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Interfaces In Materials

Author: James M. Howe
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN: 9780471138303
Size: 61.51 MB
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An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available from the Wiley editorial department.

Ceramic Materials

Author: C. Barry Carter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387462716
Size: 74.39 MB
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Ceramic Materials: Science and Engineering is an up-to-date treatment of ceramic science, engineering, and applications in a single, integrated text. Building on a foundation of crystal structures, phase equilibria, defects and the mechanical properties of ceramic materials, students are shown how these materials are processed for a broad diversity of applications in today's society. Concepts such as how and why ions move, how ceramics interact with light and magnetic fields, and how they respond to temperature changes are discussed in the context of their applications. References to the art and history of ceramics are included throughout the text. The text concludes with discussions of ceramics in biology and medicine, ceramics as gemstones and the role of ceramics in the interplay between industry and the environment. Extensively illustrated, the text also includes questions for the student and recommendations for additional reading. KEY FEATURES: Combines the treatment of bioceramics, furnaces, glass, optics, pores, gemstones, and point defects in a single text Provides abundant examples and illustrations relating theory to practical applications Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate teaching and as a reference for researchers in materials science Written by established and successful teachers and authors with experience in both research and industry

Sintering Of Advanced Materials

Author: Zhigang Zak Fang
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845699947
Size: 59.83 MB
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Sintering is a method for manufacturing components from ceramic or metal powders by heating the powder until the particles adhere to form the component required. The resulting products are characterised by an enhanced density and strength, and are used in a wide range of industries. Sintering of advanced materials: fundamentals and processes reviews important developments in this technology and its applications Part one discusses the fundamentals of sintering with chapters on topics such as the thermodynamics of sintering, kinetics and mechanisms of densification, the kinetics of microstructural change and liquid phase sintering. Part two reviews advanced sintering processes including atmospheric sintering, vacuum sintering, microwave sintering, field/current assisted sintering and photonic sintering. Finally, Part three covers sintering of aluminium, titanium and their alloys, refractory metals, ultrahard materials, thin films, ultrafine and nanosized particles for advanced materials. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Sintering of advanced materials: fundamentals and processes reviews the latest advances in sintering and is a standard reference for researchers and engineers involved in the processing of ceramics, powder metallurgy, net-shape manufacturing and those using advanced materials in such sectors as electronics, automotive and aerospace engineering. Explores the thermodynamics of sintering including sinter bonding and densification Chapters review a variety of sintering methods including atmosphere, vacuum, liquid phase and microwave sintering Discusses sintering of a variety of materials featuring refractory metals, super hard materials and functionally graded materials

Ceramics Science And Technology Synthesis And Processing

Author: Ralf Riedel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527631968
Size: 36.13 MB
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Although ceramics have been known to mankind literally for millennia, research has never ceased. Apart from the classic uses as a bulk material in pottery, construction, and decoration, the latter half of the twentieth century saw an explosive growth of application fields, such as electrical and thermal insulators, wear-resistant bearings, surface coatings, lightweight armour, or aerospace materials. In addition to plain, hard solids, modern ceramics come in many new guises such as fabrics, ultrathin films, microstructures and hybrid composites. Built on the solid foundations laid down by the 20-volume series Materials Science and Technology, Ceramics Science and Technology picks out this exciting material class and illuminates it from all sides. Materials scientists, engineers, chemists, biochemists, physicists and medical researchers alike will find this work a treasure trove for a wide range of ceramics knowledge from theory and fundamentals to practical approaches and problem solutions.

Impact Of Electron And Scanning Probe Microscopy On Materials Research

Author: David G. Rickerby
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792359395
Size: 26.76 MB
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This book presents a coherent synopsis of a rapidly evolving field. Subjects covered include diffraction contrast and defect analysis by conventional TEM lattice imaging, phase contrast and resolution limits in high resolution electron microscopy. Specialised electron diffraction techniques are also covered, as is the application of parallel electron energy loss spectroscopy and scanning transmission EM for subnanometer analysis. Materials analyzed include thin films, interfaces and non-conventional materials. WDS and EDS are treated, with an emphasis on phi(rhoZeta) techniques for the analysis of thin layers and surface films. Theoretical and practical aspects of ESEM are discussed in relation to applications in crystal growth, biomaterials and polymers. Recent developments in SPM are also described. A comprehensive survey of the state of the art in electron and SPM, future research directions and prospective applications in materials engineering.

Proceedings Of An International Conference On Solid Solid Phase Transformations In Inorganic Materials 2005 Diffusional Transformations

Author: James M. Howe
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780873396035
Size: 48.10 MB
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This book contains two volumes of the latest developments in diffusional and displacive phase transformations in materials. It also delves into the emerging areas of phase transformations research, such as transformations in nano- and constrained-systems as well as computer modeling of phase transformations. It covers recent advances in the fundamental aspects of solid-to-solid phase transformations in inorganic materials by making critical comparisons between experiment, theory and simulation in metals, ceramics, minerals and other materials. Traditional topics, such as order/disorder reactions and precipitation, are examined as well as experimental techniques, such as atom probe field ion microscopy and electron backscattered diffraction, and new methods of microstructural simulation in both diffusional and displacive phase transformations. From the Solid-to-Solid Phase Transformation in Inorganic Materials Conference which was held in Phoenix, Arizona, May 29 - June 3, 2005.

Comprehensive Biomaterials

Author: Paul Ducheyne
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080552943
Size: 68.81 MB
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Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development

Kinetics Of Materials

Author: Robert W. Balluffi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471749303
Size: 12.90 MB
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A classroom-tested textbook providing a fundamental understanding of basic kinetic processes in materials This textbook, reflecting the hands-on teaching experience of its three authors, evolved from Massachusetts Institute of Technology's first-year graduate curriculum in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. It discusses key topics collectively representing the basic kinetic processes that cause changes in the size, shape, composition, and atomistic structure of materials. Readers gain a deeper understanding of these kinetic processes and of the properties and applications of materials. Topics are introduced in a logical order, enabling students to develop a solid foundation before advancing to more sophisticated topics. Kinetics of Materials begins with diffusion, offering a description of the elementary manner in which atoms and molecules move around in solids and liquids. Next, the more complex motion of dislocations and interfaces is addressed. Finally, still more complex kinetic phenomena, such as morphological evolution and phase transformations, are treated. Throughout the textbook, readers are instilled with an appreciation of the subject's analytic foundations and, in many cases, the approximations commonly used in the field. The authors offer many extensive derivations of important results to help illuminate their origins. While the principal focus is on kinetic phenomena in crystalline materials, select phenomena in noncrystalline materials are also discussed. In many cases, the principles involved apply to all materials. Exercises with accompanying solutions are provided throughout Kinetics of Materials, enabling readers to put their newfound knowledge into practice. In addition, bibliographies are offered with each chapter, helping readers to investigate specialized topics in greater detail. Several appendices presenting important background material are also included. With its unique range of topics, progressive structure, and extensive exercises, this classroom-tested textbook provides an enriching learning experience for first-year graduate students.

Laser Processing And Chemistry

Author: Dieter W. Bäuerle
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642176135
Size: 60.26 MB
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Laser Processing and Chemistry gives an overview of the fundamentals and applications of laser-matter interactions, in particular with regard to laser material processing. Special attention is given to laser-induced physical and chemical processes at gas-solid, liquid-solid, and solid-solid interfaces. Starting with the background physics, the book proceeds to examine applications of laser techniques in micro-machining, and the patterning, coating, and modification of material surfaces. This fourth edition has been revised and enlarged to cover new topics such as 3D microfabrication, advances in nanotechnology, ultrafast laser technology and laser chemical processing (LCP). Graduate students, physicists, chemists, engineers, and manufacturers alike will find this book an invaluable reference work on laser processing.