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Intelligent Transportation Systems

Author: Robert Gordon
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319147684
Size: 13.85 MB
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Intelligent Transportation Systems: Functional Design for Economical and Efficient Traffic Management provides practical guidance on the efficient use of resources in the design of ITS. The author explains how functional design alternatives can meet project objectives and requirements with optimal cost effectiveness and clarifies how transportation planning and traffic diversion principles relate to functional ITS device selections and equipment locations. Methodologies for translating objectives to functional device types, determining device deployment densities and determining the best placement of CCTV cameras and message signs are provided, as are models for evaluating the benefits of design alternatives based on traffic conditions. Readers will learn how to reduce recurrent congestion, improve incident clearance time in non-recurrent congestion, provide real-time incident information to motorists, and leverage transportation management center data for lane control through important new active transportation and demand management (ATDM) methods. Finally, the author examines exciting developments in connected vehicle technologies, exploring their potential to greatly improve safety, mobility and energy efficiency. This resource will greatly benefit all ITS designers and managers and is of pivotal importance for operating agencies performing evaluations to justify operational funding and system expansions.

Intelligent Freeway Transportation Systems

Author: Robert Gordon
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441907335
Size: 59.40 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Intelligent Freeway Transportation Systems: Functional Design focuses on the efficient use of resources in the design of ITS. It discusses the principles of top down design starting with objectives and requirements, and provides guidance for the development and evaluation of functional design alternatives according to cost effectiveness principles. It shows how transportation planning principles such as Wardrop’s Laws and traffic diversion principles relate to functional ITS device selections and equipment locations. Methodologies for translating objectives to functional device types are provided. Application factors to identify device deployment densities (e.g. number of detectors per mile) as a function of traffic conditions are provided, as are evaluation models for evaluating the benefits of design alternatives based on traffic conditions. Design guidance and benefits evaluation include the following functions: (1) Non-recurrent congestion – Improvement of incident clearance time, (2) Non recurrent congestion – Incident information to motorists, (3) Recurrent congestion – Information to motorists, (4) Ramp metering, (5) Motorist service patrols.

Modeling And Simulation Of Logistics Flows 2

Author: Jean-Michel Réveillac
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111936857X
Size: 66.36 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Volume 2 begins with an introduction and 4 chapters implementing software tools on cases of practical applications and it ends with a conclusion: - The various tools used in this volume; - Operational research with a spreadsheet; - Dashboards with spreadsheets and pivot tables; - Scheduling and planning with a project manager; - The traffic simulation The conclusion shows the new features that are expected to emerge on spreadsheets as well as project managers, developments and convergences between traffic simulators and new infrastructure that are emerging on road networks. Annex 1 focuses on the installation Solver in Microsoft Excel and Annex 2 focuses on the installation of the Java Development Kit

Modeling And Simulation Of Logistics Flows 3

Author: Jean-Michel Réveillac
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119368634
Size: 29.99 MB
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Volume 3 begins with an introduction to which are added four chapters focused on modeling and flow simulation in an environment in 2 or 3 dimensions (2D or 3D). They deal with different cases taken from situations found in the field. A conclusion comes close this third book: - The different software used in this third volume; - Computer simulation of discrete flows; - Mixed flow simulation; - Flows in 3D and the evacuation simulation; - Flows in 3D for conveying and storage The conclusion discusses the future developments of the software and their integration into society. At the end of each volume is a bibliography and a list of web links. There is also a glossary explaining some abbreviations, acronyms and some very specific terminology of logistics and operations research.

Modeling And Simulation Of Logistics Flows 1

Author: Jean-Michel Réveillac
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119368529
Size: 69.49 MB
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Volume 1 presents successively an introduction followed by 10 chapters and a conclusion: - A logistic approach - an overview of operations research - The basics of graph theory - calculating optimal routes - Dynamic programming - planning and scheduling with PERT and MPM; - the waves of calculations in a network; - spanning trees and touring; - linear programming - modeling of road traffic

Human Factors In Intelligent Transportation Systems

Author: Woodrow Barfield
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317781104
Size: 51.76 MB
Format: PDF
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The Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Program is a cooperative effort by government, private industry, and academia to apply advanced technology to the task of resolving the problems of surface transportation. The objective is to improve travel efficiency and mobility, enhance safety, conserve energy, provide economic benefits, and protect the environment. The current demand for mobility has exceeded the available capacity of the roadway system. Because the highway system cannot be expanded, except in minor ways, the available capacity must be used more efficiently to handle the increased demand. ITS applies advanced information processing, communication, sensing, and computer control technologies to the problems of surface transportation. Considerable research and development efforts will be required to produce these new technologies and to convert technologies developed in the defense and space programs to solve surface transportation problems. ITS has been subdivided into six interlocking technology areas. This book addresses human factors concerns for four of these areas: * Advanced Traveler Information Systems are a variety of systems that provide real time, in-vehicle information to drivers regarding navigation and route guidance, motorist services, roadway signing, and hazard warnings. * Advanced Vehicle Control Systems refer to systems that aid drivers in controlling their vehicle particularly in emergency situations and ultimately taking over some or all of the driving tasks. * Commercial Vehicle Operations address the application of ITS technologies to the special needs of commercial roadway vehicles including automated vehicle identification, location, weigh-in-motion, clearance sensing, and record keeping. * Advanced Traffic Management Systems monitor, control and manage traffic on streets and highways to reduce congestion using vehicle route diversion, automated signal timing, changeable message signs, and priority control systems. Two technical areas are not specifically addressed in individual chapters, but many aspects of them are covered in associated chapters: * Advanced Rural Transportation Systems include systems that apply ITS technologies to the special needs of rural systems and include emergency notification and response, vehicle location, and traveler information. * Advanced Public Transportation Systems enhance the effectiveness, attractiveness and economics of public transportation and include fleet management, automated fare collection, and real-time information systems.

Data Analytics For Intelligent Transportation Systems

Author: Mashrur Chowdhury
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128098511
Size: 10.17 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Data Analytics for Intelligent Transportation Systems provides in-depth coverage of data-enabled methods for analyzing intelligent transportation systems that includes detailed coverage of the tools needed to implement these methods using big data analytics and other computing techniques. The book examines the major characteristics of connected transportation systems, along with the fundamental concepts of how to analyze the data they produce. It explores collecting, archiving, processing, and distributing the data, designing data infrastructures, data management and delivery systems, and the required hardware and software technologies. Users will learn how to design effective data visualizations, tactics on the planning process, and how to evaluate alternative data analytics for different connected transportation applications, along with key safety and environmental applications for both commercial and passenger vehicles, data privacy and security issues, and the role of social media data in traffic planning. Includes case studies in each chapter that illustrate the application of concepts covered Presents extensive coverage of existing and forthcoming intelligent transportation systems and data analytics technologies Contains contributors from both leading academic and commercial researchers Explains how to design effective data visualizations, tactics on the planning process, and how to evaluate alternative data analytics for different connected transportation applications

Evaluation Of Intelligent Road Transport Systems

Author: Meng Lu
Publisher: IET
ISBN: 1785611720
Size: 48.32 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) use information and communications technologies (ICT) to deliver transport improvements instead of extending physical infrastructure, thereby saving money and reducing environmental impact. This book provides an overview of ICT-based intelligent road transport systems with an emphasis on evaluation methods and recent evaluation results of ITS development and deployment. Topics covered include: ITS evaluation policy; frameworks and methods for ITS evaluation; ITS impact evaluation; the network perspective; field operational tests (FOTs); assessing transport measures using cost-benefit and multicriteria analysis; technical assessment of the performance of in-vehicle systems; opportunities and challenges in the era of new pervasive technology; evaluation of automated driving functions; user-related evaluation of ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems) and automated driving; evaluation of traffic management; performance assessment of a wet weather pilot system; case studies from China; heavy vehicle overload control benefit and cost. With chapters from an international panel of leading experts, this book is essential reading for researchers and advanced students from academia, industry and government working in intelligent road transport systems.

Wavelets In Intelligent Transportation Systems

Author: Hojjat Adeli
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780470867426
Size: 62.46 MB
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This book shows how wavelets can be used to enhance computational intelligence for chaotic and complex pattern recognition problems. By integrating wavelets with other soft computing techniques such as neurocomputing and fuzzy logic, complicated and noisy pattern recognition problems can be solved effectively. The book focuses on applications in intelligent transportation systems (ITS) where a number of very complicated pattern recognition problems have eluded researchers over the past few decades. Advancing the frontiers of computational intelligence, this book: Describes ingenious computational models based on novel problem solving and computing techniques such as Case-Based Reasoning, Neurocomputing, and Wavelets, and presents examples to illustrate their importance and use. Presents a multi-paradigm intelligent systems approach to the freeway traffic incident detection and construction work zone management problems. Advocates application and integration of wavelets, neural networks and fuzzy logic for modeling the complex traffic flow behaviors leading to effective and efficient control and management solutions. Presents efficient, reliable, and robust algorithms for automatic detection of incidents on freeways. Wavelets in Intelligent Transportation Systems is an invaluable resource for computational intelligence researchers and transportation engineers involved in the application of advanced computational techniques for ITS.

Applications Of Advanced Technology In Transportation

Author: Kelvin C. P. Wang
Publisher: Amer Society of Civil Engineers
ISBN: 9780784406328
Size: 27.73 MB
Format: PDF
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Organized from advanced technologies in transportation; transportation infrastructure management; information technology in transportation; and transportation planning and modeling, this title contains technical papers presented at the Seventh International Conference on Applications of Advanced Technology in Transportation.