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Intellectual Culture In Medieval Paris

Author: Ian P. Wei
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107009693
Size: 77.53 MB
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This book explores the ideas of theologians at the medieval University of Paris and their attempts to shape society. Investigating their views on money, marriage and sex, Ian Wei reveals the complexity of what theologians had to say about the world around them, and the increasing challenges to their authority.

The Place Of The Psalms In The Intellectual Culture Of The Middle Ages

Author: Nancy Elizabeth Van Deusen
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791441299
Size: 46.16 MB
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The Psalms were an important part of the education, daily life, and spiritual development of medieval clerics and monks, and they had a significant impact on lay culture as well. The Place of the Psalms in the Intellectual Culture of the Middle Ages surveys their influence, giving a unique window into the intellectual, spiritual, and emotional culture of the period.

Akademische Wissenskulturen

Author: Martin Kintzinger
Publisher: Schwabe AG
ISBN: 3796534775
Size: 19.32 MB
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Seit mehr als zwei Jahrzehnten haben sich in der Universitäts- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte die Konzepte einer Wissensgeschichte sowie der Erforschung historischer Wissenskulturen etabliert. Dabei sind wichtige theoretische und methodische Ergebnisse erarbeitet worden, an die der vorliegende Band anschliesst. Er stellt Ansätze in den Vordergrund, die nach den Praktiken des Wissens und ihrer jeweiligen Deutung durch Zeitgenossen fragen. Dieser Zugriff erlaubt, die Transformationen historischer Wissensbestände und Expertenkulturen genauer zu beschreiben und etablierte Periodisierungen zu prüfen und zu präzisieren. Die Beiträge des Bandes thematisieren verschiedene Praktiken des Lehrens und Forschens von der spätmittelalterlichen Universität bis zu modernen technischen Expertenkulturen. Die Einbettung akademischer Praktiken in verschiedene Umwelten und die durch diese bedingte stete Notwendigkeit akademischer Selbstdefinition werden dabei ebenso beleuchtet wie die Nutzung von Texten, Bildern und Raumarrangements in diesem Kontext. In zwei einander ergänzenden Schwerpunkten untersuchen die Beiträge sowohl Prozesse der wiederholten Abgrenzung akademischer Wissenskulturen als auch die enge Verstrickung akademischer Eliten in politische und gesellschaftliche Transformationen. Im Blick auf Verschiebungen, Transformationen und Neudeutungen wissensbezogener Praktiken treten Dynamiken der Selbstpositionierung von Gelehrten in vormodernen und modernen Gesellschaften deutlich hervor.

Officers And Accountability In Medieval England 1170 1300

Author: John Sabapathy
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199645906
Size: 52.18 MB
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The later twelfth and thirteenth centuries were a pivotal period for the development of European government and governance. During this period a mentality took hold which trusted to procedures of accountability as a means of controlling officers' conduct. The mentality was not inherently new, but it became qualitatively more complex and quantitatively more widespread in this period, across European countries, and across different sorts of officer. The officers exposed to these methods were not just 'state' ones, but also seignorial, ecclasistical, and university-college officers, as well as urban-communal ones. This comparative study surveys these officers and the practices used to regulate them in England. It places them not only within a British context but also a wide European one and explores how administration, law, politics, and norms tried to control the insolence of office. The devices for institutionalising accountability analyzed here reflected an extraordinarily creative response in England - and beyond - to the problem of complex government: inquests, audits, accounts, scrutiny panels, sindication. Many of them have shaped the way in which we think about accountability today. Some remain with us. So too do their practical problems. How can one delegate control effectively? How does accountability relate to responsibility? What relationship does accountability have with justice? This study offers answers for these questions in the Middle Ages, and is the first of its kind dedicated to an examination of this important topic in this period.

The Oxford Handbook Of Medieval Christianity

Author: John H. Arnold
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191015016
Size: 68.24 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Christianity takes as its subject the beliefs, practices, and institutions of the Christian Church between 400 and 1500AD. It addresses topics ranging from early medieval monasticism to late medieval mysticism, from the material wealth of the Church to the spiritual exercises through which certain believers might attempt to improve their souls. Each chapter tells a story, but seeks also to ask how and why 'Christianity' took particular forms at particular moments in history, paying attention to both the spiritual and otherwordly aspects of religion, and the material and political contexts in which they were often embedded. This Handbook is a landmark academic collection that presents cutting-edge interpretive perspectives on medieval religion for a wide academic audience, drawing together thirty key scholars in the field from the United States, the UK, and Europe. Notably, the Handbook is arranged thematically, and focusses on an analytical, rather than narrative, approach, seeking to demonstrate the variety, change, and complexity of religion throughout this long period, and the numerous different ways in which modern scholarship can approach it. While providing a very wide-ranging view of the subject, it also offers an important agenda for further study in the field.

The Middle Ages A Very Short Introduction

Author: Miri Rubin
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191019550
Size: 33.74 MB
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The Middle Ages is a term coined around 1450 to describe a thousand years of European History. In this Very Short Introduction, Miri Rubin provides an exploration of the variety, change, dynamism, and sheer complexity that the period covers. From the provinces of the Roman Empire, which became Barbarian kingdoms after c.450-650, to the northern and eastern regions that became increasingly integrated into Europe, Rubin explores the emergence of a truly global system of communication, conquest, and trade by the end of the era. Presenting an insight into the challenges of life in Europe between 500-1500 — at all levels of society — Rubin looks at kingship and family, agriculture and trade, groups and individuals. Conveying the variety of European experiences, while providing a sense of the communication, cooperation, and shared values of the pervasive Christian culture, Rubin looks at the legacies they left behind. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Legalism

Author: Fernanda Pirie
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191025933
Size: 60.16 MB
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'Community' and 'justice' recur in anthropological, historical, and legal scholarship, yet as concepts they are notoriously slippery. Historians and lawyers look to anthropologists as 'community specialists', but anthropologists often avoid the concept through circumlocution: although much used (and abused) by historians, legal thinkers, and political philosophers, the term remains strikingly indeterminate and often morally overdetermined. 'Justice', meanwhile, is elusive, alternately invoked as the goal of contemporary political theorizing, and wrapped in obscure philosophical controversy. A conceptual knot emerges in much legal and political thought between law, justice, and community, but theories abound, without any agreement over concepts. The contributors to this volume use empirical case studies to unpick threads of this knot. Local codes from Anglo-Saxon England, north Africa, and medieval Armenia indicate disjunctions between community boundaries and the subjects of local rules and categories; processes of justice from early modern Europe to eastern Tibet suggest new ways of conceptualizing the relationship between law and justice; and practices of exile that recur throughout the world illustrate contingent formulations of community. In the first book in the series, Legalism: Anthropology and History, law was addressed through a focus on local legal categories as conceptual tools. Here this approach is extended to the ideas and ideals of justice and community. Rigorous cross-cultural comparison allows the contributors to avoid normative assumptions, while opening new avenues of inquiry for lawyers, anthropologists, and historians alike.

Geschichte Der Universit T In Europa

Author: Walter Rüegg
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406369537
Size: 38.34 MB
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Dieses auf vier Bände angelegte Werk ist eine Geschichte der "Institution Universität" in Europa von ihrer Entstehung im Mittelalter bis in die heutige Zeit und zugleich eine vergleichende Geschichte der europäischen Universitäten sowie der außereuropäischen Universitäten, die nach europäischem Muster gegründet worden sind. Es wird auf Initiative der europäischen Rektorenkonferenz (CRE), der über 500 wissenschaftliche Hochschulen in 27 europäischen Staaten angehören, von einem internationalen Komitee namhafter Wissenschaftler unter dem Vorsitz von Walter Rüegg (Schweiz) herausgegeben. Absicht dieses Gemeinschaftswerkes ist es, die gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen und Aufgaben, die Merkmale geistiger und institutioneller Identität, die Strukturen, Gestaltungen und Hauptprobleme der europäischen Universitäten in ihren geschichtlichen Grundlagen und Veränderungen, aber auch in ihren regionalen Unterschieden, auf dem heutigen Forschungsstand vergleichend und zusammenfassend darzustellen.