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International Intellectual Property Law And Human Security

Author: Robin Ramcharan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 906704900X
Size: 67.71 MB
Format: PDF
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This book examines how intellectual property rights (IPR) affect the daily lives of individuals worldwide and how that may in turn impact the health and wealth of nations. While the protection of the intellectual endeavours of authors and inventors is vital for a fair and just society it is important that the IPR regime remains flexible enough to encourage creativity, innovation and the free flow of information and technology that are critical to the well being of billions of people, especially in the developing world. This work examines the implications of the IPR regime for basic human security. It examines the relationship between IPR regime and fundamental human rights, such as the right to education, health and food, and the broader right to development. This book will be of interest to IP scholars, international relations specialists and international security analysts, in particular those interested in non-traditional security issues. It may also serve as resource book for the international business community on developmental and human rights aspects of IP.

Human Security And Human Rights Under International Law

Author: Dorothy Estrada-Tanck
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509902376
Size: 73.44 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Human security provides one of the most important protections; a person-centred axis of freedom from fear, from want and to live with dignity. It is surprising given its centrality to the human experience, that its connection with human rights has not yet been explored in a truly systematic way. This important new book addresses that gap in the literature by analysing whether human security might provide the tools for an expansive and integrated interpretation of international human rights. The examination takes a two-part approach. Firstly, it evaluates convergences between human security and all human rights – civil, political, economic, social and cultural – and constructs an investigative framework focused on the human security-human rights synergy. It then goes on to explore its practical application in the thematic cores of violence against women and undocumented migrants in the law and case-law of UN, European, Inter-American and African human rights bodies. It takes both a legal and interdisciplinary approach, recognising that human security and its relationship with human rights cuts across disciplinary boundaries. Innovative and rigorous, this is an important contribution to human rights scholarship.

Intellectual Property And Human Development

Author: Tzen Wong
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113949001X
Size: 32.83 MB
Format: PDF
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This book examines the social impact of intellectual property laws. It addresses issues and trends relating to health, food security, education, new technologies, preservation of bio-cultural heritage and contemporary challenges in promoting the arts. It explores how intellectual property frameworks could be better calibrated to meet socio-economic needs in countries at different stages of development, with local contexts and culture in mind. A resource for policy-makers, stakeholders, non-profits and students, this volume furthermore highlights alternative modes of innovation that are emerging to address such diverse challenges as neglected or resurgent diseases in developing countries and the harnessing of creative possibilities on the Internet. The collected essays emphasize not only fair access by individuals and communities to intellectual property – protected material, whether a cure, a crop variety, clean technology, a textbook or a tune – but also the enhancement of their own capabilities in cultural participation and innovation.

Security And International Law

Author: Mary E Footer
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782255885
Size: 77.89 MB
Format: PDF
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Of the many challenges that society faces today, possibly none is more acute than the security of ordinary citizens when faced with a variety of natural or man-made disasters arising from climate and geological catastrophes, including the depletion of natural resources, environmental degradation, food shortages, terrorism, breaches of personal security and human security, or even the global economic crisis. States continue to be faced with a range of security issues arising from contested territorial spaces, military and maritime security and security threats relating to energy, infrastructure and the delivery of essential services. The theme of the book encompasses issues of human, political, military, socio-economic, environmental and energy security and raises two main questions. To what extent can international law address the types of natural and man-made security risks and challenges that threaten our livelihood, or very existence, in the twenty-first century? Where does international law fall short in meeting the problems that arise in different situations of insecurity and how should such shortcomings be addressed?

Research Handbook On Human Rights And Intellectual Property

Author: Christophe Geiger
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1783472421
Size: 45.94 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Research Handbook on Human Rights and Intellectual Property is a comprehensive reference work on the intersection of human rights and intellectual property law. Resulting from a field-specific expertise of over 40 scholars and professionals of world re

Health Technologies And International Intellectual Property Law

Author: Phoebe Li
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135916845
Size: 30.36 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The global transmission of infectious diseases has fuelled the need for a more developed legal framework in international public health to provide prompt and specific guidance during a large-scale emergency. This book develops a means for States to take advantage of the flexibilities of compulsory licensing in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), which promotes access to medicines in a public health emergency. It presents the precautionary approach (PA) and the structure of risk analysis as a means to build a workable reading of TRIPS and to help States embody the flexibilities of intellectual property (IP). The work investigates the complementary roles of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) in order to promote the harmonisation of the precautionary approach in relation to the patenting of crucial pharmaceutical products. By bringing together international trade law and intellectual property law Phoebe Li demonstrates how through the use of risk analysis and the precautionary approach, States can still comply with their legal obligations in international law, while exercising their sovereignty right in issuing a compulsory licence of a drug patent in an uncertain public health emergency. This book will be of great interest to students and academics of medical and healthcare law, intellectual property law, international trade law, and human rights law.

Intellectual Property Rights And Food Security

Author: Michael Blakeney
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1845935616
Size: 18.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) play an important role in the struggle for food security and encouraging agricultural research and development. This book examines these roles as well as the international relationship between IPRs, agricultural biotechnology, access to biological resources, food security and globalisation, paying particular attention to proposals for the protection of Farmers' Rights, traditional knowledge, GM crops and the impact of competition laws. It proposes a number of recommendations for action in deploying IPRs in order to reach greater food security globally.

Copyright And Human Rights

Author: Paul Torremans
Publisher: Kluwer Law Intl
ISBN: 9789041122780
Size: 70.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The idea of copyright, originally conceived as a means of protecting the right of individual authors to fair compensation for their work, has undergone a sea change in recent decades. it is now frequently invoked to safeguard the profits of corporate marketers of widely-used media and software products, and in this context has given rise to a surprising new conflict: The collision of copyright and human rights. Copyright and Human Rights is the first comprehensive analysis of this emerging nexus of legal issues. In eight incisive essays, well-known authorities in both copyright law and human rights law present in-depth analysis and discussion of such essential topics as the following: the human rights credentials of copyright the relations between copyright and freedom of speech and of expression, from the perspectives of both North American and European law the impact of U.S Supreme Court decision in Eldred the relevance to copyright of the public interest defense in European law; and the fundamental rights of privacy in an intellectual property environment. In the years to come, more and more lawyers will be confronted with issues involving the interaction of intellectual property and human rights. As a groundbreaking work focusing on the copyright aspect, Copyright and Human Rights will be seen as a cornerstone of the debate. Practitioners, academics and policymakers in both fields will immediately recognize its value as a springboard To The informed future development of this new and crucial area of legal theory and practice.

Das Recht Der V Lker

Author: John Rawls
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110898535
Size: 50.52 MB
Format: PDF
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Welche Bedingungen lassen Völker gerecht und friedlich zusammenleben? Unter welchen Umständen sind Kriege gerechtfertigt? Welche Leitlinien müssen gegeben sein für Organisationen, die eine gerechte Gesellschaft von Völkern mit gleichen Rechten herzustellen vermögen? In acht Grundsätzen für eine gerechte internationale Ordnung entwickelt der amerikanische Philosoph John Rawls einen hypothetischen "Vertrag der Gesellschaft der Völker". Das jüngste Buch von John Rawls ist nach A Theory of Justice 1971, dt. 1975) und Political Liberalism (1993, dt. 1998) ein weiteres wichtiges Werk des bedeutenden amerikanischen Philosophen. Die Originalausgabe (The Law of Peoples, 1999) hat zu heftigen Kontroversen geführt.

Human Security And International Law

Author: Barbara Von Tigerstrom
Publisher: Hart Pub Limited
ISBN:
Size: 56.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The concept of 'human security' has influenced discourse and practice, and has been the subject of vigorous debate. Despite its relevance to the central questions of international law, human security has until recently received little attention from international lawyers. This well-researched and thoughtful book has two related goals: to evaluate human security as a concept that could be used in the analysis of international law, and to determine what insights about a human security approach might be gained by considering it from the perspective of international law. The first part of the book examines the evolution and meanings of the concept and its links with existing theories and principles of international law. The second part explores the ways in which human security has been and could be used in relation to the diverse topics of humanitarian intervention, internally displaced persons, small arms control, and global public health. The analysis sheds new light on debates about the concept's potential and limitations.