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The Innovative School

Author: Shlomo Sharan
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780897896306
Size: 20.52 MB
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Schools are described as social systems whose primary organizational features are closely interrelated. Methods for coordinating these features are presented so schools can restructure their bureaucratic orientation. The interrelated nature of a school's various subsystems is highlighted to point out how they can be coordinated so genuine restructuring can be achieved and maintained. Each model of organization in a school--bureaucratic, systems, and communal--displays its own distinguishing characteristics, and each one governs different aspects of people's behavior in schools. The decisive questions are: which behavioral patterns of the people in the school will be governed by each model, and what will be the relative extent to which each model influences the nature of the relationships and educational processes in the school? Restructured schools emphasize the systems and communal models in their organizational and instructional norms, with bureaucratic norms mainly governing routine administrative procedures, while in traditional schools the bureaucratic model yields decisive influence on curricular structure, classroom teaching models, and staff relations, as well as on administrative features of the school. This book spells out a systems and communal approach to organization, curriculum, and instruction. It describes how to adopt an investigative approach to learning, often with cooperative groups of students, coupled with a trans-disciplinary approach to curricular structure and with a restructured schedule of classes to allow for in-depth study of broad intellectual domains.

Principios Del Curr Culum

Author: María Pilar Ezquerra
Publisher: Ed. Universidad de Cantabria
ISBN: 9788481022162
Size: 75.75 MB
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La presente obra recoge las aportaciones efectuadas por profesores del área de Teoría e Historia de la educación de diferentes universidades españolas en el marco de las IV Jornadas de Teorías e Instituciones Educativas Contemporáneas. El eje vertebrador de las mismas fue el de los Principios del currículum, abordándose desde diferentes perspectivas: histórica, filosófico-antropológica, psicológica, pedagógica y sociopolítica.

Oversold And Underused

Author: Larry CUBAN
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674030107
Size: 23.70 MB
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Impelled by a demand for increasing American strength in the new global economy, many educators, public officials, business leaders, and parents argue that school computers and Internet access will improve academic learning and prepare students for an information-based workplace. But just how valid is this argument? In "Oversold and Underused," one of the most respected voices in American education argues that when teachers are not given a say in how the technology might reshape schools, computers are merely souped-up typewriters and classrooms continue to run much as they did a generation ago. In his studies of early childhood, high school, and university classrooms in Silicon Valley, Larry Cuban found that students and teachers use the new technologies far less in the classroom than they do at home, and that teachers who use computers for instruction do so infrequently and unimaginatively. Cuban points out that historical and organizational economic contexts influence how teachers use technical innovations. Computers can be useful when teachers sufficiently understand the technology themselves, believe it will enhance learning, and have the power to shape their own curricula. But these conditions can't be met without a broader and deeper commitment to public education beyond preparing workers. More attention, Cuban says, needs to be paid to the civic and social goals of schooling, goals that make the question of how many computers are in classrooms trivial.