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Institutional Innovation In Higher Education Resource Allocation In China S Transitional Economy

Author: Kang Ning
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 1259644618
Size: 52.68 MB
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The Essential Guide to Allocating Resources and Improving Higher Education in China’s New Economy From 1978 to 2008, China has experienced a remarkable thirty-year period of economic reform and social transformation. In this time, enrollment in higher education increased by 34 times from 856,000 students to more than 29 million. Six years later, the number rose to more than 35 million, with a gross enrollment of 37.5%. What has led to such a rapid expansion of China’s higher education? What can we learn from the changes we’ve seen? How should we allocate resources to build a better future? In this powerful and illuminating study, based on years of research, Professor Ning Kang reveals: * How China’s higher education system has evolved with China’s economy * Which factors, trends, and characteristics of educational institutions have the greatest impact on resource distribution * How changes in the economy conform to a “rule of the sea” that directly affects higher education * How modern universities can adjust organizational structures to comply with economic and governmental changes * How China’s institutions can allocate resources to drive innovation, optimize potential, and create new opportunities Filled with detailed studies, academic assessments, and measured analysis, this book examines three decades of unprecedented change and growth in China’s higher education system during its most dramatic time of economic transition. Professor Ning Kang draws from her vast experience as a university teacher, a Ministry of Education spokesperson, and the head of China Education Television to create an in-depth portrait of the nation’s higher education institutions—as well as a powerful new model for the most effective allocation of China’s resources. Thought-provoking, eye-opening, and brilliantly researched, this book will help educators and administrators understand China’s past successes in the higher education market—and forge a new path for China’s future.

Higher Education Reform In China

Author: W. John Morgan
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 113681194X
Size: 80.84 MB
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A major transformation of Chinese higher education (HE) has taken place over the past decade – China has reshaped its higher education sector from elite to mass education with the number of graduates having quadrupled to three million a year over six years. China is exceptional among lower income countries in using tertiary education as a development strategy on such a scale, aiming to improve the quality of its graduates, and make HE available to as many of its citizens as possible. This book provides a critical examination the challenges to the development and sustainability of higher education in China: Can its universities move from quantity to quality? How will so many graduates find jobs in line with their expectations? Can Britain and other western countries continue to benefit from China’s education boom? What are the prospects for collaboration in research? This book evaluates the prospects for Chinese and foreign HE providers, regulators and other stakeholders. It introduces the key changes in China’s HE programme since the Opening-Up policy in 1978 and analyses the achievements and the challenges over the subsequent three decades. Furthermore, it sheds light on new reforms that are likely to take place in the future, particularly as a result of the ongoing international financial crisis.

Management Information And Educational Engineering

Author: Hsiang-Chuan Liu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315731045
Size: 15.40 MB
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This book contains selected Computer, Management, Information and Educational Engineering related papers from the 2014 International Conference on Management, Information and Educational Engineering (MIEE 2014) which was held in Xiamen, China on November 22-23, 2014. The conference aimed to provide a platform for researchers, engineers and academics as well as industrial professionals from all over the world to present their research results and development activities in Computer, Management, Information and Educational Engineering. The papers have been grouped under the following overarching themes: Computer Science and Information Engineering, New Technologies in Education and Sports, and Engineering Management, Production Management, Business and Economics.

Transition From Socialist To Market Economies

Author: S. Ichimura
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 023024498X
Size: 77.99 MB
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20 years after the collapse of communism in Central Eastern European countries and 30 years after the start of market-oriented reforms in China, this book provides a framework for understanding the differing emphasis and sequencing of two reforms and explores in-depth these issues in the demise of communism and the triumph of the market economy.

An Economic Analysis Of The Rise And Decline Of Chinese Township And Village Enterprises

Author: Cheng Jin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319597701
Size: 54.36 MB
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This book provides a historical economic analysis of two key issues relating to township and village enterprise (TVE) development in China. Firstly, the nature of the evolving relationship between TVEs and local government; in particular how TVE entrepreneurs have used institutionalized power to secure the political influence needed to defend their financial independence. Secondly, the relationship between TVEs and state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and the role of SOEs in China’s economic transition. This study highlights the importance of the role of SOEs in the “dual-track pricing system” and its impact on other parts of the economy. Township and village enterprises were key to China's success in the late twentieth century, but have more or less disappeared as an entity over the past decade or so. By measuring the structural difference of the SOE sector before and after 1998–2003 SOE reform, Jin explains their fast catch-up in productivity since the mid-1990s, as well as the relative decline of TVE productivity.

International Journal Of Business Anthropology Volume 6 2

Author: Gang Chen
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443892629
Size: 77.75 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This issue of International Journal of Business Anthropology contains seven articles related to various aspects of business anthropology, from theories to practices. The first text discusses the concept of business anthropology, the second discusses the impact of economic development on ethnic and cultural diversity with reference to the concept of anomie, and the third explores changes in religious elites’ authority regarding conflicts over tourism development. In the fourth article, consumer entrepreneurs are discussed, in relation to how they attain political legitimacy for their emerging industry in interaction with the state. This part also analyses the discourses made by consumer entrepreneurs who co-created the anti-fraudulence industry in China between 1994 and 2014. The fifth article answers questions concerning China’s booming economy and its social-economic situation, while the sixth explores the effect of Consumer Ethnocentricity under the conditions of a persistent financial crisis. Lastly, the seventh part studies the practice of incorruptible construction in multinational enterprises in order to facilitate transnational corporations’ culture consultations and reinforce incorruptible construction policies.

Demystifying The Chinese Economy

Author: Justin Yifu Lin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521191807
Size: 24.72 MB
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An insightful account of the remarkable transition of the Chinese economy from impoverished backwater to economic powerhouse.

Capitalism From Below

Author: Victor Nee
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674065395
Size: 15.36 MB
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Over 630 million Chinese escaped poverty since the 1980s, the largest decrease in poverty in history. Studying 700 manufacturing firms in the Yangzi region, the authors argue that the engine of China’s economic miracle—private enterprise—did not originate at the top but bubbled up from below, overcoming initial obstacles set up by the government.

The Challenge Of Establishing World Class Universities

Author: Jamil Salmi
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821378767
Size: 18.62 MB
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Governments are becoming increasingly aware of the important contribution that high performance universities make to competitiveness and economic growth. This book explores what are the challenges involved in setting up globally competitive universities, also called "elite," or "flagship" universities.

Research Assessment In The Humanities

Author: Michael Ochsner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319290169
Size: 63.47 MB
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This book analyses and discusses the recent developments for assessing research quality in the humanities and related fields in the social sciences. Research assessments in the humanities are highly controversial and the evaluation of humanities research is delicate. While citation-based research performance indicators are widely used in the natural and life sciences, quantitative measures for research performance meet strong opposition in the humanities. This volume combines the presentation of state-of-the-art projects on research assessments in the humanities by humanities scholars themselves with a description of the evaluation of humanities research in practice presented by research funders. Bibliometric issues concerning humanities research complete the exhaustive analysis of humanities research assessment. The selection of authors is well-balanced between humanities scholars, research funders, and researchers on higher education. Hence, the edited volume succeeds in painting a comprehensive picture of research evaluation in the humanities. This book is valuable to university and science policy makers, university administrators, research evaluators, bibliometricians as well as humanities scholars who seek expert knowledge in research evaluation in the humanities.