cutting-edge coverage includes topics such as the "One Medicine" concept, laparoscopic surgery in elephants and rhinoceros, amphibian viral diseases, and advanced water quality evaluation for zoos. Editors R. Eric Miller and Murray E. Fowler promote a philosophy of animal conservation, bridging the gap between captive and free-ranging wild animal medicine with chapters contributed by more than 100 international experts. The Current Therapy format focuses on emerging trends, treatment protocols, and diagnostic updates new to the field, providing timely information on the latest advances in zoo and wild animal medicine. Content ranges from drug treatment, nutrition, husbandry, surgery, and imaging to behavioral training. Coverage of species ranges from giraffes, elephants, lions, and orangutans to sea turtles, hellbenders, bats, kakapos, and more. An extensive list of contributors includes recognized authors from around the world, offering expert information with chapters focusing on the latest research and clinical management of captive and free-ranging wild animals. A philosophy of animal conservation helps zoo and wildlife veterinarians fulfill not only the technical aspects of veterinary medicine, but contribute to the overall biological teams needed to rescue many threatened and endangered species from extinction. All content is new, with coverage including coverage of cutting-edge issues such as white-nose disease in bats, updates on Ebola virus in wild great apes, and chytrid fungus in amphibians. Full-color photographs depict external clinical signs for more accurate clinical recognition. Discussions of the "One Medicine" concept include chapters addressing the interface between wildlife, livestock, human, and ecosystem health. New sections cover Edentates, Marsupials, Carnivores, Perrissodactyla, and Camelids. Over 100 new tables provide a quick reference to a wide range of topics. An emphasis on conserving threatened and endangered species globally involves 102 expert authors representing 12 different countries.

Naturgeschichte Der Infektionskrankheiten Des Menschen

Author: Frank Macfarlane Burnet
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3105614095
Size: 11.77 MB
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Der Nobelpreisträger Frank Macfarlane Burnet schildert die Infektionskrankheiten als ein Schlüsselthema der Conditio humana. Er zeigt, wie sich in dem die Erkrankung auslösenden Kampf zwischen Erreger und Opferorganismus Grundprozesse des Lebens, Wachstum und Tod, enthüllen. Das Buch gibt Einblick in den chemischen Bauplan der Erreger, schildert anschaulich die Angriffs- und Abwehrstrategien, die komplizierten ökologischen Beziehungen des Menschen zu den Organismen seiner Umwelt. Indem es die schrittweise Eindämmung großer Seuchen, die jahrtausendelang die Menschheit dezimiert haben, nacherzählt, aber auch die Negativfolgen dieses Fortschritts – die Gefahr der Übervölkerung und die Entwicklung biologischer Massenvernichtungsmittel – eindringlich beim Namen nennt, ist das Buch gleichzeitig ein fesselndes Stück Evolutions-, Wissenschafts- und Kulturgeschichte. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)

Ecology Of Invertebrate Diseases

Author: Ann E. Hajek
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119256070
Size: 76.31 MB
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A rapidly growing interdisciplinary field, disease ecology merges key ideas from ecology, medicine, genetics, immunology, and epidemiology to study how hosts and pathogens interact in populations, communities, and entire ecosystems. Bringing together contributions from leading international experts on the ecology of diseases among invertebrate species, this book provides a comprehensive assessment of the current state of the field. Beginning with an introductory overview of general principles and methodologies, the book continues with in-depth discussions of a range of critical issues concerning invertebrate disease epidemiology, molecular biology, vectors, and pathogens. Topics covered in detail include: Methods for studying the ecology of invertebrate diseases and pathogens Invertebrate pathogen ecology and the ecology of pathogen groups Applied ecology of invertebrate pathogens Leveraging the ecology of invertebrate pathogens in microbial control Prevention and management of infectious diseases of aquatic invertebrates Ecology of Invertebrate Diseases is a necessary and long overdue addition to the world literature on this vitally important subject. This volume belongs on the reference shelves of all those involved in the environmental sciences, genetics, microbiology, marine biology, immunology, epidemiology, fisheries and wildlife science, and related disciplines.

One Health

Author: Jakob Zinsstag
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1780643411
Size: 70.54 MB
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The One Health concept of combined veterinary and human health continues to gain momentum, but the supporting literature is sparse. In this book, the origins of the concept are examined and practical content on methodological tools, data gathering, monitoring techniques, study designs, and mathematical models is included. Zoonotic diseases, with discussions of diseases of wildlife, farm animals, domestic pets and humans, and real-world issues such as sanitation, economics, food security and evaluating the success of vaccination programmes are covered in detail. Discussing how to put policy into practice, and with case studies throughout, this book combines research and practice in one broad-ranging volume.

Struma

Author: Johannes Köbberling
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642883133
Size: 48.85 MB
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