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Institutional Innovation In Higher Education Resource Allocation In China S Transitional Economy

Author: Kang Ning
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 1259644618
Size: 52.72 MB
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The Essential Guide to Allocating Resources and Improving Higher Education in China’s New Economy From 1978 to 2008, China has experienced a remarkable thirty-year period of economic reform and social transformation. In this time, enrollment in higher education increased by 34 times from 856,000 students to more than 29 million. Six years later, the number rose to more than 35 million, with a gross enrollment of 37.5%. What has led to such a rapid expansion of China’s higher education? What can we learn from the changes we’ve seen? How should we allocate resources to build a better future? In this powerful and illuminating study, based on years of research, Professor Ning Kang reveals: * How China’s higher education system has evolved with China’s economy * Which factors, trends, and characteristics of educational institutions have the greatest impact on resource distribution * How changes in the economy conform to a “rule of the sea” that directly affects higher education * How modern universities can adjust organizational structures to comply with economic and governmental changes * How China’s institutions can allocate resources to drive innovation, optimize potential, and create new opportunities Filled with detailed studies, academic assessments, and measured analysis, this book examines three decades of unprecedented change and growth in China’s higher education system during its most dramatic time of economic transition. Professor Ning Kang draws from her vast experience as a university teacher, a Ministry of Education spokesperson, and the head of China Education Television to create an in-depth portrait of the nation’s higher education institutions—as well as a powerful new model for the most effective allocation of China’s resources. Thought-provoking, eye-opening, and brilliantly researched, this book will help educators and administrators understand China’s past successes in the higher education market—and forge a new path for China’s future.

Higher Education Reform In China

Author: W. John Morgan
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 113681194X
Size: 54.96 MB
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A major transformation of Chinese higher education (HE) has taken place over the past decade – China has reshaped its higher education sector from elite to mass education with the number of graduates having quadrupled to three million a year over six years. China is exceptional among lower income countries in using tertiary education as a development strategy on such a scale, aiming to improve the quality of its graduates, and make HE available to as many of its citizens as possible. This book provides a critical examination the challenges to the development and sustainability of higher education in China: Can its universities move from quantity to quality? How will so many graduates find jobs in line with their expectations? Can Britain and other western countries continue to benefit from China’s education boom? What are the prospects for collaboration in research? This book evaluates the prospects for Chinese and foreign HE providers, regulators and other stakeholders. It introduces the key changes in China’s HE programme since the Opening-Up policy in 1978 and analyses the achievements and the challenges over the subsequent three decades. Furthermore, it sheds light on new reforms that are likely to take place in the future, particularly as a result of the ongoing international financial crisis.

Chinese Economy In Disequilibrium

Author: Yining Li
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642395589
Size: 41.74 MB
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Known internationally as ‘Mr. Shareholding’ economist, Li Yining has had a transformative impact on China's economic transition, most notably as an early advocate of ownership reform and in his promotion of shareholding theory. By examining the interrelationship between the government, enterprises and the market, Chinese Economy in Disequilibrium presents an in-depth discussion on the issues of resource allocation, industrial structure, institutional innovation and economic fluctuation in the current Chinese economy under the condition of disequilibrium. Credited with developing the theory of economic disequilibrium, Professor Li distinguishes two types of disequilibrium on the basis of whether or not the majority of firms in the economy are viable profit-makers. In Chinese Economy in Disequilibrium, Professor Li points out that not only has China’s economy been in a state of disequilibrium, but it also has issues with enterprises not being under budget constraint. Given the limitations of market regulation under economic disequilibrium, Professor Li advocates the reform of the enterprise system and upholds the government’s leading role in the establishment of order in the socialist commodity economy. A number of measures are also proposed with the aim of facilitating the transition of China’s economy from disequilibrium to equilibrium. The central theme is that the reform and transition are means to serve economic growth and social development, which would eventually benefit the ordinary citizens in society. Yining Li is a Professor of Economics and Emeritus Dean of Peking University’s Guanghua School of Management. He is one of China’s foremost economists, and the author of twenty books and numerous articles on a wide range of economic subjects including reform and development in China. He has received a number of prestigious awards and honours for his research. As the leading proponent of a market economy in China, Professor Li has had a tremendous influence on China’s economic reform policy over the last three decades. He has served on the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress of China and is currently Vice-Chairman of the Economic Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.

The Challenge Of Establishing World Class Universities

Author: Jamil Salmi
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821378767
Size: 66.96 MB
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Governments are becoming increasingly aware of the important contribution that high performance universities make to competitiveness and economic growth. This book explores what are the challenges involved in setting up globally competitive universities, also called "elite," or "flagship" universities.

Management Information And Educational Engineering

Author: Hsiang-Chuan Liu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315731045
Size: 31.52 MB
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This book contains selected Computer, Management, Information and Educational Engineering related papers from the 2014 International Conference on Management, Information and Educational Engineering (MIEE 2014) which was held in Xiamen, China on November 22-23, 2014. The conference aimed to provide a platform for researchers, engineers and academics as well as industrial professionals from all over the world to present their research results and development activities in Computer, Management, Information and Educational Engineering. The papers have been grouped under the following overarching themes: Computer Science and Information Engineering, New Technologies in Education and Sports, and Engineering Management, Production Management, Business and Economics.

Transition From Socialist To Market Economies

Author: S. Ichimura
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 023024498X
Size: 69.80 MB
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20 years after the collapse of communism in Central Eastern European countries and 30 years after the start of market-oriented reforms in China, this book provides a framework for understanding the differing emphasis and sequencing of two reforms and explores in-depth these issues in the demise of communism and the triumph of the market economy.

An Economic Analysis Of The Rise And Decline Of Chinese Township And Village Enterprises

Author: Cheng Jin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319597701
Size: 40.67 MB
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This book provides a historical economic analysis of two key issues relating to township and village enterprise (TVE) development in China. Firstly, the nature of the evolving relationship between TVEs and local government; in particular how TVE entrepreneurs have used institutionalized power to secure the political influence needed to defend their financial independence. Secondly, the relationship between TVEs and state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and the role of SOEs in China’s economic transition. This study highlights the importance of the role of SOEs in the “dual-track pricing system” and its impact on other parts of the economy. Township and village enterprises were key to China's success in the late twentieth century, but have more or less disappeared as an entity over the past decade or so. By measuring the structural difference of the SOE sector before and after 1998–2003 SOE reform, Jin explains their fast catch-up in productivity since the mid-1990s, as well as the relative decline of TVE productivity.

Encyclopedia Of Information Science And Technology Fourth Edition

Author: Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522522565
Size: 51.93 MB
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In recent years, our world has experienced a profound shift and progression in available computing and knowledge sharing innovations. These emerging advancements have developed at a rapid pace, disseminating into and affecting numerous aspects of contemporary society. This has created a pivotal need for an innovative compendium encompassing the latest trends, concepts, and issues surrounding this relevant discipline area. During the past 15 years, the Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology has become recognized as one of the landmark sources of the latest knowledge and discoveries in this discipline. The Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition is a 10-volume set which includes 705 original and previously unpublished research articles covering a full range of perspectives, applications, and techniques contributed by thousands of experts and researchers from around the globe. This authoritative encyclopedia is an all-encompassing, well-established reference source that is ideally designed to disseminate the most forward-thinking and diverse research findings. With critical perspectives on the impact of information science management and new technologies in modern settings, including but not limited to computer science, education, healthcare, government, engineering, business, and natural and physical sciences, it is a pivotal and relevant source of knowledge that will benefit every professional within the field of information science and technology and is an invaluable addition to every academic and corporate library.

Economics Of Development

Author: A.P. Thirlwall
Publisher: Palgrave
ISBN: 1137577959
Size: 56.91 MB
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The economic and social development of the world’s poorest countries, and the eradication of primary poverty, is one of the greatest challenges facing the world. This tenth edition of Tony Thirlwall’s classic textbook Economics of Development, now co-written with Penélope Pacheco-López, provides a clear, comprehensive and rigorous introduction to the theory ofdevelopment economics and the experience of developing countries. Highlights of the new edition include:• A brand new chapter on human capital: education, nutrition, health, and the role of women in development• New material on the Sustainable Development Goals, the measurement of poverty, and the multidimensional poverty index• Discussion of randomized control trials • The role of structural change in economic development• New IMF lending facilities An ideal textbook for students of economics and other social sciences, this edition contains up-to-date statistics and data, case examples and website references. A companion website is available at www.palgravehighered.com/Thirlwall-Econ-Of-Dev-10e, which includes PowerPoint slides for lecturers, as well as web links to additional resources and videos on development issues. ‘The first edition of this classic text was in 1972, now in 2017 we have a tenth edition. No scholarly work survives for almost half a century without continuing to be current, relevant and authoritative; a considerable task in our fast changing world. Edition number 10 does not disappoint, and will continue to be of great value to current generations of students interested in the economics of development. It is stimulating, informative and comprehensive; as with previous editions, it also maintains rigour whilst continuing to be accessible.’ – Sir David Greenaway, University of Nottingham, UK ‘Economics of Development is by far the best undergraduate textbook in development economics. The new edition expands coverage of the material to include important and relevant topics such as the Sustainable Development Goals, multidimensional poverty, health and nutrition, microcredit, climate change and randomised control trials, and should be an essential reference for students and scholars alike.’ – Kunal Sen, University ofManchester, UK ‘Successive editions of Tony Thirlwall’s textbook on the economics of development have become classic guides to the subject – comprehensive, clear and dispassionate. This updated edition is again outstanding, an essential contemporary introduction to the topic.’ – Frances Stewart, University of Oxford, UK ‘This splendid book, which has gone from strength to strength through ten comprehensive editions, is unquestionably the finest available introduction to the challenging and ever-evolving subject of economic development.’ – Prema-chandra Athukorala, Australian National University, Australia A.P. THIRLWALL is Professor of Applied Economics at the University of Kent, UK. He has lectured widely in developing countries and has been a consultant to several international development agencies. He has also written a number of other books in the field of growth and development, and is Series Editor of Great Thinkers in Economics, published by Palgrave Macmillan. PENÉLOPE PACHECO-LÓPEZ teaches economics at the University of Kent, UK, and has been Consultant to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the International Trade Centre, and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). With A.P. Thirlwall she is co-author of Trade Liberalization and the Poverty of Nations.

The Rate And Direction Of Inventive Activity

Author: National Bureau of Economic Research
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400879760
Size: 59.38 MB
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The papers here range from description and analysis of how our political economy allocates its inventive effort, to studies of the decision making process in specific industrial laboratories. Originally published in 1962. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.