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Inside Jihadism

Author: Farhad Khosrokhavar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317257510
Size: 63.89 MB
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Jihad is the most organized force against Western capitalism since the Soviet era. Yet jihadism is multifaceted and complex, much broader than Al Qaeda alone. In the first wide-ranging introduction to today's rapidly growing jihadism, Khosrokhavar explains how two key movements variously influence jihadi activists. One, based in the Middle East, is more heavily influenced by Islamic religion and political thought. The other, composed of individuals growing up or living mostly in Europe and Western democracies including the United States, is motivated by secular as well as religious influences. Khosrokhavar interprets religious and lesser-known Arabic texts and the real-world economic and political dynamics that make jihadism a growing threat to Western democracies. Interviews with imprisoned jihadists on what motivated their plots and actions help the readers understand reality as seen by jihadists. The author concludes with recommendations to safeguard democracies from future jihadism.

Talking Conflict The Loaded Language Of Genocide Political Violence Terrorism And Warfare

Author: Anna M. Wittmann
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440834253
Size: 25.65 MB
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In today's information era, the use of specific words and language can serve as powerful tools that incite violence—or sanitize and conceal the ugliness of war. This book examines the complex, "twisted" language of conflict. • Provides readers with an in-depth awareness of how language is often used to sanitize and obfuscate understanding of reality, thereby offering insight into past and ongoing human conflicts from 1900 onward • Elucidates important terms that in our current "information age" are being used loosely, often without clear definition • Promotes a critical analysis of how words are used, particularly as propaganda • Supports Common Core educational standards by enabling students to learn key critical thinking skills and learning strategies and apply them when reading and interpreting texts

Fear Of Muslims

Author: Douglas Pratt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319296981
Size: 23.58 MB
Format: PDF
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This book takes a sober, evidenced-based look at the contemporary phenomenon of Islamophobia in both ‘old-world’ Europe, and the ‘new-world’ of America and Australia, and Southeast Asia. It includes theoretical and conceptual discussions about what Islamophobia is, how it manifests, and how it can be addressed, together with historical analysis, applied research and case-study chapters, considering the reality that manifests as a fear of Muslims. Anxiety about the world’s second largest religion manifests as prejudice, discrimination and vilification and, in extreme cases, violence and murder. The real and perceived problems of the relationship between Islam and the West contribute to the phenomenon of Islamophobia. This is a unique, multi-disciplinary work, with authors approaching the topic from a number of academic disciplines and from different religious and national backgrounds, providing for a greater appreciation of the complexity and diversity of Islamophobia. This multicultural and multi-religious approach undergirds the valuable insights the volume provides. This book will be of interest to all concerned with the phenomenon of Islamophobia, and especially researchers and students in the social sciences, as well as scholars with a specific interest in Muslims living as minorities in the West. Also, those working in political science, international relations, sociology, religious studies and other fields will all find it of value.

Staging Solidarity

Author: Tanya Goodman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317251490
Size: 75.94 MB
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The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) is a modern social drama that enabled the nation's apartheid past to be constructed as a cultural trauma, and by doing so created a new collective narrative of diversity and inclusion. The TRC relied primarily on testimonies from victims and perpetrators of apartheid violence who came forward to tell their stories in a public forum. Rather than simply serving as data for setting the historical record straight, this book shows that it was not only the content of these testimonies but also how these stories were told and what values were attached to them that became significant. Goodman argues that the performative nature of the TRC process effectively designated the past as profane and simultaneously imagined a sacred future community based on democratic idealism and universal solidarity.

Dear Martin

Author: Nic Stone
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644405166
Size: 47.40 MB
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«Absolut unglaublich, ehrlich und herzzerreißend!» Angie Thomas, Autorin von «The Hate U Give» Justyce McAllister ist einer der Besten seiner Klasse, Captain des Debattierclubs und Anwärter auf einen Studienplatz in Yale – doch all das interessiert den Polizisten, der Justyce die Handschellen umlegt, nur wenig. Der Grund für seine Verhaftung: Justyce ist schwarz. Und er lebt in den USA im Jahr 2017. Mit Briefen an sein großes Vorbild Martin Luther King jr. versucht Justyce, dem alltäglichen Rassismus etwas entgegenzusetzen. Und dann ist da noch Sarah-Jane, seine kluge, schöne — und weiße – Debattierpartnerin. Als jedoch sein bester Freund Manny erschossen wird, scheint es, als ob selbst Martin Luther King jr. keine Antwort mehr für Justyce bereithält.

Israeli Palestinian Activism

Author: Alexander Koensler
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472439473
Size: 57.68 MB
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When do words and actions empower? When do they betray? Based on ethnographic fieldwork, this volume tracks the repercussions of advocacy activism against house demolitions in 'unrecognised' Arab-Bedouin villages in Israel's southern 'internal frontier'. It highlights the repercussions of activism for victims, fund-raisers and activists. The ethnographic episodes show how humanitarian aid intervention and indigenous identity politics can turn into a double-edged sword. Ironically, institutional lobbying for coexistence and its interpretative categories can sometimes perpetuate different forms of subjugation. The volume also shows how, beyond the institutional lobbying, novel figures of activism emerge: informal networks create non-sectarian, cross-cutting countercultures and rethink human-environment relationships. These experimental political subjects redefine the categories of the conflict and elude the logic of zero-sum games; they point towards a shifting paradigm in current ethnopolitics. Koensler outlines an ethnographic approach for the study of social movements that follows multiple relations around mobilisations rather than studying activism in itself. This perspective thus becomes relevant for scholars and activists engaged with the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and those interested in global rights discourses.

L Id Ologie De L Islamisme Radical

Author: Mohammad Al Subaie
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
ISBN: 2296511023
Size: 69.75 MB
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Voici une étude approfondie de la pensée djihadiste de quatre grands intellectuels contemporains, arabes sunnites originaires du Moyen-Orient, jeunes et très influents dans le monde arabe et islamique. Deux thèmes majeurs sont privilégiés : la question du Djihad et celle de la démocratie vue comme un système politique illégitime.

The Al Qaeda Doctrine

Author: Donald Holbrook
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 162356476X
Size: 64.39 MB
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Ever since it was first established, the senior leadership of Al-Qaeda has sought to communicate its core values, rationalizations, and principles to the world. Altogether, these statements convey Al-Qaeda's doctrine and the beliefs for which the leadership claims to be fighting. This volume in the New Directions in Terrorism Studies series analyzes over 250 statements made by the organization's two key leaders, Ayman Al-Zawahiri and Usama Bin Ladin, over the last two decades. It provides an in-depth and systematic analysis of these communications, showing which key issues emphasized by the two leaders evolved over time and highlighting their core principles. It explore Al-Qaeda's problem diagnosis, the solutions offered by its two leaders, their escalating --although often contradictory-- approach towards violence, and their chosen communication strategy for different types of audiences. The book shows how Al-Qaeda's leadership began to develop an increasingly critical approach towards Islam in the wake of the 9/11 attacks and discusses tensions that may undermine the resilience of its doctrine. This unique evidence-based analysis of Al-Qaeda will attract academics specializing in terrorism and counterterrorism as well as the policy community.