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International Law And Drone Strikes In Pakistan

Author: Sikander Ahmed Shah
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134074271
Size: 46.19 MB
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While conventional warfare has an established body of legal precedence, the legality of drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan and elsewhere remains ambiguous. This book explores the legal and political issues surrounding the use of drones in Pakistan. Drawing from international treaty law, customary international law, and statistical data on the impact of the strikes, Sikander Ahmed Shah asks whether drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan are in compliance with international humanitarian law. The book questions how international law views the giving of consent between States for military action, and explores what this means for the interaction between sovereignty and consent. The book goes on to look at the socio-political realities of drone strikes in Pakistan, scrutinizing the impact of drone strikes on both Pakistani politics and US-Pakistan relationships. Topics include the Pakistan army-government relationship, the evolution of international institutions as a result of drone strikes, and the geopolitical dynamics affecting the region. As a detailed and critical examination of the legal and political challenges presented by drone strikes, this book will be essential to scholars and students of the law of armed conflict, security studies, political science and international relations.

Armed Drones And Globalization In The Asymmetric War On Terror

Author: Fred Aja Agwu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351342576
Size: 66.12 MB
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This book is a critical exploration of the war on terror from the prism of armed drones and globalization. It is particularly focused on the United States’ use of the drones, and the systemic dysfunctions that globalization has caused to international political economy and national security, creating backlash in which the desirability of globalization is not only increasingly questioned, but the resultant dissension about its desirability appears increasingly militating against the international consensus needed to fight the war on terror. To underline the controversial nature of the "war on terror" and the pragmatic weapon (armed drones) fashioned for its prosecution, some of the elements of this controversy have been interrogated in this book. They include, amongst others, the doubt over whether the war should have been declared in the first place because terrorist attacks hardly meet the United Nations’ casus belli – an armed attack. There are critics, as highlighted in this book, who believe that the "war on terror" is not an armed conflict properly so called, and, thus, remains only a "law enforcement issue." The United States and all the states taking part in the war on terror are obligated to observe International Humanitarian Law (IHL). It is within this context of IHL that this book appraises the drone as a weapon of engagement, discussing such issues as "personality" and "signature" strikes as well as the implications of the deployment of spies as drone strikers rather than the Defence Department, the members of the U.S armed forces. This book will be of value to researchers, academics, policymakers, professionals, and students in the fields of security studies, terrorism, the law of armed conflict, international humanitarian law, and international politics.

The Concept Of Military Objectives In International Law And Targeting Practice

Author: Agnieszka Jachec-Neale
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317594711
Size: 36.14 MB
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The concept that certain objects and persons may be legitimately attacked during armed conflicts has been well recognised and developed through the history of warfare. This book explores the relationship between international law and targeting practice in determining whether an object is a lawful military target. By examining both the interpretation and its post-ratification application this book provides a comprehensive analysis of the definition of military objective adopted in 1977 Additional Protocol I to the four 1949 Geneva Conventions and its use in practice. Tackling topical issues such as the targeting of TV and radio stations or cyber targets, Agnieszka Jachec-Neale analyses the concept of military objective within the context of both modern military doctrine and the major coalition operations which have been undertaken since it was formally defined. This monograph will be of great interest to students and scholars of international law and the law of armed conflict, as well as security studies and international relations.

Cultural Politics Of Targeted Killing

Author: Kyle Grayson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317238982
Size: 63.51 MB
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The deployment of remotely piloted air platforms (RPAs) - or drones - has become a defining feature of contemporary counter-insurgency operations. Scholarly analysis and public debate has primarily focused on two issues: the legality of targeted killing and whether the practice is effective at disrupting insurgency networks, and the intensive media and activist scrutiny of the policy processes through which targeted killing decisions have been made. While contributing to these ongoing discussions, this book aims to determine how targeted killing has become possible in contemporary counter-insurgency operations undertaken by liberal regimes. Each chapter is oriented around a problematisation that has shaped the cultural politics of the targeted killing assemblage. Grayson argues that in order to understand how specific forms of violence become prevalent, it is important to determine how problematisations that enable them are shaped by a politico-cultural system in which culture operates in conjunction with technological, economic, governmental, and geostrategic elements. The book also demonstrates that the actors involved - what they may be attempting to achieve through the deployment of this form of violence, how they attempt to achieve it, and where they attempt to achieve it - are also shaped by culture. The book demonstrates how the current social relations prevalent in liberal societies contain the potential for targeted killing as a normal rather than extraordinary practice. It will be of great use for academic specialists and graduate students in international studies, geography, sociology, cultural studies and legal studies.

Zone

Author: Mathias Énard
Publisher: eBook Berlin Verlag
ISBN: 3827073065
Size: 50.54 MB
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Francis Mirkovic, alias Yves Deroy, sitzt im Pendolino von Mailand nach Rom, inkognito und erster Klasse reisend, und über ihm, mit einer Handschelle an der Gepäckstange gesichert, ein Metallkoffer voller Dokumente und Fotos - der ?Koffer voller Toten". Er enthält die Listen von Kriegsverbrechern, Waffenhändlern und Terroristen, die Francis als Agent des französischen Geheimdienstes in den Konfliktzonen des Mittelmeerraums zusammengestellt hat und an den Vatikan verkaufen will, um ein neues Leben zu beginnen. Erschöpft von Alkohol und Amphetaminen lässt er seinen Erinnerungen freien Lauf - an die Entsetzlichkeiten des Balkankrieges, in die er zwei Jahre als Söldner verwickelt war, an die Freunde, die neben ihm starben, an die Menschen von Algier bis Jerusalem, die er ausspionierte, an die Frauen, die er liebte: Stéphanie, die kein Kind ?mit einem Barbaren wie ihm" wollte, oder Sashka, die vielleicht noch in Rom auf ihn wartet. In einem einzigen Satz des symphonisch gestalteten inneren Monologs, im Stakkato des Nachtzugs, mäandernd, sich wiederholend, springt der Erzähler von Ereignis zu Ereignis - vom Blutbad der christlichen Phalange in Beirut 1982 zu Mussolinis Nordafrikakrieg, vom Den Haager Kriegsverbrecherprozess zu seinem Vater, der auf französischer Seite im Algerienkrieg folterte -, benennt die Gräuel aus der Geschichte und Gegenwart des Mittelmeers, die sich zu einem homerischen Fresko der Gewalt formen. Mit seinem Roman Zone erweist der junge Autor Énard einem Epos über den Krieg Reverenz, das zur Gründungsakte der europäischen Literatur wurde: Homers Ilias.

Qualitative Politikanalyse

Author: Joachim Blatter
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531907166
Size: 54.15 MB
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In diesem Lehrbuch sollen Studierende und sonstige Interessierte mit den unterschiedlichen Forschungsansätzen und -methoden sowie den wichtigsten Anwendungsfeldern qualitativer Politikanalyse vertraut gemacht werden. Hierzu wird ausführlich in die Grundlagen und Traditionen der qualitativen Sozialforschung eingeführt. Danach werden die wichtigsten Methoden der Datenerhebung und Datenauswertung präsentiert. Neben den qualitativen Methoden werden die zentralen Forschungsdesigns in der qualitativen Politikforschung dargestellt und kritisch erläutert. Ein Schwerpunkt bildet dabei die Auseinandersetzung mit Fallstudien-Designs.

Gewalt Und Gesellschaftsordnungen

Author: Douglass Cecil North
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161505904
Size: 80.95 MB
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English summary: This book integrates the problem of violence in societies in a larger historical and social science context, showing how economic and political behaviour are closely linked. Most societies limit violence by political manipulation of the economy to create privileged interests. Privileges limit the use of violence by powerful individuals, but hinder both economic and political development of such natural states . In contrast, modern societies are characterized by open access to economic and political organizations, thereby fostering political and economic competition (democracy and markets) and general development. Douglass C. North, John Joseph Wallis, and Barry R. Weingast provide a framework for understanding the two types of orders and show in which ways a number of countries have achieved the transition between them. German description: Alle Gesellschaften mussen sich mit der Moglichkeit wie der Realitat von Gewalt auseinandersetzen; sie tun das auf unterschiedliche Art. Douglass C. North, John Joseph Wallis und Barry R. Weingast stellen das Problem der Gewalt in einen grosseren sozialwissenschaftlichen und historischen Zusammenhang und zeigen, wie eng wirtschaftliches und politisches Verhalten verbunden sind. Die meisten aus der Geschichte bekannten Gesellschaften, von den Autoren als naturliche Staaten bezeichnet, begrenzen Gewaltanwendung vorbeugend, indem sie durch politische Einflussnahme auf die Wirtschaftstatigkeit privilegierte Interessen schaffen. Diese Privilegien reduzieren den Einsatz von Gewalt von Seiten machtiger Einzelner; es wird auf diese Weise jedoch die wirtschaftliche ebenso wie die politische Entwicklung solcher Staaten behindert. Denn fur die grosse Mehrheit der Nicht-Privilegierten ist der Zugang zu Politik und Wirtschaft dadurch beschrankt.Im Unterschied hierzu schaffen moderne Gesellschaften Zugangsfreiheit zu wirtschaftlichen und politischen Organisationen (Unternehmen, Markten, Parlamenten, hoheitlichen Einrichtungen) und fordern damit den politischen wie den wirtschaftlichen Wettbewerb und somit die gesellschaftliche Entwicklung. Das Buch bietet ein gedankliches Gerust zum Verstandnis der zwei Typen von Gesellschaftsordnungen, die es an historischen Beispielen von der romischen Antike bis ins 19. Jahrhundert veranschaulicht. Anhand dieses Konzepts wird erklart, wieso Gesellschaften mit Zugangsfreiheit sowohl politisch wie wirtschaftlich hoher entwickelt sind und auf welche Weise seit dem 19. Jahrhundert rund 25 Lander den Ubergang vom einen Typus zum anderen geschafft haben.