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Integrating Research On The Graphical Representation Of Functions

Author: Thomas A. Romberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136476369
Size: 32.73 MB
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This volume focuses on the important mathematical idea of functions that, with the technology of computers and calculators, can be dynamically represented in ways that have not been possible previously. The book's editors contend that as result of recent technological developments combined with the integrated knowledge available from research on teaching, instruction, students' thinking, and assessment, curriculum developers, researchers, and teacher educators are faced with an unprecedented opportunity for making dramatic changes. The book presents content considerations that occur when the mathematics of graphs and functions relate to curriculum. It also examines content in a carefully considered integration of research that conveys where the field stands and where it might go. Drawing heavily on their own work, the chapter authors reconceptualize research in their specific areas so that this knowledge is integrated with the others' strands. This model for synthesizing research can serve as a paradigm for how research in mathematics education can -- and probably should -- proceed.

Using The Mathematics Literature

Author: Kristine K. Fowler
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824750350
Size: 13.81 MB
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This reference serves as a reader-friendly guide to every basic tool and skill required in the mathematical library and helps mathematicians find resources in any format in the mathematics literature. It lists a wide range of standard texts, journals, review articles, newsgroups, and Internet and database tools for every major subfield in mathematics and details methods of access to primary literature sources of new research, applications, results, and techniques. Using the Mathematics Literature is the most comprehensive and up-to-date resource on mathematics literature in both print and electronic formats, presenting time-saving strategies for retrieval of the latest information.

Mathematical And Analogical Reasoning Of Young Learners

Author: Lyn D. English
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135638705
Size: 77.52 MB
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Mathematical and Analogical Reasoning of Young Learners provides foundational knowledge of the nature, development, and assessment of mathematical and analogical reasoning in young children. Reasoning is fundamental to understanding mathematics and is identified as one of the 10 key standards for school mathematics for the new millennium. The book draws on longitudinal and cross-cultural studies, conducted in the United States and Australia, of children's reasoning development as they progressed from preschool through the end of second grade. The multifaceted analysis of young children's development of mathematical and analogical reasoning focuses on individual learners, their learning environments, and the interaction between the two. The multidisciplinary team of authors present multiple perspectives and multiple methodologies, and provide valuable information on organizing and sustaining interdisciplinary and cross-cultural inquiry. Key issues addressed include: *the relationship between mathematical and analogical reasoning; *how changes in children's reasoning relate to the implicit instruction they receive in their classrooms; *analyses of the participating teachers' knowledge, beliefs, and practices with respect to mathematical and analogical reasoning of young learners; and *ways in which we might promote development of mathematical and analogical reasoning in young children. This volume is highly relevant for mathematics educators, researchers in mathematics education, educational psychologists, early childhood teachers, and others interested in mathematical development of young children, in particular, the development of their reasoning processes.

Algebra In The Early Grades

Author: James J. Kaput
Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum
ISBN:
Size: 51.24 MB
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This volume is the first to offer a comprehensive, research-based, multi-faceted look at issues in early algebra. In recent years, the National Council for Teachers of Mathematics has recommended that algebra become a strand flowing throughout the K-12 curriculum, and the 2003 RAND Mathematics Study Panel has recommended that algebra be "the initial topical choice for focused and coordinated research and development [in K-12 mathematics]." The book provides a rationale for a stronger and more sustained approach to algebra in school, as well as concrete examples of how algebraic reasoning may be developed in the early grades. It is organized around three themes: *The Nature of Early Algebra *Students' Capacity for Algebraic Thinking *Issues of Implementation: Taking Early Algebra to the Classrooms The contributors to this landmark volume have been at the forefront of an effort to integrate algebra into the existing early grades mathematics curriculum. They include scholars who have been developing the conceptual foundations for such changes as well as researchers and developers who have led empirical investigations in school settings. Algebra in the Early Gradesaims to bridge the worlds of research, practice, design, and theory for educators, researchers, students, policy makers, and curriculum developers in mathematics education.

Knowing And Teaching Elementary Mathematics

Author: Liping Ma
Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum
ISBN: 9780805829082
Size: 40.86 MB
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Although Chinese students typically outperform U.S. students on comparisons of mathematics competency, Chinese teachers receive far less education than U.S. teachers. This book describes the development of the profound understanding of fundamental mathematics that elementary teachers need.

Engaging Young Children In Mathematics

Author: Douglas H. Clements
Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum
ISBN:
Size: 28.25 MB
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Engaging Young Children in Mathematics: Standards for Early Childhood Mathematics Education originates from the landmark 2000 Conference on Standards for Pre-kindergarten and Kindergarten Mathematics Education. The main goal of the Conference was

The Origins Of Mathematical Knowledge In Childhood

Author: Catherine Sophian
Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum
ISBN: 9780805857580
Size: 55.95 MB
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This book examines the origins and development of children’s mathematical knowledge. It contrasts the widely held view that counting is the starting point for mathematical development with an alternative comparison-of-quantities position. According to the comparison-of-quantities position, the concept of number builds upon more basic concepts of equality, inequality, and less-than and greater-than relations, which derive from comparisons between unenumerated quantities such as lengths. The concept of number combines these basic comparative concepts with the concept of a unit of measure, which allows one quantity to be described as a multiple of another. Sophian examines these alternative accounts of children’s developing mathematical knowledge in the light of research: *on children's counting; *on their reasoning about continuous quantities such as length and area; *on the development of the concept of unit; *on additive and multiplicative reasoning; and *on knowledge about fractions. In the closing chapters, Sophian draws out the developmental and the educational implications of the research and theory presented. Developmentally, the comparison-of-quantities position undermines the idea that numerical knowledge develops through domain-specific learning mechanisms in that it links numerical development both to physical knowledge about objects, which is the starting point for the concept of unit, and to the acquisition of linguistic number terms. Instructionally, the comparison-of-quantities perspective diverges from the counting-first perspective in that it underscores the continuity between whole-number arithmetic and fraction learning that stems from the importance of the concept of unit for both. Building on this idea, Sophian advances three instructional recommendations: First, instruction about numbers should always be grounded in thinking about quantities and how numbers represent the relations between them; second, instruction in the early years should always be guided by a long-term perspective in which current objectives are shaped by an understanding of their role in the overall course of mathematics learning; and third, instruction should be directly toward promoting the acquisition of the most general mathematical knowledge possible. The Origins of Mathematical Knowledge in Childhood is intended for researchers, professionals, and graduate students in developmental psychology, educational psychology, and mathematics education, and as a supplementary text for advanced undergraduate courses in cognitive development, educational psychology, and mathematics education.

Handbook Of Research On Mathematics Teaching And Learning

Author: Douglas A. Grouws
Publisher: Macmillan Library Reference
ISBN:
Size: 16.56 MB
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Research in the area of mathematics education has flourished over the past two decades. The Handbook of Research on Mathematics Teaching and Learning is the most comprehensive and up-to-date survey of the best research, new developments, and critical conflicts and controversies in mathematics education. Sponsored by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics and written by leading experts in the field of mathematics education, the Handbook is specifically designed to make important, vital scholarship accessible to mathematics education professors, graduate students, educational researchers, staff development directors, curriculum supervisors, and teachers. The Handbook provides a framework for understanding the evolution of the mathematics education research field against the backdrop of well-established conceptual, historical, theoretical, and methodological perspectives. It is an indispensable working tool for everyone interested in pursuing research in mathematics education as the references for each of the Handbook's twenty-nine chapters are complete resources for both current and past work in that particular area. The Handbook's twenty-nine chapters are organized into five major sections. Overview - presents a history of research in mathematics education, an analysis of how mathematics as a discipline has changed over time and how these shifts have influenced research, and a theoretical reconceptualization of one of the most crucial issues in mathematics education - the nature of understanding within the context of learning and teaching. Mathematics Teaching - includes articles on the culture of the classroom, effective teaching, teacher beliefs, classroom organization, andteacher education. Learning from Instruction - comprises chapters organized around mathematical domains that have been the focus of considerable research: additive structures; multiplicative structures; national numbers; problem solving; estimation; algebra, geometry, and spatial reasoning; probability and statistics; and proofs, limits, functions, and infinity. Critical Issues - considers such important issues in mathematics education as affect, evaluation, gender, ethnicity, and technology, while taking into account the evolution of these issues from teaching, learning, and research perspectives. Perspectives - offers viewpoints on international studies of achievement, international research, and reflections on the future of mathematics education.