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Insects And Sustainability Of Ecosystem Services

Author: Timothy D. Schowalter
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 146655391X
Size: 43.11 MB
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With few exceptions, insects are perceived in industrialized countries as undesirable pests. In reality, relatively few insects interfere with us or our resources. Most have benign or positive effects on ecosystem services, and many represent useful resources in non-industrialized countries. Challenging traditional perceptions of the value of insects, Insects and Sustainability of Ecosystem Services explores the ways insects affect the ecosystem services we depend upon. It also fosters an appreciation for the amazing diversity, adaptive ability, and natural roles of insects. The book discusses how the ways in which we manage insects will determine an ecosystem’s capacity to continue to supply services. It reviews aspects of insect physiology, behavior, and ecology that affect their interactions with other ecosystem components and ecosystem services, emphasizing critical effects of insects on the sustainability of ecosystem processes and services. The author examines the integration of insect ecology with self-regulatory aspects of ecosystems that control primary production, energy and nutrient fluxes, and global climate—functions that underlie the sustainability of ecosystem services. Clearly, we need environmental policies that meet needs for pest control where warranted, but do not undermine the important contributions of insects to sustaining ecosystem processes and services. With in-depth coverage of the multiple, often compensatory, effects of insects on various resources or ecosystem services and on the consequences of control tactics for those resources or services, Insects and Sustainability of Ecosystem Services recommends changes in perspectives and policies regarding insects that will contribute to sustainability of ecosystem services.

Ecosystem Services In Agricultural And Urban Landscapes

Author: Stephen Wratten
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118506243
Size: 37.45 MB
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Ecosystem services are the resources and processes supplied by natural ecosystems which benefit humankind (for example, pollination of crops by insects, or water filtration by wetlands). They underpin life on earth, provide major inputs to many economic sectors and support our lifestyles. Agricultural and urban areas are by far the largest users of ecosystems and their services and (for the first time) this book explores the role that ecosystem services play in these managed environments. The book also explores methods of evaluating ecosystem services, and discusses how these services can be maintained and enhanced in our farmlands and cities. This book will be useful to students and researchers from a variety of fields, including applied ecology, environmental economics, agriculture and forestry, and also to local and regional planners and policy makers.

Social Ecological Resilience And Sustainability

Author: Shelley Ross Saxer
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN: 1454898356
Size: 43.47 MB
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Social-Ecological Resilience and Sustainability by Shelley Ross Saxer and Jonathan Rosenbloom is designed to help students understand and address new, changing, and complex economic, environmental, and social systems. This book introduces resilience and sustainability as analytical frameworks and illustrates how these concepts apply in various contexts: water, food, shelter/land use, energy, natural resources, pollution, disaster law, and climate change. The first two chapters (Part I) provide students with a conceptual foundation to explore the interdisciplinary nature of resilience and sustainability and the meanings of, complexities embedded in, and the overlap and differences between these frameworks. Each of the remaining eight chapters (Part II) views resilience and sustainability in a specific law and policy context. Strategically placed throughout Part II, the authors describe eight useful tools — “Strategies to Facilitate Implementation”—to help identify, assess, integrate, or utilize resilience and sustainability as analytical frameworks. Key Features: A two-part approach that first provides students with a conceptual foundation and then allows students to view resilience and sustainability in eight law and policy contexts (described above) Numerous graphics throughout to illustrate concepts, depict events described, and otherwise enliven the content Case studies that examine human decisions that led to unsustainable and non-resilient systems and societies New and innovative ways to explain complex systems and in turn rethink traditional notions of law and policy

Biodiversity And Insect Pests

Author: Geoff M. Gurr
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118231856
Size: 41.84 MB
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Biodiversity offers great potential for managing insect pests. Itprovides resistance genes and anti-insect compounds; a huge rangeof predatory and parasitic natural enemies of pests; and communityecology-level effects operating at the local and landscape scalesto check pest build-up. This book brings together world leaders intheoretical, methodological and applied aspects to provide acomprehensive treatment of this fast-moving field. Chapter authors from Europe, Asia, Africa, Australasia and theAmericas ensure a truly international scope. Topics range fromscientific principles, innovative research methods, ecologicaleconomics and effective communication to farmers, as well as casestudies of successful use of biodiversity-based pest managementsome of which extend over millions of hectares or are enshrined asgovernment policy. Written to be accessible to advanced undergraduates whilst alsostimulating the seasoned researcher, this work will help unlock thepower of biodiversity to deliver sustainable insect pestmanagement. Visit spanstyle="font-family: "Calibri","sans-serif"; font-size: 11pt; mso-fareast-font-family: SimSun; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: TH;"www.wiley.com/go/gurr/biodiversity toaccess the artwork from the book./span

The Business Student S Guide To Sustainable Management

Author: Petra Molthan-Hill
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351286269
Size: 38.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Aimed at undergraduates, this is the first textbook to offer a full introduction to sustainable management, covering all subject areas relevant to business students. The book includes chapters and seminars on subjects such as: Corporate Sustainable Strategy; Sustainable Marketing; Sustainability Reporting; Supply Chain Management; Human Resources Management: Supporting Sustainable Business; Environmental Economics; Sustainable Operations Management; Greenhouse Gas Management and System Thinking in Sustainable Management. The book contains nearly 30 ready-made seminars employing various teaching methods. Each chapter follows the same, easy-to-use format. This book provides a true treasure chest of materials to support staff wanting to integrate sustainability into their teaching and provides support to effectively embed sustainability in the curriculum. The chapters also offer a starting point in developing teaching units for Masters and MBA students. The material is not just useful to people in business schools, but to those involved in wider scale curriculum change, and those looking to make links between different disciplines.

Nature And The Marketplace

Author: G. M. Heal
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 155963796X
Size: 61.53 MB
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In recent years, scientists have begun to focus on the idea that healthy, functioning ecosystems provide essential services to human populations, ranging from water purification to food and medicine to climate regulation. Lacking a healthy environment, these services would have to be provided through mechanical means, at a tremendous economic and social cost.Nature and the Marketplace examines the controversial proposition that markets should be designed to capture the value of those services. Written by an economist with a background in business, it evaluates the real prospects for various of nature's marketable services to "turn profits" at levels that exceed the profits expected from alternative, ecologically destructive, business activities. The author: describes the infrastructure that natural systems provide, how we depend on it, and how we are affecting it explains the market mechanism and how it can lead to more efficient resource use looks at key economic activities -- such as ecotourism, bioprospecting, and carbon sequestration -- where market forces can provide incentives for conservation examines policy options other than the market, such as pollution credits and mitigation banking considers the issue of sustainability and equity between generations .Nature and the Marketplace presents an accessible introduction to the concept of ecosystem services and the economics of the environment. It offers a clear assessment of how market approaches can be used to protect the environment, and illustrates that with a number of cases in which the value of ecosystems has actually been captured by markets.The book offers a straightforward business economic analysis of conservation issues, eschewing romantic notions about ecosystem preservation in favor of real-world economic solutions. It will be an eye-opening work for professionals, students, and scholars in conservation biology, ecology, environmental economics, environmental policy, and related fields.

Introduction To The Us Food System

Author: Roni Neff
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118913051
Size: 51.55 MB
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A public health approach to the US food system Introduction to the US Food System: Public Health,Environment, and Equity is a comprehensive and engagingtextbook that offers students an overview of today's US foodsystem, with particular focus on the food system'sinterrelationships with public health, the environment, equity, andsociety. Using a classroom-friendly approach, the text covers thecore content of the food system and provides evidence-basedperspectives reflecting the tremendous breadth of issues and ideasimportant to understanding today's US food system. The book is richwith illustrative examples, case studies, activities, anddiscussion questions. The textbook is a project of the Johns Hopkins Center for aLivable Future (CLF), and builds upon the Center's educationalmission to examine the complex interrelationships between diet,food production, environment, and human health to advance anecological perspective in reducing threats to the health of thepublic, and to promote policies that protect health, the globalenvironment, and the ability to sustain life for futuregenerations. Issues covered in Introduction to the US Food Systeminclude food insecurity, social justice, community and workerhealth concerns, food marketing, nutrition, resource depletion, andecological degradation. Presents concepts on the foundations of the US food system,crop production, food system economics, processing and packaging,consumption and overconsumption, and the environmental impacts offood Examines the political factors that influence food and how itis produced Ideal for students and professionals in many fields, includingpublic health, nutritional science, nursing, medicine, environment,policy, business, and social science, among others Introduction to the US Food System presents a broad viewof today's US food system in all its complexity and providesopportunities for students to examine the food system's stickiestproblems and think critically about solutions.

Sustainable Agroecosystem Management

Author: Patrick J. Bohlen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420052152
Size: 65.61 MB
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Emphasizes Centrality of the Ecosystem Perspective Sustainable management of agroecosystems in the 21st century faces unprecedented challenges. Protecting the environment while feeding a burgeoning population that could reach nine billion by mid-century, preserving the world’s biodiversity, and sustaining agriculture in an increasingly urban world is a massive undertaking. Avoiding simple prescriptions for the application of ecological principles to agriculture, Sustainable Agroecosystem Management: Integrating Ecology, Economics, and Society emphasizes the continued centrality of the ecosystem perspective, and the need to integrate ecological, economic, and social considerations in agroecosystem science and management. Truly Interdisciplinary in Scope With contributions from distinguished leaders in the field of sustainable agriculture, this authoritative book first delineates the present and future challenges agroecosystems face. It then reviews the important contributions made by Dr. Ben Stinner, a pioneer in the field of agroecosystem ecology. Providing historical background of attempts to connect the ecological and agricultural sciences, this standard-setting resource highlights recent efforts to integrate natural and social science perspectives. It also examines the challenges for developing integrated approaches to agroecosystem management. Through a variety of case studies with global applications, the text makes it abundantly clear that purely technological approaches are insufficient for solving the food systems problems of the future. It explores practical innovative strategies, policies, and research needs necessary to develop management approaches that emphasize whole system productivity, diversify agricultural operations, and sustain multiple functions, including ecological integrity.

Forestry In A Global Context

Author: Roger Sands
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9780851990897
Size: 24.82 MB
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This book is an introductory text which sets world forestry in the context of social, environmental, historical, economic and conservation issues. It focuses on the world's forests and how people have related to them and how they have been used since the time of hunter-gatherers until today. It looks at the development of forests, grassland and humans from the Devonian through to the Age of Agriculture, the factors determining the distribution of forests, the classification of forest types, the value and benefits of the forest, the products of the forest and their associated trade. It also concentrates on current patterns of deforestation and reforestation, sustainable forest management, the role of plantations and the current issues in forestry and the future.