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Insect Hydrocarbons

Author: Gary J. Blomquist
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139487639
Size: 47.42 MB
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A unique and critical analysis of the wealth of research conducted on the biology, biochemistry and chemical ecology of the rapidly growing field of insect cuticular hydrocarbons. Authored by leading experts in their respective fields, the twenty chapters show the complexity that has been discovered in the nature and role of hydrocarbons in entomology. Covers, in great depth, aspects of chemistry (structures, qualitative and quantitative analysis), biochemistry (biosynthesis, molecular biology, genetics, evolution), physiology, taxonomy, and ecology. Clearly presents to the reader the array of data, ideas, insights and historical disagreements that have been accumulated during the past half century. An emphasis is placed on the role of insect hydrocarbons in chemical communication, especially among the social insects. Includes the first review on the chemical synthesis of insect hydrocarbons. The material presented is a major resource for current researchers and a source of ideas for new researchers.

Extracellular Composite Matrices In Arthropods

Author: Ephraim Cohen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319407406
Size: 30.21 MB
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Emphasis is placed on the elaborate cuticular matrices in insects and crustaceans, spider and insect silks, sialomes of phytophagous and blood-feeding arthropods as well as on secretions of male and female accessory glands. Focus is placed largely on insects, due to the extensive body of published research that in part is the result of available whole genome sequences of several model species (in particular Drosophila melanogaster) and accessible ESTs for other species. Such advances have facilitated fundamental insights into genomic, proteomic and molecular biology-based physiology. This new volume contains comprehensive contributions on extracellular composite matrices in arthropods. The building blocks of such matrices are formed in and secreted by single layered epithelial cells into exterior domains where their final assembly takes place.Additionally, the unique mechanical properties of natural biocomposites like chitin/chitosan, the crustacean mineralized exoskeleton, the pliant protein resilin or insect and spider silks, have inspired basic and applied research that yield sophistical biomimetics and structural biocomposite hybrids important for future industrial and biomedical use. In summary, this book provides an invaluable vast source of basic and applied information for a plethora of scientists as well as textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate students.

Chemical Ecology

Author: Anne-Genevià ̈ve Bagnà ̈res
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119330483
Size: 72.61 MB
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The book features comparative perspectives on the field of chemical ecology, present and future, offered by scientists from a wide variety of disciplines. The scientists contributing to this book –biologists, ecologists, biochemists, chemists, biostatisticians – are interested in marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems and work on life forms ranging from micro-organisms to mammals, including humans, living in areas from the tropics to polar regions. Here, they cross their analyses of the present state of chemical ecology and its perspectives for the future. Those presented here include complex, multispecies communities and cover a wide range both of organisms and of the types of molecules that mediate the interactions between them. Up to now, no book has presented a solid scientific treatment of a wide range of examples. This book illustrates a diverse panel of the most advanced aspects of this rapidly expanding field.

Social Recognition In Invertebrates

Author: Laura Aquiloni
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319175998
Size: 10.90 MB
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This book uses a wide range of case studies from different invertebrate taxa to describe the numerous forms of social recognition occurring in this large group of animals and traces the evolution of this cognitive ability. The authors provide several examples of direct (i.e. the target of recognition is a conspecific) and indirect recognition (i.e. recognition of a reliable proxy rather than an individual, such as a den or a substrate) and discuss cases of familiar recognition (i.e. an animal remembers a conspecific but cannot tell what class it comes from or recognize its identity). Class-level recognition (i.e. an animal assigns a conspecific to an appropriate class of animals), and true individual recognition (i.e. an animal both identifies and recognizes a conspecific on an individual basis) are also addressed.

Insect Endocrinology

Author: Lawrence I. Gilbert
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123848512
Size: 67.23 MB
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The publication of the extensive seven-volume work Comprehensive Molecular Insect Science provided a complete reference encompassing important developments and achievements in modern insect science. One of the most swiftly moving areas in entomological and comparative research is endocrinology, and this volume, Insect Endocrinology, is designed for those who desire a comprehensive yet concise work on important aspects of this topic. Because this area has moved quickly since the original publication, articles in this new volume are revised, highlighting developments in the related area since its original publication. Insect Endocrinology covers the mechanism of action of insect hormones during growth and metamorphosis as well as the role of insect hormones in reproduction, diapause and the regulation of metabolism. Contents include articles on the juvenile hormones, circadian organization of the endocrine system, ecdysteroid chemistry and biochemistry, as well as new chapters on insulin-like peptides and the peptide hormone Bursicon. This volume will be of great value to senior investigators, graduate students, post-doctoral fellows and advanced undergraduate research students. It can also be used as a reference for graduate courses and seminars on the topic. Chapters will also be valuable to the applied biologist or entomologist, providing the requisite understanding necessary for probing the more applied research areas. Articles selected by the known and respected editor-in-chief of the original major reference work, Comprehensive Molecular Insect Science Newly revised contributions bring together the latest research in the quickly moving field of insect endocrinology Review of the literature of the past five years is now included, as well as full use of data arising from the application of molecular technologies wherever appropriate

Pflanzenbiochemie

Author: Hans Walter Heldt
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662443988
Size: 50.70 MB
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Die „Pflanzenbiochemie" hat sich im deutschsprachigen Raum, aber auch in zahlreichen Übersetzungen als Standardlehrbuch etabliert. Birgit Piechulla, Dozentin an der Universität Rostock, zeichnet als Co-Autorin bei dieser 5. Auflage verantwortlich und hat zusammen mit Hans-Walter Heldt das Buch gründlich überarbeitet und aktualisiert. Neueste wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse fanden Eingang in dieses Buch, die sich auch in neuen Abbildungen sowie der stark überarbeiteten Literatur widerspiegeln. Besonderen Wert legen die Autoren darauf, die offenen, zukunftsweisenden Fragen, die den derzeitigen Stand unseres Wissens markieren, aufzuzeigen. Aktualität sowie die klare und verständliche Didaktik komplexer Sachverhalte darzustellen -- das sind die Kennzeichen dieses Lehrbuches. Mit sorgfältig erstellten zweifarbigen Abbildungen erfüllt es einen hohen didaktischen Anspruch und reiht sich unter die besten Biochemie-Lehrbücher.

The Adaptive Role Of Lipids In Biological Systems

Author: Neil F. Hadley
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN:
Size: 49.31 MB
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A unique compilation of diverse data on the lipid, treating the role of this group of organic compounds in the adaptions of plants, animals and microorganisms. It presents a blend of lipid biochemistry, physiological function, adaptation and evolutionary biology. After initial chapters introducing background material, each subsequent chapter deals with the role of the lipid in a specific biological or physiological function.