Download insurgent collective action and civil war in el salvador cambridge studies in comparative politics in pdf or read insurgent collective action and civil war in el salvador cambridge studies in comparative politics in pdf online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get insurgent collective action and civil war in el salvador cambridge studies in comparative politics in pdf book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.



Forging Democracy From Below

Author: Elisabeth Jean Wood
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521788878
Size: 25.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 531
Download and Read
This book, first published in 2000, analyzes the role of economically marginalized people in recent transitions to democratic rule.

Inside Rebellion

Author: Jeremy M. Weinstein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139458698
Size: 56.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 6271
Download and Read
Some rebel groups abuse noncombatant populations, while others exhibit restraint. Insurgent leaders in some countries transform local structures of government, while others simply extract resources for their own benefit. In some contexts, groups kill their victims selectively, while in other environments violence appears indiscriminate, even random. This book presents a theory that accounts for the different strategies pursued by rebel groups in civil war, explaining why patterns of insurgent violence vary so much across conflicts. It does so by examining the membership, structure, and behavior of four insurgent movements in Uganda, Mozambique, and Peru. Drawing on interviews with nearly two hundred combatants and civilians who experienced violence firsthand, it shows that rebels' strategies depend in important ways on how difficult it is to launch a rebellion. The book thus demonstrates how characteristics of the environment in which rebellions emerge constrain rebel organization and shape the patterns of violence that civilians experience.

The Logic Of Violence In Civil War

Author: Stathis N. Kalyvas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139456920
Size: 70.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 2374
Download and Read
By analytically decoupling war and violence, this book explores the causes and dynamics of violence in civil war. Against the prevailing view that such violence is an instance of impenetrable madness, the book demonstrates that there is logic to it and that it has much less to do with collective emotions, ideologies, and cultures than currently believed. Kalyvas specifies a novel theory of selective violence: it is jointly produced by political actors seeking information and individual civilians trying to avoid the worst but also grabbing what opportunities their predicament affords them. Violence, he finds, is never a simple reflection of the optimal strategy of its users; its profoundly interactive character defeats simple maximization logics while producing surprising outcomes, such as relative nonviolence in the 'frontlines' of civil war.

Alliance Formation In Civil Wars

Author: Fotini Christia
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139851756
Size: 27.86 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 3863
Download and Read
Some of the most brutal and long-lasting civil wars of our time involve the rapid formation and disintegration of alliances among warring groups, as well as fractionalization within them. It would be natural to suppose that warring groups form alliances based on shared identity considerations - such as Christian groups allying with Christian groups - but this is not what we see. Two groups that identify themselves as bitter foes one day, on the basis of some identity narrative, might be allies the next day and vice versa. Nor is any group, however homogeneous, safe from internal fractionalization. Rather, looking closely at the civil wars in Afghanistan and Bosnia and testing against the broader universe of fifty-three cases of multiparty civil wars, Fotini Christia finds that the relative power distribution between and within various warring groups is the primary driving force behind alliance formation, alliance changes, group splits and internal group takeovers.

Rebuilding Leviathan

Author: Anna Grzymala-Busse
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139464922
Size: 71.18 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 6256
Download and Read
Why do some governing parties limit their opportunistic behaviour and constrain the extraction of private gains from the state? This analysis of post-communist state reconstruction provides surprising answers to this fundamental question of party politics. Across the post-communist democracies, governing parties have opportunistically reconstructed the state - simultaneously exploiting it by extracting state resources and building new institutions that further such extraction. They enfeebled or delayed formal state institutions of monitoring and oversight, established new discretionary structures of state administration, and extracted enormous informal profits from the privatization of the communist economy. By examining how post-communist political parties rebuilt the state in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia, Grzymala-Busse explains how even opportunistic political parties will limit their corrupt behaviour and abuse of state resources when faced with strong political competition.

Understanding Ethnic Violence

Author: Roger D. Petersen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521007740
Size: 29.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7498
Download and Read
This 2002 book seeks to identify the motivations of perpetrators of ethnic violence, applying four models to conflicts in Eastern Europe.

Institutions And Ethnic Politics In Africa

Author: Daniel N. Posner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316582973
Size: 63.87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 6871
Download and Read
This book presents a theory to account for why and when politics revolves around one axis of social cleavage instead of another. It does so by examining the case of Zambia, where people identify themselves either as members of one of the country's seventy-three tribes or as members of one of its four principal language groups. The book accounts for the conditions under which Zambian political competition revolves around tribal differences and under which it revolves around language group differences. Drawing on a simple model of identity choice, it shows that the answer depends on whether the country operates under single-party or multi-party rule. During periods of single-party rule, tribal identities serve as the axis of electoral mobilization and self-identification; during periods of multi-party rule, broader language group identities play this role. The book thus demonstrates how formal institutional rules determine the kinds of social cleavages that matter in politics.

Poets And Prophets Of The Resistance

Author: Joaquín M. Chávez
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190661097
Size: 28.47 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 3314
Download and Read
Poets and Prophets of the Resistance offers a ground-up history and fresh interpretation of the polarization and mobilization that brought El Salvador to the eve of civil war in 1980. Challenging the dominant narrative that university students and political dissidents primarily formed the Salvadoran guerrillas, Joaquín Chávez argues that El Salvador's socioeconomic and political crises of the 1970s fomented a groundswell of urban and peasant intellectuals who collaborated to spur larger revolutionary social movements. Drawing on new archival sources and in-depth interviews, Poets and Prophets of the Resistance contests the idea that urban militants and Roman Catholic priests influenced by Liberation Theology single-handedly organized and politicized peasant groups. Chávez shows instead how peasant intellectuals acted as political catalysts among their own communities first, particularly in the region of Chalatenango, laying the groundwork for the peasant movements that were to come. In this way, he contends, the Salvadoran insurgency emerged in a dialogue between urban and peasant intellectuals working together to create and execute a common revolutionary strategy--one that drew on cultures of resistance deeply rooted in the country's history, poetry, and religion. Focusing on this cross-pollination, this book introduces the idea that a "pedagogy of revolution" originated in this historical alliance between urban and peasant, making use of secular and Catholic pedagogies such as radio schools, literacy programs, and rural cooperatives. This pedagogy became more and more radicalized over time as it pushed back against the increasingly repressive structures of 1970s El Salvador. Teasing out the roles of little-known groups such as the politically active "La Masacuata" literary movement, the contributions of Catholic Action intellectuals to the New Left, and the overlooked efforts of peasant leaders, Poets and Prophets of the Resistance demonstrates how trans-class political and cultural interactions drove the revolutionary mobilizations that anticipated the Salvadoran civil war.

Power In Numbers

Author: James DeNardo
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400855020
Size: 80.84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 4075
Download and Read
This book explores the logic of struggle between radical movements and incumbent regimes, and develops a general theory of strategy in protests, uprisings, and rebellions. Originally published in 1985. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.