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Intelligent Transportation Systems

Author: Robert Gordon
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319147684
Size: 36.89 MB
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Intelligent Transportation Systems: Functional Design for Economical and Efficient Traffic Management provides practical guidance on the efficient use of resources in the design of ITS. The author explains how functional design alternatives can meet project objectives and requirements with optimal cost effectiveness and clarifies how transportation planning and traffic diversion principles relate to functional ITS device selections and equipment locations. Methodologies for translating objectives to functional device types, determining device deployment densities and determining the best placement of CCTV cameras and message signs are provided, as are models for evaluating the benefits of design alternatives based on traffic conditions. Readers will learn how to reduce recurrent congestion, improve incident clearance time in non-recurrent congestion, provide real-time incident information to motorists, and leverage transportation management center data for lane control through important new active transportation and demand management (ATDM) methods. Finally, the author examines exciting developments in connected vehicle technologies, exploring their potential to greatly improve safety, mobility and energy efficiency. This resource will greatly benefit all ITS designers and managers and is of pivotal importance for operating agencies performing evaluations to justify operational funding and system expansions.

Intelligent Freeway Transportation Systems

Author: Robert Gordon
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441907335
Size: 15.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Intelligent Freeway Transportation Systems: Functional Design focuses on the efficient use of resources in the design of ITS. It discusses the principles of top down design starting with objectives and requirements, and provides guidance for the development and evaluation of functional design alternatives according to cost effectiveness principles. It shows how transportation planning principles such as Wardrop’s Laws and traffic diversion principles relate to functional ITS device selections and equipment locations. Methodologies for translating objectives to functional device types are provided. Application factors to identify device deployment densities (e.g. number of detectors per mile) as a function of traffic conditions are provided, as are evaluation models for evaluating the benefits of design alternatives based on traffic conditions. Design guidance and benefits evaluation include the following functions: (1) Non-recurrent congestion – Improvement of incident clearance time, (2) Non recurrent congestion – Incident information to motorists, (3) Recurrent congestion – Information to motorists, (4) Ramp metering, (5) Motorist service patrols.

Modeling And Simulation Of Logistics Flows 2

Author: Jean-Michel Réveillac
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111936857X
Size: 63.68 MB
Format: PDF
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Volume 2 begins with an introduction and 4 chapters implementing software tools on cases of practical applications and it ends with a conclusion: The various tools used in this volume Operational research with a spreadsheet Dashboards with spreadsheets and pivot tables Scheduling and planning with a project manager The traffic simulation The conclusion shows the new features that are expected to emerge on spreadsheets as well as project managers, developments and convergences between traffic simulators and new infrastructure that are emerging on road networks. Annex 1 focuses on the installation Solver in Microsoft Excel and Annex 2 focuses on the installation of the Java Development Kit.

Modeling And Simulation Of Logistics Flows 3

Author: Jean-Michel Réveillac
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119368634
Size: 31.32 MB
Format: PDF
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Volume 3 begins with an introduction to which are added four chapters focused on modeling and flow simulation in an environment in 2 or 3 dimensions (2D or 3D). They deal with different cases taken from situations found in the field. A conclusion comes close this third book: The different software used in this third volume Computer simulation of discrete flows Mixed flow simulation Flows in 3D and the evacuation simulation Flows in 3D for conveying and storage The conclusion discusses the future developments of the software and their integration into society. At the end of each volume is a bibliography and a list of web links. There is also a glossary explaining some abbreviations, acronyms and some very specific terminology of logistics and operations research.

Human Factors In Intelligent Transportation Systems

Author: Woodrow Barfield
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317781104
Size: 52.73 MB
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The Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Program is a cooperative effort by government, private industry, and academia to apply advanced technology to the task of resolving the problems of surface transportation. The objective is to improve travel efficiency and mobility, enhance safety, conserve energy, provide economic benefits, and protect the environment. The current demand for mobility has exceeded the available capacity of the roadway system. Because the highway system cannot be expanded, except in minor ways, the available capacity must be used more efficiently to handle the increased demand. ITS applies advanced information processing, communication, sensing, and computer control technologies to the problems of surface transportation. Considerable research and development efforts will be required to produce these new technologies and to convert technologies developed in the defense and space programs to solve surface transportation problems. ITS has been subdivided into six interlocking technology areas. This book addresses human factors concerns for four of these areas: * Advanced Traveler Information Systems are a variety of systems that provide real time, in-vehicle information to drivers regarding navigation and route guidance, motorist services, roadway signing, and hazard warnings. * Advanced Vehicle Control Systems refer to systems that aid drivers in controlling their vehicle particularly in emergency situations and ultimately taking over some or all of the driving tasks. * Commercial Vehicle Operations address the application of ITS technologies to the special needs of commercial roadway vehicles including automated vehicle identification, location, weigh-in-motion, clearance sensing, and record keeping. * Advanced Traffic Management Systems monitor, control and manage traffic on streets and highways to reduce congestion using vehicle route diversion, automated signal timing, changeable message signs, and priority control systems. Two technical areas are not specifically addressed in individual chapters, but many aspects of them are covered in associated chapters: * Advanced Rural Transportation Systems include systems that apply ITS technologies to the special needs of rural systems and include emergency notification and response, vehicle location, and traveler information. * Advanced Public Transportation Systems enhance the effectiveness, attractiveness and economics of public transportation and include fleet management, automated fare collection, and real-time information systems.

Telematics In The Transport Environment

Author: Jerzy Mikulski
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642340504
Size: 40.91 MB
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Transport Systems Telematics, TST 2012, held in Katowice-Ustron, Poland, in October 2012. The 48 papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in this book. Transport telematics are the systems using the information and communication technologies in the area of infrastructure and of means of transport and its participants. An intelligent transport covers systems that allow, through the data transmission and analysis, to influence the behaviour of road users and the action of technical elements in means of transport or along the traffic route. Intelligent transport systems - in accordance with the European Directive - are used for the transport management informatisation. The research shows that the use of telematics can significantly increase the efficiency of the transport system, the road safety and the environmental protection. This book provides an overview of solutions being developed in the field of intelligent transportation systems, and includes theoretical and case studies in the countries of conference participants.

Applications Of Advanced Technology In Transportation

Author: Kelvin C. P. Wang
Publisher: Amer Society of Civil Engineers
ISBN: 9780784406328
Size: 28.18 MB
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Organized from advanced technologies in transportation; transportation infrastructure management; information technology in transportation; and transportation planning and modeling, this title contains technical papers presented at the Seventh International Conference on Applications of Advanced Technology in Transportation.

Wavelets In Intelligent Transportation Systems

Author: Hojjat Adeli
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780470867426
Size: 11.89 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book shows how wavelets can be used to enhance computational intelligence for chaotic and complex pattern recognition problems. By integrating wavelets with other soft computing techniques such as neurocomputing and fuzzy logic, complicated and noisy pattern recognition problems can be solved effectively. The book focuses on applications in intelligent transportation systems (ITS) where a number of very complicated pattern recognition problems have eluded researchers over the past few decades. Advancing the frontiers of computational intelligence, this book: Describes ingenious computational models based on novel problem solving and computing techniques such as Case-Based Reasoning, Neurocomputing, and Wavelets, and presents examples to illustrate their importance and use. Presents a multi-paradigm intelligent systems approach to the freeway traffic incident detection and construction work zone management problems. Advocates application and integration of wavelets, neural networks and fuzzy logic for modeling the complex traffic flow behaviors leading to effective and efficient control and management solutions. Presents efficient, reliable, and robust algorithms for automatic detection of incidents on freeways. Wavelets in Intelligent Transportation Systems is an invaluable resource for computational intelligence researchers and transportation engineers involved in the application of advanced computational techniques for ITS.