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Infectious Ideas

Author: Jennifer Brier
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807895474
Size: 48.14 MB
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Viewing contemporary history from the perspective of the AIDS crisis, Jennifer Brier provides rich, new understandings of the United States' complex social and political trends in the post-1960s era. Brier describes how AIDS workers--in groups as disparate as the gay and lesbian press, AIDS service organizations, private philanthropies, and the State Department--influenced American politics, especially on issues such as gay and lesbian rights, reproductive health, racial justice, and health care policy, even in the face of the expansion of the New Right. Infectious Ideas places recent social, cultural, and political events in a new light, making an important contribution to our understanding of the United States at the end of the twentieth century.

Aids

Author: Henning Tümmers
Publisher: Wallstein Verlag
ISBN: 3835340832
Size: 38.24 MB
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Zwischen Hysterie und Aufklärung: Wie die Krankheit Aids politische Debatten und gesellschaftliche Veränderungen in beiden deutschen Staaten befeuerte. Zu Beginn der achtziger Jahre häuften sich Berichte über eine mysteriöse Krankheit, die vor allem Homosexuelle traf und ein qualvolles Sterben zur Folge hatte. Als wenig später auch die ersten Heterosexuellen erkrankten, wuchs weltweit die Angst vor jenem tödlichen Phänomen, dem Mediziner 1982 den Namen "Aids" gaben. In der Bundesrepublik entbrannte bald eine heftige politische Debatte über die vermeintliche Notwendigkeit, die Grundrechte von "Risikogruppen" wie Schwulen und Drogenabhängigen einzuschränken, und selbst in der abgeschotteten DDR versuchte die Regierung mithilfe heimlicher Bluttests und Überwachungsmaßnahmen gegen die neuartige "Seuche" vorzugehen. Henning Tümmers schildert, wie latente Konflikte über die Rechte und Pflichten von Bürgern und Staat, über Sexualität, Lebensstile und Moralvorstellungen unter dem Eindruck einer damals noch unmittelbar tödlich verlaufenden Krankheit zutage traten.

Preaching Prevention

Author: Lydia Boyd
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0821445324
Size: 70.69 MB
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Preaching Prevention examines the controversial U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) initiative to “abstain and be faithful” as a primary prevention strategy in Africa. This ethnography of the born-again Christians who led the new anti-AIDS push in Uganda provides insight into both what it means for foreign governments to “export” approaches to care and treatment and the ways communities respond to and repurpose such projects. By examining born-again Christians’ support of Uganda’s controversial 2009 Anti-Homosexuality Bill, the book’s final chapter explores the enduring tensions surrounding the message of personal accountability heralded by U.S. policy makers. Preaching Prevention is the first to examine the cultural reception of PEPFAR in Africa. Lydia Boyd asks, What are the consequences when individual responsibility and autonomy are valorized in public health initiatives and those values are at odds with the existing cultural context? Her book investigates the cultures of the U.S. and Ugandan evangelical communities and how the flow of U.S.-directed monies influenced Ugandan discourses about sexuality and personal agency. It is a pioneering examination of a global health policy whose legacies are still unfolding.

History And Hope In American Literature

Author: Ben Railton
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442276371
Size: 10.48 MB
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Through the examination of literary works by twentieth and twenty-first century American authors, this book shows how literature can allow us to cope with difficult periods of history (slavery, the Great Depression, the AIDS crisis, etc.) and give hope for a brighter future when those realities are confronted head-on.

Hold Tight Gently

Author: Martin Duberman
Publisher: New Press, The
ISBN: 1595589651
Size: 64.71 MB
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In December 1995, the FDA approved the release of protease inhibitors, the first effective treatment for AIDS. For countless people, the drug offered a reprieve from what had been a death sentence; for others, it was too late. In the United States alone, over 318,000 people had already died from AIDS-related complications—among them the singer Michael Callen and the poet Essex Hemphill. Meticulously researched and evocatively told, Hold Tight Gently is the celebrated historian Martin Duberman’s poignant memorial to those lost to AIDS and to two of the great unsung heroes of the early years of the epidemic. Callen, a white gay Midwesterner who had moved to New York, became a leading figure in the movement to increase awareness of AIDS in the face of willful and homophobic denial under the Reagan administration; Hemphill, an African American gay man, contributed to the black gay and lesbian scene in Washington, D.C., with poetry of searing intensity and introspection. A profound exploration of the intersection of race, sexuality, class, identity, and the politics of AIDS activism beyond ACT UP, Hold Tight Gently captures both a generation struggling to cope with the deadly disease and the extraordinary refusal of two men to give in to despair.

A Companion To Ronald Reagan

Author: Andrew L. Johns
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118607929
Size: 67.51 MB
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A Companion to Ronald Reagan evaluates in unprecedented detail the events, policies, politics, and people of Reagan’s administration. It assesses the scope and influence of his various careers within the context of the times, providing wide-ranging coverage of his administration, and his legacy. Assesses Reagan and his impact on the development of the United States based on new documentary evidence and engagement with the most recent secondary literature Offers a mix of historiographic chapters devoted to foreign and domestic policy, with topics integrated thematically and chronologically Includes a section on key figures associated politically and personally with Reagan

Mobilizing New York

Author: Tamar W. Carroll
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 146961989X
Size: 48.79 MB
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Examining three interconnected case studies, Tamar Carroll powerfully demonstrates the ability of grassroots community activism to bridge racial and cultural differences and effect social change. Drawing on a rich array of oral histories, archival records, newspapers, films, and photographs from post–World War II New York City, Carroll shows how poor people transformed the antipoverty organization Mobilization for Youth and shaped the subsequent War on Poverty. Highlighting the little-known National Congress of Neighborhood Women, she reveals the significant participation of working-class white ethnic women and women of color in New York City's feminist activism. Finally, Carroll traces the partnership between the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) and Women's Health Action Mobilization (WHAM!), showing how gay men and feminists collaborated to create a supportive community for those affected by the AIDS epidemic, to improve health care, and to oppose homophobia and misogyny during the culture wars of the 1980s and 1990s. Carroll contends that social policies that encourage the political mobilization of marginalized groups and foster coalitions across identity differences are the most effective means of solving social problems and realizing democracy.

Der Ferne Spiegel

Author: Barbara Tuchman
Publisher: Pantheon Verlag
ISBN: 3641052076
Size: 32.26 MB
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Ein moderner Klassiker der Geschichtsschreibung Bestsellerautorin Barbara Tuchman schuf mit »Der ferne Spiegel« einen modernen Klassiker der Geschichtsschreibung. Mit sicherem und kundigem Blick für die »große« politische Geschichte und feinem Gespür für die Alltags- und Mentalitätsgeschichte gelingt es ihr, das pralle Leben im dramatischen 14. Jahrhundert und damit im Herbst des Mittelalters einzufangen. Im Mittelpunkt von Barbara Tuchmans faszinierender Schilderung des 14. Jahrhunderts steht die Lebensgeschichte des französischen Adeligen Enguerrand de Coucy VII. Im zarten Alter von 15 Jahren zieht Coucy das erste Mal als Ritter in die Schlacht, erlebt den Hundertjährigen Krieg hautnah mit und wird schließlich vom englischen König als Geisel genommen. Coucy wird im Laufe seines Lebens Zeuge dramatischer, ja scheinbar apokalyptischer Ereignisse: Die Pest sucht Europa heim, religiöse Fanatiker hetzen die Menschen auf, Papst und Gegenpapst bekriegen sich, auf Frankreichs Thron sitzt ein Wahnsinniger, und im Osten rücken die Osmanen vor. Gleichzeitig kannten die Kreativität und das Kunstschaffen der Menschen nun, gleichsam auf der Schwelle vom Mittelalter zur Neuzeit, keine Grenzen. Boccaccio schuf sein epochemachendes Werk Decamerone, Giotto bereitete in Italien den Weg für die Renaissance und in ganz Europa entstanden Kathedralen von ungekannter Größe und Pracht.

American Sexual Histories

Author: Elizabeth Reis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 144433929X
Size: 76.26 MB
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The second edition of "American Sexual His"tories features an updated collection of sixteen articles by prominent historians and their corresponding primary sources that investigate issues related to human sexuality in America from the colonial era to the present day. Reflecting the myriad ways historians interpret and analyze sexuality and sexual trends, the essays offer in-depth exploration of topics such as contraception, prostitution, interracial relationships, same-sex desire, reproductive politics, and intersex and transgender history. Taken as a whole, the essays richly illustrate how the evolution of sexuality in America is a product of an ongoing negotiation of moral values and shifting political and economic circumstances. The chapters are arranged chronologically and include introductions by editor Elizabeth Reis which lend clarity and add historical context to the major articles and the supporting documents that follow. The carefully selected couplings of essays and primary sources allow readers to evaluate historical documents for themselves, test the interpretations of historians, and draw independent conclusions. Both scholarly and highly accessible, "American Sexual Histories" offers illuminating insights into the complex evolution of sex and sexuality in America.